WBUT Solved Question Papers EE
B Tech Sem Ist
- r) Advertising is a necessary evil. [WBUT 2005]
Advertisements – A Necessary Evil
Advertisement is a collective term for public announcements designed to promote the sale of specific commodities or services. Advertising is a method of mass selling, employed when the use of direct, person-to-person selling is impractical, impossible, or simply inefficient. Its complexity ranges from the publishing of simple, straightforward notices in the classified-advertising columns of newspapers, to the concerted use of newspapers, magazines, television, radio, direct mail, and other media of communication. Advertising has become an integral segment of a modem, urban industrial civilization, mirroring contemporary life in its best and worst aspects. Advertising is mainly of two types: consumer advertising, directed to the ultimate purchaser, and trade advertising, in which the appeal is made to dealers through trade journals and other media. Both types of advertising employ many specialized types of commercial persuasion. Advertisement may be local, national, or international in scope, depending on the size of the brand and the estimated number of targeted consumers. The rates charged for the different levels of advertising vary sharply, particularly in newspapers; they also vary according to their category— amusement, legal, political, financial, religious, and charitable advertisements. Advertisement is both a boon as well as a curse to the modem society. Even in the postindustrial society, advertisers produce consumers by controlling their ideas and beliefs, creating brand loyal consumers who do not mind the high price of the brand’s commodities. It also affects their tastes and preferences. Thus, advertising acts as a device of disseminating propaganda. It is harmful for the children, too. From their earliest years, advertisements shape their ways of life, their thoughts, and also what to consume. It also permits the large but inefficient manufacturers to govern the scene because newer (and probably more efficient) producers cannot afford the large advertising budgets required to get into the market. So advertising destroys any scope for ethical competition. In spite ot its drawbacks, advertising is an excellent mode of spreading awareness. Both governmental and non-governmental organizations use advertisements to spread awareness about diseases like AIDS, leprosy, cancer, and swine flu, and also on social issues like child labour, population control, vaccination, etc. Advertising also bridges the gap of communication between a brand and its consumers. It has also resulted in better- informed consumers, thus compelling the firms to improve the quality of their products, and also lowering their prices.
ii) A bit of ragging is good for new students
- College life is very important in every body’s life because it not only determines the
future of a person but also is a time when most students understand the realities of life.
- Ragging means causing, inducing, compelling or forcing a student, whether by way of a practical joke or otherwise, to do any act which detracts from human dignity or isolates and/or ridicule him.
- There are different types of ragging.
- Ragging also has its advantages. Older students rag the newer students to break the ice and interact with each other. Which at times results in lifelong bonds of friendship.
- At times ragging turns violent, resulting in serious injuries and even death.
- Both students and the college authorities should take steps to curb violent ragging.
iii) Asia — the new superpower.
- USA and the European countries have been affected by the economic depression, creating a suitable situation for Asia’s economic growth.
- Countries like India, South Korea, China, Singapore and Taiwan are making their places in the world economy.
- The countries are flourishing in various sectors like IT, agriculture, etc.
- Human services are easily, and inexpensively available in Asia.
- Asian countries are investing heavily in education and physical capital; areas which are key for economic development.
- They also are benefiting from world trade and the diffusion of new technologies.
- The global market has helped the long-term economic growth of these countries. No longer is a country’s economy is confined within a small domestic market* World trade has grown tremendously over the past few decades,
- 2. i) Is there any direct correlation between education and success? [WBUT 2006]
The Relation between Education and Success
The relation between education and success is quite debatable. Some say that they are completely unrelated, by giving examples of successful men and women, who lack in formal educational degrees. However, most people agree that education is one of the basic ingredients of success.
A degree although cheap to individual employers, is extremely expensive to the society, thus adding to one’s social status. The character formed by the degree course acts as a form of human capital. In today’s competition driven world, every company or organization prefers more and more skilled employees. The degree is the proof of one’s skills. Besides, education exercises the mind, and develops it like a muscle. Thus, making it more flexible, and open to new ideas. Also, the intensive training the mind receives during a course enables it to be used to the optimum level, for the benefit of the individual, as well as his or her employer,
India, due to its vast population, holds a very high potential of human power and is also a good market. This has made India the target of various companies, both national and international, creating more and more job opportunities for the people of the country, A formal degree makes it simpler for an individual to get these well paying jobs. This not only leads to an improvement in one’s lifestyle, but also adds to the national income.
ii) Impact of Information Technology on Society.
