# NIT Jalandhar VII Sem Biotechnology Syllabus

## Syllabus of VII Semester

CH-401 Transport Phenomena [3 0 0 3]

Summary of vector and tensor Notation: Vector operations from a geometrical view point.

Vector operation from an analytical view point, the vector differential operations, second order

tensors, vector and tensor components in curvilinear coordinates, differential operations in

curvilinear coordinates.

Momentum Transport: Viscosity and the mechanism of momentum transport, Newton’s law of

viscosity, non- Newtonian fluids, pressure and temperature dependence of viscosity, theory of

viscosity of gases at low density, theory of viscosity of liquids.

Velocity Distributions in Laminar Flow: Shell momentum balances: boundary conditions, flow of

a falling film, flow through a circular tube, flow through an annulus, adjacent flow of two

immiscible fluids.

The Equations of Change for Isothermal Systems: To equation of continuity, the equation of

motion, the equation of mechanical energy.

Thermal Conductivity and the Mechanism of Energy Transport: Fourier’s Law of heat

conduction, temperature and pressure dependence of thermal conductivity in gases and liquids,

theory of thermal conductivity of gases at low density, theory of thermal conductivity of liquids,

thermal conductivity of solids.

Temperature Distributions in solids and in Laminar Flow: Shell energy balances; boundary

conditions, heat conduction with an electrical heat source, heat conduction with a chemical heat

source, heat conduction through composite walls: Addition of Resistance, Forced Convection, Free

Convection.

The Equations of change for Nonisothermal systems: The equations of energy, the energy

equation in curvilinear coordinates, the equations of motion for forced and free convection in

nonisothermal flow, summary of the equations of change, use of equation of change to set up

steady – state heat transfer problems.

Diffusivity and the Mechanism of Mass Transport: Definition of concentrations, velocities and

mass fluxes, fick’s law of diffusion, theory of ordinary diffusion in gases at low density, theory of

ordinary diffusion in liquids.

Concentration Distributions in Solid and in Laminar Flow: Shell mass balances: boundary

conditions, diffusion through a stagnant gas film, diffusion with heterogeneous chemical reaction,

diffusion with homogeneous chemical reaction, diffusion into a falling liquid film l forced –

convection mass transfer,

Analogies between Heat, mass and momentum and transfers

Books Recommended

1. Bird R B, Stewart W E and Light fort R N, “Transport Phenomena”, John Wiley and Sons

(2002).

2. Welty J R , Wilson R E and Wicks C E , “Fundamentals of Momentum , Heat and Mass

Transfer”,4th ed,John Wiley and Sons (2001 ).

3. John C Slattery, “Momentum, Energy and Mass transfer in continua”, McGraw Hill, Co.

(1972).

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4. Bennet C U and Myers J E, “ Momentum, Heat and Mass Transfer” Tata McGraw Hill

Publishing Co. (1975)

5. Robert S Brodkey and Harry C Hersing, “Transport Phenomena a Unified approach”

McGraw Hill Book Co. (1988).

CH-403 Environmental Pollution Control Engineering [3 0 0 3]

Types of Pollution

Air Pollution, Water Pollution, Noise Pollution, Soil Pollution, Marine Pollution, Land and

Agriculture Pollution, Thermal Pollution, Biomedical and Radioactive Pollution

Legislation for Biodiversity Protection

Environmental Laws, Acts, Rules and Regulations, National Conservation Strategy and Policy

Statement on Environment and Development, Policy Statement for Abatement of Pollution

Current Environmental Issues

Global Warming and Greenhouse Effect, Global Ozone Problem, Acid Rain, Global Carbon

Dioxide Rise and Impact, Vehicular Pollution, Environmental Toxicology, Environmental

Degradation, Energy Management, Remote Sensing, Natural Disaster, Environmental

Biotechnology

Air Pollution Control Engineering

Introduction, Definition, Sources, Characteristics and Perspective of Air Pollutants, Effects of Air

Pollution on Biodiversity, Economic Effects of Air Pollution, Air Quality and Emission Standards,

Engineering Systems of Control of Air Pollution by Equipment and by Process Changes

Water Pollution Control Engineering

Introduction, Definition, Sources, Characteristics and Perspective of Water and Wastewater

Pollutants, Effects of Water Pollution on Biodiversity, Economic Effects of Water Pollution, Water

Quality and Emission Standards, Physical, Chemical and Biological Parameters, Engineering

Systems of Control of Water and Wastewater Pollution by Primary, Secondary and Advance

Treatment

Solid Waste Management

Introduction, Definition, Sources, Characteristics and Perspective of Solid Waste, Generation,

Separation, Handling, Storage and Transportation of Solid Waste, Chemical and Biological

Treatment of Solid Waste

Books Recommended

1. Rao M. N. and Rao H. V. N., “Air Pollution”, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company Ltd.,

(2005).

2. Peavy H. S., Rowe D. R. and Tchobanoglous G., “Environmental Engineering”, McGraw Hill

Book Company, International Edition (1985).

3. Metcalf and Eddy, Inc., “Wastewater Engineering-Treatment and Reuse”, Tata McGraw Hill

Publishing Company Ltd., Fourth Edition (2004).

