RTU Syllabus Auto-mobile Engineering Vth to VIIIth Sem
RTU SYLLABUS AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING
Rajasthan Technical University
Approved Syllabus – V Sem to VIII Sem
5AE1: HEAT TRANSFER IN IC ENGINE
3L+1T MM: 100
Introduction of heat transfer:
Temperature, heat and thermal equilibrium, basic definition and law of heat transfer, modes
of heat transfer, steady and unsteady heat transfer, and significance of heat transfer.
Conduction Heat Transfer: Fourier equation, general heat conduction equation: Cartesian
Co-ordinate, cylinder co-ordinate, spherical co-ordination, conduction through plane wall,
Composite wall cylindrical, multi cylindrical wall, spheres. Critical thickness of insulation,
heat transfer from extended surface , steady state flow of heat along a rod, governing
differential equations and their solution, heat dissipation from infinite long fin, insulated
tip, fin performance .
Convection: Stroke energy equation, hydrodynamic and thermal boundary layers: laminar
boundary layer equation; forced convection appropriate non dimensional members, flow
over flat plate, similarity solution. Von-Karman’s method, effect of Prandtl number. laminar
flow through circular pipe.
Natural Convection: Dimensional analysis Grashoff number, boundary layers in external
flow (flow over a flat plate only), boundary layer equations and their solutions. Heat
Radiation: Salient features and characteristics of radiations, absorptive, reflectivity and
transmissivity, spectral and spatial energy distribution, wavelength distribution of black
body radiation, planck’s law. Total emission power. Stefan Boltzman law, Wien‘s
displacement law,kirchoff’s law , intensity of radiation & Lambert’s consine law.
Heat transfer in IC engine: Water and air cooling of engines, combustion systems and
variation of gas temperatures, heat transfer coefficients, calculations of heat rejection to
coolant. Heat transfer, temperature distribution and thermal stress in piston, piston ring,
cylinder liner. Heat transfer through cylinder head, fins and valves, Effect of various
operating parameter on engine heat transfer.
Heat exchangers used in IC engine : Principles of different type of Heat exchanger. Type
of radiators , inter cooler and after cooler . EGR cooling and EGR coolers. Engine coolant
and their properties.
5AE2 AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS
Principles, construction and operation of lead acid battery, battery capacity, efficiency,
rating and performance. Determination of battery size. Electrolyte, Battery tests, Battery
charging equipment and methods. Battery faults.
Starter and charging system: Starting system requirements, sizing of starter motor and
selection, characteristics of starter motor, type of starting, motor drive mechanisms, starter
switch, starter system fault. DC Generator & AC alternators. Magneto. Armature reaction,
cut out relay, voltage and current regulator system for generator and alternators.
Auxiliary systems: Types of lamps used in automobile, head light, tail light, fog lights,
brake light, side indicator, parking and other indicating lights. Principle of automotive
illumination, dash board lights, indicators and meters, speedometers, electric horn, wind
shield wiper, heaters & defrosters, electric horn and relay devices, Different types of
gauges and indicators. Electrical fuel pump.
Ignition system: Working of coil ignition system and its components, spark advance
mechanisms, limitations of coil ignition systems. Advantages of electronic ignition
systems, types of solid state ignition systems and their principle of operation. Contact less
electronic ignition system, electronic spark timing and its control.
Automotive sensors: Description and working of different engine and vehicle sensors such
as speed sensor, tyre pressure sensor, oxygen sensors, fuel level sensor etc.
5AE3 : COMPUTER GRAPHICS & DESIGN
Computer hardware and software : Introduction – An overview of CAD – computer
fundamentals – classification of computers – Data communication – configuration of
computer system for design – Design work stations – Interactive display device – Input
device – Output device – Computer software
Computer Drafting :Graphical input techniques – Transformation in graphics – Drafting
through high level languages – Fundamentals of 2D drafting – 3D drawings.
Modeling of Curve, Surface and Solid: introduction – 3D geometry – Surface types –
Conventions – attributes – Geometry – Example of surface modeling – Solid modeling.
Graphic standards: Introduction – Standards for graphics programming – Graphic
standards – Product data exchange specification – Other data exchange formats.
Interfacing Drafting and Design Analysis: introduction – Parametric design – Script file
– Application of a drawing exchange file – A design and drafting example – Operation in
5AE6 : THEORY OF MACHINE
Kinematics: Element. pairs, mechanisms, four bar chain and its inversions, velocity and
acceleration, Klein construction, corolis component, Instantaneous centre method,
synthesis of mechanism, panto graph, Scott-Russel, Tchbeicheff straight line, indicator
Brakes: Band, Block and band & block brakes, braking action, braking system of
Dynometers Absorption and transmission type dynamometers, prony, rope and hydraulic
Cams: Types of cams, displacement, velocity and acceleration curves for different cam
flowers, consideration of pressure angle and wear, analysis of motion of followers for cams
with specified contours.
Gyroscope: Principle of gyroscope couple, effect of gyroscopic couple and centrifugal
force on vehicle taking a turn, stabilization of sea vessels.
Inertia force analysis: Velocity and acceleration of slider crank and four bar mechanism,
inertia force, piston thrust and forces on connecting rod, Turning moment diagram and
Gears: Law of gearing, terminology, tooth form, standard interchangeable tooth profile,
minimum number of teeth on pinion in contact with gear or rack, interference and
undercutting, helical and spiral gears.
