Human Resource Management-A Dynamic Approach
About this eBook
PREFACE My earlier books Management Principles was for the Management and Engineering students at the undergraduate level and Management Principles and Practices was for the Master s level. The current book Human Resource management A Dynamic Approach focuses on the Human Resource aspect of management. This book is primarily for those who are preparing themselves for an exciting, rewarding, and enriching career in Human Resource aspect of management. In recent years, this eld of specialization is getting popular and due to this popularity many students prefer to specialize in Human Resource Management. Although the principles of management and, particularly, the Human Resource Management are brought out and discussed in the initial chapters of this book, the practices built on such principles are discussed and illustrated from time to time. Those who read the book get an idea as to how such principles form a solid foundation to the practices in the eld of Human Resource Management. Without such principles, the practices wither away because they do not make sense or the students go away with vague understanding. Any practice which is built on solid principles will be effective and ef cient. While effectiveness is achieved through attainment of targets, objectives, and goals, the ef ciency is accomplished through combining of various resources available to an organization, especially, the human resources. Harrington Emerson s proposed twelve principles of Ef ciency that were according to him, intensely practical, tested, and extremely successful. Without principles, practices are just hollow bricks and without practices, the principles remain as principles. In this book, Human resource or management principles, provide a strong basis for practices and this relationship is very essential for understanding the Human resource management and its practices. Thus, dynamism is brought into the understanding of Human Resource Management. This book gives an opportunity for the readers, budding as well as experienced managers, teachers, trainers, consultants, and students with references, issues, and situations they can identify while preparing themselves in gaining knowledge, insights in Human Resource management. This book provides an opportunity for the readers to examine the Western human resource practices in Indian and Asian context wherever possible and applicable. The examples, illustration, and case studies are taken from the actual situations disguised at times to main the anonymity and con dentiality , in companies in Asia and particularly in India. Such an enriching experience may not be available to the readers when they rely on Human resource management books solely written with Western context, issues, and markets in mind.
vi Human Resource Management A Dynamic Approach A Functional Approach is taken by the introduction of various human resource functions, managers perform. A well-accepted de nition of management states that, management is getting things done through other people. The focus of this de nition seems to be on human resources. In essence, every manager s core responsibility is for the people he or she manages. A manager does not do things. He or she makes things happen through people. A manager needs certain qualities, knowledge and skills to perform various functions to make things happen in his or her specialization, namely, the Human Resource Management. The functions emphasize the core areas of securing and maintaining the workforce. The functions included in these core areas are Human Resource Planning, Recruitment of Potentials, Selecting and Placing the candidates on the job, Training of new and existing employees, Developing managerial personnel, Assessing employee performance, Developing a career path for employees to sustain them, Employee compensation to motivate them for better performance, Maintaining employee-employer relations, Handling con icts and grievances, Employee bene ts and services, Designing incentive systems, handling legislative measures to reinforce the Human resource management practices, and showing concern for social ethics and responsibilities. This book also includes some special topics such as Behavior modi cation and reinforcement, Self - ful lling prophecy, the Ego states and Transactions, Creativity and innovation, Dealing