Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of the 21st century. Climate is changing across our planet, largely, as a result of human activities. The indicators of climate change include physical responses such as changes in the surface temperature, atmospheric water vapour, severe climatic events, melting of glaciers, and a rise in sea level.
Mountain ecosystems being exceptionally fragile are prone to both natural and anthropogenic drivers of change, which ranges from volcanic and seismic events and flooding to global climate change and of vegetation and soils, resulting from inappropriate agricultural and forestry practices and extractive industries. Environmental issues directly affect agricultural productivity, famine and pandemics, health, economy,
and ecology. In this light, environmental protection, the practice of protecting the environment on individual, community, organizational, or governmental level, assumes a significant role.
This book provides a holistic coverage of the basics
of climate change, changes in biodiversity, phytosociological changes, and thus proposes a comprehensive set of solutions to resolve various issues related to environment and climate change. This book would be beneficial for researchers, policy makers, academicians, environmentalists, and university students.