The textbooks of Classes IX and X have eight chapters each, divided into three sections. We hope you will enjoy reading all the chapters. But you are requried to read only five chapters two each from Sections I and II, and one from Section III. Section I, in both books, focuses on some of the events and processes that are critical to the understanding of the modern world. This year you will read about the French Revolution, the Russian Revolution and Nazism in this section. Next year you will know about nationalism and anti-colonial movements, in India and elsewhere. Section II will move from dramatic events to the routines of people s lives their economic activities and livelihood patterns. You will see what the contemporary world has meant for forest people, pastoralists and peasants and how they have coped with and defined the nature of these changes. Next year you will read more about the processes of industrialisation and urbanisation, capitalism and colonialism. Section III will introduce you to histories of everyday life. You will read about the history of sport and clothing Class IX and about printing and reading, novels and newspapers Class X . Why should we study the history of sport and clothing, you might ask. Do we not read about them every day in newspapers and magazines True, we read a lot about such issues. But what we read does not tell us about their histories. They give us no idea of how things have evolved and why they change. Once we learn to ask historical questions about all that is around us, history in fact acquires a new meaning. It allows us to see everyday things from a different angle. We realise that even seemingly ordinary things have a history that is important for us to know. To know how the contemporary world has evolved we will therefore move from India to Africa, from Europe to Indonesia. We will read both about the big events and important ideas, as well as everyday life. In the process of these journeys you will discover how history can be exciting, how it can help us understand the world in which we live. Neeladri Bhattacharya Chief Advisor - History vi
Textbook Development Committee CHAIRPERSON, ADVISORY GROUP SECONDARY STAGE
Hari Vasudevan, Professor, Department of History, Calcutta University, Kolkata Chapter 2 . CHIEF ADVISOR Neeladri Bhattacharya, Professor, Centre for Historical Studies, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi Chapters 5 and 6 .