Consider the following statements.Assertion (A): The executive has no say in the appointment of Lokpal and Lokayuktas.Reason (R): All members of Lokpal and Lokayuktas must be Judicial members, who are appointed by theChief Justice of India on the recommendation of a collegium of Supreme Court Judges.In the context of the above, which of these is correct?
Lokpal consists of a chairperson and a maximum of eight members, of which 50 per
cent shall be judicial members. So, R is wrong.The selection of chairperson and members of Lokpal is done
through a selection committee consisting of Prime Minister, Speaker of Lok Sabha, Leader of Opposition in
the Lok Sabha, ChiefJustice of India or a sitting Supreme Court judge nominated by Gl, eminent jurist to be
nominated by the President of India on the basis of recommendations of the first four members of the
Consider the following statements with reference to Food chains:1. The grazing food chain is found only in terrestrial ecosystem.2. The initial energy source for detritus food chain is dead organic matter3. The grazing and detritus food chains are interlinked.Select the correct statements:
Asequence of organisms that feed on one another, forma food chain.In nature, two
main types of food chains havebeen found: Grazing food chain and Detritus food chain. The grazing food
chain starts with producers or autotrophs as base, which is consumed by heterotrophs. It Is found in both
Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.The Detritus food chain starts from dead organic 'matterof decaying
animals and plant bodies to the microorganisms and then to detritus feeding organism called detrivores or
decomposer and to other predators.The two food chains are linked as the initial energy source for detritus
food chain is the waste materialsand dead organic matter from the grazing food chain.
An All-India judicial service can be created by the Parliament if the Rajya Sabha passes a resolutiondeclaring that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest to do so by a/an
Such a resolution in the Rajya Sabha should be supported by two-thirds of the
members present and voting. This power of recommendation is given to the Rajya Sabha to protect the
interests of states in the Indian federal system. The present government has revived the proposal to
constitute an All-India Judicial Service (AlJS)for appointment of district Judges through a rigorous examination
process to be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.
Consider the following with regard to the ownership and jurisdiction of marine resources. Which ofthe following statements is correct?
Lands, minerals and other things of value under the waters of the ocean
within the territorial waters of India, the continental shelf of India and the exclusive economic zone of
Indiavests in the Union.Hence, a state nearthe ocean cannot claim Jurisdiction overthese things. India's
territorial waters extend to a distance of 12 nautical miles from the appropriate base line. Similarly, India's
exclusive economic zone extends upto 200 nautical miles.
Which of the following add/adds carbon dioxide to the carbon cycle on the planet Earth?1. Volcanic Eruptions 2. Respiration3. Photosynthesis 4. Decay of Organic MatterSelect the correct answer using the code given below:
Volcanic eruptions emit water vapour and toxic gases into the atmosphere such as
carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, hydrogen sulphide, hydrochloric acid and carbon monoxideBreathing (or
respiration, or ventilation) is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange
with the internal environment, mostly by bringing In oxygen and flushing out carbon dioxide. Photosynthesis
takes in the carbon dioxide produced by all breathing organisms and reintroduces oxygen Into the
atmosphere. Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms toconvert light energy Into
chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities. Decay of organic matter or
putrefaction, process whereby heterotrophic organisms, including some bacteria, fungi, saprophytic plants,
and lower animals, utilize the remains of once-living tissue as asource of nutrition. In the decomposition
process, different products are released: carbon dioxide (C02), energy, water, plant nutrients and resynthesized
organic carbon compounds. This release process is called mineralization. The waste products
produced by micro-organisms are also soil organic matter.
Consider the following statements.Assertion (A): Fiscal deficit of Central Government has increased consistently since 2008-09 globalmeltdown.Reason (R): The Central Government had provided a fiscal stimulus from the year 2008 to Increaseaggregate demand in view of the recession.In the context of the above, which of these is correct?
Observe the timing of the Fiscal stimulus (large government expenditure to boost
demand). It was done to counter the lower FDIs, poor domestic investor sentiment and falling consumer
demand as an after effect of the global recessionHowever, the fiscal deficit was reigned in later In view of high inflation (the falling portion of the broken blue curve).
