Designs of Participatory Extension Approaches in India
About this eBook
During the last few decades, many designs or approaches were tried in India for improving the effectiveness of extension function in agriculture and allied sectors. Given the problem of people s participation in developmental initiatives, the major criticism leveled was lack of peoples involvement in developmental efforts . To overcome this criticism and to involve people in developmental activities, a beginning was made by the Government of India by setting the research agenda at micro level. Through this, production constraints were tackied at regional level by employing PTD, Watershed, JFM etc. The techniques such as PRA and RRA are some of the approaches utilized for ensuring peoples involvement. The sequels of all these efforts is the content of this book. The designs of participatory approaches is an attempt by the authors to put in one volume a brief description of selected approaches and their out comes, with the support of Agro Tech Publishing Academy. This is not exhaustive, but a beginning, it can be updated in due course. This book has been designed for the social science students and faculty, besides researchers. It is hoped that this book will be useful to extension workers and project planners. We express our deep sense of gratitude to Dr. Chandra Kandan Retd TNAU, Coimbatore, who made us to work on this topic. The inspiration desired from his advice is the foundation to this book. We are grateful to all those who helped us directly and indirectly Specially to our student friends Mr. Prakshan C.V Dr. Nagesha and to all those authors whose books or articles have been consulted during the preparation of this book.
The sacrifices of the family and family members to keep the pens moving are deeply acknowledged. Finally, we remain deep indebted to our parents who nurtured the urge for intellectual development in us. The critical comments made by Director of Extension on the draft version of this book and the encouragement given by the Vice-Chancellor, UAS, Bangalore is gratefully acknowledged. Our special thanks to Agrotech Publishing Academy, Udaipur for publishing the book. We would appreciate suggestions from the readers for the improvement of the book. Last, but not the least, we are gently indebted to the invisible power of the Lord Sree Beligiriranga Swamy, who willed and granted success to this endeavour. K. Venkataranga Naika B.S.Siddaramaiah
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