Gear trains: Simple, compound, reverted and epicyclic gear trains, analytical, tabular,
graphical and vector methods for velocity ratio.
5AE5 : AUTOMOTIVE TRANSMISSION
Transmission requirements: Requirements of transmission system, general arrangements
for power transmission for front engine, rear engine vehicle, four wheel drive vehicle, dead
axle and axle less transmission.
Clutch: Single plate, multi plate clutch, centrifugal clutch, electromagnetic clutch,
constructional details, torque capacity and clutch friction materials.
Gear box: Requirements of gear box, sliding mesh gear box, constant mesh gear box,
synchromesh gear box, epicyclic gear box, velocity ratio and gear ratio for vehicle,
performance characteristics in different speed , overdrive.
Hydrodynamic drive: Fluid Coupling : principle of operation, constructional details,
torque capacity and performance curve.
Torque converter : principle of operation, constructional details, torque capacity and
performance curve. Multistage torque converter, converter fluid.
Hydrostatic drive: Various types of hydrostatic system, working principle of hydrostatic
system, advantage and limitations, Jenny hydrostatic drive, comparison of hydrostatic and
Electric drive: Principle of electric drive, Early ward Leonard control system, Modify
Leonard control system, advantage of electric drive, limitation of electric drive.
Automatic Transmission: Need for automatic Transmission, Chevrolet turbo glide
transmission system, torque flite, Automatic transmission fluid, effect of automatic
transmission on vehicle performance and fuel economy.
5AE 4 : ADVANCED IC ENGINE – I
Fundamentals: Cycle Analysis: Operating cycles of S.I. and C.I. engines and Gas
turbines-Comparison of Air standard cycle-Fuel air cycle and actual cycles. Combustion of
Fuels: Combustion stoichiometry of petrol, diesel, alcohol and hydrogen fuels-Chemical
energy and heating values-Chemical equilibrium ad maximum temperature. Combustion in
premixed and diffusion flames-Combustion process in IC engines.
SI Engine Combustion: Mixture preparation, Flammability limits of various fuels,
Ignition, cool flames, Flame speed and area of flame front, stages of combustion, ignition
delay, flame propagation, flame quenching. Cycle-to-cycle variations. Abnormal
combustion-knocking, surface ignition, knock control, knocks sensing. Effect of various
design and operating variables on gasoline combustion. Study of different combustion
chamber designs. Air motion-turbulence, swirl squish and tumble. Multipoint fuel injection
in gasoline engines.
CI Engine Combustion: Mixture preparation-fuel sprays characteristics-droplet size,
penetration and atomization. Droplet and spray combustion theory-stages of combustiondelay
period-peak pressure-Heat release-Gas temperature-Diesel knock, combustion
chamber design. Effect of different design and operating variable on CI combustion. Cold
Supercharging & Turbo charging: Objective, superchargers, supercharging principles for
SI and CI engines, turbochargers and turbo charging methods, arrangement of exhaust
manifold for turbocharged engines, charge cooling methods, Effect of turbo charging on
engine performance. Trends in downsizing of engines.
Performance Testing of Engines: Basic engine testing, Methods of measurement of BHP,
torque and speed, various types of engine dynamometers, engine performance parameters
and performance maps, indicating diagram and measurement of IHP. Engine friction,
various methods of measuring steady state and transient engine friction. Determination of
thermal, mechanical and volumetric efficiencies of an engine. Engine heat balance.
5AE7 : THERMAL ENGINEERING LAB – II
1. For Given apparatus determine:
a. Thermal conductivity of given insulating powder.
b. Critical thickness of insulation.
c. Thermal resistant of insulating powder five parts.
d. To plot theoretical temperature profile by dividing the thickness in minim
e. State all assumption applied in above calculation
2. To find emissivity of a grey body relative to a given black body and to find out the
Stefan Boltzman constant.
3. To perform the experiments on pin fin test rig in forced convection by neglecting
radiation losses and to calculate:
a. Convective heat transfer coefficient. (Experimentally & using empirical
b. Efficiency, Effectiveness.
c. Comparison of experimental & theoretical temperature profile
d. Heat the same exercise by considering radiation losses.
4. To find the connective heat transfer coefficient of a given cylinder in vertical
position by neglecting radiation losses by assuring.
a. Constant surface temperature.
b. Constant heat flux & compare with experimental heat transfer coefficient by
neglecting radiation losses & by considering radiation losses.
5. Perform the experiment No. 4 by using cylinder in horizontal position.
6. To find the overall heat transfer coefficient of parallel flow / Counter flow Heat
7. To determine the efficiency and effectiveness of an automobile radiator.
5AE8 : AUTOMOTIVE ELECTRICALS AND ELECTRONICS LAB
2P MM: 50
1. Study of different type of Battery construction and different battery test.
2. Study of different automotive electrical system (Starting system, Ignition system,
lighting system, wiring harness.)
3. Assembling and dismantling of Starter motor used in automobile.
4. Assembling and dismantling of alternator used in automobile.
5. Trouble shooting with Ignition system.
6. Study of different color code system used in automotive wiring system.
7. Study of different Electrical Equipments & Accessories ( Speedometer, Warning
lights , Electric Horn , Wind shield wipers system )
8. Study of different sensor used in modern automotive system.
9. Study of various electronics system ( Electronic fuel injection system, Electronic
ignition system , Air bag , ABS , Electronic fuel injector cleaner).
