Perspective in Indian Apiculture

Perspective in Indian Apiculture
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Perspective in Indian Apiculture

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Publisher: Agrobios Publications
ISBN: 9788177541311
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PREFACE
Obtaining honey from bees had been a traditions in India, though beekeeping proper, i.e. management of honeybees for honey production started only during the later half of nineteenth century and more so during twentieth century. Inspite of the fact that bees and honey are known since ages, there was no literature available on Indian apiculture till recently. Even now the documentation of knowledge relevant to our beekeeping is not complete. The basic facts about bees and beekeeping remain the same world over and sufficient literature is available on these fundamentals. However, basics on practical aspects of apiculture are more or less specific to different regions countries. Therefore, the book, Perspectives in Indian Apiculture was planned with sixteen chapters on the practicality of beekeeping and the scope of each chapter was specified by the editor. Authors of the chapters of the book have profound knowledge of different aspects of biology and management of both the hive species of genus Apis and especially in the field of contribution of the chapter. So their inputs are valuable as to the potential for the development of apiculture in India. Importance has been given to both Apis cerana and A. mellifera while planning the chapters since it is accepted fact that our apiculture has to flourish with the two hive species and any one of them cannot be ignored. The book is principally aimed at the practicality of bee biology and beekeeping with the two hive species. The chapters of the book start from the Constraints and future strategies for the development of beekeeping in India by J.K. Gupta and G.S. Dogra. The chapter analyses the policies, patterns and socio-economic factors in relation to beekeeping development. The beekeeping scenario has been fast changing with the changes in agriculture. G.S. Gatoria, Yogeshwar Singh and H.S. Jhajj have dealt with issues such as changing cropping patterns, extent of irrigation, forest cover etc. and their impact on the development of apiculture in the second chapter. Floral calendars catalogues the flowers, their abundance, time and duration of blooming and their value to bees which information is essential for sound management of bees. Floral calendars are required to be prepared for each ecological region in which beekeeping is practised. Sometimes the ecological regions can be quite small and diverse in terms of their flora. Floral calendars for
different regions are used to plan for migratory beekeeping. The third chapter of the book presents the available information on bee flora of different regions with their nectar or pollen rewards to bees. Information on quality and quantity has been the base of beekeeping in India. It has evolved to the advantage of e species according to the conditions in the region country, however the traits possessed by this species may not be favourable for commercial beekeeping. But the fact that this species remains -o be fully exploited for the development of Indian apiculture cannot be denied. M.C. and K. Subba Rao have given beautiful account of characteristics, behaviour etc. and the species for Indian apiculture in chapter IV. A mellifera, which was established m India only about 30 years ago, is showing great potentials in many areas since it stands extended to almost whole of India. This is fast becoming the species for commercial beekeeping. R.0 Mishra and Yogesh Kumar give a brief account of utility of A. mellifera for India apiculture. The management technology for this species is though adopted from western countries but modifications and variations made for the successful