Pune Technical University Electrical Engineering Syllabus

University of Pune

B. E. Electrical Engineering 2008 – Course (w.e.f. 2011)

SEMESTER – I

Sr

No

Subject

code

Subject Title

Teaching

Scheme

Exam. Scheme

Total

Marks

L P

P

TW PR OR
1. 403141 PLC and SCADA Applications 04 02 100 25 50

175

2. 403142 Power System Operation and Control 04 02 100 25

50

175

3. 403143 Elective – I 04

100

100

4. 403144 Elective – II 04

100

100

5. 403145 Control System – II 04 02 100 50

50

200

6. 403146 Project

02

      20 08 500 100

150

750

 

SEMESTER – II

Sr

No

Subject

code

Subject Title

Teaching

Scheme

Exam. Scheme

Total

Marks

L P

P

TW PR OR
1. 403147 Switchgear and Protection 04 02 100 25

50 175
2. 403148 Industrial Drives and Control 04 02 100 25 50

175
3. 403149 Elective – III 04 02 100 25

25 150
4. 403150 Elective – IV 04

100

 

100
5. 403146 Project

06

100

50 150
      16 12 400 175

175

750

 

Elective – I (403143)                                                 Elective – III (403149)

a) Robotics and Automation

a)

VLSI Design
b) Power Quality

b)

High Voltage Engineering
c) Illumination Engineering

c)

Digital Signal Processing
d) Project Management

d)

ANN and its Applications in Electrical
      Engineering

 

Elective – II (403144)                                                Elective – IV (403150)

 

 

Restructuring and Deregulation   Modelling of Electrical System

Embedded System               Renewable Energy System

EHV Transmission              Digital Control System

Smart Grid                    Open Elective

Chairman,

Board of Studies Electrical Engineering University of Pune

403141: PLC and SCADA Application

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Practical: 2 Hrs./Week                   Practical: 50 Marks

Term Work: 25 Marks

Unit I                                                                                                                                      (8)

Introduction to PLC: Definition & History of PLC, Overall PLC system, PLC Input & Output modules, central processing unit, CPUs & Programmer/monitors, Solid state memory, the processor, Input modules (Interfaces), Power supplies, PLC advantages & disadvantages. Selection criteria for PLC.

Unit II                                                                                                                                    (8)

Programming of PLC: Programming equipments, proper construction of PLC ladder diagram, Basic components & their symbols in ladder diagram, Fundamentals of ladder diagram, Boolean logic & relay logic, and analysis of rungs.

Input ON/OFF switching devices, Input analog devices, Output ON/OFF devices, Output analog devices, programming ON/OFF Inputs to produce ON/OFF outputs.

Unit III                                                                                                                                   (8)

Advanced PLC Function: Analog PLC operation, PID control of continuous processes, simple closed loop systems, problems with simple closed loop systems, closed loop system using Proportional, Integral & Derivative (PID), PLC interface, and Industrial process example.

Motors Controls: AC Motor starter, AC motor overload protection, DC motor controller, Variable speed (Variable Frequency) AC motor Drive.

Unit IV                                                                                                                                   (8)

SCADA Systems: Introduction and definitions of SCADA, Fundamental principles of modern SCADA systems, SCADA system evolution.

Basic SCADA system Architecture: Human Machine Interface, Master Terminal Unit, Remote Terminal Unit. SCADA data transfer through PLCC.

Communication Technologies, Communication system components, SCADA Communication in an electrical power system.

SCADA system desirable Properties, Real Time System, SCADA server, SCADA functions.

Unit V                                                                                                                                    (8)

SCADA Architecture: First generation – Monolithic, Second generation – Distributed, Third generation – Networked Architecture, Intelligent Electronic Devices.

Operation and control of interconnected power system, Automatic substation control, SCADA configuration, Energy management system, system operating states, system security, State estimation, SCADA system security issues overview.

SCADA systems in the critical Infrastructure: Petroleum Refining Process, Conventional Electric Power Generation, water Purification System, Chemical Plant.

Unit VI                                                                                                                                   (8)

The Evolution of SCADA Protocols: Overview of Open systems interconnection (OSI) Model, Functions of OSI Model Layers, OSI Protocols, Functions of Transmission control protocol / Internet protocol (TCP/IP) Layers, TCP/IP protocol, DNP3 protocol, IEC61850 layered architecture, Control and Information Protocol (CIP), DeviceNet, ControlNet, EtherNet/IP, Flexible Function Block process (FFB), Process Field bus (Profibus), The Security Implications of the SCADA protocols.

List of Experiments:

Note: Minimum 10 experiments should be conducted.

a)   Experiment No. 1, 2, and 3 is compulsory.

b)   Any 2 experiments should be conducted from experiment number 4 to 9.

c)   Any 5 experiments should be conducted from experiment number 10 to 17.

1)     a) Interfacing of lamp & button with PLC for ON & OFF operation. b) Performed delayed operation of lamp by using push button.

2)      a) Multiple push button operation with delayed lamp for ON/OFF operation.

b)     Combination of counter & timer for lamp ON/OFF operation.

3)      Set / Reset operation: one push button for ON & other push button for OFF operation.

