Post-Harvest Management of Horticultural Crops
About this eBook
PREFACE From a country struggling to feed her starving millions, India has come a long way making giant strides in agriculture and horticulture. Presently, India ranks first in world production of fruits and second in vegetables. India s diverse agro-climatic conditions facilitate production of a wide range of horticultural products. Unfortunately, almost 25-40 of the total fruits and vegetables produced in the country are lost every year solely due to improper postharvest operations. This results in a wide gap between gross production and net availability. Consequently, the produce does not reach the complete population, placing India s Human Development India HDI rank for nutrition at a low hundred thirty two. Furthermore, only a fraction of fruits and vegetables are used by the food processing industry and export trade. Therefore to achieve our target of feeding the population as well as meeting the requirements of the processing industry and export trade, it is imperative that a lot more emphasis is laid on postharvest management of these highly perishable crops. Postharvest loss reduction will make more food available from the existing levels of production and retrieve the estimated postharvest losses of Rs. 23,000 crores year. Finally, a lot more emphasis has to be given to postharvest management of horticultural crops. In view of its economic importance, the need for a simple book on postharvest technology it felt. This book hopes to meet the requirement of students, researchs and all those interested in postharvest technology.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT We wish to place on record our deep sense of gratitude to Dr. C. Ramasamy, Vice Chancellor, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore for according permission to publish this book and for providing the foreword to the book. We sincerely thank the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi for the financial support rendered in the form of the ICAR Development Grant Fund to meet the expenditure involved in printing this book. We express oru immense pleasure in acknowledging the support rendered by the Deputy Director General Education , ICAR Development Grant, ICAR, New Delhi. Our profound thanks are also due to Dr. K. Vanangamudi, Dean, Agricultural College and Research Instiute, Coimbatore and members o the committee who recognized the value and need for a concise yet complete handbook of postharvest management of horticultural crops and selected this book for publication. We also wish to thank Dr. S. Natarajan, Dean, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Periyakulam for providing support for the publication of this book. We have drawn freely on published and unpublished findings and the experience of our colleagues whose assistance and cooperation have done much to make this publication possible. We express our sincere thanks to all our colleagues who helped us in various capacities and encouraged us to make this endeavour a grand success. A special note of thanks goes to Agrobios India , Jodhpur 2 for bringing out this book in a nice manner.
SCENARIO OF POSTHARVEST TECHNOLOGY OF