Limit of Liability Disclaimer of Warranty The publisher and the author make no representations or warranties with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the contents of this work and specifically disclaim all warranties, including without limitation warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. No warranty may be created or extended by sales or promotional materials. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for every situation. This work is sold with the understanding that the publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting, or other professional services. If professional assistance is required, the services of a competent professional person should be sought. Neither the publisher nor the author shall be liable for damages arising herefrom. The fact that an organization or Web site is referred to in this work as a citation and or a potential source of further information does not mean that the author or the publisher endorses the information the organization or Web site may provide or recommendations it may make. Further, readers should be aware that Internet Web sites listed in this work may have changed or disappeared between when this work was written and when it is read. TRADEMARKS Cosmos Bookhive, the CBH, Cosmic Ring, Book and the reading Bee logo is trademarks or registered trademarks of Cosmos Bookhive Private Limited India and or its affiliates, in India and other countries, and may not be used without written permission. All other trademarks if appeared or mentioned in the book are the property of their respective owners. Cosmos Bookhive Private Limited, is not associated with any product or vendor mentioned in this book.
izfDVl lsV 1 S funsZ'k iz'u 1 4 uhps fn, x, vorj.k dks ku ls i sa vkSj iz'uksa ds m kj nsaA dfork esa Hkk"kk izs"k.k dk ek e vkSj lk ku gS vr mldh izd fr vkSj iz ksxksa ij Hkh fjpM Zl us xEHkhj fopkj O Dr fd s gSaA mUgksaus Hkk"kk ds nks i ekus gSa 1 oSKkfud vkSj 2 jkxkRed oSKkfud ds fy, os dbZ vU i kZ ksa dk Hkh iz ksx djrs gSA tSl izrhdkRed funs'kkRed lwpukRed vkfnA a s Z Hkk"kk dk g f fo k Hksn vkWXM su ds lg ys kdRo esa fyf kr fn ehfuax vkWQ ehfuax uked iqLrd esa igyh ckj lkeus vk kA ogk Scientific ds cnys Symbolic 'kCn iz qDr gqvk gSA oSKkfud Hkk"kk esa fu i.k lalpu rFkk funs'ku vfHker w Z gksrk gS tcfd jkxkRed Hkk"kk esa Hkko dk mn cks kuA vr ,d esa Hkk"kk lh kh likV gksrh gS nwljh esa je.kh rk laiUuA Hkkeg us Hkh Hkk"kk ds nks Hksn djrs gq, oSKkfud dks okrkZ rFkk jkxkRed dks o rk dgk gSA fn rF ds fu i.k k funsZ'ku esa varj iM rk gS rks g oSKkfud Hkk"kk dh vlQyrk gS D ksafd oSKkfud Hkk"kk dk y gS rF dks Fkkor izLrqr djuk mlesa dqN tksMuk kVkuk k dYiuk
ls dke ysuk mfpr ugha gSA fdarq jkxkRed Hkk"kk esa rF fo"k d cM s ls cM s Hksn k vlaxfr dk Hkh fo'ks"k eg o ugha gS fn mlls Hkko mncq gks jgk gksA rkRi Z fd jkxkRed Hkk"kk esa rF vrF dk iz'u furkar xkS.k gSA vlR gksus ij Hkh fn dksbZ mfDr Hkko tkxzr djus