AIIMS Syllabus Anatomy Part I

AIIMS Syllabus – Anatomy Part I

 

 

Total duration of course is one year. It comprises of two semesters I and II. Each semester is of six months duration.

Course commences from 1st August every year and ends on 15 June following year.

The subject of anatomy is taught under the following heads :

  1. Gross anatomy
  2. Microanatomy
  3. Embryology and Genetics
  4. Neuroanatomy

Total number of teaching hours are approximately 541.

Distribution of teaching hours for theory and practicals are as follows :

Subject                                                                        Approximate No. of hours taught

  1. Gross Anatomy

Lectures                                                                                                      38

Practicals                                                                                                  349

  1. Microanatomy

Lectures                                                                                                      20

Practicals                                                                                                    43

  1. Embryology

Lectures                                                                                                      21

Practicals                                                                                                    18

Genetics

Lectures                                                                                                         5

Practicals                                                                                                       1

 

  1. Neuroanatomy

Lectures

Practicals

Total No. of teaching hours in Anatomy (Theory and Practicals)

 

 

 

OBJECTIVES

At the end of the course, the student should be able to:

  • Comprehend the normal disposition, inter-relationships, gross, functional and applied anatomy of the various structures in the body.
  • Identify the microscopic structures of various tissues, and organs in the human body and correlate the structure with the functions as a prerequisite for understanding the altered state in various disease processes.
  • Comprehend the basic structure and connections between the various parts of the central nervous system so as to analyze the integrative and regulative functions on the organs and systems. He/She should be able to locate the site of gross lesions according to the deficits encountered.
  • To understand the basic principles of embryology including genetic inheritance and stages involved in development of the organs and systems from the time of conception till birth. The student should recognise the critical stages of normal development and the effects of common teratogens, genetic mutations and environmental hazards on it. He/She should be able to explain the developmental basis of the occurrence of major variations, abnormalities and congenital anomalies.

COURSE CONTENT

  1. Gross Anatomy

Introduction to Anatomy, nomenclature, anatomical position, planes, tissues and movements.

  1. Osteology

(a)     Names of the bones of the body and their position; classification of the bones with examples; general features of the bone and normal development; microscopic anatomy of bone; general pattern of blood supply; ossification of the bones of the limbs for age determination. X-rays of bones.

(b)     Process of repair of bone.

  1. Muscular System

(a)     Classification and identification of the muscles of the body: main attachments, nerve supply and action(s), microscopic anatomy of muscles and the nerve terminations.

(b)     Details of attachments of the muscles; ultrastructural features of muscle; mechanism of the movement caused by the muscle/muscles and various forces exerted by them and their detailed action(s).

  1. Arthrology

(a)     Definition and classification of joints, general features of different types ofjoints; detailed study of major joints of the limbs and movements performed at various joints in the body.

(b) Microscopic anatomy of articular cartilage; maintenance of articular cartilages; blood supply and nerve supply of the joints.

  1. Cardio Vascular System

(a)    Normal position, external features and parts of the heart; internal features of the chambers of heart, names of the blood vessels and venous drainage of the organs, structures and body as a whole, conducting system of heart, fibroskeleton of heart.

(b)    Variation(s), developmental anomalies of heart and blood vessels, valvular defects and their effects in pathogenesis of the anomalies.

  1. Respiratory System

(a)     Position, parts, relations, blood supply of upper and lower respiratory tract. Pleura, its reflection, nerve supply, pleural recesses and their significance, bronchopulmonary segments, their importance.

(b)     Mechanism of respiration

  1. Digestive System

(a)     Position, extent, parts, relations, blood supply, nerve supply, lymphatic drainage and sphincters of the gastrointestinal system.

(b)     Sphincteric action including functional implications.

  1. Genito-Urinary System

(a)     Parts, position, relations, blood supply, nerve supply and lymphatic drainage of uterus, cervix, vagina, ovary, ovarian duct, testes, epididymis, seminal vesicle, ductus deferens, prostate, kidney, ureter, urinary bladder and urethra

(b)     Innervation of urinary bladder in detail

  1. Endocrine System and Individual Endocrine Glands

(a)    Various endocrine glands, their location, relations, blood supply, nerve supply and lymphatic drainage.

(b)     Clinical manifestations of common endocrine disorders.

  1. Nervous System and its components

(a)     Parts of nervous system, neuron meninges, nerve terminals, neuroglia, myelination, degeneration and regeneration, ventricles, CSF, spinal cord and its blood supply. Motor and sensory pathways, cranial nerves, thalamus, cerebellum, limbic and autonomic pathways. Functional cortical areas, motor and sensory cortex and their blood supply.

10. Special Sensory Organs

(a)     Gross Anatomy of :

(i)       eye ball, extra ocular muscles their nerve supply and actions (s)

(ii)     ear

(iii)   nose

(iv) tongue, its musculature blood supply and lymphatic drainage.

  1. Lymphatic System

(a)     Location of the major groups of the lymphnodes of the body and their drainage areas. Gross anatomy of the major lymphatics specially thoracic duct and its tributaries.

  1. Surface Anatomy

(a)     Surface features of the body and projection of the outline of heart, its borders, surfaces and valves, lungs, their borders, fissures and hila, pleura, liver, kidneys and various abdominal and pelvic organs and important vessels and nerves

  1. Cross Sectional Anatomy

Cross sections of thorax, abdomen and pelvis to understand the interrelationship of organs and structures.

  1. Microanatomy

Microscope and basic principles of microscopy, commonly used stains, basophilic and acidophilic staining reactions and their significance. Commonly encountered artifacts. Brief principle of electron microscopy and interpretation of ultrastructural features.

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