RGPV First Year Syllabus
Rajiv Gandhi Proudhyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal Scheme of Examination
Bachelor of Engineering B.E. (Common to all Disciplines)
For the candidates admitted in session July 2010-2011 and onward
WATER AND ITS INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS :
Sources, Impurities, Hardness & its units, Industrial water characteristics, softening of water by various methods (Exrernal & Internal treatment), Boiler trouble causes, effect & remedies, Characteristics of municipal water & its treatment, Numerical problems based on softening methods.
FUELS & COMBUSTION:
Fossil fuels & classification, Calorific value, Determination of calorific value by Bomb calorimeter Proximate and Ultimate analysis of coal and their significance, calorific value Computation based on ultimate analysis data, Carbonization, Manufacturing of coke & recovery of by products. Cracking of higher Hydrocarbons & mechanism of cracking, Knocking, relationship between’ knocking & structure of hydrocarbon, improvement of anti knocking characteristics of IC engine fuels, Diesel engine fuels,
Cetane number, combustion and it related numerical problems.
Introduction, Mechanism of lubrication, Classification of lubricants, Properties and Testing of lubricating oils, Numerical problems based on testing methods.
- CEMENT & REFRACTORIES:
Manufacture , IS-code, Setting and hardening of cement, Refractory : Introduction, classification and properties of refractories .
Introduction, types and classification of polymerization, Reaction Mechanism, Natural & Synthetic Rubber; Vulcanization of Rubber, Preparation,
Properties & uses of the following- Polythene, PVC, PMA, PMMA, Teflon, Poly acrylonitrile, PVA, Nylon, Nylon 6:6, Terylene, Phenol formaldehyde, Urea – Formaldehyde Resin, Glyptal, Silicone Resin, Polyurethanes; Butyl Rubber, Neoprene,
Buna N, Buna S. Flow sheet manufacturing diagram of Nylon 6:6 & Decoran.
- INSTRUMENTAL TECHNIQUES IN CHEMICAL ANALYSIS :
Introduction, Principle, Instrumentation and applications of IR, NMR,UV, Visible,Gas Chromatography, Lambert’s and Beer’s Law
- WATER ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES :
Alkalinity, hardness ( Complexo-metric ), Chloride, Free chlorine, DO, BOD and COD, Numerical problems based on above techniques.
- Chemistry for Environmental Engineering – Sawyer, McCarty and Parkin – McGraw Hill, International.
- Engineering Chemistry – B.K. Sharma, Krishna Publication.
- A Text Book of Engineering Chemistry – S. S. Dara & A.K. Singh, S. Chand Publication.
- Applied Chemistry – Theory and Practice, O.P. Viramani, A.K. Narula, New Age Pub.
- Polymer Science – Ghosh, Tata McGraw Hill.
Engineering Chemistry Practical
NOTE: At least 10 of the following core experiments must be performed during the session.
- Water Testing
(i) Determination of Total hardness by Complexometric titration method.
(ii) Determination of mixed alkalinity
(a) OH –& C03– –
(b) C03– – & HCO3 –
(iii) Chloride ion estimation by Argentometric method.
- Fuels & lubricant testing:
(i) Flash & fire points determination by
a) Pensky Martin Apparatus,
b) Abel’s Apparatus,
c) Cleveland’s open cup Apparatus.
d) Calorific value by bomb calorimeter
(ii) Viscosity and Viscosity index determination by
a) Redwood viscometer No. 1
b) Redwood viscometer No.2
(iii) Proximate analysis of coal
a) Moisture content
b) Ash content
c) Volatile matter content c) Carbon residue
(iv) Steam emulsification No & Anline point determination
(v) Cloud and Pour point determination of lubricating oil
- Alloy Analysis
(i) Determination of percentage of Fe in an iron alloy by redox titration using N-Phenyl anthranilic acid as internal indicator.
(ii) Determination of Cu and or Cr in alloys by Iodometric Titration.
