# RGPV Electrical Engineering Fourth Sem Syllabus

# RGPV Electrical engineering 4th Sem Syllabus

B.E. 401 – ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III

Unit I

Functions of complex variables : Analytic functions, Harmonic Conjugate, Cauchy-Riemann Equations, Line Integral, Cauchy’s Theorem, Cauchy’s Integral Formula, Singular Points, Poles & Residues, Residue Theorem , Application of Residues theorem for evaluation of real integrals

Unit II

Errors & Approximations, Solution of Algebraic & Trancedental Equations (Regula Falsi , Newton-Raphson, Iterative, Secant Method), Solution of simultaneous linear equatins by Gauss Elimination, Gauss Jordan, Crout’s methods , Jacobi’s and Gauss-Siedel Iterative methods

Unit III

Difference Operators, Interpolation ( Newton Forward & Backward Formulae, Central Interpolation Formulae, Lagrange’s and divided difference formulae ), Numerical Differentiation and Numerical Integration.

Unit IV

Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations(Taylor’s Series, Picard’s Method, Modified Euler’s Method, Runge-Kutta Method, Milne’s Predictor & Corrector method ), Correlation and Regression, Curve Fitting (Method of Least Square).

Unit V

Concept of Probability : Probability Mass function, Probability density function. Discrete Distribution: Binomial, Poisson’s, Continuous Distribution: Normal Distribution, Exponential Distribution ,Gamma Distribution ,Beta Distribution ,Testing of Hypothesis |:Students t-test, Fisher’s z-test, Chi-Square Method

Reference | |

(i) | Numerical Methods using Matlab by J.H.Mathews and K.D.Fink, P.H.I. |

(ii) | Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engg. Computation by MKJain, Iyengar and RK |

Jain, New Age International Publication | |

(iii) | Mathematical Methods by KV Suryanarayan Rao, SCITECH Publuication |

(iv) | Numerical Methods using Matlab by Yang,Wiley India |

(v) | Pobability and Statistics by Ravichandran ,Wiley India |

(vi) | Mathematical Statistics by George R., Springer |

EE- 402 Electromagnetic Theory

Unit I Cartesian, cylindrical & spherical co-ordinate systems, scalar & vector fields, gradient, divergence & curl of a vector field, Divergence theorem & Stokes’s theorem, concept of vectors. Electrostatic Fields – Coulomb’s law, electric field intensity due to different charge distribution viz. line charge, sheet charge, Field due to continuous volume – electric potential, properties of potential function, potential gradient equipotential surfaces, line of force, Gauss law, applications of Gauss law, Gauss law in point form, method of images.

Unit II Laplace’s & Poisson’s equations, solution of Laplace’s equation, Electric dipole, dipole moment, potential & electric field intensity due to dipole, Behavior of conductors in an electric field. Conductor & insulator, electric field inside a dielectric, polarization, Boundary value conditions for electric Field, Capacitance & Capacitances of various types of capacitors, Energy stored and energy density in static electric field, Current density, conduction & convection current density ohms law in point form, equation of continuity.

Unit III Static Magnetic Field, Biot-Savart’s law, Magnetic Field intensity due to straight current carrying filament, circular, square and solenoidal current carrying wire, Relationship between magnetic flux, flux density & magnetic Field intensity; Ampere’s circuital law and its applications, magnetic Field intensity due to infinite sheet and various other configurations, Ampere’s circuital law in point form, Magnetic force, moving charge in a magnetic field, Lorentz Force on straight and long current carrying conductors in magnetic field, force between two long & parallel current carrying conductors. Magnetic dipole & dipole moment, a differential current loop as dipole, torque on a current carrying loop in magnetic field, Magnetic Boundary conditions.

Unit IV Scalar magnetic potential and its limitations, Vector magnetic potential and its properties, vector magnetic potential due to different simple configurations; Self and Mutual inductances, determination of self & mutual inductances, self inductance of solenoid, toroid coils, mutual inductance between a straight long wire & a square loop. Energy stored in magnetic Field & energy density, Faraday’s Law, transformer & motional EMFs, Displacement current, Maxwell’s equations as Generalization of circuit equations, Maxwell’s equation in free space, Maxwell’s equation for harmonically varying Field, static and steady fields, Maxwell’s equations in differential & integral form.