4)     DOL starter & star delta starter operation by using PLC.

5)     PLC based temperature sensing using RTD.

6)     PLC based thermal ON/OFF control.

7)     Interfacing of Encoder with PLC (Incremental/Decremental)

8)     PLC based speed, position measurement system.

9)     Development of Dynamos & relating with parameters of PLC.

10) PLC interfaced with SCADA & status read/command transfer operation.

11) Parameter reading of PLC in SCADA.

12) Alarm annunciation using SCADA.

13) Reporting & trending in SCADA system.

14) Tank level control by using SCADA.

15) Temperature monitoring by using SCADA.

16)  Speed control of Machine by using SCADA.

17) Pressure control by using SCADA.

Industrial Visit:

Compulsory visit to SCADA and PLC based automation industry.

Text Books:

1)     Gary Dunning, “Introduction to Programmable Logic Controllers”, Thomson, 2nd Edition

2)     John R. Hackworth, Frederick D., Hackworth Jr., “Programmable Logic Controllers Programming Methods and Applications”

3)     John W. Webb, Ronald A. Reis, “Programmable Logic Controllers: Principles and Application”, 5th Edition

4)      Ronald L. Krutz, “Securing SCADA System”, Wiley Publishing

5)      Stuart A Boyer, “SCADA supervisory control and data acquisition”

Reference Books:

1)     Batten G. L., “Programmable Controllers”, McGraw Hill Inc., Second Edition

2)     Bennett Stuart, “Real Time Computer Control”, Prentice Hall, 1988

3)     Doebelin E. O., “Measurement Systems”, McGraw-Hill International Editions, Fourth Edition, 1990

4)      Gordan Clark, Deem Reynders, “Practical Modem SCADA Protocols”

5)     Krishna Kant, “Computer Based Industrial Control”, PHI

6)     M. Chidambaram, “Computer Control of Process”, Narosha Publishing

7)      P. K. Srivstava, “Programmable Logic Controllers with Applications”, BPB Publications

8)     Poppovik Bhatkar, “Distributed Computer Control for Industrial Automation”, Dekkar Publications

9)      S. K. Singh, “Computer Aided Process Control”, PHI

10)  Sunil S. Rao, “Switchgear and Protections”, Khanna Publication

11) Webb J. W, “Programmable Controllers”, Merrill Publishing Company, 1988

 
   


Unit I                                                  (10)

Power System Stability: Introduction to stability, dynamics of synchronous machine, swing equation, power angle equation and curve, types of power system stability (concepts of steady state, transient, dynamic stability), equal area criterion, applications of equal area criterion (sudden change in mechanical input, effect of clearing time on stability, critical clearing angle, short circuit at one end of line, short circuit away from line ends and recloser), solution of swing equation by point by point method, concept of multimachine stability, methods to improve steady state and transient stability, numerical based on equal area criteria.

Unit II                                                 (08)

Reactive Power management: Necessity of reactive power control, reactive power generation by a synchronous machine, effect of excitation, loading capability curve of a generator, compensation in power system (series and shunt compensation using capacitors and reactors), concept of sub synchronous resonance, synchronous condenser.

Unit III                                                (08)

FACTs Technology: Problems of AC transmission system, evolution of FACTs technology, principle of operation, circuit diagram and applications of SVC, TCSC, STATCOM and UPFC.

Unit IV                                                 (10)

Economic load dispatch and unit commitment:

A)  Economic load dispatch: Introduction ,revision of cost curve of thermal and hydropower plant, plant scheduling method, equal incremental cost method, method of lagrange multiplier (neglecting transmission losses), Bmn coefficient , economic scheduling of thermal plant considering effect of transmission losses, penalty factor, numerical.

B)  Unit commitment:-

Concept of unit commitment, constraints on unit commitment – spinning reserve, thermal and hydro constraints, methods of unit commitment – priority list and dynamic programming.

Unit V                                                  (08)

Automatic generation and control: Concept of AGC, complete block diagram representation of load-frequency control of an isolated power system, steady state and dynamic response, control area concept, two area load frequency control, load frequency control with generation rate constraints (G.R.C.S.), effect of speed governor dead band on A.G.C., digital load frequency controller.

Unit VI                                                 (06)

Energy Control: Interchange of power between interconnected utilities, economy interchange evaluation, interchange evaluation with unit commitment, types of interchange, capacity and diversity interchange, energy banking, emergency power interchange, inadvertent power exchange, power pools.

List of Experiments:

Note:- Perform experiment 1 or 2 and any seven from 3 to 11 using software

  1. To determine Steady state Stability of synchronous motor (performance).
  2. To determine Steady state stability of medium transmission line (performance).
  3. To plot swing curve by Point by Point method for transient stability analysis.
  4. To apply equal area criteria for analysis stability under sudden rise in mechanical power input.
  5. To apply equal area criteria for stability analysis under fault condition.
  6. To study reactive power compensation using any device by professional software.
  7. To study lagrange multiplier technique for economic load dispatch by Professional software.
  8. To develop dynamic programming method for unit commitment by professional software.
  9. To study load frequency control using approximate and exact model by professional software.
  10. To study load frequency control with integral control by professional software.
  11. To study the two area load frequency control.