Expansion of functions by Maclaurin’s and Taylor’s theorem. Partial differentiation, Euler’s theorem and its application in approximation and errors, Maxima and Minima of function of two variables, Curvature : Radius of curvature, centre of curvature.
INTEGRAL CALCULUS :
Definite Integrals : Definite Integrals as a limit of a sum , its application in Summation of series, Beta and Gamma Functions , Double and Triple Integrals, Change of Order of Integration, Area,Volume and Surfaces using double and triple Integral.
DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS :
Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation of first order and first degree for Exact differential Equations, Solution of Ordinary Differential Equation of first order and higher degree (solvable for p, x and y, Clairauts Equation), Linear Differential Equations with Constant Coefficients, Cauchy’s Homogeneous differential Equation, Simultaneous differential Equations, Method of Variation of Parameters
Rank, Solution of Simultaneous equation by elementary transformation, Consistency of System of Simultaneous Linear Equation, Eigen Values and Eigen Vectors, Cayley-Hamilton Theorem and its Application to find the inverse
Algebra of Logic, Boolean Algebra, Principle of Duality, Basic Theorems, Boolean
Expressions and Functions. Elementary Concept of Fuzzy Logic
Graph Theory : Graphs, Subgraphs, Degree and Distance, Tree, cycles and Network,
( i ) Advance Engg. Mathematics. By Ramana, Tata McGraw hill.
(ii) Higher Engineering Mathematics by BS Grewal, Khanna Publication
(iii) Advance Engineering Mathematics by D.G.Guffy
(iv) Engineering Mathematics by S S Sastri. P.H.I.
(v) Mathematics for Engineers by S.Arumungam, SCITECH Publuication
(vi) Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig, Wiley India
Unit I – Languages and skills of communication
Linguistic techniques, Modern usages, Reading comprehension, English phonetic symbols/sings, Oral presentation, Audition Communication, Processes of Communication, Verbal and Non Verbal Communication, Barriers to Communication.
Unit II – Application of linguistic ability
Writing of definitions of Engineering terms, Objects, Processes and Principles (Listening) Topics of General Interest, Reproduction from business, daily life, travel, health, buying and selling, company structure, systems etc.
Unit III – Letter Writing:
Applications, Enquiry, Calling quotations, Tenders, Order and Complaint.
Precise Writing, Noting and drafting, Technical Description of simple engineering objects and processes (writing), Report writing, precise writing, Note writing, Slogan writing comment, Speech advertising.
Writing Technical reports of the type of observation report, Survey report, Report of trouble, Laboratory Report and Project Report on the subjects of engineering. (Speaking ) Vocabulary, Presentations, Demonstrations, Conversation – Telephone media, socializing, cultural events, debates, speech.
Communicative Language Lab. BE 103
MARKS : 50
Course objective : The language lab focuses on the production and practice of sounds of English through audio – visual aids and Computer software. It intends to enable the students to speak English correctly with confidence and intends to help them to overcome their inhibitions and self – consciousness while speaking in English.
Topics to be covered in the Language laboratory sessions :
- Basic Grammar & Vocabulary (Synonyms /Antonyms, Analogies, sentence completion, correctly spelt words, idioms, proverbs, common errors).
- phonetic symbols and pronunciation.
- Listening skills (Including Listening Comprehension )3
- Reading Skills (Including Reading Comprehension )
- Writing Skills (Including structuring resume and cover letter )
- Speaking Skills
- Body Language
- Oral Presentation : Preparation and delivery using audio – visual aids with stress n body language and voice modulation (Topic to be selected by the teacher.)
Final Assessment Should be based on Assignment, presentation and interview.
Reference Books :-
- Business Correspondence and Report Writing – By Sharma; TMH.
- Living English Structure – By W.S. Allen; Longmans.
- English Grammar – Ehrlich, Schaum Series; TMH.
- Spoken English for India – By R.K. Bansal and IB Harrison Orient Longman.
