NIT V Sem Chemical Engineering Syllabus
Syllabus of V Semester
CH- 301 Mass Transfer-I [3 1 0 4]
Mass Transfer Operations: Classification of mass transfer operation, choice of separation
Diffusion in Mass Transfer: Steady state molecular diffusion in fluids at rest and in laminar flow,
molecular diffusion in gases, molecular diffusion in liquids, diffusivity in liquids and gases,
momentum and heat transfer in laminar flow.
Mass Transfer Coefficient:Local and overall mass transfer coefficient, heat and mass transfer
analogy, eddy diffusivities, film theory, penetration theory, surface renewal theories, combination
film theory and surface stretch theory.
Interphase Mass Transfer: Equilibrium, local two phase mass transfer coefficients, Local overall
Mass Transfer coefficients, material balance for co current & counter current processes, cascades
and concept of Ideal stage and stage efficiencies, continuous contact equipments.
Gas Absorption: Choice of solvent, Estimation of number of ideal stages – Graphical and
Analytical methods, Minimum solvent flow rate, Significance of absorption factor, number of
transfer units and height of a transfer unit (NTU & HTU) concepts, packed column for absorption,
rate of absorption, height of column based on condition in gas film and liquid film, height based on
overall coefficients, equipment for gas absorption
Drying: Equilibrium in drying, batch drying and rate of batch drying, time of drying, Through
circulations drying & continuous drying, batch & continuous drying equipments.
1. Geankopolis C J, “Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles”, Prentice Hall of
India, 4th Edition, Eastern Economy Edition (2004)
2. Treybal R E , “Mass Transfer Operations” 3rd ed. , McGraw Hill (1980)
3. McCabe W L and Smith J C “Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering”, McGraw Hill
4. Coulson J M and Richardson J F “Chemical Engineering , Vol. 2, 5”, McGraw Hill (1999 )
5. Walter L, Badger & Julius T.Banchero “Introduction to Chemical Engineering”, McGraw
CH- 303 Chemical Reaction Engineering – I [3 1 0 4]
Introduction: Kinetics of homogeneous chemical and biochemical reactions, single and multiple
reactions, order & molecularity, rate constant, elementary and non elementary reactions,
temperature dependent term of rate equation,
Interpretation of Batch Reactor: Constant volume batch reactor, integral method of analysis of
data, series and parallel reactions, reversible reactions, Variable volume batch reactor, Differential
methods of analysis, Temperature and reactions rate.
Introduction to Reactor Design: Ideal batch reactor, mixed flow reactor, plug flow reactor,
holding and space time, design for single reactions, size comparison (analytical and graphical
method, plug flow reactors in series & parallel, mixed reactor in series , recycle reactors.
Design for Multiple Reactions: Reactions in parallel and series in C.S.T.R, reactions in parallel
and series in Plug flow reactor, yield & selectivity.
Temperature and Pressure Effect: General design procedure, optimum temperature
progression, adiabatic operation, non adiabatic operation, semi batch reactors.
Non Catalytic Fluid Solid Reactions: Selection of model, unreacted core model for spherical
particles, diffusion through gas film control, diffusion through ash layer control, chemical reaction
1. Levenspiel O, “Chemical Reaction Engineering”, 3rd Ed, John Wiley & Sons, Singapore
2. Fogler H Scott, “Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering”, 3rd ed, Prentice Hall Inc.
3. Smith J M, “Chemical Engineering Kinetics”, McGraw Hill, 3rd ed. (1981).
4. Hill, C G, “Chemical Engineering Kinetics and Reactor Design”, John Wiley (1977).
5. Coulson J M and Richardson J F, “Chemical Engineering Volume 3”, Pergamon Press
CH- 305 Petroleum Refining Engineering [3 1 0 4]
Introduction to petroleum industry. World petroleum resources, petroleum industries in India.
Scope and Purpose of Refining: Global and Indian refining scenario, Petroleum refining industry in
India practice and prospects, An overview of the entire spectrum of the refinery products, refinery
configuration development, Physio chemical characteristics of Petroleum and Petroleum products
Refinery Distillation Processes: Desalting and Stabilization of crude, Process description of
typical simple distillation, Fractional distillation, crude oil distillation, vacuum distillation etc,
Degree of separation (5-95 gap) and degree of difficulty of separation (? t 50), Packie charts,
ASTM, TBP and EFV Distillation.
Fuel Refining: Cracking, coking, reforming, alkylation, isomerisation, polymerization, sweetening,
Lube Refining: Solvent extraction, dewaxing, propane deasphalting.
Wax Refining: Deoiling of crude wax, crystallization, catalytic, sweating microcrystalline and
petroleum wax applications.
Hydro processing: Hydro cracking, hydro treating, hydro finishing.
Refinery Feedstock: Nature and effect of different types of refinery feedstock and their impurities
on refinery configuration and operation.