4. Rittmann B. E. and McCarty P. L., “Environmental Biotechnology: Principles and

Application”, McGraw Hill International Editions, First Edition (2001).

5. Garg S. K., Garg R. and Garg R., “Ecological and Environmental Studies”, Khanna Publishers,

First Edition (2006).

CH-405 Safety in Chemical Plants [3 0 0 3]

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Introduction: Concept of Loss prevention, acceptable risks, accident and loss statistics, nature of

accident process, inherent safety.

Toxicology: Dose vs response, toxicants entry route, models for dose and response curves, TLV and

PEL

Industrial Hygiene: Identification, Material safety data sheets, Industrial hygiene evaluation, and

control

Basics of Fires and Explosion: Fire triangle, definitions, flammability characteristics of liquid and

vapors, LOC and inerting, types of explosions

Designs for fire prevention:

Hazard identification: Hazard survey, checklist, HAZOP, safety reviews, what if analysis

Risk Assessment: probability theory, event tree, fault tree, QRA and LOPA, Dow’s fire and

explosion index, Mond index, Dow’s Chemical release model

Accident Investigations:

Case Histories

Bhopal gas tragedy, flixborough disaster, Pasadena accident, IOCL disaster

Recommended Books

1. Crowl D A, Louvar J F, “ Chemical Process Safety Fundamentals with applications”,

2nd Prentice Hall, NJ (2002).

2. Coulson J M and Richardson J F , “Chemical Engineering”,2nd , Vol 6, Pergamon,

press (1999).

3. Dow Chemical Company, Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide, 1993, New York

4. Lees F P , Loss prevention in process Industries, 2nd ed, Butterworth, London, (1996)

5. Wells G L, Safety in process Plant Design, George godwin ltd., New York, (1980)

CH-411 Computational Techniques in Chemical Engineering Laboratory [0 0 2 1]

1. Estimation of Molar Volume and Compressibility Factor from Van Der Waals

2. Estimation of Molar Volume and Compressibility Factor from Redlich-Kwong

3. Fitting Polynomials and Correlation Equations to Vapor Pressure Data.

4. Fitting Parameters in the Monod Equation for a Batch Culture

5. Estimation of Vapor Pressure Correlation by Clapeyron and Antoine Equations

6. Gas Volume Calculations Using Various Equations of State

7. Estimation of specific volume of a non-ideal gas following Van der Waals equation

by solving non-linear equation using Newton Raphson Method.

8. Bubble Point Calculation for an Ideal Binary Mixture

9. Dew Point Calculation for an Ideal Binary Mixture

10. Estimation of Adiabatic Flame Temperature in Combustion

11. Estimation of Antoine Equation Parameters Using Nonlinear Regression

12. Calculations involving Flash Evaporation of an Ideal Multicomponent Mixture

13. Solution of simultaneous material balance equations using Gauss Jordan elimination

method

14. To study the transient behaviour of Continuous stirred tank reactor.

15. Numerical integration over batch reactor to find time using Simpson’s rule/

trapezoidal rule

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CH-413 Process Plant Design-II [0 0 2 1]

Heat exchangers: Classification of shell and tube heat exchanger, material of construction,

cleaning of heat exchangers, heat transfer fluid, agitated vessels, description of shell, tubes, bonnet

and channel, pass partition plate, nozzle, baffles, tie rods, baffle spacers, flanges, gaskets and

expansion joints. Design of heat exchangers: Energy balance, heat duty consideration and process

design of double pipe and shell and tube heat exchangers. Mass Transfer Equipments: Types of

mass transfer equipments, packed and tray type towers.

Tray Hydraulics: Bubble cap columns, perforated plate columns and packed towers

Process Design: Process design of tray and packed towers.

Books Recommended

1. Kern D Q, “Process Heat Transfer”, McGraw Hill (2001)

2. Perry’s, “Handbook of Chemical Engineering” McGraw Hill, 7th Ed (1997).

3. Coulson J M and Richardson R E, “Chemical Engineering” Vol 2 and 6, Pergamon Press

(1998).

4. Van Winkle M, “Distillation”, Ist Ed. , McGraw Hill Company, New York (1967).

5. Ludwig E E, “Applied Process Design for Chemical and Petrochemical Plants (Vol. 1,2

and 3)”, 3rd Ed., Gulf Publishing Company, Houston (1995)

CH-415 Industrial Practical Training [0 0 0 4]

Each student is required to undergo compulsory 6-8 months practical training in reputed industry/

CSIR Laboratory or any institute of National Importance including National Institute of

Technology, Jalandhar etc as approved by the Department.

CH-400 Project (Phase –I) [0 0 4 2]

Every student will be required to submit a project report in a typed form, on a topic selected by

the student, but specifically approved by the faculty member, who will guide the student or on a

topic to be assigned by one or more faculty members.

The project work on the topic will consist of either some investigational work, computer

simulation or design problem or experimental set up of some development work of or prototype

equipment. Every student will be orally examined in the topic incorporated in the project and in the project and in the related area of specialization.

The student will be required to submit three copies of his/her project report to the department office for record. One copies each for the department library, participating faculty and students own copy.