- New International Business English – by Joans and Alexander; OUP.
- Effective Technical Communication – Rizvi; TMH.
Electrical circuit analysis- Voltage and current sources, dependent and independent sources, source conversion, DC circuits analysis using mesh & nodal method, Thevenin’s & superposition theorem, star-delta transformation.
1-phase AC circuits under sinusoidal steady state, active, reactive and apparent power, physical meaning of reactive power, power factor, 3-phase balanced and unbalanced supply, star and delta connections.
Transformers-Review of laws of electromagnetism, mmf, flux, and their relation, analysis of magnetic circuits. Single-phase transformer, basic concepts and construction features, voltage, current and impedance transformation, equivalent circuits, phasor diagram, voltage regulation, losses and efficiency, OC and SC test.
Rotating Electric machines- Constructional details of DC machine, induction machine and synchronous machine, Working principle of 3-Phase induction motor, Emf equation of 3-Phase induction motor, Concept of slip in 3- Phase induction motor, Explanation of Torque-slip characteristics of 3-Phase induction motor, Classification of self excited DC motor and generator.
Digital Electronics-Number systems used in digital electronics, decimal, binary, octal, hexadecimal, their complements, operation and conversion, floating point and signed numbers, Demorgan’s theorem, AND, OR, NOT, NOR, NAND, EX-NOR, EX-OR gates and their representation, truth table, half and full adder circuits, R-S flip flop, J-K flip flop.
ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS AND CIRCUITS- Introduction to Semiconductors, Diodes, V-I characteristics, Bipolar junction transistors (BJT) and their working, introduction to CC, CB & CE transistor configurations, different configurations and modes of operation of BJT, DC biasing of BJT.
- Vincent Del Toro, Electrical Engineering Fundamentals, PHI Learning, II Edition
- S.Ghosh, Fundamentals of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, PHI, II Edition.
- Millman, Halkias & Parikh, Integrated Electronics, Mc Graw Hill, II Edition
- Nagrath & Kothari, Basic Electrical Engineering, III Edition TMH.
- J.S. Katre, Basic Electronics Engg, Max Pub. Pune.
- Hughes, Electrical and Electronic Technology, Pearson Education IX Edition
PROGRAMME : BE Electrical and Electronics Engineering Course: BE104 Electrical and Electronics Engineering
List Of Experiments
- Verificatiions of Thevenin’s Superposition theorem.
- Study of Transformer, name plate rating, determination of rayio and polarity.
- Determination of equivalent circuit parameters of a single phase transformer by O.C. and S.C. tests and estimation of voltage regulation and efficiency at various loading conditions and verification by load test.
- Seperation of resistance and inductance of choke coil.
- Measurement of various line & phase quantities for a 3-phase circuit.
- Identification of different Electronics components.
- Observing input and output waveforms of rectifiers.
- Transistor application as amplifier and switch.
- Verification of truth table for various gates.
Scales: Representative factor, plain scales, diagonal scales, scale of chords.
Conic sections: Construction of ellipse, parabola, hyperbola by different methods; Normal and Tangent.
Special Curves: Cycloid, Epi-cycloid, Hypo-cycloid, Involutes, Archimedean and logarithmic spirals.
Projection: Types of projection, orthographic projection, first and third angle projection, Projection of points and lines, Line inclined to one plane, inclined with both the plane, True Length and True Inclination, Traces of straight lines.
Projection of planes and solids: Projection of Planes like circle and polygons in different positions; Projection of polyhedrons like prisms, pyramids and solids of revolutions like cylinder, cones in different positions.
Section of Solids: Section of right solids by normal and inclined planes; Intersection of cylinders.
Development of Surfaces: Parallel line and radial – line method for right solids.
Isometric Projections: Isometric scale, Isometric axes, Isometric Projection from orthographic drawing.
Computer Aided Drafting (CAD): Introduction, benefit, software’s basic commands of drafting entities like line, circle, polygon, polyhedron, cylinders; transformations and editing commands like move, rotate, mirror, array; solution of projection problems on CAD.