Impact of Information Technology on Society
„ Information technology (abbreviation IT) is defined as the science and activity of storing and sending out information by using computers. In this context, ‘information’ denotes ‘data’, and the term ‘using computers’ signifies the process of storing rnd sending the data. It is considered to be the greatest human achievement of the 20th and the 21st century.
Information technology has shrunk the earth into a global village. Today, one can easily communicate someone, thousands of miles away, with the help of the Internet. Also, several fields of services, have become digitalized, and hence more error free. I.T has eroded the boundary between one’s personal and professional time. The differences in time zones no longer act as barriers between professional groups. The irrelevance of distance and time means, that teams can collaborate globally and continuously. TTie workers are no longer tied to a fixed place and a fixed time. They can also work from home and organize their personal work individually. The impact of Information Technology is quite significant in the field of education too. Its importance for work demands that people are prepared for it early in life, hence making it a part of the curriculum from as early as the elementary school level. Also, e-learning and distance education have become possible because of IT,
Initially, the use of Information Technology was limited to only a few fields like space technology, meteorology and scientific researches. However, today it has become an integral part of almost every filed, starting from communication, business and accounting, to transportation and education, IT has simply become a part of-our day-to- day lives.
iii) Effects of Advertisement on the society.
Eifects of Advertisements on the Society
Advertisement is a collective term for public announcements designed to promote the sale of specific commodities or services. Advertising is a method of mass selling, employed when the use of direct, person-to-person selling is impractical, impossible, or simply inefficient. Its complexity ranges from the publishing of simple, straightforward notices in the classified-advertising columns of newspapers, to the concerted use of newspapers, magazines, television, radio, direct mail, and other media of communication. Advertising has become an integral segment of a modem, urban industrial civilization, mirroring contemporary life in its best and worst aspects. Advertising is mainly of two types: consumer advertising, directed to-the ultimate purchaser, and trade advertising, in which the appeal is made to dealers through trade journals and other media. Both types of advertising employ many specialized types of commercial persuasion. Advertisement may be local, national, or international in scope, depending on the size of the brand and the estimated number of targeted consumers. The rates charged for the different levels of advertising vary sharply, particularly in newspapers; they also vary according to their category— amusement, legal, political, financial, religious, and charitable advertisements. Advertisement is both a boon as well as a curse to the modern society. Even in the postindustrial society, advertisers produce consumers by controlling their ideas and behefs, creating brand loyal consumers who do not mind the high price of the brand’s commodities. It also affects their tastes and preferences. Thus, advertising acts as a device of disseminating propaganda. It is harmful for the children, too. From their earliest years, advertisements shape their ways of life, their thoughts, and also what to consume. It also permits the large but inefficient manufacturers to govern the scene because newer (and probably more efficient) producers cannot afford the large advertising budgets required to get into the market. So advertising destroys any scope for ethical competition. In spite of its drawbacks, advertising is an excellent mode of spreading awareness. Both governmental and non-governmental organizations use advertisements to spread awareness about diseases Hke AIDS, leprosy, Cancer, and swine flu, and also on social issues like child labour, population control, vaccination, etc. Advertising also bridges the gap of communication between a brand and its consumers. It has also resulted in bette: informed consumers, thus compelling the firms to improve the quality of their product; and also lowering their prices.,
- 3. a) Man himself is obliterating Mother earth. [WBUT 2007
Man Himself is Obliterating Mother Earth
Human beings have been gifted with a brain, which enabled him to think, reason ant create. This made him the most intelligent and advanced of ail creatures. With these abilities, and the help of science, man has managed to transform the society from t primitive nature dependant state, to a technologically driven one.
Today, our life is unimaginable without: the products of science and technology. In spite of their immense contribution in the simplification of human chores, they have led to the destruction of the nature, Man is destroying forests, and is replacing them with concrete jungles. The emissions from the exhausts of the automobiles, and the chimneys of the factories, arc filling up the atmosphere with poisonous gases. The over emission of greenhouse gases, has triggered global warming. The rise in temperature has already resulted in the melting of ice caps in the poies, and also a change in the world’s climate. The toxic effluents released in the water bodies, by the factories is making the water unfit for life purposes. The use of excess of synthetic fertilizers and chemicals in agriculture is leading to soil pollution. These chemicals not only alter the normal pH of the soil, but also get washed by the rain, and gets mixed in the river water. Human activities are causing an imbalance in the ecological balance. Various species are getting extinct, while others are endangered. Deforestation is leading to soil erosion. Diseases like cancer, dengue and asthma are on the rise, due to an increase in toxic substances in air, water and soil.
