Advanced Accounts

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The content of corporate social report is essentially based on social objectives. Discuss. 7 marks November, 1998 b Enumerate the major heads identified for corporate social reporting purposes. 8 marks November, 1999 c
Write short note on Corporate Social Reporting. 4 marks May, 2003
Answer a The content of Corporate Social Report is essentially based on the social objectives. Brummet identified five areas wherein social objectives can be traced out, namely, Net Income Contribution, Human Resource Contribution, Public Contribution, Environmental Contribution and Product or Service Contribution. In view of the social objectives, the importance of earning objective is not understated, rather attainment of social objectives is dependent on earning objective. A sick business entity becomes liability to the society and sustains social costs instead of generating social benefits. Human Resource Contribution is the indicator of the impact of organisational activities viz. pay and allowances, perks and incentives, recruitment, training and development, placement, promotion and transfer, welfare measure, etc. on people of the organisation. Public Contribution is the indicator of general philanthropy in the cultural and social welfare programmes and contribution to national exchequer by way of tax and duties. . . Industrial activity is supposed to consume irreplaceable resources and produces solid wastes. By this process it pollutes air and water, causes noise and spoils the environment. These are termed as negative social effects. The corporate social objective is the abatement of such negative effect. It is covered by environmental contribution. Lastly, the Product or Service Contribution covers the qualitative aspects of the organisation's product or service. It includes quality guarantee, redressal of customers' grievances, honest exposure in advertisement etc. Although Brummet covered wide range of objectives, still these are not essentially exhaustive. Social objectives are determined by socio-economic conditions of a country. It is difficult to set universal list of social objectives to be pursued by the corporate sector. For example, in India, regional imbalance, unemployment, reservation for weaker sections of the population, scarcity of foreign exchange, energy deficit, population pressure and illiteracy are some of the widely accepted socio-economic problems. And obviously the general expectation is that the corporate sector will positively contribute to such socio-economic problems. Since the socio-economic problems of a country change over time or the priority attached to a problem shifts. Brummet's over simplified set of contributions should be suitably moulded to fit in the perspective of socio-economic problems of a country. b Considering the major socio-economic problems of the country, eight major heads may be identified for Social Reporting purposes

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