Production Technology of Medicinal and Aromatic Crops
About this eBook
Preface Medicinal and aromatic plants constitute a segment of the flora, which provide raw material for use in the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, fragrance and flavour industries throughout the world. As India is endowed with a wide range of soil and climatic conditions, it is one of the few countries where most of the medicinal and aromatic crops can be cultivated successfully in some parts or the other. From the earlier phase of wild collection from forests by tribals, commercial cultivation has gained momentum in the recent past, the classical examples being extensive cultivation of Senna in southern districts, Glory lily in the districts of Erode, Nagapattinam and Salem and Coleus forskohlii in the district of Salem. Similarly lot of interest is being evinced in cultivation of aromatic crops also, especially in the districts of Madurai, Theni, etc. Since most of the crops are new and uncommon, the growers often lack knowledge in their scientific cultivation. Moreover, due to significant contribution of medicinal and aromatic crops towards the National economy, due emphasis has been given to include the study of these crops in the curriculum of U.G. and P.G. programmes of Faculty of Agriculture and in M.Sc. Herbal Science Programme. An attempt has therefore been made to consolidate the available information on the scientific cultivation of the commercially important 49 medicinal and aromatic crops in this book, the price of which is also affordable. This book will be useful as a reference material to the students, teachers, extension workers and literate farmers.
We would like to place on record our sincere thanks to the University authorities for granting permission to write and publish this book. We also thank Dr. G. Kuppuswamy, Former Dean, Faculty of Agriculture for his constant encouragement. Our thanks are also due to Ms. H. Vidhya Priyadarshini, Ms. C. Ponni Ms. R. Rajeswari and Ms. R. Suchindra who helped in proof reading of the manuscript. Last, but not the least, we thank the Rizz Computers for the neat type setting. Department of Horticulture Faculty of Agriculture Annamalai University
Dr. M. Kader Mohideen Dr. Arumugam Shakila Dr. A. Anburani
About the Authors Dr. M. Kader Mohideen, Professor and Head Rtd , Department of Horticulture obtained the B.Sc. Ag. Degree