Mother nature has enough resources to satisfy the needs of every man on earth, but does not have enough to satisfy the greed of a single man. A few simple steps can be taken to minimize pollution. Environment friendly fuels should be used in the automobiles. The wastes from the factories should be treated well before being released. More and more trees should be planted to avoid soil erosion, and desertification. Organic fertilizers should be used in farming. These little changes, will result in a large decrease in environmental problems like pollution, and ecological imbalance.
b) \s it necessary to amend the existing pattern of education system in fndia?
Education System of India Requires Amendments
Today is the age of innovation and specialization. Everybody has to be ready to receive and contribute towards new ideas, thoughts and systems. However, in this fast moving tech no-age, the Indian educational system seems to be quite backdated. Though we arc aware about the progressive minds of Indian students all over the world, we see that most of them are settled abroad in USA, UK or Australia.
Indian education mainly consists of innumerable pages of obsolete, outdated theory with no practical work. There is hardly any room for innovation. Moreover, no importance is given to co-curricular activities. As a result, students tend to look at education as an interminable disease. It is impractical to burden the youth with unimaginable pressure, and simultaneously encourage them to pursue their creativity. Dependence on examinations is one of the biggest reasons for the deterioration in our education system. The purely technical education, given lo the Indian students does not have any significance in the real world. Moreover, schools and colleges, instead of beinn the temples of learning and discipline, are becoming the hotbeds of politics and violence. Vocationalisation of education is one of the methods to curb the problems of the Indian educational system. Institutes must make training modules in practical aspects of career, compulsory, instead of lengthy examinations at a stretch, the due importance should be given to intelligence tests, personal interview and classroom works at regular intervals. Group discussions should also be encouraged, as it is an excellent mode of exchanging new ideas. Lastly, good and easily accessible libraries and laboratories should be established, to further increase the interests of the students.
The main aim of education is to develop lessons of national as well as international integration and unity more effectively. An obsolete education system cripples a nation, and hampers its progress. A newer approach, designed to inspire the students with noble and innovative ideas, should be adopted. This will not only solve the problems of the
present educational system* but also help India grow as a nation.
c) Impact of large scale consumerism on middle class society.
Consumerism and the MiddJe-Class
An estimated four to six hectares of land is required to maintain the consumption level of an average person from a high-consumption country. The country not only exploits its own natural resources, makes up for the deficit, through trade, with other countries. The rate of consumption of India is one of the highest in the world, due to its large population. The single most important measure of economic growth is, the gross national product (GNP), the sum total of goods and services produced by a given society in a given year* It measures the success of a consumer society, obviously, to consume.
Studies show, that the largest group of consumers belong to the middle-class. The emergence of the middle class was facilitated by modem education and the consequent work opportunities available in offices set up for commercial, administrative and other purposes by the colonial government. The relationship was premised on subordination to colonial power but at the same time providing cultural leadership to the indigenous people* In the post-modern society, the middle class is the group, which was largely affected by the liberalization, privatization and globalization of the Indian economy. Not only the consumption pattern of the middle class changed, but they also benefited from the better and higher paying jobs offered by the newly liberalized economy. As a result of the drastic improvement in education, and higher income, the consumption rate of the Indian middle class increased. The opening of retail outlets and international chains is the best example. Today, the powerful intermediary class regulates India’s market economy by controlling and molding the state towards its interests to varying degrees or as one of the influential constituency supporting liberalization. The Consumer Protection Act, framed in the year 1986, safeguards the interests of the consumers.
In spite of being an output of positive things like a boost in the standard of living and income, we must also remember, that consumerism is also one of the biggest reasons for the depletion of the stocks of natural resources. It also adversely affects the environment. The best example is that of a car. It not only requires fossil fuels to run, but also creates pollutants and wastes. Although India has a high GDP, the wealth is not equally distributed. Increasing consumerism further widens the gap between the rich and the poor. Consumerism has become a part of our lives to an extent that, a slight drop in demand for products bring on economic recession or even socio-economic conditions like depression, and massive unemployment. Although it is quite hard to change our consumption patterns, using the resources judiciously and using environment friendly goods will curb the ill effects of consumerism to a large extent.