Industrial Visit:

At least one industrial visit should be arranged to Load Dispatch Center / Power Station Control Room.

Text Books:

  1. Abhijit Chakrabarti, Sunita Halder, “Power System Analysis Operation and Control”, Prentice Hall of India
  2. I. J. Nagrath, D. P. Kothari, “Modern Power System Analysis”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.
  3. P. S. R. Murthy, “Power System Operation & Control”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.
  4. P. S. R. Murthy, “Operation & Control in Power System”, B. S. Publication Reference Books:
    1. Allen J. Wood, Bruce F. Wollenberg “Power Generation, Operation, and Control”, Wiley India Edition.
    2. “Electrical Power System Handbook”, IEEE Press
    3. Hingorani, “Understanding FACTs” IEEE Press
    4. Olle I. Elgerd, “Electrical Energy System Theory”, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.
    5. Prabha Kundur “ Power system stability and control” Tata McGraw Hill
    6. R. Mohan Mathur, Rajiv K. Varma, “Thyrister based FACTs controller for Electrical transmission system’, John Wiley & Sons Inc.

 

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Unit I                                                                                                                                      (8)

Introduction: Basic concept of automation, types of automation: fixed, flexible & programmable and their comparative study. Introduction to NC and CNC machines – Basic concept, block diagram difference and comparison with robots, advantages, disadvantages.

A brief history, definition, laws of Robotics, Robot like devices such as prostheses, exoskeletons, robot manipulator etc.

Basic structure, links & joints, types of joints, types of links, specifications: degrees of freedom (DOF), accuracy, repeatability, spatial resolution, compliance, load carrying capacity, speed of response, work volume, work envelope, reach etc., end effectors (Wrist), concept of: yaw, pitch and roll. Motion conversion: Rotary to rotary, rotary to linear and vice versa.

Unit II                                                                                                                                    (8)

Anatomy of robots: Overview of a robot manipulator system – basic components of robot, robot as a cell controller and as a peripheral device, overview of robot applications in industrial automation.

Types of end effectors: Grippers and tools.

Robot classification: according to Co-ordinate system: Cartesian, cylindrical, spherical, SCARA, Articulated, Control Method: Servo controlled & non-servo controlled, their comparative study, Form of motion: P-T-P (point to point), C-P (continuous path), pick and place etc. and their comparative study, Drive Technology: Hydraulic, Pneumatic, Electric (stepper motor, D.C. servo motor) in detail with selection criteria.

Unit III                                                                                                                                   (8)

Homogeneous Coordinate, Translational Transformation, Rotational Transformation, coordinate reference frames, Effect of pre and post multiplication of transformation, Concept of Homogeneous transformation, Different Euler angle systems, Singularities in Euler angles.

Unit IV                                                                                                                                   (8)

Forward Kinematics: Denavit-Hartenberg (D-H) representation of kinematic chains. Rules for establishing link co-ordinate frames. Forward solution of robotic manipulator for STANFORD Robot, Puma Robot, Puma Robot. Forward solution for simple robot systems.

Inverse Kinematics: Concept of Inverse Kinematics, difficulties in the inverse solution, inverse solution by direct approach, Geometric approach and numericals based on direct approach.

Unit V                                                                                                                                    (8)

Robot Dynamics: Lagrange’s Equation, Kinetic and potential energy Equations, Euler-Lagrange analysis for a single prismatic joint working against gravity and single revolute joint. Equation of motion, Newton-Euler formulations.

Manipulator Differential Motion: Concept of linear and angular velocity, Relationship between transformation matrix and angular velocity, manipulator Jacobean, Jacobean for prismatic and revolute joint, Jacobean Inverse, Singularities.

Control of Robot manipulator: joint position controls (JPC), resolved motion position controls (RMPC) & resolved motion rate control (RMRC).

Unit VI                                                                                                                                   (8)

Programming of Industrial Robots: Concept of on-line and off line programming, three levels of robot programming such as specialized manipulation languages, Robot library for an existing

 

computer language, Robot library for a new general purpose language. Classification of robot specific languages on the basis of hardware level, point-to-point level, the motion level and structured programming level.

Industrial Applications of Robots: Welding, Spray-painting, Grinding, Handling of rotary tools, Parts handling/transfer, Assembly operations, parts sorting, parts inspection, Potential applications in Nuclear and fossil fuel power plant etc. (Details for the above applications are selection criterion of robots, sensors used, selection of drives and actuators, methods of control, peripheral devices used etc).

Industrial Visit:

At least one industrial visit should be arranged supporting the classroom teaching and student should submit a report on that industrial robot application including selection of drive, actuators, sensors, method of control etc.

