Fisheries Aquaculture and Biotechnology
About this eBook
Preface Now, mankind is in a state of transition from hunting and gathering to the production of fish and allies products with the advent of modern approaches and technologies of biotechnology and genetic engineering to traditional fisheries and aquaculture industry. Fisheries and aquaculture have been practiced since antiquity and the current revolution was brought about by economic, environmental and other technological realities. With the growing demand for fish and aquaculture products, biotechnology can help in the development of high quality, economic produce, thereby reducing dependence on natural populations. Moreover, rapid increase in global fisheries and aquaculture raise fears of continues environmental degradation of the aquatic, freshwater and marine environments. Application of modern biotechnology to enhance fisheries and aquaculture is now most important for many reasons, particularly, those that are increasingly useful in practical situations of fisheries and aquaculture have led to their correct implementation for maximum benefits. The impact of biotechnology in fisheries and aquaculture represents a range of technologies to increase growth rate in farmed species, to improve nutrition of aquafeeds, to improve fish health, to help restore and protect environments, to extend the range of aquatic species and to improve management and conservation of wild stocks. Until now, biotechnology has helped in the discovery and development of vaccines against enteric red mouth disease, vibriosis, furunculosis and gaffkemia. As the fisheries and aquaculture industry expands, the applications of biotechnology to produce fish vaccines and diagnostic kits for infectious diseases is keep increasing. Also, application of biotechnology to disease diagnostics has led to the discovery and development of fluorescent antibodies, enzyme linked immunoassay and the polymerase chain reaction PCR based very sensitive diagnostic kits. A combination of these newer technologies with traditional diagnostic approaches provides powerful means of controlling disease outbreaks.
The main concern of this book is to ultimately address the impact of modern biotechnology to fisheries and aquaculture. With fourteen chapters written by key eminent researchers of international and national organizations, Fisheries, Aquaculture and Biotechnology comprise overviews of the survey on the biology, ecology and genetics of Mexican oysters, role of autonomous vehicles in fisheries and aquaculture, bioengineering natural and artificial reefs, application of DNA fingerprints in the study of seaweeds, genes involved in the compensatory growth induced by refeeding, aquaculture exploitation, genomic analysis of Scamp and Yellowmouth grouper, detection of pathogenic bacteria, masculinization, status of shrimp farming in India, molecular response to stress, and diversity, distribution and bioprospecting of fish genetic resources in India. This book is of immense theoretical and practical use to advance students and researchers of aquatic biology, freshwater biology, marine biology, fish biology, fisheries, aquaculture, population biology and of course biotechnology. This will be helpful as a vital reference to fish farmers, fisheries scientists, aquaculturists, industry developers,