5AE9 : SOFTWARE AND COMPUTER GRAPHICS LAB
1. Exercises using Auto LISP
2. Components drawing, assembly drawing and 3-D modeling on AutoCAD. Solid
Modeling using AutoCAD, ANSYS/NISA/ Pro-engineer/CATIA/ IDEAS or
3. Four assignments on 3-D wire frame/surface/solid modeling using any advaced
modeling software such as ADAMS CAR & Packages mentioned above containing
solid models of complicated machine parts and simple 3D assembly containing 5 or
more parts Programming on Graphics using Visual C++ and Open GL.
5AE10 : DYNAMICS OF MACHINE LAB
1. To verify the relation T= I. ?. ?p for gyroscope.
2. To plot force v/s radius and lift v/s speed curves for governors.
3. To plot pressure distribution curves on a journal bearing.
4. To perform wheel balancing and wheel alignment test.
5. To perform static and dynamic balancing on balancing setup.
6. To determine mass moment of inertia of a fly wheel.
7. Study of a lathe gear box.
8. Study of a sliding mesh automobile gear box.
9. Study of planetary gear box.
10. Study of single suspension Test , seat Dynamic Test.
11. Study of ride comfort test system , noise measurement system.
12. Study of damping material effectiveness measurement system , Various Hydraulic
and electromechanical actuator.
5AEDC DISCIPLINE AND EXTRA CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES
6AE1 : AUTO CHASSIS AND AUTO SYSTEM DESIGN
Introduction of Auto System Design: Aspects of Auto Design, Design Procedure, Principle
of Design, Classification of design, Basic requirements of design, Quality of Design
Automotive chassis and chassis frame: general considerations related to chassis layout,
power plant location, weight distribution, stability, types of frame, materials, calculation of
stresses on sections construction details, loading points, testing of frames in bending and
Design of IC Engine Parts: General considerations of Engine Design, Principle of
Similitude, and Design of Engine Components like: Piston, Cylinder, Connecting rod,
Crank shaft, Valves.
Unit – 3
Design of Clutch: Types of friction clutches, requirements of clutches, general design
consideration, design the equation for power transmitted through single plate and multi
plate clutch for Uniform wear and uniform pressure, design for dimensions of clutch,
equation for centrifugal clutch.
Unit – 4
Design of Brake: General design considerations, braking efficiency, braking torque on the
shoe, effect of expanding mechanism of shoes on braking torque, braking of vehicle for
two wheel drive and four wheel drive, braking of vehicle for curved path calculation of
mean lining pressure and heat generation during brake operation.
Unit – 5
Design of Suspension System: Function suspension system in automobile, design of helical
coil spring, leaf spring, materials for spring, standard sizes of automobile suspension
spring. Propeller Shaft: Design of Propeller shaft, Design of universal Joint.
6AE2 : AUTOMATIC CONTROL ENGINEERING
Introduction: Concepts of automatic controls, open and closed loop systems, concept of
feedback control. Requirements of an ideal control system.
Differential equations for mechanical systems, transnational and rotational systems,
Electrical systems such as servos, D.C. motors, A.C. Servomotors, Hydraulic systems,
hydraulic servos meters, thermal systems, integrating devices, temperature control systems,
Systems Response: First and second order system response to step, ramp and sinusoidal
inputs. Concept of time constant and its importance in speed response. Response of a
system to an external disturbance. Mathematical concept of stability. Routh’s Hurwitz
Block diagrams, Signal Flow Graphs and Transfer Function: Definition of transfer
function, block representation of system elements. Reduction of block diagrams and signal
flow paths, Basic properties, signal flow graphs, gain formula to block diagrams.
Frequency Response: Polar and rectangular plots for frequency response. Experimental
determination of frequency response. System analysis using Niquest diagrams, relative
stability, concept of margin gain and phase margin. M & N cycles.
Systems Analysis: Systems Analysis using logarithmic Plots: Bode attenuation diagrams,
Stability analysis using Bode diagrams, Simplifies Bode diagrams; Systems Analysis using
Root Locus Plots: Definitions of root locus plots and root loci. Graphical relationship,
setting systems gain. System Compensation
6AE5 : AUTO EMISSION AND POLLUTION CONTROL
Engine emissions and air pollution: Constituents of engine exhaust responsible for air
pollution and their effect on human health, plant ecology, ozone layer depletion and global
warming, Photochemical smog, greenhouse gases. Kyoto protocol and carbon trading.
Formation of Pollutants: Combustion generated and other pollutants, general mechanisms
and kinetics of formation of carbon-monoxide, unburnt hydrocarbon, oxides of nitrogen
and particulate matter due to combustion, effect of air-fuel ratio on emissions, extended
Zeldovitch mechanism for formation of NOx, soot and smoke formation. NOx-particulate
Emissions from Spark ignition engines: Types of emission form spark ignition engines,
importance of mixture formation, lean and rich mixture, study of various mechanism of
formation of unburnt hydrocarbon, effect of various design and operating variables on
formation of CO, UBHC and NOx. Discussion on different technologies for reducing
engine out emissions from a spark ignition engine, gasoline port injection and gasoline
direct injection. Evaporative emissions and their control.