4* a) Global Warming [WBUT 2008]
The increase in earth’s average temperature is called Global warming. It has been noted, that the speed of warming has been almost three times the century long average since 1970. Gases like carbon dioxide and methane add to the planet’s normal greenhouse effect, permitting sunlight in, but stopping some of the ensuing heat from radiating back to space. Although the greenhouse effect plays the most important role in maintaining the earth’s temperature, excessive release of greenhouse gases in the earth’s atmosphere results in global warming. Human actions, like the discharge of green house gases from smokestacks, vehicles, and burning forests are some of the biggest reasons leading to this dangerous phenomenon. The power plants emitting large amounts of carbon dioxide produced from burning of fossil fuels for the purpose of electricity generation, also contribute to global warming. About twenty percent of carbon dioxide emitted in the atmosphere comes from burning of gasoline in the engines of the vehicles.
A rise in earth’s temperatures can lead to ecological alterations, like an increase in the sea level and changes in the quantity and pattern of rainfall. These modifications may lead to severe climatic events, such as floods, famines, heat waves, tornados, and twisters. Other consequences may include higher or lower agricultural outputs, glacier melting, lesser summer stream flows, genus extinctions and rise in the ranges of disease vectors. The existence of various species of plants and animals is being threatened by global warming. It has also given rise to a large number of frequently occurring diseases, because the bacteria can survive better and multiply faster in elevated temperatures. The global warming is extending the distribution of mosquitoes due to the increase in humidity levels and their frequent growth in warmer atmosphere. A survey has shown, that marine life reacts significantly to the changes in water temperatures. It is expected that many species will become extinct due to the increase in the temperatures of the water, whereas various other species, which prefer warmer waters, will increase tremendously. Perhaps the most disturbing changes are expected in the coral reefs that are expected to die off as an effect of global warming* The global warming is expected to cause irreversible changes in the ecosystem and the behavior of animals.
Efforts are being made by various nations to prevent global warming. One such effort is the Kyoto agreement, accepted by various nations to reduce the emissions of various green house gases. Scientists too are researching on alternative and environment friendly fuels, and modes of electricity generation. Also many non-profit organizations are working for the cause.
b) The Uses and Abuses of Nuclear Energy.
The Uses and Abuses of Nuclear Energy
Nuclear energy is released from the nucleus of an atom. Nuclear reactions are of two types- fusion (when two atomic nuclei combine to form a single heavy nucleus) and fission (when a single heavy nucleus splits into two smaller nuclei). Both result in the release of very high amounts of energy. It is the mass of an atom, which gets converted into energy. In the modern and post-modern age, the use of nuclear energy is gaining more and more popularity. The principles of nuclear reactions are being used to harness energy, and also for defense purposes.
In a world, threatened with pollution and other environmental problems, nuclear energy is a boon. Unlike fossil fuels, it does not combust to generate carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, the cause of global warming- Moreover, a large amount of electricity can be generated. Presently, 12-18% of the world’s electricity is generated through nuclear energy. Nuclear reactors make use of uranium as fuel. Fission reaction of a small amount of uranium generates large amount of energy. Also, a high amount of energy can be generated from a single nuclear power plant. The nuclear fuel is inexpensive and easier to transport. However, like advantages, nuclear energy also has its disadvantages. Besides being used in noble and useful deeds like power generation, it can also be used in the production and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Though large amount of energy can be produced from a nuclear power plant, it requires large capital cost. Around 15-20 years are required to develop a single plant. Hence, it is not very feasible to build a nuclear power plant. The nuclear reactors will work only as long as uranium is available. Its extinction can again result in a grave problem. The wastes from a nuclear reaction are also radioactive, and are unstable. They should be stored and disposed off properly and carefully, as they are harmful to man as well as the environment. The accidents in a nuclear power plant results in the scattering of the radioactive substances over a large area. The Chernobyl disaster that occurred at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986 in Ukraine was the worst nuclear power plant disaster. One of the nuclear reactors of the plant exploded, releasing high amount of radiation in the environment. It resulted in thousands of casualties, mostly due to exposure to harmful radiation.
Nuclear energy can be a boon as well as a curse, depending on how it is used. On one hand, it can be the best alternative to fossil fuels, and a threat to mankind, on the other.
c) Harvesting Rain Water.
