Integrated Rural Development and Management
About this eBook
Rural development has always been at the centre of state concern in independent India. The country has witnessed a checkered path of rural development efforts manifested through metamorphosis of intervention strategies and institutional arrangements. Integrated rural development, that envisions all encompassing prosperity of rural communities, seems to be a prospective proposition as far as improving the human well-being is concerned. This may also meet the diverse livelihood needs of rural people. This integrated approach asks for innovative development intervention and institutional forms. While, on the first hand, innovative delivery mechanism of public sector is a prerequisite, involvement of the third sector will also emerge as a mainstreamed policy option for national and state governments. The mission mode programmes along with the long term rural development schemes may be amalgamated with the NGO and Private sector initiatives. Managerial insights, mostly employed in the sphere of corporate environment, needs to be incorporated in different aspects of rural development endeavours to encourage the innovations in rural development strategies and institutional forms. For actualisation of this vision, a dedicated pool of human resources will be needed in the rural development sector. Development of trained rural management professionals will hopefully meet this changing demand of rural development in India. One may conceptualize three related but exclusive dimensions that relates to the management of integrated rural development. The first one illustrates and takes account of experiences regarding different facets of integrated rural development and their interrelationship. This envisages agriculture and allied sectors, education, health, women and child development etc. The second dimension focuses on the managerial aspects of rural development that includes rural development administration, tribal administration, social legislation, organizational management, development programme management etc. This was meant to draw cases from both public and private sectors. The third dimension covers the broader areas related to human resource management in the context of rural development profession. This will count both on academic as well as non-formal sector. To suit these thoughts, the themes of the National Seminar on Integrated Rural Development and Management Issues , Strategies and Policy Options , inter alia, was thought as a Spheres of Integrated Rural Development that includes Agriculture and Allied Sectors, Education, Rural Health, Women and Child Development b Institutional Issues in Rural Development which include c Panchayati Raj Institution, Social Legislation, Tribal Administration, NGO CBO and Corporate Social Responsibilities d Rural Development Management including Management of Organisation and Management of Rural Projects Programmes Human Resources in Rural Development is taken up as a separate issue which will be covered by - HRD by Academic Institutions and Extension Education. Out of a very good number of papers presented either orally or in poster form only selected 42 papers have been included in this compendium after considerable editing under six interconnected sub-sections such as Sustainable Development, Natural Resource
Management Ecosystem Management and Environmental Issues, Education and Rural Health, Women and Child Development, Rural Development Programmes and management, and Institutional Issues in Rural Development. Editors have taken up the task of categorization, compilation and editing of papers to maintain the academic integrity and scientific rigour of the document. This asked for small modifications in both content and form of the papers. We have tried to achieve this without sacrificing the science of the communications. However, the authors may be hold responsible for the information, statement and opinion expressed in their papers. As far as style of reference is concerned, the contributors have followed different styles of referencing. In view of the multidisciplinary nature of the book, these differences were excused and accepted after ensuring minimal uniformity in the style of referencing.