PREFACE To fulfill the understanding of chemistry as a base for engineering students, I am presenting the first edition of this book. It has grown out of my lectures over a period of more than seven years of teaching B.E B.Tech. students. In its present form, this book covers the syllabus prescribed for the engineering students of Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak. An effort has been made to present the subject matter of each chapter in a simple language and in a very precise form, so that the students can understand easily. To make the book self educating and result oriented, a large number of solved numerical and conceptual problems have been incorporated in each chapter. Further, at the end of each chapter, a large number of long answer type questions, numerical problems, fill in the blanks and multiple choice type questions have been given. These questions will help the students to prepare well for the examination. The book also covers the various experiments and an added feature in the experiments is Motivation . The significance of performing an experiment and its other important aspects are explained in motivation. I hope this book will serve its purpose and prove beneficial to its readers. Any suggestions and constructive criticism towards this objective are welcome. I regret any misprints or errors which might have crept despite all my efforts. It gives me immense pleasure to acknowledge my teacher and guide Prof. Veena Chaudhary of IIT-Delhi. Further, I wish to place on record my sincerest gratitude to Prof. C.M Bhatia, Prof. B.B Bansal and Prof. V.K Mahna who have influenced my thought process and have always been a source of inspiration. This venture would not have seen the finish line without the continued guidance and encourangement of Dr. D.S. Kumar, Executive Director Engg. of Manav Rachna Educational Institutions. I am grateful to all the authors of the books I have referred in preparing the notes. I wish to thank my fellow teachers for their valuable suggestions and also my students whose feedback has helped me to understand how they learn. Last but not the least I would like to acknowledge my family members for their never ending encouragement and moral support throughout the preparation of this book.
MREI, Faridabad January, 2009
This book is dedicated to my parents, who were my first teachers and to my cherished family, Mahesh and Rochan, with whom I am still learning.