Emissions from Compression Ignition engines: Types of emissions from compression
ignition engine, effect of various design and operating variables on formation of NOx,
smoke and particulate matter. Discussion of various technologies for reducing engine out
emissions from a compression ignition engine such as turbo charging, inter-cooling, fuel
injection pressure, injection timing retard, exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) etc.
Exhaust After treatment: Need for exhaust after treatment, fundamentals of catalytic
converters, three-way catalyst, diesel oxidation catalyst, diesel particulate filter, effect of
fuel sulfur on after treatment devices.
Emission Test Procedures: Various test cycles for emission testing of two-three wheelers,
passenger cars, utility vehicles, light and heavy duty commercial vehicles used in India,
Europe, Japan and USA. Test procedures for various types of evaporative emissions.
Study of emission standards for two-three wheelers, passenger cars, utility vehicles, light
and heavy duty commercial vehicles used in India, Europe, Japan and USA.
Equipment for Emission Measurements: NDIR analyzers, Flame ionization detector,
chemiluminescence analyzer, constant volume sampling, measurement of smoke and
6AE3 : DESIGN OF MACHINE ELEMENTS II
Fatigue Considerations in Design: Variable load, loading pattern, Endurance stresses, influence of
size, surface finite, notch sensitivity & stress concentration, Goodman line, soderberg, design og
machine members subjected to combined, steady and alternating stresses. Design of finite life.
Design of shafts under Variable Stresses.
Design of Springs: Helical compression, torsional and leaf springs. Springs under Variable Stresses.
Design of Bolts: Preloading of bolts; effects of initial tension and applied load bolts subject to
Design of weldments: welds subjected to eccentric loading and combined stresses.
Design of curved members: Crane hook, body of C-clamp, machine frame etc
Design of flywheels
Design of belt, rope and pulley drive system, chain & sprocket drive systems.
Design of Gear: Lewis and Buckkhingam equations; wear and Dynamic load considerations, design
and force analysis of spur, helical, beval and worm analysis of spur, helical, bevel and worm gears.
Bearing reactions due to gear tooth forces,
Design of sliding & journal bearing: method of lubrication, hydrodynamic, hydrostatic, boundary
etc. Minimum film thickness and thermal equilibrium.
Selection of anti-friction bearings for different loads and load cycle Mounting of the bearings.
Methods of lubrication, selection of oil seals.
6AE4 : VEHICLE DYNAMICS
Introduction; Vehicle Dynamics Definitions as prescribed by SAE, Newtonian and
lagrangian formulations of multibody systems.
Handling and stability characteristics: Steering geometry, fundamental equations for true
rolling, Ackerman steering gear. Steady state handling neutral steer, under steer and over
steer, steady state response, yaw velocity, lateral acceleration, curvature response,
Performance characteristics of road vehicle; Various forces opposing vehicle motion, their
nature and factors affecting these forces. Tractate effort and power available from the
engine, equation of motion, maximum tractive effort and weight distribution, stability of
vehicle on slop, road performance curves, acceleration, gradability, drawbar pull.
Transient operation of vehicles: inertia effects, equivalent mass, equivalent moment of
inertia, time taken in synchronization during change of gears, effect of flywheel inertia on
acceleration, dynamic of vehicles on banked track, gyroscopic effects , net driving power.
Braking performance; Braking of vehicles, brakes applied to rear wheels, front wheel and
all four wheels, motion on straight and curved path, mass transfer effects, braking
efficiency, stopping distance, reaction time and stopping time, brake locking anti lock
drives, calculation of mean lining pressure and heat generation during brakes.
Vehicle ride characteristics: Human response to vibration, vehicle ride models, road surface
profile as a random function, frequency response function, evaluation of vehicle vertical
vibration to ride comfort criterion.
Two wheeler dynamics: Stability & handling, vehicle motion ride control, various vehicle
models, gyroscopic effect, effect of tyre and vehicle parameter on stability and handling
6AE6 : AUTOMOTIVE HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR
Air conditioning fundamentals:, fundamentals of refrigeration, basics of vehicle air
conditioning system, location of air conditioning component in a car – schematic layout of
a refrigeration system, component like compressor, condenser, fan blower, expansion
device – expansion valve calibration , evaporator pressure regulator ,low and high pressure
Air conditioning heating system: automotive heaters – manually controlled air conditioner
– heater system –automatically control air conditioner – air conditioning protection with
heater diagnosis chart.
Refrigerants: Introduction ,classification, properties, selection criteria, commonly used
refrigerants, eco friendly refrigerants, global warming and ozone forming potential of
refrigerants, containers, handling of refrigerants.
Psychometric: Introduction, Psychometric properties, Inside and outside design conditions
of air conditioning system.
Air distribution: introduction, factors affecting design of air distribution system, types of
air distribution system, air flow through the dashboard recirculating unit, duct system,
ventilation, vacuum reserve
Air conditioning maintenance and service : cause of air conditioner failure, trouble
shooting of air conditioning system, servicing heater system, removing and replacing
components, leak testing, compressor service, charging and discharging, performance
6AE7 : AUTO TRANSMISSION LAB
1. Technical Specification of two and four wheeled (Petrol and diesel) vehicle and
trouble shooting chart of all the chassis and transmission components.
