Bioprocesses and Bioproducts

Bioprocesses and Bioproducts
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Bioprocesses and Bioproducts

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Publisher: Asia Tech Publications
ISBN: 9788187680208
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Preface
This book is the outcome of recently held Indo-US Conference on 'Bioprocess and Bioproducts Technology Trends and Opportunities' held at Hyderabad during November 27-28, 2008. Eminent speakers from US and India had participated and presented technical papers in the aforesaid conference. The conference was organized by the Technology Information, Forecasting, and Assessment Council TIFAC , Department of Science Technology, Government of India, New Delhi in collaboration with Indo-US Science and Technology Forum IUSSTF . The conference was co-hosted by the Confederation of Indian Industry CII . Bioprocess technology involves use of complete living cells or their components in the transformation to obtain the desired products. Bioprocess translates discoveries of life sciences into useful industrial products, processes and techniques that can serve the societal needs. The technology, while serving as the backbone of the biotech industry aims to deliver the fruits of research development for industrial exploitation. Product development poses several challenges in industrial bioprocesses. Designing a bioprocess intended for large scale manufacture of a desired product is truly a knowledge based phenomenon. The design of an efficient manufacturing process must address safety, economy, scale, environment, product shelf life, good manufacturing practices and several other factors. An economically viable process for industrial products calls for significant technological sophistication. Typical criteria for optimizing a bioconversion process include molecular specificity, reaction rate, pH, temperature optima, stability, effect of inhibitors,
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Preface
affinity to substrates etc. For example, enzymes used in paper industry should not effect any cellulose degradation as a side activity because this would result into damaging the cellulose fibers. Enzymes used in animal feed must be thermo tolerant so as to survive in the hot extrusion process as practiced in feed manufacturing. Enzymes used in most of the industrial applications must be tolerant against various heavy metals and should not require cofactors. In recent times, there has been increasing global awareness on impact of chemicals on human health and environment, thus leading to a paradigm shift in the policies and approaches of various countries to emphasize on bio-based processes and products development. Bioproducts derived from sustainable bio-resources are emerging areas, which are receiving much attention due to the potential impact of these technologies in terms of environment friendliness due to low energy intensive operations, optimal utilization of bio-resources and enhancement of rural economy coupled with employment generation etc. especially for a country like India. Considering the importance of bio-products and bio-refinery technologies, TIFAC had directed necessary efforts for nucleating a national level programme on bioprocess and bioproducts for promoting technological