Water is one of the basic necessities of life. Most living organisms are dependent on water. Although water makes up 3/4th parts of the earth, its distribution is not uniform. As a result, several regions of the world are scanty in water resources. With advancement in the sciences, water has also become one of the most important raw materials in the industries, and a source of power generation. Thus, besides natural causes, the pollution caused by human activities further depletes the water resources. Rainwater Harvesting is one of the methods of conserving water.
Rainwater Harvesting is the sustainable supply option. Rainwater can be utilized alone or together with other supply sources in residential, commercial and industrial projects where pure water is required. It includes collecting, storing and purifying the naturally soft and pure rainfall. The water can be utilized for both potable and non-potable requirements such as drinking, cooking, bathing,, toilet flushing,, cleaning, and washing and irrigation purposes. The process of Rainwater Harvesting includes a catchment, on the roof surface to collect the rain, conveyance with the help of channels or pipes from roof or catchment area for storage, roof washing using diverter system to filter and remove contaminants, storage is done using cisterns or tanks were collected rainwater is securely stored It is also insect proof. Purification includes filtration, ozone or UV light to purify the collected rainwater for potable use. Finally, distribution is carried out to deliver the rainwater, usually with the help of a small pump and pressure tank. Places with scarce and contaminated ground water, low population density, hard and mineral laden water, and rugged and mountainous terrain can benefit from Rainwater Harvesting. It is also ideal for flood and earthquake prone areas. The water is soft and pure, and is free of contaminants and chemicals. Rainwater Harvesting results in a continuous water supply, free of cost, and independent of power and outside utility control. The water supply remains undisturbed, even in cases of natural disasters like floods, earthquakes, storms, and droughts. It also reduces the risk of vector borne diseases like malaria and dengue, and is environment friendly, sustainable and prevents soil erosion.
Rainwater Harvesting, although an ancient method of water conservation, is gaining more and more importance in the present world. It is no doubt a probable answer to the acute ground water scarcity, water contamination and soil erosion, resulting from both human and natural activities. In spite of its advantages, Rainwater Harvesting has its drawbacks. The biggest one is that, it is limited to only those places, where precipitation is sufficient. However, due to its low installation and maintenance cost, it is gaining popularity among both the rural and the urban people.
5, Write an essay on any one of the topics: [WBUT 2009}
i) The impact of internet on India.
Impact of the Internet on the Indian Society
In the 21st century, the world has shrunk into a global viUage. The Internet is primarily responsible for this. The power of the net has brought greater awareness of skills and resources, thus helping the various Indian markets reach a diverse global audience, and making her reap the benefits of globalization.
Besides making gathering of information and communication easier, Internet has also increased self-employment and freelance businesses, where one can w ork in the comforts of one’s own desk. Also, the internet has reduced time taking money transactions from several days to a few minutes. This has led to e-commerce, that is business over the internet. Also, one can now buy and sell goods over the imernet. Gone are the days of standing in long lines to pay one’s utility bills. Because of the internet, the tedious and time taking process of bill payment has been reduced to a few clicks! Today, with the help of the internet, e-schooling and virtual classrooms have become a reality, and is gaining huge popularity, railway and air ticket, and hotel booking too have become extremely simple because of the internet. Internet, without doubt has gained an important place in almost ail the sectors of work,
India, although joined the internet bandwagon quite late, has manage to assimilate the internet in her society. Internet will only open up more avenues for other new and profitable online ventures. The net has helped Indian industries reach a wider audience, thus making the world sit up and take notice of its artisans and their artistry .
ii) The US dollar is not longer a stable currency.
The US Dollar is No Longer a Stable Currency
In today’s “globalized” and “interdependent” world, hi-tech applied to geopolitics, economy and finance have transformed all of us into potential victims of a vast number of virtual tsunamis involving waves of technology-driven social catastrophes, financial collapse and artificial crises resulting in civil wars, externa! invasions, genocides and collective disruption on a scale never seen before. In spite of being ‘virtual*, the effect of the tsunamis will be equally destructive and harmful.
In the recent times, USA is being plagued by various financial problems, resulting from overspending, lack of savings and over dependence upon oil. China has lost faith in the stability of the U.S. dollar and its first priority is to broaden the exchange rate for its currency from the dollar. The dollar hit a new low in December against the euro and has been falling against other major currencies on concerns about the ever-growing U.S, trade and budget deficits. Presently, the US owes so much money that it would not be able to pay it back easily. It owes more than 9 trillion but only makes 2.5 trillion a year, which it needs to pay for schools, health, army etc. Other countries see the US is a credit risk and the currency is proving to be worth less and less, as it owes so much. For a long time, the US$ was the world’s – unofficial – medium of exchange. However, the rate of interest on $-denominated instruments (e.g. bonds) is not that great and generally lower than the € or the £. On top of that is the vicious circle of weak exchange rates – if the $ loses value against the € and someone needs €s, they lose. If oil was not denominated in $$, the $ would be maybe 40-60% of its current value.