2. Dismantling and assembly of chassis and transmission component by using special
tools measurement and comparison like clutches, gearboxes, propeller shafts,
differential gearbox, steering mechanism and braking system, inspection for wear
and tear, crack breakdown, servicing and cleaning and necessary adjustments.
3. Calculation of gear ratios of respective assemblies.
4. Study of torque converter.
5. Study of janny hydrostatic drive.
6. Study of Ward Leonard control system.
6AE8 : VEHICLE DYNAMICS LAB 2P MM:75
1. Study of Vehicle stability test.
2. To perform static and dynamic balancing on balancing setup.
3. To perform the wheel balancing test.
4. Study of various parameter at the time of application of brake ( Braking efficiency
& stopping distance , Reaction time and stopping time)
5. Study of Antilock braking system.
6. Study of different steering system used in automobile.
7. Study of ride comfort in Vehicle.
6AE9 : AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM AND POLLUTION LAB
1. Chassis and transmission components- sketches, functions, material
2. Study of NDIR Gas analyzer and Fill
3. Study of Chemi-luminescent NOx analyzer.
4. Measurement of HC, CO, CO2, O2 using exhaust gas analyzer. Diesel smoke
5. Testing and servicing of electrical equipments and accessories; battery, generator,
alternator, starter motor, ignition systems and spark plug.
6. Inspection and testing of vehicle and engines and preparation of test charts.
6AE10 : MACHINE DESIGN LAB-II
1. Fatigue Loading
2. Helical compression tension, torsional and leaf spring
3. Design of Weldments
4. Curved Beams
5. Clutches and brakes
6. Belt Rope and Chain Drive
7. Gear Design
8. Bearing Design
9. Design of flywheel
6AEDC: DISCIPLINE AND EXTRA CURRICULUM ACTIVITY
7AE1: ADVANCED IC ENGINE II
3L+1T MM: 100
Combustion in Spark Ignition Engines: Thermodynamic analysis of SI engine combustion,
burned mass fraction, analysis of cylinder pressure data, combustion process
characterization, flame structure and speed. Cycle-to-cycle variation-causes, effects
measurement and control, Ignition systems,
Combustion in Compression Ignition Engines: Types of diesel combustion systems, direct
injection systems, indirect injection systems, their comparison. Fuel injection-fuel spray
behavior, overall spray structure, atomization, droplet size distributions, Sauter Mean
Diameter, Spray penetration, wall wetting and its effect.
Modern Development in I.C. Engine:
Diesel Engine Developments: Electronic injection systems: Distributor systems, Common
Rail Fuel Injection systems; Unit injectors; multiple injections, rate shaping. Trends
injection nozzle designs, sac volume, VCO nozzles.
Gasoline Engine Developments: Gasoline Port Injection (GPI). Gasoline Direct Injection
(GDI) Stratifies Charge Engines, Lean Burn Engines.
Special developments: Variable Valve Timing (VVT), Variable Swirls Concepts, Variable
Geometry Turbochargers (VGT), two valves vs. four valve engines.
Unconventional Engines: Rotary Engines, Variable compression ratio engines, free piston
Hybrid vehicles, Fuel Cells.
7AE2 : PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT
Introduction to Product Design: Asimov’s model, definition of production design, design
by evolution, design by innovation. Essential factors for product design. Morphology of
design. Process capability. Tolerance in detailed design and assembly.
Product Design Practice: Introduction, product strategies. Time to market, analysis of the
product, basic design considerations, standardization, preferred numbers, simplification,
role aesthetics in product design, functional design, criteria and objectives of design.
Strength, stiffness and rigidity considerations in Product design, principle stress trajectories
(force flow lines), balanced design, designing for uniform strength.
Design for production: Producibility requirements for machine components, design for
casting, forging, presswork, role of manufacturing process in design, design of ease of
machining. Design for assembly and disassembly.
Optimization of Design: Design approaches, optimization by differential calculus,
Lagrange multipliers, linear programming, geometric programming. Johnson’s method of
Ergonomic and economic factors in design: Human being as applicator of forces,
anthropometry, design of controls, displays. Man-machine interaction; product value vs.
cost; economic considerations, economics of new product design (Samuel Elion Models).
Modern Approached to Product Design: Concurrent design, simultaneous engineering,
Quality Function Deployment (QFD), Product development cycle, Program management.
7AE3 : CAD/CAM
Introduction: Role of computers in design and manufacturing. Influence of computers in
manufacturing environment. Product cycle in conventional and computerized
manufacturing environment. Introduction to CAD and CAM. Advantages and
disadvantages of CAD and CAM
Hardware for CAD: Basic hardware structure, working structure, working principles,
usages and types of hardware for CAD. Input/output devices, memory, CPU, hardcopy and
N C System: Definition, applications, Historical background Role of Computers in
Numerical Control in CAM: Definition , Historical Background, basic components of NC
system, Fundamentals of NC: Procedure, Coordinate system, motion control systems,
Advantages of NC systems. Economic of NC. machining centers.
Part Programming: Numerical control part programming: punched tape, tape coding &
format. Manual part programming, Computer aided part programming NC part
programming languages. Automatically programmed, tools programming (APT).
Description of compact & NC programming with interactive graphics.