Refinery Gas Processing: Process description of typical light ends unit, acid gas removal using gas
Two Phase oil and gas separation equipment : Types, their description , vessel sizing . Theory
of separation and separator design.
Three phase Oil gas and water separators : Types of separators, their description. Various
control and vessel internals, theory and sizing of three phase separator . LACT units.
Safety and pollution considerations in refineries. Treatment methods, Sweetening,
hydrodesulphurization, smoke point improvement.
1. Nelson W L, “Petroleum Refinery Engineering”, Mc Graw Hill Book Co. 1985)
2. Watkins R N, “Petroleum Refinery Distillation”, Gulf Publishing Co.
3. Gary J H and Handework G E, “Petroleum Refining Technology and Economics”, Marcel
Dekker, Inc. (2001).
4. Jones D S J, “Elements of Petroleum processing”, John Wiley & Sons (1995)
5. Waquier J P, “Petroleum Refining” Vol. I & II Editions, Technip (1995)
6. Guthre, V.B., “Petroleum Products”, Hand-Book McGraw Hill.
CH-307 Industrial Instrumentation [3 0 0 3]
General principles of measurement.
Static and dynamic characteristics of instruments.
Temperature Measurement: Thermocouples, resistance thermometers, thermistors, optical and
Pressure Measurement: Use of manometers, Bourdon gauge, bellows type gauge, measurement of
vacuum and pressure transducers.
Flow Measurement: use of obstruction type meters. Variable area meters. Pressure probes, positive
displacement type meters.
Liquid level Measurement: Direct and differential method, measurement in open and pressure
vessels, measurement of liquid.
Measurement of Viscosity, Conductivity, Humidity and pH.
Measurement of nuclear radiation. Instrument for gas analysis, gas chromatography, mass
Industrial weighing and feeding systems.
Process instrumentation, recording instruments, indicating and signalling instruments, transmission
of instrument reading, control centre, instrumentation diagram, instrumentation in modern plant.
1. Eckman D P, “Industrial Instrumentation”, Wiley Eastern Ltd (1975).
2. Kerk F W, Rimboi W, and Tarapore R, “Instrumentation”, Wiley and Sons (1983).
3. Considine D N, “Process Instruments and Controls Handbook”, McGraw Hill (2001).
4. Andrew W G,” Applied instrumentation in the Process Industries Vols I,II,III” Gulf
Publishing Company (1987).
5. Instrument Society of America Instrumentation in the chemical and petrochemical
Industries Vol 8 (1984).
CH-311 Heat Transfer Laboratory [0 0 2 1]
1. Determination of emmissivity of the given test plate
2. Determination of thermal conductivity of the given liquid
3. Determination of thermal conductivity of insulating powder
4. Determination of heat transfer coefficient by forced convection
5. Determination of heat transfer coefficient for pin fin by natural convection
6. Determination of heat transfer coefficient for pin fin by forced convection
7. Determination of overall heat transfer for parallel flow in double pipe heat exchange
8. Determination of overall heat transfer coefficient for counter flow in double pipe heat
9. To conduct test on heat pipe and comparison of the temperature distribution
10. Determination of heat transfer coefficient in shell & tube heat exchanger
11. Determination of overall heat transfer coefficient in an open pan evaporator
12. Determination of heat transfer coefficient by dropwise and filmwise condensation
CH-313 Energy Technology Laboratory [0 0 2 1]
1. To determine the flash point of a given sample
2. To determine the Smoke Point of a given sample
3. To study the Distillation of Petroleum Products
4. To determine the calorific value of a fuel using Peroxide Bomb Calorimeter
5. To estimate the moisture content in the given coal sample
6. To determine the Cloud Point and Pour Point of a given sample
7. To study the burning properties of the given sample
8. To determine the Melting Point of Petroleum wax
CH-315 Process Plant Design-1 [0 0 2 1]
Introduction: Introduction to principles involved in the design and construction of plant.
Design preliminaries: Design codes, pressure, temperature, factor of safety, corrosion allowance,
weld joint efficiency factor, design loadings, Poisson’s ratio, dilation of pressure vessels, criteria of
failure, material of construction.
Storage tanks: Introduction to Indian standards for storage tanks and their use to design cylindrical
and spherical vessels under internal pressure, fixed roof and open roof tanks.
Mechanical design: Mechanical design of tall vessels for distillation and absorption columns.
Design of supports: Design of supports for vertical and horizontal vessels.
1. Bhattacharya B C, “Chemical Equipment Design”, CBS Publisher (1985).
2. Sinnott R K, Coulson & Richardson, “Chemical Engineering (Vol.6)”, 2nd Ed,
Butterworth Heinemann, Oxford (1998).
3. Ludwig E E, “Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants (Vol. 1, 2
and 3)”, 3rd Ed., Gulf Publishing Company, Houston (1995).
4. Perry’s, “Handbook of Chemical Engineering”, 7th Ed, McGraw Hill (1997).
5. Ulrich, G D, “A Guide to Chemical Engineering Process Design and Economics”, John