Text Books:

  1. K. S. Fu, R. C. Gonzalez, C. S. G. Lee, “Robotics: Control Sensing, Vision and Intelligence”, International Edition, McGraw Hill Book Co.
  2. Mikell P. Groover, Mitchell Weiss, Roger N. Nagel, Nicholas G. Odrey, “Industrial Robotics: Technology, Programming and Applications”, McGraw Hill Book Company
  3. Richard D. Klafter, Thomas A. Chemielewski, Michael Neign, “Robotic Engineering – An Integral Approach”, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. Eastern Economy Edition

Reference Books:

  1. John J. Craig, “Introduction to Robotics: Mechanics and Control”, Pearson Education
  2. R. K. Mittal, I. J. Nagrath, “Robotics and Control”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd., New Delhi
  3. Robert J. Schilling, “Fundamentals of Robotics: Analysis and Control”, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi

 

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Unit I                                                                                                                                      (6)

Introduction: Importance of power quality, terms and definitions of power quality as per IEEE Std. 1159, such as transients, short and long duration voltage variations, interruptions, short and long voltage fluctuations. Symptoms of poor power quality. Definitions and terminology of grounding. Purpose of grounding. Good grounding practices and problems due to poor grounding.

Unit II                                                                                                                                     (6)

RMS voltage variations in power system and voltage regulation, per unit system, complex power. Subdivision of voltage variations in power system. Long duration and short duration voltage variations, over voltage, under voltage, voltage sags, swells, imbalance, transient and flicker. Principle of regulating the voltage. Basic power flow and voltage drop. Various devices used for voltage regulation and impact of reactive power management. Various causes of voltage flicker and their effects. Short term (Pst) and long term (Plt) flicker. Various means to reduce flicker.

Unit III                                                                                                                                   (7)

Voltage Sag and Interruptions: Definitions of voltage sag and interruptions. Voltage sags vs interruptions. Economic impact of voltage sag. Major causes and consequences of voltage sags. Voltage sag characteristics i.e. magnitude, duration, phase angle jump, point on wave initiation and point on wave recovery, missing voltage. Voltage sag assessment. Influence of fault location and fault level on voltage sag. Area of vulnerability. Assessment of equipment sensitivity to voltage sags. Voltage sag requirements for computer equipment, CBEMA, ITIC, SEMI F 47 curves. Representation of the results of voltage sag analysis. Voltage sag indices. Mitigation measures for voltage sags, such as UPS, DVR, SMES, CVT etc. utility solutions and end user solutions.

Unit IV                                                                                                                                   (7)

Waveform Distortion: Definition of harmonics, interharmonics, sub harmonics. Causes and effect of harmonics on all equipments. Voltage vs current distortion. Overview of Fourier analysis. Harmonic indices. A.C. quantities under nonsinusoidal conditions. Tripplen harmonics, characteristics and non characteristics harmonics. Harmonics series and parallel resonances. Consequences of harmonic resonance. K-rated transformer. Principles for controlling harmonics. Reducing harmonic currents in loads, Study of different types of tuned and de-tuned filters, Active filter topologies. Harmonic study procedure. Computer tools for harmonic analysis. Locating sources of harmonics. Harmonic filtering, passive and active filters. Modifying the system frequency response. IEEE 519-1992 harmonic standard.

Unit V                                                                                                                                     (6)

Transient Over Voltages: What are transients, their sources and effects? Impulsive transients due to lightning. Transient velocity, surge impedance and the effect of line terminations. Capacitor switching transients. Magnification of capacitor switching transient. Basic principles of over voltage protection. Various devices used for over voltage protection. Load switching related transient problems. Computer tools for transient analysis. Study of transient voltage surge suppressor and types based on their application for Electrical Distribution systems of sensitive Electronic Equipments, communication systems and LAN systems.

 

Unit VI                                                  (6)

Power Quality Monitoring: Need of power quality monitoring and approaches followed in power quality monitoring (Reactive and proactive approach). Power quality monitoring objectives and requirements. Initial site survey. Selection of monitoring equipments and use of various equipments required for power quality monitoring. Study of connection of power quality monitor, selection of monitoring location and period. Requirement of power quality monitor to monitor various power quality parameters. System wide and discrete power quality monitoring. Setting thresholds on monitors, various techniques of data collection and analysis. Selection of transducers.

Text Books:

  1. J. Arrillaga, M. R. Watson, S. Chan, “Power System Quality Assessment”, John Wiley and Sons
  2. M. H. J. Bollen, “Understanding Power Quality Problems, Voltage Sag and Interruptions”, New York: IEEE Press, 2000, Series on Power Engineering
  3. R. C. Dugan, Mark F. McGranghan, Surya Santoso, H. Wayne Beaty, “Electrical Power System Quality”, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill Publication

Reference Books:

  1. Enriques Acha, Manuel Madrigal, “Power System Harmonics: Computer Modeling & Analysis”, John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
  2. Ewald F. Fuchs, Mohammad A. S. Masoum, “Power Quality in Power Systems and Electrical Machines”
    1. G. J. Heydt, “Electric Power Quality”, Stars in a Circule Publications
    2. IEEE Std. 519-1992, IEEE recommended practices and requirements for harmonics control in electrical power system

 

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Unit I                                                   (6)

Importance of Lighting in Human Life: Optical systems of human eye ,Dependence of human activities on light, performance characteristics of human visual system, External factors of vision-visual acuity, contrast ,sensitivity, time illuminance, color, visual perception, optical radiation hazards, Good and bad effects of lighting & perfect level of illumination, Artificial lighting as substitute to natural light, Ability to control natural light, Production of light, physics of generation of light, Properties of light, Quantification & Measurement of Light.

