Post Harvest Management of Horticultural Crops
About this eBook
PREFACE The focused attention on investment in horticulture from 8th plan onwards has increased quality productivity levels, and production in various horticultural crops. Timely research intervention coupled with supportive infrastructure has brought India to door steps of "Golden Revolution". Today, India is a second largest producer of fruits 47.68 million tonnes and vegetables 97.50 million tonnes . With an annual growth rate of more than 6.5 , the country contributes 24.5 to the agricultural GDP from mere 9 cropped area under horticultural crops. Unfortunately the pace of horticulture development is counter effected by the lack of scientific post-harvest management system in the country. Post harvest management is not conceptualized in our country, as a result of which more than 50 of the horticulture produce valued at Rs. 23,000 crores goes waste every year. Our per capita availability of fruits 85 g and vegetables 175 g are well below the ICMR recommendatiorvs. Our share in export market 0.5 and post-harvest value addition by processing 2 is much below than advanced countries. This mis match between production and post-harvest management can be over come by utilization of appropriate blend of science and technological principles for maintaining the horticultural produce in its prime fresh quality for consumers and for production of various value added processed products. This compendium contains text of lectures delivered at the winter school by distinguished scientists technologists.The course was designed to impart a thorough and comprehensive knowledge of recent developments in post-harvest management and processing of fruits, vegetables, flowers and condiments in the context of competition, technology and export trade. I am sure that the participants will be greatly benefited from the lectures, field processing plant visits and hope that the attempt made by the organization of this school provides necessary impetus to the researchers in the scientific post harvest management of horticultural produce by designing appropriate post production conservation strategies in their respective areas of specialization at their work places.
I am thankful to Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi for providing financial support and giving an opportunity to organize this winter school. I express my deep sense of gratitude to Prof. Anwar Alam, Hon'ble Vice-Chancellor, SKUAST-K for patronizing and providing institutional support to us for conducting this wnter school. I am highly indebted to Dr. G. M. Wani, Director Extension Education, Dr. M. H. Shah, Director Research, Dr. A. Q. John, Director Resident Instructions, Dr. M. A. Gora, Registrar, Mr. M. A. Dar, Comptroller, Mr. M. Ashraf, Dy. Comptroller, for helping at various occasions. Contribution of Estates Officer and his staff is acknowledged. I record my sincere gratitude to Dr. G. M. Beigh, Head Division of Post-Harvest Technology for his time-to-time wise suggestions for smooth conduct of the programme.