Comprehensive Mathematics Activities and Project Class-X
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About this eBook
Preface Mathematics laboratory is a place where students can learn and explore mathematical concepts and verify mathematical facts and results theorems and formulae through a variety of activities and projects using easily available non-costly materials. These activities and projects can be carried out by teachers and students to explore, to learn and to create interest of students in the subject and develop positive attitude towards the subject. The primary purpose of this laboratory manual is to engage the secondary school teachers in mathematical activities and projects that will enhance their conceptual knowledge, introduce them to important manipulatives, and model the kind of mathematical learning experiences they will be expected to provide for their students. The aim of this manual is to develop a complete understanding of the subject. The CBSE and other state boards, strongly assert that students learn Mathematics well only when they construct their own mathematical thinking. Information can be transmitted from one person to another but mathematical understanding and knowledge come from within the learner as that individual explores, discovers, and makes connections. This manual is a part of Formative Assessment in CCE Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation scheme and covers all the aspects of a student s development. The termwise syllabus for laboratory activities and projects will necessarily be accessed through formative assessments. This book contains activities and projects to actively engage students in mathematical explorations. It provides the teachers an opportunity to examine and learn mathematics in a meaningful way. It provides the instructor with the resources to make student s mathematical activity the focus of attention. Misprints mistakes have been removed and some important questions have been included in Viva-Voce as per the requirement to familiarise students with the latest trend. The author is very thankful to all those who have helped in preparation of this book, especially Mr. Sunil Bajaj Head of Mathematics Department SCERT, Gurgaon, Haryana and Mr. Virender Rathee Little Angels Sr. Sec. School, Sonepat, Haryana . Wish you a grand success in your examination, and a very bright future in the field of Mathematics. Valuable and constructive suggestions are always most welcome.
MATHEMATICS LABORATORY REASONS FOR MATHEMATICAL ACTIVITIES AND PROJECTS It is well known that effective teachers have a good understanding of the Mathematics they teach and are skillful in choosing and using a variety of appropriate instructional techniques. The importance of using manipulatives in Mathematics teaching and learning is well documented and amply illustrated in this book. The activities and projects allow students to think deeply about how manipulatives and visual models help to understand the mathematical concepts. Students experience mathematics directly by using models that embody concepts and promote mathematical thinking. This book represents the belief that
Prospective teachers who learn Mathematics through appropriate use of manipulatives, models and diagrams are more likely to develop a solid conceptual basis and a deeper understanding of the Mathematics they will teach.