Unit II                                                 (10)

Light Source:

Lamp materials: Filament, glass, ceramics, gases, phosphors and other metals and non-metals. Discharge Lamps: Theory of gas Discharge phenomena, lamp design considerations, characteristics of low and high mercury and sodium vapor lamps, Low Vapor Pressure discharge lamps – Mercury Vapour lamp, Fluorescent Lamp, Compact Fluorescent Lamp (CFL), High Vapour Pressure discharge lamps – Mercury Vapour lamp, Sodium Vapour lamp, Metal halide Lamps, Solid Sodium Argon Neon lamps, SOX lamps, Electro luminescent lamps, LEDs characteristics, features and applications, LASERS, characteristics, features and applications, non-lighting lamps, Induction lamps. Optical fiber, its construction as a light guide, features and applications

Unit III                                                 (8)

Electrical Control of Light Sources:

Ballast and ignitors for different HID lamps, design considerations of Electromagnetic and Electronic ballast for TL and HID lamps, Ballast material, Dimming.

Photometric Control of Light Sources and their Quantification:

Luminaries design considerations, optical control schemes, design procedure of reflecting and refracting type of luminaries. Lighting Fixture types, use of reflectors and refractors, physical protection of lighting fixtures, types of lighting fixtures according to installation type, types of lighting fixtures according to photometric usages, ingress protection code, luminaries standard. Indian standard recommendations.

Unit IV                                                 (10)

Factors of Good Lighting Design:

Indoor Lighting Design: Zonal cavity method for general lighting design, coefficient of utilization determination for zonal cavities and different shaped ceilings. Using COU (coefficient of utilization), using beam angles and polar diagrams, glare calculations. Typical applications: office, educational facility, theatre, residential, hospital. Indian Standard recommendation for indoor lighting, selection criteria for selection of lamps and luminaries, design consideration and design procedure. (problems on COV, beam angles and polar diagrams).

Unit V                                                   (7)

Outdoor Lighting Design: Road classifications according to BIS, pole arrangement, terminology, lamp and luminaire selection, different design procedures, beam lumen method, point by point method, isolux diagram, problems on point by point method.

Energy Efficient Lighting: Comparison between different light sources, comparison between different control gears, overcoming problems in energy efficient lighting, payback calculation, life cycle costing, (problems on payback calculations, life cycle costing).

 

Unit VI                                                  (7)

Solar Lighting: Day Lighting, Photovoltaic Lighting Emergency Lighting: Central Systems, Stand alone systems

Cold Lighting: Concept, Method of generation – Optical Fiber cable (OFC), filters, Application Switching Control for Lighting

Typical Lighting Project Design: New projects, Retrofits Text Books:

  1. H. S. Mamak, “Book on Lighting”, Publisher International lighting Academy
  2. Joseph B. Murdoch, “Illumination Engineering from Edison’s Lamp to Lasers”
  3. M. A. Cayless, A. M. Marsden, “Lamps and Lighting”

Reference Books:

  1. “BIS, IEC Standards for Lamps, Lighting Fixtures and Lighting”, Manak Bhavan, New Delhi
  2. D. C. Pritchard, “Lighting”, 4th Edition, Longman Scientific and Technical, ISBN 0-582­23422-0
  3. Elmer, “Design of Reflectors”
  4. “IES Lighting Handbook”, (Reference Volume 1984), Illuminating Engineering Society of North America
  5. “IES Lighting Handbook”, (Application Volume 1987), Illuminating Engineering Society of North America

 

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Unit I                                                                                                                                      (6)

Introduction: Introduction to Project Management, Need for project Management, Categories and characteristics of project Management, Project life cycle and phases (Conception phase, Definition phase, Execution Phase and operation phase), Project Appraisal (Technical, commercial, Economic and managerial), Project Organization (Functional, Product and matrix).

Unit II                                                                                                                                     (8)

Project Costing and Control: Project Selection, financial concepts of Projects, various cost associated with Project, R.O.I., Project cost estimation, financial evaluation of Project, Budgeting and allocation of budgets, analysis of returns, profitability index, Project cost control, causes of Project Failures.

Unit III                                                                                                                                 (10)

Project Scheduling: Gantt chart and its application, AOA (Activity on Arrow diagram), AON (Activity on Node) Diagram, Precedence diagramming methods (PDM), Critical Path Method (CPM), Programme evaluation and Review Technique (PERT), GERT (Graphical Evaluation and Review Technique), Resource allocation, Line of Balancing and crashing the network.

Unit IV                                                                                                                                   (8)

Project Cost Estimating and Budgeting: Introduction cost estimating: Cost estimating process, Factors of cost escalation, Elements of budgets and estimates, Project cost accounting systems, Cost scheduling and budgetary control.

Unit V                                                                                                                                    (8)

Project Quality Management: The processes of project quality management, Quality planning, assurance and control, Quality of procured items, Techniques of quality assurance and control, project execution and control, International Project Management.