The USA has one of the lowest saving rates in the world. Its economy has one of the weakest foundations of the OECD with consumer spending (on credit) being the main thing keeping it going. Besides, it also has a weak banking industry. The US has the worst energy consumption per dollar of GNP of developed countries – making the economy vulnerable to oil prices; the £ and the € are less vulnerable to high oil prices. When oil price goes up, the $ sinks more than the £ or €. As oil is priced in $, this also becomes a vicious circle.
iii) The impact of secession on Indian Economy.
The Impact of Secession on Indian Economy
Since the ancient times, India greatly participated in international trade. The British government, during the pre-independence age, formulated new economic policies, to enhance India’s trade with the foreign countries. In recent times, in response to a fiscal and balance of payments crisis in 1991, India launched a programme of economic policy reforms. The programme, consisting of stabilisation-cum-structural adjustment measures, was put in place with a view to attain macroeconomic stability and higher rates of economic growth. This has imparted some degree of stability and consistency in economic policymaking. In other words, we can easily predict, that the current decade is going to be India’s decade of development and sustained economic growth. Through nondebt creating flows. India’s foreign exchange reserves have crossed $100 billion, and current account deficit turned into a surplus over the last four years. The debt servicing and debt GDP ratios have fallen sharply, enabling India to repay her foreign debt ahead of schedule.
India is becoming a production base and an export hub for diverse goods, from agricultural products to automobile components to high-end services, Indian firms are becoming important global chains — importing sub-assemblies, adding value to them and re-exporting them.
Taking advantage of its pool of high-quality scientific talent, international corporations have established large R&D centres in India. All these strengths have resulted in a greater integration of the Indian economy with the world economy. Trade has risen from 21 per cent to 33 per cent of India’s GDP in a decade. The data and voice carrying capacity in India today has been enhanced dramatically, leading to the enormous successes of India’s IT professionals and the new successes of IT-enabled services. Also, India is meeting almost 70 per cent demand of the worldwide business process outsourcing (BPO). The communication systems in India have rapidly improved. Today, the highways network; links the countiy’s major metropolitan centres and is providing improved connecuvity to India’s rural areas. Telecommunications too have drastically improved with the introduction of affordable devices and connection. All this has led to an improvement in the standard of living, and an increase in employment and literacy.
India has made immense progress in the fields of IT, biotechnology, medicines and others. The reforms implemented so far have helped India attain 6-plus per cent growth, however should India be able to implement these remaining reforms and re-orient governmental spending away from unnecessary expenditures and implement them in high priority areas of health, education and infrastructure development, then it is very likely that it would attain and sustain even higher rates of economic growth. A consistent growth of 7-8 per cent per year is likely to push up its domestic savings in the next few years. Besides, stronger growth should attract more foreign savings, especially foreign direct investment, and thus raise the overall investment rate.
iv) Business Process Outsourcing.
Business Process Outsourcing
Outsourcing in India has experienced explosive growth with overseas companies getting everything from their customer support work to tele-radiology done here. Its impacts, both good and bad can be felt in different areas and spread over several countries.
India is proud of the abundance and easy availability of its qualified and skilled professionals; who happen to be the key to success in several fields including Information Technology. Her large population makes it a highly potential source of human power. Outsourcing industry has improved Indian economy not only by employing a large number of people and building and maintenance of infrastructure, but also giving them opportunities to know and work in multi national corporations. BPO companies also led to an increase in employment among women, as they provide ample opportunities for women, and thus help them in their liberation and liberalization. In spite of their contribution to the Indian economy, BPO has a few drawbacks. Firstly, the BPO offices are only situated in metropolitan cities, thus creating opportunities for only the urban population. Secondly, these companies emphasize on foreign values and cultures. The holidays, the work culture, day-to-day dealings and more tend to lay greater importance on the social norms that are not part of our system, our community.
However, we cannot deny the fact, that outsourcing has led to increased employment, and thus adding to the national income. If we resist the intrusion of the values and keep our professional lives at distance from our personal lives, it will serve better and help us in the long run.