- Visvesvaraya Tech. University; A Premier on Computer Aided Engg drawing; VTU Belgaum
- Bhatt N.D.; Engineering Drawing, Charotar
- Venugopal K.;Engineering Graphics; New Age
- John KC; Engg. Graphics for Degree; PHI.
- Gill P.S.; Engineering Drawing; kataria
- Jeyopoovan T.; Engineering drawing & Graphics Using AutoCAD; Vikas
- Agrawal and Agrawal; Engineering Drawing;TMH
- Shah MB and Rana BC; Engg.drawing; Pearson Education
- Luzadder WJ and Duff JM; Fundamental of Engg Drawing; PHI
10 Jolhe DA; Engg. Drawing an Introduction; TMH
11 Narayana K.L.; Engineering Drawing; Scitech
List of Practical:
Sketching and drawing of geometries and projections based on above syllabus
Term work: A min. of 30 hand drawn sketches (on size A4 graphic sketch Book) plus 5 CAD-printouts on size A4 sheets plus 10 sheets of size A2 or 6 sheets of size A1, (50% marks to be allotted for this record + 25% marks for attendance +25%marks for Teachers Assessmen
Practical Marks to be allotted based on written test and viva.
Note: To cover above syllabus, each Institute must have CAD software and a computer lab (6 to 12 hrs/month/student).
Introduction: Manufacturing Processes and its Classification, Casting, Machining,
Plastic deformation and metal forming, Joining Processes, Heat treatment process,
Assembly process. Powder Metallurgy, introduction to computers in manufacturing.
Black Smithy Shop
Use of various smithy tools. Forging operations:Upsetting, Drawing down, Fullering,
Swaging, Cutting down, Forge welding, Punching and drafting.
Suggested Jobs : Forging of chisel., forging of Screw Driver
Timber : Type, Qualities of timber disease, Timber grains, Structure of timber, Timber,
Timber seasoning, Timber preservation .Wood Working tools: Wood working machinery, joints & joinery. Various operations of planning using various carpentry planes sawing & marking of various carpentry joints.
Suggested Jobs :Name Plate ,Any of the Carpentry joint like mortise or tennon joint
Study and use of Measuring instruments, Engineer steel rule, Surface gauges caliper,
Height gauges, feeler gauges, micro meter. Different types of files, File cuts, File grades,
Use of surface plate, Surface gauges drilling tapping Fitting operations: Chipping filling,
Drilling and tapping.Suggested Jobs, Preparation of job piece by making use of filling, sawing and chipping , drilling and tapping operations.
Pattern Making: Study of Pattern materials, pattern allowances and types of patterns.
Core box and core print, .Use and care of tools used for making wooden patterns.
Properties of good mould & Core sand, Composition of Green , Dry and Loam sand.
Methods used to prepare simple green and bench and pit mould dry sand bench mould using single piece and split patterns.
Welding: Study and use of tools used for Brazing, Soldering, Gas & Arc welding.
Preparing Lap & Butt joints using gas and arc welding methods, Study of TIG & MIG welding processes . Safety precautions.
- Bawa HS; Workshop Practice, TMH
- Rao PN; Manufacturing Technology- Vol.1& 2, TMH
- John KC; Mechanical workshop practice; PHI
- Hazara Choudhary; Workshop Practices -, Vol. I & II.
5 Jain. R.K. Production Technology –
Group and particle velocities & their relationship. Uncertainty principle with elementary proof and applications ( determination of position of a particle by a microscope, non existence of electron in nucleus, diffraction of an electron beam by a single slit). Compton scattering. Wave function and its properties, energy and momentum operators, time dependent and time independent Schrodinger wave equation. Application of time independent Schrodinger wave equation to particle trapped in a one dimensional square potential well (derivation of energy eigen values and wave function)
Unit II Wave Optics
Interference: Fresnel’s biprism, Interference in thin films (due to reflected and transmitted lght), interference from a wedge shaped thin film, Newton’s rings and Michelson’s
interferometer experiments and their applications. Diffraction at single slit, double slit and n-slits (diffraction grating). Resolving power of grating and prism. Concept of polarized light, Brewster’s laws, Double refraction, Nicol prism, quarter & half wave plate.
