Knowledge about the environment is key to its protection and improvement. It is important for us to understand the laws that govern the ongoing processes within the environment. Environmental studies is of significant importance to scientists and environmentalists because of rapid loss of biodiversity, sudden and unpredictable climate changes, water pollution, ozone layer depletion, and land degradation. Environmental Studies: basic concepts discusses the various components and types of environment, the different types of natural resources and the problems faced in conserving them and the effective management of resources for sustainable lifestyles. This book also focuses on the concept, structure and function of an ecosystem, threats to biodiversity and conservation of biodiversity, causes, effects and control measures of pollution, the several types of pollution, hazardous effects of human population on environment and management of environment quality.