Extension Education and Rural Development (HB)
About this eBook
Extension education is being perceived and described as a profession with norms and standards of its own. Literature available on the subject reveals a variety of scattered ideas on its fundamentals. Apparently, there is a need to synthesise such points of view as exist in its literature and to present them in a proper perspective. Moreover, extension education as a subject is being taught in all the agricultural universities and professional colleges. Majority of these institutions offer facilities for master s and doctoral programmes in the subject. It is, therefore, necessary to have a better organized body of information and facts based on research and scientific observations. The subject has passed the days of relative simplicity. We need knowledge and technique based on research in the field in order to provide intelligent guidance to the students, scholars and extension professionals serving in the varied fields of state departments of agriculture, state agricultural universities, non-government organizations, public and private sectors, media and others. Although a new discipline, extension education as a profession has made significant impact in every sphere, particularly in developing countries, where it is being practised on a large scale, it has become an integral part of the development programmes. India, after independence, emphasized growth, modernization, self-reliance and social equity while planning for accelerating the pace of economy. Rural development has been an integral part of nation s socio-economic-politico development. Several programmes were introduced in successive five year plans for agricultural development, employment generation, promoting rural, cottage and artisan based industries, poverty alleviation, special area development, meeting basic minimum needs towards rural development. Rural development cannot be accomplished through piecemeal efforts and in isolation of total development of rural areas and building self sustaining rural economy. Integrated and sustainable rural development calls for satisfying the basic minimum needs of all rural households, such as schools, water supply, drainage and sanitation, health and community centers, transport and communication, energy and fuel. So it is necessary to revise the concept, planning, policy and approach towards rural development programmes. With these expectations to be fulfilled there has been a growing awareness of the need for a book dealing with the conceptual and practical aspects of extension education and rural development. The present book has been designed to fill the gap and to give the readers a full description of extension education and rural development, to introduce them to all the areas of professional work in its field and to enlighten them about its importance in the transfer of technology for development. Keeping this in view, the text book covers the contents in twelve chapters.
Chapter I deals with the concepts of extension education, scope and importance, process, principles, philosophy, continuing and distance education and history of extension education are also covered. Chapter II covers the various dimensions and components of rural development, objectives, issues, pre and post independence efforts and vast coverage of various rural development programmes. Chapter III emphasizes on agricultural extension education systems viz., training and visit, broad based extension system and ICAR projects and their role in agriculture and rural development. Chapter IV has full coverage on rural institutions and their activities towards eradicating poverty in the rural areas. This chapter also deals with the role and functions of basic rural institutions like schools, co-operatives, NGOs, voluntary organizations banks, DRDA, CAPART, NRHM, NHM and various state institutes of rural development. Chapter V adequately covers the various participatory approaches in rural development