Unit V Electro Magnetic Waves : Uniform plane wave in time domain in free space, Sinusoidally time varying uniform plane wave in free space, Wave equation and solution for material medium, Uniform plane wave in dielectrics and conductors, Pointing Vector theorem, instantaneous, average and complex poynting vector, power loss in a plane conductor, energy storage, Polarization of waves, Reflection by conductors and dielectric – Normal & Oblique incidence, Reflection at surface of a conducting medium, surface impedance, transmission line analogy.

References:

- Mathew N.O Sadiku; Elements of Electromagnetic; Oxford.
- P.V. Gupta; Electromagnetic Fields; Dhanpat Rai.
- N.N. Rao; Element of Engineering Electromagnetic; PHI.
- William H. Hayt; Engineering Electromagnetic; TMH.
- John D. Kraus; Electromagnetic; TMH.
- Jordan Balmian; Electromagnetic wave & Radiating System; PHI.
- David K. Cheng; Fields and Wave Electromagnetic; Addison Wesley.
- S.P. Seth; Electromagnetic Field ;Dhanpat Rai & Sons

Note: Field plotting of electromagnetic systems on a PC using standard softwares. Application for low and high frequency devices. Suggested softwares, GEMINI(Infolytica), ANSYS, ANSOFT, NISA.

EE- 403 Power System

Unit I Transmission Systems: Various system of transmission & their comparison, HVDC transmission Converter, inverter, filters & substation layout. Voltage and Reactive Power control.

Unit II Distribution Systems: Primary and secondary distribution systems, concentrated & uniformly distributed loads on distributors fed at one and both ends, ring distribution, sub mains and tapered mains, voltage drop and power loss calculations, voltage regulators, Feeders Kelvin’s law and modified Kelvin’s law for feeder conductor size and its limitations.

Unit III Overhead Transmission Lines: Types of Conductors, Line Parameters: calculation of inductance and capacitance of single and double circuit transmission lines, three phase lines with stranded and bundle conductors, Generalized ABCD constants and equivalent circuits of short, medium & long lines. Line Performance: circle diagram, regulation and efficiency of short, medium and long lines, Series and shunt compensation, FACTS.

Unit IV Overhead Line Insulators: Types, string efficiency, grading ring, preventive maintenance. Mechanical Design of Transmission Lines: Different types of tower, sag-tension calculations, sagtemplate, string charts, vibration dampers, line supports, spacing of conductors and grounds. Coronacorona losses, radio & audio noise, transmission line – communication line interference

Unit V Cables: Classification, Construction and characteristic of different types. Insulation resistance and capacitance, grading (capacitance and inter sheath), laying, jointing and splicing of cables. phenomenon of dielectric losses, dielectric stress and sheath loss in cables.

References:

- Nagrath IJ and Kothari DP; “Power System Engineering”, Tata McGraw Hill
- John S. Grainger and W. D. Stevenson Jr.,” Power System Analysis”, McGraw Hill.
- Deshpande MV; “Electric Power System Design”, TMH.
- Central Electricity Generating Board; “Modem Power System Practice”, Vol 1-8, Pergamon Oxfd
- James J. Burke,” Power Distribution Engineering: Fundamentals & Applications”; Marcel Dekker
- Westinghouse Electric Corp; Electric Transmission & Distribution Reference Book; East Pittsbrg
- Wadhwa CL; ” Electric Power Systems”; Wiley Eastern Limited.
- Ashfaq Hussain; ”Electrical Power System
- Gupta BR; ”Power System Analysis and Design”
- Ray “ Electrical Power System:Concepts, Theory and practice”, PHI

List of Experiments (Expandable):

1 Electrical design of transmission line.

2 Mechanical design of transmission line.

3 Drawing of Tower structure.

4 Drawing of insulators

EE- 404 Electric M/C -1

Unit-I Transformer-I

Working principle, e.mf. equation, construction, phasor diagrams, equivalent circuit, voltage regulation, losses, separation of hysteresis and eddy current losses, efficiency, tests: open circuit and short circuit, load, Sumpner’s test, Condition for maximum efficiency and regulation, Power and distribution transformer, allday efficiency, Excitation phenomenon, Autotransformer: working, advantages , its equivalent circuit and phasor diagram.

Unit II Transformer-II

Three phase transformer: its construction, groups and connections, their working and applications; Scottconnection; Parallel operation of Transformers: application, advantages, requirement and load sharing; Tap changers, cooling, conservator and breather. Pulse and high frequency transformers.