Unit VI                                                                                                                                   (8)

Project Risk Management: Introduction, Managing risks in projects, Measurement and assessment of risk, Sources of risks. Risk: – Adjusted discount rate method, certainly equivalent method, correlation coefficient, portfolio risks, diversible & non diversible risks, CAPM (Capital Asset pricing model) case studies of project management, computer aided project management.

Text Books:

  1. K. Nagarajan, “Project Management”, 5th Edition, New Age International Publishers, 2010
  2. Prasanna Chandra, “Projects: planning, analysis, selection, implementation and review”, 4thEdition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd, New Delhi, 1995
    1. Rosy Burke, “Project Management: planning and control technique”, Wiley India, 2003
    2. S. Chaudhary, “Project Management”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1988

Reference Books:

  1. J. R. Meredith, S. J. Mantel, “Project Management: A managerial approach”, Wiley India, 2010

rd

  1. John M. Nicholas, Herman Steyn, “Project Management”, 3 Edition, Elsevier Inc., 2008
  2. Samuel Mantel, Jr. J. R. Meredith, S. M. Scafer, M. M. Sutton, M. R. Copalan, “Project Management” 1st Edition, 2011

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Unit I                                                                                                                                      (8)

Power Sector in India: Evolution of integrated, monopoly, state electricity boards (SEBs), introduction to various institutions in Indian power sector such as CEA, planning commission, PFC, Ministry of Power, state and central Governments, REC, financial institutions, PTC, utilities and their roles, challenges before Indian power sector, electricity act 2003 and various National policies and guidelines under the act, introduction to Indian Energy Exchange and its working.

Unit II                                                                                                                                    (8)

Power Sector Economics: Introduction to various concepts such as capital cost, debt and equity, depreciation, fixed and variable costs, working capital, profitability indices, net present value, life cycle cost etc, typical cost components of utilities such as return in equity, depreciation, interest and finance charges, O and M expenses etc and their determinants, introduction to average, marginal and avoided costs, tariff setting principles and choice of the rate structure, concepts of subsidy and cross-subsidy.

Unit III                                                                                                                                   (8)

Power Sector Regulation: Role of regulation and evolution of regulatory commissions in India, types and methods of regulation (rate of return regulation, performance based regulation, incentive regulation, benchmarking or yardstick regulation), the regulatory process in India (composition of RCs, selection, authority, regulatory decision making process), non price issues in regulation such as externalities (environment etc.), service quality, consumer service, social equity, transparency and public participation in regulatory process.

Unit IV                                                                                                                                   (8)

Introduction to Power Sector Restructuring and Market Reform: Introduction, models based on energy trading or structural models – monopoly, single buyer, wholesale competition, retail competition etc, ring fencing or accounting separations, models based on contractual arrangements – pool model, bilateral dispatch, pool and bilateral trades, multilateral trades, ownership models (public sector – state owned and municipal utilities, co-operatives, private sector, public-private partnership), rationale behind reforms, competition for the market vs competition in the market, International experience with electricity reform – Latin America, The Nordic Pool, UK, USA, China and India (Orissa, AP and Maharashtra), The California Energy Crisis.

Unit V                                                                                                                                    (8)

Competitive Electricity Markets: Trading – electricity marketplaces, rules that govern the electricity markets, peculiarity of electricity as a commodity, various models of trading arrangements – integrated trading model, wheeling trading model, decentralized trading model. Retail Competition – retail access framework, competing retailers, metering and accounting issues, technological aspects of competition. Impact of market reform on regulation and externalities (environment, social equity etc.)

Unit VI                                                                                                                                   (8)

Transmission Planning and Pricing: Transmission planning in the era of market structure, transmission rights and pricing, different methods of transmission pricing, different transmission services (ancillary services etc.) congestion issues and management, grid codes, transmission

 

ownership and control – Transo and ISO, transmission pricing and model in India – availability

based tariff (ABT), role of load dispatch centers (LDCs), open access.

Text Books:

  1. “Deregulation in Power Industry”, Proceedings of a course under Continuing Education Programme held by Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay.
  2. “Know Your Power”, A citizens Primer On the Electricity Sector, Prayas Energy Group, Pune

Reference Books:

  1. Bhanu Bhushan, “ABC of ABT – A primer on Availability Tariff”
  2. Central Electricity Regulatory Commission, Regulations and Orders – www.cercind.org
  3. Electric Utility Planning and Regulation, Edward Kahn, American Council for Energy Efficient Economy
  4. Electricity Act 2003 and National Policies – www.powermin.nic.in
  5. Maharashtra Electricity Regulatory Commission Regulations and Orders – www.mercindia.com
  6. Paper “The real challenges in Power sector Restructuring: Instilling Public Control Through TAP”, Prayas Energy Group, Energy for Sustainable Development, September 2001, www.prayaspune.org
  7. Privatization or Democratization The Key to the Crises in the Electricity Sector – The Case of Maharashtra 2002, www.prayaspune.org
  8. Regulation in infrastructure Services: Progress and the way forward – TERI, 2001
  9. Sally Hunt, “Making Competition Work in Electricity”, 2002, John Wiley Inc
  10. Various publications, reports and presentations by Prayas, Energy Group, Pune www.prayaspune.org

Website:

  1. www.cercind.org
  2. www.iexindia.com
  3. www.mercindia.com
  4. www.powerexindia.com
  5. www.prayaspune.org

 

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Unit I                                                                                                                                      (8)

Introduction to Embedded Systems: Embedded Systems & its applications, components, classifications Categories of embedded systems, overview of ES Architecture, software in embedded system, Design Process in ES, Microcontroller- characteristics and features, overview of Atmel, Microchip. Examples in ES, DSP, RISC examples-ARM, PIC 16F877 & 18F452, DSP processors, RISC CISC with examples.

