From R.C. Majumdar in Preface to "ANCIENT INDIA"
THE DUAL HISTORY OF INDIA
India began its new history as a political entity a nation state for the first time in 1947 with two streams of history which appear somewhat contradictory. A history of glorious accomplishments and repeated failure to assert, A history of a vibrant society, one of the oldest in the world, unique in its understanding of man and nature, spiritually highly developed. Box3 Just as in the period of the deflation of the revealed gods of the Vedic pantheon, so today revealed Christianity has been devalued. The Christian, as Nietzche says, is a man who behaves like everybody else. Our professions of faith have no longer any discernible bearing either on our public conduct or on our private state of hope. The sacraments do not work on many of us their spiritual transformations we are bereft and at a loss where to turn. Meanwhile, our academic secular philosophies are concerned rather with information than with that redemptive transformation which our souls require. And this is the reason why a glance at the face of India may assist us to discover and recover something of ourselves. from Heinrich Zimmer, "PHILOSOPHES OF INDIA" On the other hand a modern history in which internal forces and the very people themselves seemed to have turned against their own country and repeatedly done damange to it, in short a history to be ashamed of. The shame of this history is further reinforced by looking at Indian society purely with Western criteria of technological achievements and economic prosperity. Objectively in the world order of today only those nations which were militarily active and aggressive in the last three centuries are the ones which are also now technologically advanced and economically powerful, Objectively also it is true that the technologically advanced nations consume per capita many times over the resources, that the individuals of less developed' countries consume including food and energy .
The duality of India's history is important from a managerial perspective in that, the thinking and rational processes are guided by Western beliefs while emotional processes of affiliation and risk management are guided by the Indian experience, The shame, induced by Imperialist doctrines of the west and partly by Indians having let themselves down, time and again, has created a large-scale "losing team" syndrome in our contemporary society. Thus, all rational thought processes are guided by Western beliefs but the feelings associated while engaging in converting plans to action-an Indian in their structure and values. It is impossible thus to expect Indian managers to
bring in spectacular results in comparison with Germany or Japan. Indian however when convinced and determined can bring in excellent results which are brilliant in their own rights. The green revolution is only such example. Perhaps such revolution can spread a managerial revolution or work revolution in organisations.
Indian Environment The Changing Scenario