Unit III Three phase Induction Motor-I

Working principle, construction, comparison of slip ring and squirrel cage motors, steady state analysis, phasor diagram and equivalent circuit, power flow diagram, torque-speed and power-speed characteristics, Losses and efficiency, No load and block rotor test, circle diagram

Unit IV Three phase Induction Motor-II

Starting of squirrel cage and slip ring motors, power factor control, Cogging & Crawling, Double cage &Deep bar Indication Motor, impact of unbalanced supply and harmonics on performance, speed control, braking, Induction Generator. Applications

Unit V

Single Phase Motors:

Single Phase Induction motor; double revolving field theory, equivalent circuit and its determination, performance calculation, starting methods and types of single phase Induction motors: their working principle and applications, comparison with three phases Induction Motor. Single phase A.C. series motor, Servo motors, Linear Induction Motor

Reference Books:

- M. G. Say, Alternating Current Machines’, (5th Ed.) ELBS, 1986.
- V.Del Toro, “Electrical Machines & Power Systems”, 1985, Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs.
- V.Del Toro, “Electromechanical Devices for Energy Conversion & Control Systems”, PHI Pvt. Ltd.,1975.

Text Books:

- Electrical Machines by Nagrath and Kothari (TMH).
- A.C. Machines by Langs dorf (McGraw-Hill)
- Electrical Machines by Dr.P.S.Bimbhra (Khanna).
- Electrical Machines by Ashfaq Hussain. (Dhanpat Rai ).

List of Experiments (expandable)

Experiments can cover any of the above topics, following is a suggestive list:

- Perform turn ratio and polarity test on 1-phase transformer
- Perform load test on a 1-phase transformer and plot its load characteristic
- Perform OC and SC tests on a 1-phase transformer and determine its equivalent circuit. Also find its efficiency and regulation at different load and power factor.
- Perform OC and SC tests on a 3-phase transformer and determine its equivalent circuit. Also find its efficiency and regulation at different load and power factor.
- Perform Sumpner’s test on two 1-phase transformer and determine its efficiency at various load.
- Perform No-load and block rotor test on a 3- phase IM and determine its equivalent circuit.
- Perform load test on a 3- phase IM and plot its performance characteristics.
- Study various types of starters used for 3- IMs.
- Perform No-load and block rotor test on a 1- phase IM and determine its equivalent circuit.

EE- 404 Analog & Digital communication

Unit-I Time domain and frequency domain representation of signal, Fourier Transform and its properties, Transform of Gate, Periodic gate, Impulse periodic impulse sine and cosine wave, Concept of energy density and power density (Parseval’s theorem), Power density of periodic gate and impulse function, impulse response of a system, convolutions, convolution with impulse function, causal and non causal system impulse response of ideal low pass filter, Correlation & Auto correlation.

Unit-II Base band signal, need of modulation, Introduction of modulations techniques,Amplitude modulation, Equation and its frequency domain representation, Bandwidth, Power distribution. AM suppressed carrier waveform equation and frequency domain representation Generation (Balance/Chopper modulator) and synchronous detection technique, errors in synchronous detection, Introduction to SSB and VSB Transmission Angle modulation, Frequency and phase modulation equation and their relative phase and frequency deviations, modulation index frequency spectrum, NBFM and WBFM, Bandwidth comparison of modulation techniques.

Unit-III Sampling of signal, sampling theorem for low pass and Band pass signal, Pulse amplitude modulation (PAM), Time division, multiplexing (TDM). Channel Bandwidth for PAM-TDM signal Type of sampling instantaneous, Natural and flat top, Aperture effect, Introduction to pulse position and pulse duration modulations, Digital signal, Quantization, Quantization error, Pulse code modulation, signal to noise ratio, Companding, Data rate and Baud rate, Bit rate, multiplexed PCM signal, Differential PCM (DPCM), Delta Modulation (DM) and Adaptive Delta Modulation (ADM), comparison of various systems.

Unit-IV Digital modulations techniques, Generation, detection, equation and Bandwidth of amplitude shift keying (ASK) Binary Phase Shift keying (BPSK), Differential phase shift keying (DPSK), offset and non offset quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK), M-Ary PSK, Binary frequency Shift Keying (BFSK), M-Ary FSK Quadrature Amplitude modulation (QAM), MODEM, Introduction to probability of error.