Nuclear liquid drop model (semi empirical mass formula), nuclear shell model, Linear Particle acceleratos: Cyclotron, general description of Synchrotron, Synchrocyclotron, and Betatron. Geiger- Muller Counter, Motion of charged particles in crossed electric and magnetic fields. Uses of Bainbridge and Auston mass Spectrographs.
Solid State Physics
Qualitative discussion of Kronig Penny model (no derivation), Effective mass, Fermi-Dirac statistical distribution function, Fermi level for Intrinsic and Extrinsic Semiconductors, Zener diode, tunnel diode, photodiode, solar-cells, Hall effect.
Superconductivity: Meissner effect, Type I and Type II superconductors, Di-electric polarization, Complex permittivity, dielectric losses
Laser and Fiber Optics
Laser: Stimulated and spontaneous processes, Einstein’s A & B Coefficients, transition probabilities, active medium, population inversion, pumping, Optical resonators, characteristics of laser beam. Coherence, directionality and divergence. Principles and working of Ruby, Nd:YAG, He-Ne & Carbon dioxide Lasers with energy level diagram.. Fundamental idea about optical fiber, types of fibers, acceptance angle & cone, numerical aperture, V-number, propagation of light through step index fiber (Ray theory) pulse dispersion, attenuation, losses & various uses.
Applications of lasers and optical fibers.
Reference Books: –
- Optics By Ghatak, TMH
- Engineering Physics- V. S. Yadava, TMH
- Optics by Brijlal and Subhraininyan.
- Engineering physics by M.N. Avadhanulu and. S. Chand & Co.(2004)
- Atomic and Nuclear physics by Brijlal and Subraminiyan.
- Concepts of Modern Physics- Beiser, TMH
- Solid State Physics by Kittel ,Wiley India
- Fundamentals of Physics-Halliday, Wiley India
List of suggestive core experiments: –
- Biprism, Newton’s Rings, Michelsons Interferometer.
- Resolving Powers -Telescope, Microscope, and Grating.
- G.M. Counter
- Spectrometers-R.I., Wavelength, using prism and grating
- Optical polarization based experiments: Brewster’s angle, polarimeter etc.
- Measurements by LASER-Directionality, Numerical aperture, Distance etc.
- Uses of Potentiometers and Bridges (Electrical)..
- Experiments connected with diodes and transistor.
- Measurement of energy band gap of semiconductor.
10. To study Hall effect.
- Solar cell.
- To find the width of s single slit by f He-Ne Laser.
13. To determine the numeral aperture (NA) of a Optical Fibre.
14. To determine plank’s constant.
15. Other conceptual experiments related to theory syllabus.
Energy- Sources of Energy : Renewable & Non Renewable, Fossil fuel, coal, oil, Gas, Geothermal, Hydrogen, Solar, Wind, hydal, nuclear sources.
Ecosystem – Segments of Environment: Atmosphere, hydrosphere, Lithosphere, biosphere. Cycles in Ecosystem – Water, Carbon, Nitrogen. Biodiversity: Threats and conservation,
Air Pollution & Sound Pollution –
Air Pollution: Air pollutants, classification, (Primary & secondary Pollutants) Adverse effects of pollutants. Causes of Air pollution chemical, photochemical, Green house effect, ozone layer depletion, acid Rain.
Sound Pollution: Causes, controlling measures, measurement of sound pollution (deciblage), Industrial and non – industrial.
Water Pollution- Water Pollution: Pollutants in water, adverse effects. Treatment of Domestic & Industrial water ef
RGPV 1st Year Syllabus