But you need not memorise the information and contents of the plus box. Nor is there a correct answer to some of the moral questions posed there. These are just meant to help you think hard. Each plus box carries a special sign.
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Let us watch television, Let us listen to radio, Let us read newspaper, Let us debate, Let s find out or Let s do it give students some activity in or outside the classroom. These activities become more meaningful when the students present their findings to the entire class and have the space for discussion. Where necessary, please feel free to substitute one type of media with another.
Glossary appears at the margin of the page in which an unfamiliar word or expression comes in the text. Such a word is highlighted in the text. Remember, you don t need to learn the definition by heart. You just need to understand the word.
Let us revise usually comes at the end of every section. The questions invite you to apply the points learnt in that section to a specific situation. Teachers can come up with more such in-text exercises and use these to check the progress that everyone has made. Exercises come at the end of every chapter. You would notice that we have introduced some new kinds of exercises, particularly in multiple choice format, which require reasoning and application of mind. Once you become familiar with the format, you would enjoy the challenge. Maps are essential not just for understanding geography but also for history and politics. That is why some of the information is presented by way of maps in this book. You are not expected to draw the maps, but understand patterns depicted here.
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Textbook Development Committee C HAIRPERSON, ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR TEXTBOOKS AT THE SECONDAR Y LEVEL Hari Vasudevan, Professor, Department History, University of Calcutta, Kolkata C HIEF ADVISORS Yogendra Yadav, Senior Fellow, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Delhi Suhas Palshikar, Professor, Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Pune, Pune ADVISOR K. C. Suri, Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
Members Sanjyot Apte, Senior Lecturer, Department of Politics, S. P. College, Pune Rajeev Bhargava, Senior Fellow, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Delhi Peter R. deSouza, Senior Fellow, Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, Delhi Alex M. George, Independent Researcher, Eruvatty, District Kannur, Kerala Malini Ghose, Nirantar, Center for Gender and Education, New Delhi Manish Jain, Researcher, University of Delhi, Delhi Suman Lata, Senior Lecturer, Department of Education, Gargi College, University of Delhi,