Unit-V Information theory and coding- Information, entropies (Marginal and conditional), Model of a communication system, Mathematical representation of source, channel and receiver characteristics, Mutual information, channel capacity efficiency of noise free channel Binary symmetric channel (BSC) Binary erasure channel (BEC), Repetition of signal, NM symmetric Binary channel, Shannon theorem, Shanon-Hartley theorem (S/N-BW trade off)Source encoding code properties; Shanon, Fano and Huffman coding methods and their efficiency error control coding, Minimum Hamming distance, Linear Block Code, Cyclic code and convolution codes. Line Encoding: Manchester coding, RZ, NRZ coding.

References:

1. Singh & Sapre, Communication System, TMH

- Taub & shilling, Communication System, TMH
- Hsu; Analog and digital communication(Schaum); TMH
- B.P. Lathi, Modern Digital and analog communication system,
- Simon Haykins, Communication System. John Willy
- Wayne Tomasi, Electronic Communication system.
- Martin S. Roden, Analog & Digital Communication System; Discovery Press.
- Frank R. Dungan, Electronic Communication System, Thomson/Vikas.

List of Experiments(Expandable)

1. Study of sampling process and signal reconstruction and aliasing.

- Study of PAM PPM and PDM
- Study of PCM transmitter and receiver.
- Time division multiplexing (TDM) and De multiplexing
- Study of ASK PSK and FSK transmitter and receiver.
- Study of AM modulation and Demodulation techniques (Transmitter and Receiver) Calculate of parameters
- Study of FM modulation and demodulation (Transmitter and Receiver) & Calculation of parameters
- To construct and verify pre emphasis and de-emphasis and plot the wave forms.
- Study of super hetrodyne receiver and characteristics of ratio radio receiver.

10. To construct frequency multiplier circuit and to observe the waveform

- Study of AVC and AFC.

EE- 406 Dot Net

UNIT I Introduction .NET framework, features of .Net framework, architecture and component of .Net, elements of .Net.

UNIT II Basic Features Of C# Fundamentals, Classes and Objects, Inheritance and Polymorphism, Operator Overloading, Structures. Advanced Features Of C# Interfaces, Arrays, Indexers and Collections; Strings and Regular Expressions, Handling Exceptions, Delegates and Events.

UNIT III Installing ASP.NET framework, overview of the ASP .net framework, overview of CLR, class library, overview of ASP.net control, understanding HTML controls, study of standard controls, validations controls, rich controls. Windows Forms: All about windows form, MDI form, creating windows applications, adding controls to forms, handling Events, and using various Tolls

UNIT IV Understanding and handling controls events, ADO.NET- Component object model, ODBC, OLEDB, and SQL connected mode, disconnected mode, dataset, data-reader Data base controls: Overview of data access data control, using grid view controls, using details view and frame view controls, ado .net data readers, SQL data source control, object data source control, site map data source.

UNIT V XML: Introducing XML, Structure, and syntax of XML, document type definition (DTD), XML Schema, Document object model, Presenting and Handling XML. xml data source, using navigation controls, introduction of web parts, using java script, Web Services

References:

1. C# for Programmers by Harvey Deitel, Paul Deitel, Pearson Education

- Balagurusamy; Programming in C#; TMH
- Web Commerce Technology Handbook by Daniel Minoli, Emma Minoli , TMH
- Web Programming by Chris Bates, Wiley
- XML Bible by Elliotte Rusty Harold ,
- ASP .Net Complete Reference by McDonald, TMH.
- ADO .Net Complete Reference by Odey, TMH

List of Experiments/ program (Expandable):

1. Working with call backs and delegates in C#

- Code access security with C#.
- Creating a COM+ component with C#.
- Creating a Windows Service with C#
- Interacting with a Windows Service with C#
- Using Reflection in C#
- Sending Mail and SMTP Mail and C#
- Perform String Manipulation with the String Builder and String Classes and C#:
- Using the System .Net Web Client to Retrieve or Upload Data with C#
- Reading and Writing XML Documents with the XML Text-Reader/-Writer Class and C#

11. Working with Page using ASP .Net.

12. Working with Forms using ASP .Net

- Data Sources access through ADO.Net,

14. Working with Data readers , Transactions

- Creating Web Application.

RGPV Electrical Engineering Fourth Sem Syllabus

good syllabus and fantastic book refrence