Computer Numerical Control: Principle of operation of CNC, Features of CNC,
Development in CNC systems, Adaptive Control, Direct Numerical Control (DNC)
Standard Communication interfaces, Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs)
Communication networks, Trends* New Development in NC.
Robot Technology: Introduction, Industrial Robots, Robot physical Configuration, Basic
Robot motions, Technical features such as work volume, precision of movement speed of
movement, weight carrying capacity, type of drive systems, Introduction to Robot
Languages, End Erectors, work cell control and interlocks, Robotic sensors, Robot
applications & economics, Intelligent robots, interfacing of a vision system with a Robot.
7AE4 : MICROPROCESSOR APPLICATION IN AUTOMOBILE
Architecture: General 8 bit microprocessor and its architecture 8085, Z-80 and MC 6800
MPU and its pin function: Architecture-Function of different sections.
Instruction Set: instruction format-addressing modes-instruction set of 8085 MPU-TSTATE-
Machine cycle and instruction cycles-Timing diagrams-Different machine cycles-
Fetch and execute operations-estimation of execution times.
Assembly Language Programming: Construct of the language programming-Assembly
format of 8085-Assembly Directive-Multiple precision addition and subtraction-BCD to
Binary and Binary to BCD, Multiplication, Division, Code conversion using look up tables-
Stack and subroutines.
Data Transfer Schemes: Interrupt structure-Programmed I/O-Interrupt driven I/O, DMASerial
Types of interfacing devices: Input/output ports 8212, 8255, 8251, 8279. Octal latches and
tristate buffers-A/D and D/A converters-Switches, LED’s ROM and RAM interfacing.
Applications: Data acquisitions- Temperature control-Stepper motor control-Automotive
applications Engine control, Suspension system control, Driver information.
7AE5 :VEHICLE AERODYNAMICS AND VEHICLE BODY
Introduction: Importance of vehicle design in modern automobile industries. Criteria for
vehicle body design, Types of frame , construction details, loading points, testing of frames
in bending and torsion. Different types of metal joining process used in vehicle body
Car Body Details: Types : Saloon , Convertibles, Limousine, Sedan , Hatchback , Racing
and sports car. Car visibility- driver’s visibility, regulation , visibility test, method of
improving visibility and space in cars , Safety in design of car , Car body construction.
Bus Body Details : Types: Mini bus, single Decker bus, Double Decker bus, articulated bus
, Bus body layout , floor height, engine location, entrance and exit , seat layout , seat
dimension. Construction details- frame construction , double skin construction, types of
metal section used , conventional and integral type construction.
Commercial vehicle Details: Types of body : Flat platform , drop side , fixed side , tipper
body , tanker body , light commercial vehicle body types – dimension of driver seat in
relation to control- Driver cabin design.
Vehicle aerodynamics: Introduction , Aerodynamics forces , Drag, Drag reduction ,
stability and cross winds various body optimization technique for minimum drag, Wind
tunnel testing, Scale model testing,
Body Load: symmetric & asymmetrical vertical loads in car. different load case in vehicle-
Bending case , Torsion case, Combined bending and torsion , lateral loading Idealized
structure – Structural surface –shear panel method.
Body material trim and mechanism: Steel sheet , timber , plastic , GRP, FRP , Properties
of materials- corrosion – anticorrosion method. Selection of paints and various processes.
Body trimming process- dent beating tools, riveting method, welding method. Body
mechanism- door lock mechanism , window glass winding mechanism.
Safety in vehicle design: Basics of impacts protection, design for crashworthiness , front
impact and side impact analysis, bumper system , energy absorbent forms.
Indian Motor acts and its application- The motors vehicle acts 1988, Driving license ,
Registration of vehicles, Rules of the road, Motor Insurance.
7AE6.1 : MECHATRONICS (ELECTIVE-I)
INTRODUCTION: Definition and an overview of mechatronics, design of mechatronics
system. Objectives, advantage and disadvantage of mechatronics. Microprocessor based
controllers. System and design – mechatronics approach, modeling, and simulation, man –
SENSORS AND SIGNAL CONDITIONING: Classification of transducers, development
in transducers technology, ( no detailed discussion on different type of transducers),
classification of sensors, principle of working and application of light sensors, proximity
sensors and hall effect sensors. Concept, necessity op-amps protection, filtering, and wheat
stone bridge- Digital- Multiplexer. Data acquisition.
MICROPROCESSOR: Introduction, 8085 A processor architecture and terminology – such
as, CPU, memory and address, ALU, assembler, data, register, fetch cycle, write cycle,
state bus, interrupts. 8085 pin diagram. Micro controller. Difference between
microprocessor and micro controller.
ELECTRICAL ACTUATOR: Classification of actuator system with examples, mechanical
switches. Concept of bouncing method of preventing bouncing of mechanical switches.
Solenoid relays. Solid state switches- diode thyristor, triacs, transistors, and Darlington
pair. Electrical actuator, stepper motor, permanent magnet motor servo motor, servo
system, derives circuit, open and closed loop control.
HYDRAULIC ACTUATOR: valves – classification, pressure control valves, pressure
relief valves, pressure regulating valves, pressure sequence valve. Direction control valves
– sliding spool valve, solenoid operated. Symbol of hydraulic element. Hydraulic cylinder
– constructional features, classification and application. Hydraulic motor – types vane
motors and piston motors, application.