Q Source: Basic Macroeconomic Figures
Consider the following statements.1. It is a man-made and man-managed wetland.2. It hosts a rich bird population.3. It Is a World Heritage Site.4. It Is placed on the Montreux Record under the Ramsar Convention.The above refers to?
It is a famous avifauna sanctuary that hosts thousands of birds, especially during the
winter season. The reserve protects Bharatpur from frequent floods, provides grazing grounds for village
cattle, and earlier was primarily used as a waterfowl hunting ground.This former duck-hunting reserve of the
Maharajas is one of the major wintering areas for large numbers of aquatic birds from Afghanistan,
Turkmenistan, China and Siberia. Due to its strategic location in the middle of Central Asian migratory fiyway
and presence of water, large congregations of ducks, geese, coots, pelicans and waders arrive In the winter.
The park was the only known wintering site of the central population of the critically endangered Siberian
Gharial population in India Is declining and at threat due to which of these potential reasons?1. Getting entangled in fishing nets2. Removal of sand from its habitat riverbanksSelect the correct answer using the codes below.
Gharial, with its long, toothy rostrum is particularly vulnerable to entanglement In
fishing nets, where It is frequently trapped underwater and drowns. Entangled gharial are also commonly
killed or have their rostrums chopped off to disentangle nets and perhaps, in retaliation for damaging nets.
Dam, barrages, and water abstraction adversely affects gharial by turning suitable river habitats Into
marginal/ unsuitable lakes, and by altering the quantity and quality of water available to downstream river
sections. Egg harvesting for subsistence food use by riparian residents at some gharial locations
directlyincreases egg mortality, reduces recruitment, and may also facilitate additional predation by natural
nest predators.Sustained mining activity may destroy vital basking and nesting sites and may also result in
direct mortality of eggs during the nesting season. Gharial derives its name from ghara, an Indian word for
pot because of a bulbous knob present at the end of their snout.
Which of the following brings out the 'Consumer Price Index Number for the Industrial Workers'?
This index is the oldest among the CPI indices as its dissemination started as
early as in 1946. Since 1958-59, the compilation of CPI(IW) has been started by Labour Bureau ,an attached
office under Ministry of Labour & Employment.Consumer Price Index Numbers for Industrial workers
measure a change over time In prices of a fixed basket of goods and services consumed by Industrial Workers.
The target group is an average working class family belonging to any of the seven sectors of the economyfactories,
mines, plantation, motor transport, port, railways and electricity generation and distribution .
Consider the following statements. .1. CRISIL is a global analytical company based In India, in which the Government of India is a majorstakeholder.2. CriSidEx is India's first "business sentiment index" for micro and small enterprises (MSEs) developed jointlyby CRISIL and SIDBI.Which of the above is/are correct?
Because data on micro and small enterprises (MSEs) comes with a significant lag,
acomprehensive and concise lead + lag indicator ofground-level sentiment becomes a crucial tool forpolicy
makers, lenders, trade bodies, economists, rating agencies and the MSEs themselves.TIII now, there was no
such barometer available in India, though indices and sentiment surveys totrack large and mid-sized
corporates area plenty and have been In existence for decades. Reasons why CRISIL and SIDBi decided to
launch the CRI5IL-SIDBI MSE Sentiment Index, or CriSidEx. Limited representation of MSEs - which account
for 90% of enterprises in India, and are thesecond-largest employers after agriculture - in macro and micro
assessments Existing business indices focus on predicting the direction of annual change of GDP but not the
impact at micro level in each Industry/sectorPolicy makers unable to assess the impact of their decisions on
MSEs Lack of data on employment and production cycles, which can be the basis of estimation ofemployment
and capital formation in the MSE sector Significant lag in availability of financial information of MSEs restricts
lenders from taking timely credit decisions. Access to formal finance remains the key challenge for MSEsMSEs
are unable to assess how they are faring versus peersThere Is no sector-specific index that projects changes in
sentiment and which will help MSEs take important decisions