# RGPV Chemical Engineering 4th Sem Syllabus

**B.E. 401 – ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS III**

Unit-I

Functions of complex variables : Analytic functions, Harmonic Conjugate, Cauchy- Riemann Equations, Line Integral, Cauchy’s Theorem, Cauchy’s Integral Formula, Singular Points, Poles & Residues, Residue Theorem , Application of Residues theorem for evaluation of real integrals

Unit II

Errors & Approximations, Solution of Algebraic & Trancedental Equations (Regula Falsi , Newton-Raphson, Iterative, Secant Method), Solution of simultaneous linear equatins by Gauss Elimination, Gauss Jordan, Crout’s methods , Jacobi’s and Gauss-Siedel Iterative methods

Unit III

Difference Operators, Interpolation ( Newton Forward & Backward Formulae, Central Interpolation Formulae, Lagrange’s and divided difference formulae ), Numerical Differentiation and Numerical Integration.

Unit IV

Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations(Taylor’s Series, Picard’s Method, Modified Euler’s Method, Runge-Kutta Method, Milne’s Predictor & Corrector method ), Correlation and Regression, Curve Fitting (Method of Least Square).

Unit V

Concept of Probability : Probability Mass function, Probability density function. Discrete Distribution: Binomial, Poisson’s, Continuous Distribution: Normal Distribution, Exponential Distribution ,Gamma Distribution ,Beta Distribution ,Testing of Hypothesis |:Students t-test, Fisher’s z-test, Chi-Square Method

Reference: | |

(i) |
Numerical Methods using Matlab by J.H.Mathews and K.D.Fink, P.H.I. |

(ii) |
Numerical Methods for Scientific and Engg. Computation by MKJain, Iyengar |

and RK Jain, New Age International Publication | |

(iii) |
Mathematical Methods by KV Suryanarayan Rao, SCITECH Publuication |

(iv) |
Numerical Methods using Matlab by Yang,Wiley India |

(v) |
Pobability and Statistics by Ravichandran ,Wiley India |

(vi) |
Mathematical Statistics by George R., Springer |

**CM 402 – Material Science and Technology**

Unit I Mechanical, Thermal & Electrical properties of Materials and their measurement

Unit II Atomic Structure, Inter atomic attraction, Molecular structure, crystallanity, Solid solutions, crystal imperfections, Electronic structure and Electromagnetic properties/

Unit III Single phase metal deformation, Failure of Metals, Theories of alloying, phase relationship, iron-carbon diagram, Nomenclature of steels, utilization of cast iron, mild steel,

stainless steel, lead and graphite in Chemical Engg. System.

Unit IV Theories of Corrosion and corrosion – control, stability of materials in service: Chemical, Thermal and Radiolytic stability.

Unit V Composite materials; Semiconductors, Superconductors, Surface Modifications using

linings of plastics, rubber, glass, ceramics etc.

References:

- Van Vlack; MATERIAL SCIENCE
- WOOLEF; <Title>; VOL. 1,2,3,4.
- Perry RH & Don WG; PERRYS CHEMICAL Engineering HAND BOOK; Mc Graw Hill.
- Murthy; Structures and properties of Engg Materials; TMH
- Narula; Material science; TMH
- Vijaya; Material Science; TMH
- O.P. Khanna; MATERIAL SCIENCE & METALLURGY; Dhanpat Rai Publication.
- S.K. Hajra Choudhry; MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSES; Indian Book Distrib Co.

**CM 403 – Fuel Technology**

Unit I Solid Fuels: Coal & lignite reserves in India, Classifications of coal, Washing of Coal, Analysis of Coal, proximate and ultimate analysis.

Unit II Coal carbonization: Mechanism of Low temperature carbonization and high temperature carbonization, by product recovery from coke oven; properties of coke coal; grinding, pulverization, briquetting of solid fuels.

Unit III Liquid Fuels: Origin of petroleum production, Indian Petroleum resources and their nature, Petroleum processing, distillation, cracking thermal & catalytic, coaking, reforming, Isomerisations, Crude oil classification, Reserves of Hydrocarbon in INDIA, introduction to Petroleum refining & processing, atmospheric & Vacuum crystallization.

Unit IV Petroleum product and their utilization, blending of petrol for octane number boosting, Transport fuels: Disel, Petrol, AVL (Aviation Liquid Fuel), Kerosene, fuel & furnace oil, Testing of petroleum product: Flash Point, pore point, Fire point, Octane number, Cetene number, viscosity and viscosity index, API.

Unit V Gaseous fuels: Natural gas, Synthetic gases, their composition & properties, producer gas, Water gas, Coal Gas, LpG, CNG,Hydrogen as a fuel.

References:

- Sarkar S; Fuel and Combustion; Orient Long men Ltd.
- Gupta OP; Fuel and Combustion; Khana Pub
- Gary ;Refining of Petroleum Techonology

List of Experiments :

- To carry on proximate analysis of the given coal sample.
- To determine the calorific value of the coal by Bomb-Calorimeter method.
- To determine the viscosity of the given oil sample by Redwood Viscometer. No. 1 and

No. 2

- To determine the viscosity of a given oil sample by Saybolt viscometer.
- To determine viscosity of a given coal tar with the help of tar viscometer.
- To determine the flash and fire points of the given oil sample by Penskey Martin’s

apparatus..

- To determine the flash and fire points of the given oil sample by Abel’s apparatus.
- To determine the flash and fire points of the given oil sample by Cleveland apparatus.
- To determine the carbon residue of the given oil by Conradson method.
- To determine cloud and pour point of given oil sample (coconut) by cloud and pour

point apparatus.

- To determine the composition of given gas by Orsat apparatus.

Note: Each student should perform at least eight experiments out the above list.