EXAMPLE OF MECHATRONIC SYSTEM: Robotics, manufacturing, machine –
diagnostic, road vehicles
7AE6.2 : FUEL CELL, ELECTRIC AND HYBRID VEHICLE
Introduction and types of Fuel cell: Introduction : the rational behind fuel cell development,
basic principle of fuel cell, operational of fuel cell, efficiency of fuel cell, co generation of
heat and power, important reaction such as hydrogen oxidation, methonal oxidation etc,
Types of fuel cell: DMFC (direct methanol fuel cell),PAFC (phosphoric acid fuel cells),
MCFC ( molten carbonate fuel cells), SOFC ( solid oxide fuel cells)
Fuel processing and application of fuel cells: Fuel processing- general, producing hydrogen
from alcohol, producing hydrogen from hydrocarbon, hydrogen from other sources, Gas
cleanup, reformer system, hydrogen storage system Engineering: fuel cell engineering, vehicle cell design, stack engineering fuel processing system
application: stationary power, propulsion of vehicle, portable application
Electric Vehicle: Introduction, working. Electric car motors, electric car batteries, charging
system of electric car, magna charge system. conversion system for transmission.
Hybrid vehicle: Introduction, working. Power split devices. Hybrid car performance,
gasoline hybrid structure. Gasoline Vs electric power. Transmission components of hybrid
vehicle. Advantage and limitation.
Different types of hybrid vehicle.
Solar Vehicles: Introduction and working, photovoltaic cell, solar cell. Energy lose in solar
cell. Solar powering house. Solar cost, anatomy of solar cells.
7AE6.3 : QUALITY CONTROL(ELECTIVE I)
Quality Concept And Management: Evolution of quality control, Quality characteristics,
need of control , quality objective and quality policy, quality cost, quality of design,
conformance, Objective and application of Statistical quality control, process capability
Quality assurance, Concept of TQM, ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 system
Control Chart :General theory of control chart, control chart for variable and attributes,
Group Control chart, moving average and moving range charts, acceptance control chart,
CUSUM chart, difference control charts
Unit 3Sampling Plans: Fundamental Concepts of acceptance sampling, multiple and sequential
sampling plans, acceptance sampling by variables, sampling plans using different criteria.
comparison of various types of sampling plans.
Life testing and Reliability: Models of probability of equipment failure, Exponential
failure, density, MTTF, Weibull failure ,concept of reliability, designing for reliability,
Maintainability, Reliability measurement and test
Philosophies of Deming , Juran, Ishikawa and Philip Crossby, Seven Quality tools, Quality
circle, Kaizen, Concept of poka yoke,5 S campaign, Six sigma, Quality function
7AE6.4 : VEHICLE TRANSPORT MANAGEMENT (ELECTIVE I)
The Infrastructure: Road, Approach Road, National, state Highways. Traffic condition,
Bus-stop, shelters, bus station. Garages layout of premises, equipment, use of machinery.
Conveyance of staff. Facilities for passengers. Maintenance- preventive, breakdown,
Organization and Management: Forms of ownership, principle of transport management.
Internal organization, centralized condition, decentralized condition (Engineering, Traffic
and administration), staff administration- industrial relation, administration, requirement
and training, welfare, health and safety.
Public relation division: Dissemination of information, maintaining goodwill, handling
complaints, traffic advisory committees, Local contractor co-operation with the press.
Facilities for the visitors, forms of publicity, Importance of quality, advertisements, signs notices
and directions, specialized publicity.
Prevention of accidents: Emphasis of safe driving, annual awards bonus encouragement
vehicle design, platforms layout, location of steps, scheduled route, records.
Route planning: Sourcing of traffic, town planning, turning points, stopping places,
shelters, survey of route, preliminary schedule test runs, elimination of hazards factors
affecting frequency, possibility single verses double deck.
Timing, bus working and schedules: Time table layout uses of flat graph method of
presentation preparation of vehicle, numbering determination of vehicle efficiency
checking, efficiency of crew.
The fare structure: Basis of fare, historical background, effect of competition. Calculating
average zone, system straight and tapered scale, fares concession system. Fare collection
Operating Cost and types of vehicles: Classification, average speed running costs,
supplementary costs, life of vehicles, factor affecting cost per vehicles km traveled.
Indian Motor vehicle Act.:
7AE7 : IC ENGINE LAB-II
1. Assembly and dismantling of multi point fuel injection.
2. Determine the following engine performance properties for each observation:
engine brake power (KW), engine brake torque (N-m), Brake specific fuel
consumption (kg/kWh), and brake mean effective pressure (kPa).
3. To perform preventive maintenance of the ignition, fuel, cooling and lubricating
4. Perform laboratory course covering the basics of automotive electric and electronic.
Study of circuit construction emphasizing meter usage, including analog, digital and
5. To perform computerized engine control systems including sensor testing, onboard
diagnosis, scan tool use and fuel injector testing, cleaning and preventive maintenance.
6. Study of electronic fuel injection system.
7. Study of Common rail direct injections engine.
8. Study of various sensor and Electronic control module used in automobile.
9. Study of Electronic fuel pump.
10. Study of alternative fuels used in I.C. Engine.
7AE8 : CAD/CAM LAB
1. Analysis of simple automotive components by using FEM package.
2. Auto lisp programming – writing and execution of at least 3 programs (2D only)
3. Using Pro/E or any other standard solid modular getting a hardcopy of 4 different
automotive 3D objects.