Unit II                                                                                                                                     (8)

Embedded system hardware:

ADC- Types, sample and hold, real parts, microprocessor interfacing, clocked interfaces, serial interfaces.

Sensors- Temperature sensors, optical sensors, motion sensors, strain gauges, and their interfacing with microcontroller through ADC. Interfacing of switches and matrix keypad to microcontroller.

Unit III                                                                                                                                   (8)

Analog output Interfacing

Solenoids- Relay control and clamping, pick/hold heaters, LED, LCD, DAC, actuators.

Motors- i) Stepper motors- bipolar and unipolar operation, half-stepping and micro-stepping, driving steppers, motor drive ICs (L62D1 & LM18200), ii) DC motors- driving dc motors, BLDC motor & its driving, DC motor controller ICs (LM628 & LM629).

Unit IV                                                                                                                                   (8)

Programming Concepts: Interprocessor communication and synchronization of process, tasks, threads, scheduling, device drivers for embedded devices, RPC Functions, States Data, ISRS, Concepts of semaphores, Message queue, mailbox

Unit V                                                                                                                                     (8)

Real Time Operating System Concept: Architecture of kernel, task scheduler, ISR, Semaphores, mailbox, message queues, pipes, events, timers, memory management, RTOS services in contrast with traditional OS. Overview of comemertial RTOS like Vxworks & RT Linux.

Unit VI                                                                                                                                   (8)

Case Study of Embedded System: Case study of embedded system like digital camera, smart card, flight simulation and control.

Text Book:

Rajkamal, “Embedded Systems”, TMH Reference Books:

  1. Frank Vahid, “Embedded System Design”, Prentice Hall Publication
  2. J. W. Valvano, “Embedded Microcomputer Systems: Real time interfacing”, Brooks/Cole, 2000
  3. Stuart R. Ball, “Analog Interfacing to Embedded Microprocessor Systems”, Newnes Publication 2004

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Unit I                                                                                                                                      (8)

EHV AC transmission lines- Need for EHV transmission lines. Transmission line trends and Preliminaries. Standard transmission voltages. Average values of line parameters. Power handling capacity and line loss. Examples on Giant power pools and number of lines. Cost of transmission lines and equipments. Mechanical consideration in line performance. Traveling wave equations, Transmission, Reflection, Attenuation and Distortion of traveling waves.

Unit 2                                                                                                                                     (8)

Calculation of line and ground parameters: Resistance of conductors. Temperature rise of conductors and current carrying capacity. Properties of bundled conductors. Inductance of EHV line configurations. Line capacitance calculations. Sequence inductances and capacitances. Line parameters for modes of propagation. Resistance and inductance of ground return.

Unit 3                                                                                                                                     (8)

Voltage gradient of conductors: Electrostatics. Field of a point charge and its properties, Field of a sphere gap, Field of line charges and their properties, Corona inception gradient, charge potential relations for multi-conductor lines, Maximum charge condition on three phase line. Surface voltage gradient on conductors -single conductor, 2 conductors and multi conductor bundle, maximum surface voltage gradient, Mangolt formula, design of cylindrical cage for corona gradients.

Unit 4                                                                                                                                     (8)

Electrostatic and Magnetic fields of EHV lines: Electric shock and threshold currents. Capacitance of long object. Effect of high electrostatic fields on Humans, Animals and Plants. Electrostatic induction in unenergized circuit of a double circuit line. Induced voltage in insulated ground wires. Magnetic field effects.

Unit 5                                                                                                                                     (8)

Analysis of HVDC converters: Three phase and six phase converter circuits, voltage and current waveforms and ratios, apparent power factor and utilization factor, delay angle, transformer rating, pulse number, commutation group, Graetz circuit, overlap, advance angle and extinction angle, analysis of two and three valve conduction mode, equivalent commutation resistance, reactive power requirements of HVDC converters.

Unit 6                                                                                                                                     (8)

Control of HVDC converters: Principle of dc link control, Converter control characteristics, Reactive power requirement of HVDC converters Influence of AC systems strength on AC/DC system interaction. Short circuit ratio, reactive power and AC system strength Problem with low effective short circuit ratio, Solution to problem with weak systems, Effective inertia constant, forced commutation.

