Research Methodology in Plant Sciences

Research Methodology in Plant Sciences Research Methodology in Plant Sciences Sample PDF Download
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Publisher: Abhijeet Publications
ISBN: 9789381136920
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PREFACE This book will emphasize the physiological and biochemical functions o f plaints, but it is important to recognize that these functions depend on structures, whether the process is gas exchange in the leaf, w ater conduction in the xylem , photosynthesis in the chloroplast, or ion transport across the plasma membrane. At every level, structure and function represent different frames of reference of a biological unity. This chapter provides an overview o f the basic anatomy of plants, from the organ level down to the ultrastructure of cellular organelles. In subsequent chapters we will treat these structures in greater detail from the perspective o f their physiological functions in the plant life cycle. The increasing com plexity o f horticultural problems forces scientists in horticulture to modify their conception o f the systems they work with and the methods for analysing and solving problems and designing solutions. It does so by creating bridges between cell and crop physiologists, between horticulturists and crop physiologists and indeed joins expertise o f such widely diverging disciplines like computer science, farm economics, control engineering, crop protection, botany, etc. Obviously, this approach represents a major development in the tradition of horticultural sciences, with great potentials in many areas, including education. Although cases do exist where only one small element represents a major bottleneck, modern horticultural production systems are, in general, characterised by intricate relationships and a high level of development, where improvements are only realised by sophisticated and well balanced modifications o f the system and subsequent fine-tuning o f the adapted production system. In addition problems encountered nowadays in the horticultural industry often result from interactions
with the outside world the role of the market, the consumers and environmental issues can no longer be ignored. In this constellation methods to analyse and handle complex systems are indispensable. A system approach, based on models of various degrees o f com plexity and at various levels o f integration, has proved its potential to deal with this kind of problems. Models of greenhouses, crops, pests, as well as tools based on such models enable scientists o f different disciplines to join forces and to re-use knowledge generated within another context, for another crop, or another situation. The systems approach adds a new dimension to horticultural science, because it replaces in many cases empiricism with disciplinary knowledge. Author
Contents Preface