4. a). Study of NC Machine and simulation of cutting/milling operations using CAM
b) Machining and simulation of at least two jobs using NC Machine /CAM
5. Clutch Complete design of clutch component, components and assemblies
drawing using drafting software.
1. Gear Box : Gear train calculation , Layout of gear box , calculation of
bearing loads and selection of bearing. Complete assembly drawing using
7AE9 : BODY ENGINEERING LAB
1. Perform the visibility test on the vehicle.
2. Study of different types of tool used in body shop
3. Perform the various joining processes welding, riveting) in the body material.
4. Assembling and dismantling of various body mechanisms like door lock
mechanism, window winding machine mechanism, passenger seat mechanism.
5. Perform the dent beating process on the metal sheet.
6. Study and perform the various painting process on the car.
7. Make the different scale model (Bus body model, TATA 407 model).
8. Study of Modern vehicle design.
9. Study of vehicle crash analysis.
7AE10: Practical training + Industrial visit
2P MM: 100
7AE11: Project – I
7AEDC: DISCIPLINE AND EXTRA CURRICULUM ACTIVITIES
8AE1: ALTERNATIVE FUELS AND ENGINE TRIBOLOGY
3L+1T MM: 100
Introduction: estimation of petroleum reserves, need for alternative fuels, availability and properties
of alternative fuels. Merits and demerits of alternative fuels.
Alcohols: properties of alcohol as SI engine fuel, ethanol and methanol, ethanol- gasoline blends,
methanol -gasoline blend, combustion characteristics in the fuel engines, performance and emission
Compressed natural gas, LPG and biogas, availability of CNG properties, modification required to
use in engine- performance and emission characteristics of CNG vehicles SI and CI Engines.
Use of LPG in SI engine: performance and emission for LPG.
Biogas generation, properties, performance and emission characteristics, storage, handling and
Bio-diesel: different sources of vegetable oils use of straight vegetable oils in engine, -Transetherification,
bio-diesel, bio-diesel properties and standards, biodiesel blends. Engine performance
and emission characteristics with use of biodiesel and its blends, worldwide trends in use of bio
Hydrogen : hydrogen as SI engine fuel, properties combustion characteristics, port injection, timed
injection, direct injection of hydrogen in engines, backfire arrest, performance and emission
characteristics, production, storage and handling, safety aspects.
Engine Tribology of Fundamentals: function of engine lubrication, fundamental of lubricationregimes
of lubrication-hydrodynamic, mixed and boundary lubrication, elasto hydrodynamic
lubrication, description of engine components working of each of these regimes .
Engine Lubrication System: engine lubrication system and their components, bearing lubrication,
lubrication of piston, ring and liners, mechanisms of lubricating oil consumption, method of
measuring engine oil consume pin, positive crank case ventilation.
Cylinder liner and its fitment, characterization and measurement of cylinder liner surface finish, oil
filters- full flow and bypass filters, importance of air filter, wet and dry air filtration. Wear of
different engine parts.
Lubricating Oils: classification and service rating of lubricating oils, detailed study of different
properties of lubricating oils, oil additives, oil drain intervals and used oil analysis, oil coolers.
8AE2 : INDUSTRIAL ROBOTICS
Introduction : Automation and robotics, Brief history of robotics , Development in robotics,
Economics aspects of robots, Advantage and disadvantage of using robots I industries.
Overview of robots – Present and future applications.
Production Design for Robotic Assembly: Production design for robotic and automatic
assembly, consideration for assembly oriented product design. Robot safety.
Classification and structure of robotic system :.Classification, Geometrical configurations,
wrist and its motions, End effectors and its type, links and joints.
Robot drive system : – Hydraulic, Electric and pneumatic drive system, Resolution,
accuracy and repeatability, Advantage and disadvantage of drive system.
Control system and components: Basic control system concept and models, Transfer
function and block diagram of spring mass system, Controllers – proportional,
proportional and integral, proportional and derivative, PID, transient and response to
second order system. Robot actuation and Feedback component – position, velocity
Robot arm kinematics: Introduction, Direct and inverse kinematics, rotation matrix,
rotation matrix about an arbitrary axis, Homogeneous transformation, links, joint and their
parameters, D-H representation.
Trajectory Planning: Introduction, general consideration on trajectory planning, joint
interpolated trajectory, planning of Cartesian path trajectories
Robot programming and languages : introduction, manual teaching, lead through teaching,
programming language – AML and VAL, storing and operating, Task programs.
Sensors: Internal state sensors, tactile sensor, proximity sensing, range sensing, force
torque sensor, elements of computer vision, sensing and digitizing function in machine
vision- sampling- quantization-encoding-image storage. Image processing and analysis,
feature extraction and object recognition. Artificial intelligence
8AE3 : AUTOMOTIVE MAINTENANCE & MANAGEMENT
Automobile maintenance: Importance of maintenance, scheduled and unscheduled
maintenance. Preparation of check lists, analysis of breakdown, preventive measures, unit
replacement system, maintenance schedule, chassis lubrication schedule, component
retrieval, estimating repair cost, maintenance record, warranty period, servicing. Inspection
forms. Log books. Trip sheets. Other maintenance record forms.