**CM 404 Fluid particle mechanics**

Unit I Particulate Solid: Properties of particulate solids Evaluation of siza & shape, surface and population of particles, standard screens and screen analysis of solids.

Unit II Size Reduction: Principles of communication, size reduction; crushing, grinding, pulverizing and ultra fining size reduction equipment, power requirement in communication.

Unit III Mixing: Mixing of solids, Mixing equipment’s, Design & Power requirement of mixers, Mixer effectiveness and mixing index.

Unit IV Separation Principles of Separation techniques for system involving solids, liquids & gases, classification, sedimentation and filtration, Separation equipments.

Unit V Transportation and Handling of Solids Selection of conveying devices for solids: Belt, Chain, Screw – conveyors, Elevators and pneumatic conveying devices; Elementary design aspects of the devices. Visit to Chemical Engg. Industry engaged mainly with Mechanical Operation.

Unit VI Fluidization Particulate & aggregative fluidization, characteristic of fluidized bed due to particle size, size distribution, shape and density, pressure drop through a fluidized bed, Character of dense phase fluidization as revealed by pressure drop fluctuations. Up flow and down flow fluidization, Fluid Catalytic process, bed drying, Mass transfer in fluidized beds.

References:

- Perry RH & Don WG; PERRY’S CHEMICAL Engineering HAND BOOK; Mc Graw Hill.
- Nevers De; Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers; TMH
- Banchero Badker; Introduction to chemical engg; TMH
- McCabe S, Harriot ; Unit Operations of Chemical Engg; TMH
- Narayan CM, Bhattacharya BC; Mechanical operations for chemical eng.; PHI

List of Experiments :

- To analyses the given sample by differential, cumulative methods using standard screen.
- Determination of size & surface area of irregular particles using a Measuring gauge.
- To study Crushing behavior & to determine the Rittinger’s & Bond’s Constant of the given solid in a Jaw Crusher.
- To determine the efficiency of a ball mill for grinding a material of known.
- To determine the power consumption of the Hammer Mill.
- To determine the specific cake resistance for the given slurry by Leaf Filter.
- To determine the efficiency of a given cyclone separator.
- To determine the efficiency of fluidized characteristic bed.
- To study the Dorr type of thickener.
- To study the Plate & Frame filter press.

**CM 405 – Fluid Mechanics**

UNIT-1 Review of fluid properties: Engg units of measurement, mass density specific wt. specific volume, specific gravity, surface tension, capillarity viscosity, bulk modulus of elasticity, pressure & vapor pressure, fluid statics: pressure at a point, pressure variation in static fluid absolute & gauge pressure, manometers, dimensional analysis & dynamic similitude dimensional homogeneity, use of Buckingham pi-theorem, calculation of dimension less numbers.

UNIT-2 Kinematics of Flow: Types of flow-ideal & real, steady & unsteady, uniform & nonuniform, one, two and three dimensional flow, path lines, streak-lines, streamlines and stream tubes; continuity equation for one and three dimensional flow, rotational & irrotational flow, circulation, stagnation points, separation of flow, sources & sinks, velocity potential, stream function, flow nets-their utility & method of drawing flow nets.

UNIT-3 Dynamics of Flow: Euler’s equation of motion along a streamline and derivation of Bernoulli’s equation, application of Bernoulli’s equation, energy correction factor, linear momentum equation for steady flow; momentum correction factor. The moment of moment of momentum equation, forces on fixed and moving vanes and other applications. Fluid Measurements: Velocity measurement (Pitot tube, Prandtl tube, current meters etc.) flow measurement (orifices, nozzles, mouth pieces, orifice meter, nozzle meter, venturi-meter, weirs and notches).

UNIT-4 Fluid machinery: Pumps, fans blowers, compressor & vacuum pumps, power & head requirement for pumps.

UNIT-5 Laminar flow: introduction to laminar & turbulent flow, concept of Reynolds number & friction factor; friction factor for rough & smooth pipe loss of head due to friction in pipes & fittings.

References: –

1. McCabe Smith;Unit Operation for Chemical Engg. TMH 2 Modi & Seth; Fluid Mechanics; Standard Book House, Delhi

- Som and Biswas; Fluid Mechnics and machinery; TMH
- Cengal; Fluid Mechanics; TMH
- White ; Fluid Mechanics ; TMH
- JNIK DAKE; Essential of Engg Hyd; Afrikan Network & Sc Instt. (ANSTI)
- Douglas; Fluid Mechanics; Pearson
- R Mohanty; Fluid Mechanics; PHI
- Gupta; Fluid Mechanics; Pearson.

10 Rajpoot R. K. ;Fluid Mechanics and Hydrolic Machine.

11 Bansal R.K.; Fluid Mechanics and Hydrolic Machine.

List of Experiment:

- To determine the local point pressure with the help of pitot tube.
- To find out the terminal velocity of a spherical body in water.
- Calibration of Venturimeter
- Determination of Cc, Cv, Cd of Orifices
- Calibration of Orifice Meter
- Calibration of Nozzle meter and Mouth Piece
- Reynolds experiment for demonstration of stream lines & turbulent flow
- Determination of metacentric height
- Determination of Friction Factor of a pipe
- To study the characteristics of a centrifugal pump.
- Verification of Impulse momentum principle.

**CM 406 – Computer Aided Process Calculations**

- Introduction to Microsoft Excel.
- Basic Operations
- Using function
- Unit conversions of chemical process.
- Material Balance solution using Excel.
- Energy Balance Solution Using Excel.

List of Experiments

- Calculation of multi variable equations.(i.e. gauss elimination method)
- Problems related to flow measurement
- Problems related to roults law. and ideal gas equations.
- Problems related to material balance (i.e stichiometry, crystallization etc)
- problems related to energy balance