Mechanization of Dryland Agriculture
About this eBook
Dryland Mechanization is emerging as major thrust area for ensuring sustainability of dryland farming in India. A bout 68 of total cultivated area in India is still rain dependent and providing livelihood for almost half of the Indian population. Drylands are characterized by uncertainty, low productivity and profitability. Research in dryland areas has demonstrated 2-5 times higher productivity potential with timely and precision operations. Major constraints are deficit farm pow er for timely operations and slow adoption of precision machines. H um an and animal power sources are dim inishing at fast rate and is being replaced by tractive power at m uch faster rate. This change in power scenario and necessity of shift towards precision machinery has created new challenges in dryland agriculture. The topics covered in winter school on "Mechanization of Dryland Agriculture has focus on understanding and resolving the issues in various challenging areas. Major subjects covered in this book are farm power scenario, precision machinery for different operations such as im p ro v in g fe rtiliz e r u se efficiency, cro p re sid u e incorporation, cropping system s, agro-forestry, dryland h o rtic u ltu re , m ed icin al an d aro m atic p la n ts, n u rse ry
m ech an izatio n , p la n t p ro te ctio n etc. a p a rt from o th er im p o rtan t topics like intellectual property rights, socio economic factors, gender and policy issues, social engineering, m icro irrig a tio n , v a lu e -a d d itio n , biofuel, in fo rm atio n tech n o lo g y , d e c isio n s u p p o rt sy stem , a u to m a tio n , instrum entation, agri-business potential, farm m achinery custom hiring centre, industry linkages, commercialization and research educational issues. We successfully arran g ed the em inent experts in v ario u s specialized area on d ry la n d m ech an izatio n to contribute their experiences . The book contains the state-ofart inform ation on dryland mechanization and approaches to popularize mechanization in drylands of India. We hope this publication will help researchers, teachers, planners and policy m akers in strategic p lan n in g for m echanization, creating infrastructure, hu m an resource developm ent to achieve the goal of dryland mechanization in India.
V.M. Mayande Y.S. Ramakrishna C.R. Thyagaraj G.R. Korwar I. Srinivas