Wild Life Management and Conservation
About this eBook
Wildlife includes all non-domesticated plants, animals and other organisms. Domesticating wild plant and animal species for human benefit has occurred many times all over the planet, and has a major impact on the environment, both positive and negative. Wildlife can be found in all ecosystems. Deserts, rain forests, plains, and other areas including the most developed urban sites, all have distinct forms of wildlife. While the term in popular culture usually refers to animals that are untouched by human factors, most scientists agree that wildlife around the world is impacted by human activities. Wildlife is a term that does not enjoy a precise or a universally accepted definition. The term implies all things that are living outside direct human control and therefore includes those plants and animals that are not cultivated or domesticated. In its fullest meaning, wildlife encompasses insects and fungi, frogs and wild flowers, as well as doves, deer, and trees. Nonetheless, organizations concerned with wildlife generally favor the so-called higher forms of animal life. In general, wildlife management is the application of ecological knowledge to populations of vertebrate animals and their plant and animal associates in a manner that strikes a balance between the needs of those populations and the needs of people. Until the 1960s wildlife management was primarily game management, the husbandry and regulation of populations of birds and mammals hunted for sport. Wildlife management is changing, but its past remains relevant to the present and future. The practice of wildlife management is rooted in the intermingling of human ethics, culture, perceptions, and legal concepts.
Conservation of life maintains a balance of nature through biogeochemical cycles, food chains, population controls by positive and negative feed backs. If a species is lost in long run, it may upset the natural balance and as a consequence makes the system vulnerable. Wildlife is a source of income to recreation and tourism industry. The most popular tourist attractions are the wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Wildlife of the country thus may attract people from abroad and earn foreign exchange. The book has been prepared keeping in view the Indian scenario. The book includes chapters on Wildlife An Introduction, Wildlife Ecosystems and Natural Communities, Population Ecology and Management, Important Indian Fauna, Threatened Species, Animal Behavior and Wildlife Management, Sloth Bear, Food and Cover, Wildlife Diseases, Predators and Predation, Wildlife Conservation, Laws for Wildlife Conservation and Management In India. The book is appended with Glossary, Selected Bibliography and Wildlife Common and Zoological Names. I am thankful to all sources from the literature has been collected and precisely presented in the book. Thanks are also due to Dr. Updesh Purohit, Agrobios India to publish the book.