Advances in Seed Science and Technology (Vol. 7): Flower Seed Production
About this eBook
Preface Commercial floriculture is the new emerging sector to Indian agriculture. In India, flowers are used for religious ceremonies, family functions, social gathering, hair adornments and perfume preparations. Raising income levels, rapid industrialization and expanding urban population are the main factors responsible for the growth of floriculture industry in India. The traditional loose flowers are grown for the domestic markets and to certain extent export markets. Exports of floriculture products in India started in 1990. The major foreign markets for Indian flower products are Japan, USA, Netherlands, France, Germany, Singapore, UK, Australia and Denmark. In India, the area under traditional commercial flower crop is continuously expanding. It clearly indicates that there is a trend and shift towards commercial flower cultivation at the place of other field crops. After the introduction of New Economic Policy during 1991, the Hi-tech Floriculture sector acquired momentum and importance as it is creating more employment opportunities, higher returns and earning more foreign exchange. Recently, commercial floriculture has received interest and encouragement due to globalization and the opening up of the World market. As the economics grow, the standard living of people improves, so that the demand for secondary products increases, which lead to expansion of demand for products such as flowers. Hence, the potentiality for the growth of this sector has increased. The diversification of agriculture sector through floriculture reduces the pressure on this sector. The flower products include cut flowers, cut-foliage, dry flowers, seeds, bulbs, potted plants and other live plants, which are assuming importance in recent foreign trade. All over the World, about 150 countries are practicing the cultivation of commercial flowers. India and China are leading commercial flower cultivating Nations in terms of area and Japan is the leading country in terms of production. Due to multi various climatic conditions prevailing in India, there is a vast scope for the export of planting materials viz., flower seeds, bulbs and other vegetative propagules to the major flower growing countries. The major constraints in commercial floriculture are the lack of supply of good quality planting materials Seeds, vegetative propagules, tissue culture plants and lack of knowledge on production technologies for quality planting materials by the nurserymen. So far, no comprehensive book on Flower Seed Production was published under Indian and Asian conditions. With this background, the volume on Flower Seed Production has been prepared at appropriate time. This book briefly explains Seed Science and Technological aspects like floral biology, maturity, collection and extraction of seeds, seed dormancy, methods of breaking seed dormancy, germination improvement, seed storage and nursery techniques and production of seedlings of major loose flowers and cut flowers. Macropropagation methods like bulbs, cuttings, layering, grafting and budding, and micropropagation techniques are also compiled. Emphasis have also been made in this book on cultural aspects viz. economic value and uses, soil and climate, varieties, planting, manures and fertilizers, irrigation, intercultural operations and plant protection measures. This book is highly useful for the academicians, researchers, aspirants of competitive examinations, policy makers and entrepreneurs involved in flower seed and nursery seedling production and students of Horticulture and Floriculture.
Acknowledgement I express my sincere thanks to the authors contributors of different chapters for their painstaking and sustained efforts in creating the contents very meticulously. They also extended their valuable help and shared their knowledge for publishing this volume with grand success. I whole heartedly express my gratitude and heartfelt thanks to my PG Scholars Ms. S. Kavitha and Ms. G. Karthika of the Department of Seed Science and Technology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University for their valuable contribution in compiling the information on the Seed Science and Technology aspects. They took lot of efforts in browsing numerous Websites, e-journals