Text Books:

  1. Kimbark, “HVDC Transmission” John Willy & Sons Publication
  2. Rakoshdas Begamudre, “Extra High Voltage AC Transmission Engineering” New Age International P. Ltd. Publishers
    1. S. Rao, “EHV AC and DC Transmission” Khanna Publication

 

Reference Books:

  1. Arrillaga, “HVDC Transmission” 2nd Edition, IEE London Publication
  2. Narain. G. Hingorani, Gyugyi, “Understanding of FACTS Concept and Technology”, John Wiley & Sons Publication
  3. P. Kundur, “HVDC Transmission” Mc Graw Hill Publication
  4. Padiyar, “HVDC Transmission” 1st Edition, New Age International Publication

 

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Unit I                                                                                                                                      (8)

Introduction to Smart Grid: Evolution of Electric Grid, Concept of Smart Grid, Definitions, Need of Smart Grid, Functions of Smart Grid, Opportunities & Barriers of Smart Grid, Difference between conventional & smart grid, Concept of Resilient & Self Healing Grid, Present development & International policies in Smart Grid. Case study of Smart Grid. CDM opportunities in Smart Grid.

Unit II                                                                                                                                     (8)

Smart Grid Technologies: Part 1: Introduction to Smart Meters, Real Time Prizing, Smart Appliances, Automatic Meter Reading(AMR), Outage Management System(OMS), Plug in Hybrid Electric Vehicles(PHEV), Vehicle to Grid, Smart Sensors, Home & Building Automation, Phase Shifting Transformers.

Unit III                                                                                                                                   (8)

Smart Grid Technologies: Part 2: Smart Substations, Substation Automation, Feeder Automation. Geographic Information System(GIS), Intelligent Electronic Devices(IED) & their application for monitoring & protection, Smart storage like Battery, SMES, Pumped Hydro, Compressed Air Energy Storage, Wide Area Measurement System(WAMS), Phase Measurement Unit(PMU).

Unit IV                                                  (8)

Microgrids and Distributed Energy Resources: Concept of microgrid, need & applications of microgrid, formation of microgrid, Issues of interconnection, protection & control of microgrid. Plastic & Organic solar cells, Thin film solar cells, Variable speed wind generators, fuelcells, microturbines, Captive power plants, Integration of renewable energy sources.

Unit V                                                                                                                                     (8)

Power Quality Management in Smart Grid: Power Quality & EMC in Smart Grid, Power Quality issues of Grid connected Renewable Energy Sources, Power Quality Conditioners for Smart Grid, Web based Power Quality monitoring, Power Quality Audit.

Unit VI                                                                                                                                   (8)

Information and Communication Technology for Smart Grid: Advanced Metering Infrastructure (AMI), Home Area Network (HAN), Neighborhood Area Network (NAN), Wide Area Network (WAN). Bluetooth, ZigBee, GPS, Wi-Fi, Wi-Max based communication, Wireless Mesh Network, Basics of CLOUD Computing & Cyber Security for Smart Grid. Broadband over Power line (BPL). IP based protocols.

Text Books:

  1. Ali Keyhani, Mohammad N. Marwali, Min Dai “Integration of Green and Renewable Energy in Electric Power Systems”, Wiley
  2. Clark W. Gellings, “The Smart Grid: Enabling Energy Efficiency and Demand Response”, CRC Press
  3. Janaka Ekanayake, Nick Jenkins, Kithsiri Liyanage, Jianzhong Wu, Akihiko Yokoyama, “Smart Grid: Technology and Applications”, Wiley
    1. Jean Claude Sabonnadiere, Nouredine Hadjsaid, “Smart Grids”, Wiley Blackwell
      1. Peter S. Fox Penner, “Smart Power: Climate Changes, the Smart Grid, and the Future of Electric Utilities”, Island Press; 1 edition 8 Jun 2010
      2. S. Chowdhury, S. P. Chowdhury, P. Crossley, “Microgrids and Active Distribution Networks.” Institution of Engineering and Technology, 30 Jun 2009
      3. Stuart Borlase, “Smart Grids (Power Engineering)”, CRC Press

 

Reference Books:

  1. Andres Carvallo, John Cooper, “The Advanced Smart Grid: Edge Power Driving Sustainability: 1”, Artech House Publishers July 2011
  2. James Northcote, Green, Robert G. Wilson “Control and Automation of Electric Power Distribution Systems (Power Engineering)”, CRC Press
  3. Mladen Kezunovic, Mark G. Adamiak, Alexander P. Apostolov, Jeffrey George Gilbert “Substation Automation (Power Electronics and Power Systems)”, Springer
  4. R. C. Dugan, Mark F. McGranghan, Surya Santoso, H. Wayne Beaty, “Electrical Power System Quality”, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill Publication
  5. Yang Xiao, “Communication and Networking in Smart Grids”, CRC Press

403145: Control Systems – II

Teaching Scheme                          Examination Scheme

Lectures: 4 Hrs./Week                    Theory: 100 Marks

Practical: 2 Hrs./Week                   Oral: 50 Marks

Term Work: 50 Marks

Unit I                                                                                                                                      (7)

Compensation Technique: Approaches and preliminary consideration. Design of Linear Control System, Common compensating network, Transfer function of Lag, Lead and Simple lag-lead network. Design using Bode diagram. Physical realization of compensators using active and passive elements.

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