The Idea of Green Building

The Idea of Green Building
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The Idea of Green Building

ISBN: 9788174092564

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The idea of green building is a creative process that links the built environment with the human health and comfort, water, energy, bio-diversity and other natural resources. The endeavour is to create sustainable buildings which use less energy and water, generate less green house gases, use materials more efficiently, and produce less wastes than the conventional building over their life cycle. The building design responds to the changing micro-climate and varying conditions of natural ventilation and light. The design obviates outdoor and indoor pollution, avoids use of materials with high energy demand and makes best use of space. It provides for water conservation, rainwater harvesting, recycling of wastes, explores sources of renewable energy, and the use of intelligent and bionic systems. With the growing economy and urbanization the floodgates of building sector have opened up in India. It is estimated that 60 per cent of buildings which will exist in the year 2030 are yet to be built. This provides a unique opportunity to redefine the architecture and engineering which create resource efficient, comfortable, healthy, intelligent, smart and sustainable buildings. The building sector accounts for about one-third of all energy related carbon emissions and consumes nearly 60 per cent of world s electricity. This varies widely according to geographic location, climate and consumption patterns. As such, the building sector has a major role to play in enhancing resource efficiency in coming years. Green buildings can have tremendous benefits, including energy saving ranging between 20 to 30 per cent and water saving of about 30 to 40 per cent. Green building encompasses the entire built environment-building, landscape, community and infrastructure that connect the quality of life with the least ecological consequences. Sustainable design attempts to balance economic, social and environmental factors during all phases of project development from design to disposal. Green building applies the principles of resources and energy efficiency, healthy building and materials, and ecologically and socially sensitive development to achieve an inspiring ambience and aesthetic sensitivity. Green building requires an integrated, multi-disciplinary design process and systems approach that considers its entire life cycle. Together, these provide the means to create solutions that optimize building cost and performance. As such, a green building aims to achieve the reduction in energy and water consumption and air and water pollution, lesser depletion of natural resources and bio-diversity by recycling and reuse. There is economy in use of materials and limited waste generation. All this yields economy, increases users productivity and gives better micro-climatic and thermal comfort. If all new buildings are made to adopt green building concept, India could save more than 8,000 to 10,000 MW of power and 4000 to 5000 mgd of municipal water supply. As such, the green buildings promote the use of renewable energy, waste materials and recycled water and new technologies which make them environment friendly, sustainable, efficient and comfortable.
Every building is a part of urban system which has a footprint. It means that a wide angle view of the urban space is taken in the context of ecology and environment, mobility, bio-diversity and natural resources, including water bodies, open space and parks, social and physical infrastructure, housing, informal settlements, local culture and heritage. As such, not only the buildings, but the cities need to be green. By proper planning and design the efficiency and compatibility of built environment with the local architecture and changing micro-climatic needs can be ensured. This helps into obviating the formation of heat islands and outdoor and indoor pollution, while addressing to a wide range of human needs and sustainability issues. This book attempts to address the quest for a green built environment by a systemic process of building design and urban planning. It provides an over arching spectrum of sustainability issues of the built environment ranging from building elements, resources and technology to its social and cultural dimensions. While addressing the practical concerns, it provides a roadmap for the futuristic design and development of green buildings. I have enjoyed a cordial relationship with my publisher and editor Lt. Sh. Vineet Khanna. He deserves a special acknowledgement for transforming an unwieldy manuscript into this beautiful volume by his dedication and professionalism. Pritam Negi with his hand work, dedication and patience has done a marvellous job in composing and illustrating an ever-changing manuscript into the presentable book. A.K. Jain