NIT VIII Sem CIVIL Engineering Syllabus

NIT-Raipur

VIII SEM Civil Engineering Syllabus

Eighth Semester

Structural Engineering Design – IV

 

Code: CE- 811

Total Theory Periods per Week:

4 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

Unit 1

Design of Combined Footings, Rectangular, Trapezoidal and Strap beam type & raff foundation.

Unit 2

Design of Retaining Walls, Cantilever and Counterfort

Unit 3

Design of Tanks, Rectangular and Circular, resting on ground and overhead type with flexible and fixed base, Intze Type

Unit 4

Bridges, Design of super structure for slab bridge and T-Beam bridge for Highways

Unit 5

Prestressed Concrete, Introduction to Prestressed Concrete, Pre-tensioning and Post-tensioning, Different Systems, Losses in Prestress, Permissible stress in Concrete and Steel, Design of Simply supported beam with symmetrical sections, use of IS code

Name of Text Books:

RCC Structures – B.C. Punmia (Laxmi Publications)

Prestressed Concrete – N. Krishna Raju (New Age Publications)

RCC Design – Sinha & Roy (S. Chand & Co.)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

RCC Structures – N. Krishna Raju (New Age Publications)

RCC Structures (Vol. – I & II) – O.P. Jain (Nem Chand Publications)

Bridge Engineering – R.K. Raina

IS code

4

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Water Resources Engineering – II

 

Code: CE- 812

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

DURATION OF END SEMESTER EXAM: 4 HOURS

 

Unit1

 

Types of Dams, Suitability of a type of dam, Gravity dams – Forces acting on dams, failure of

dams and criteria for structural stability, Overturning, Compression or crushing, tension, sliding,

principal and shear stress, stability analysis, Elementary profile of a gravity dam, High and low gravity

dams, Profile from practical considerations, Design considerations, Openings in dams, Functions and

Effects of opening, Joints, Keys and Water stops in gravity dams, Foundation treatment.

 

Earth Dams

 

Types of Earth fill dams, design criteria, Causes of failures, Control of Seepage, Stability of slopes.

 

Unit 2

 

Spillways and Energy Dissipaters

 

Introduction, essential requirements of a spillway, spillway capacity, components, Types of spillways,

Design of Ogee Spillway, Energy Dissipation below spillways, Types of Energy dissipater, Hydraulic

jump as energy dissipater, Stilling basins, design of stilling basin, USBR stilling basins, standard

basins.

 

Unit 3

 

Diversion Headworks

 

Introduction, Types of diversion works, location and components, Weir and Barrage, Effect of

construction of weir on the river regime, Causes of failures of Weirs on permeable foundations, their

remedies, Bligh’s creep theory, Lane’s Theory, Theory of seepage flow, Khosla’s theory, Design of

Vertical drop Weir, Design of Glacis Weir, Canal head regulator.

 

Unit 4

 

Regulation Works

 

Introduction, Definition of falls, necessity and location of falls, Design and comparative study of the

main types of falls, Cross regulator and distributary regulators, their designs.

 

Hydraulic Gates

 

Control equipments for out-lets, spillway gates, types, design criteria for radial gates, air vents.

5

 

Unit 5

 

Cross Drainage Works

 

Introduction, types, suitability, design of various types of C-D Works, Aqueduct, Syphon

Aqueduct, Super Passage, Syphon, level crossing, inlets and outlets.

 

Channel Transition

 

Design of channel transition-expansions and contractions, curves for sub-critical and super critical

flows.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structures – S.K. Garg (Khanna Publications)

Irrigation Engineering – B.C. Punmia (Laxmi Publications)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Irrigation, Water Resources and Water Power Engineering – Dr. P.N. Modi (Standard Book House)

Theory and Design of Irrigation Structures (Volume – I & II) – Varshney (Nem Chand Bros.)

Irrigation Engineering – Asawa G.L. (New Age International Publications)

Fundamentals of Irrigation Engineering – Bharat Singh (Nem Chand & Bros.)

6

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Numerical Methods in Civil Engineering (FEM)

 

Code: CE- 813

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1:

 

Introduction to calculus of variation body strain displacement relation for 3D body, plain stress, plain

strain cases, potential energy & equilibrium, Degree of freedom, discretization, Convergence

requirement, patch test, Hermitian polynomial, stiffness matrix through energy method, lumped &

work equivalent load.

 

UNIT 2:

 

Theory of Linear elasticity: Potential energy principle, Galerkin’s method, principle of virtual work.

Euler Lagrange equation, Rylieigfh-Ritz method, method of weighted residuals, boundary conditions,

Isoperimetric problem.

 

UNIT 3:

 

Finite element method for one dimensional problem, element and node numbering, shape function,

local & Global coordinate system, potential energy approach, quadratic, temp effect, assembly of FE

matrix for simple truss and its solution.

Two dimensional problem using constant strain triangle (CST), Isoperimetric element, four nodded

quadrilateral element , eight nodded quadrilateral element

 

UNIT 4:

 

Beams & Frames: Structural mechanics, finite element formulation, load vector, load, reaction

calculation, SF & BM, beam on elastic support, plane frame, 3D frames assembly, Introduction to

theory of thin plates, Ressoners Mindlin theory for plate elements.

 

UNIT 5

 

:

Assembly of structure using finite element method using C++/Matlab language. FEM Software &

applications.

 

Reference Books:

 

1 Energy & Finite Elements Method in Structural Mechanics- Irving H Shames & Clove LNew

Age International Publication.

2 Finite Element Primwer- V K Manicka Selvam- Dhanpat Rai & Sons.

3 Introduction to Finite Element in Engineering- Tirupathi R. Chandrupatla & A D Belegundu

4 FEM Procedure- K J Bathe- Prantice Hall of India, New Delhi

5 Finite Element Concepts – Cook

6 FEM- Bhavikatti

7

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Industrial Waste Treatment

 

Code: CE- 8141

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1

 

General

 

Effect of discharge of industrial wastewaters on streams, land and environment, Importance and

scope, Problems involved in treatment, Variation in quality and quantity of industrial wastewaters.

 

Standards & Criteria

 

Indian standards for discharge of treated wastewaters onland, into municipal sewer and natural water

courses.

 

Sampling of Wastewaters

 

Representative sample, Grab and composite samples.

 

Unit 2

 

Effluent Quality and Quantity

 

Approaches to minimization – good house keeping, equalization and neutralization by mixing of

different effluent streams; recycling of wastewater streams. Process modifications in terms of raw

materials and chemicals used, Treatment of industrial wastes, Removal of dissolved and suspended

solids, Organic waste treatment processes, Sludge treatment and handling.

 

Unit 3

 

General Approaches to Planning of Industrial Wastewater Treatment and Disposal

 

Equalization and proportioning, Neutralization

Treating different effluent streams separately

Treating different streams jointly after mixing them partly or fully

Including / excluding domestic wastewater along with the industrial waste

Treating industrial wastewaters along with town waste.

 

Unit 4

 

General Approaches for Handling and Treatment of Specific Characteristics of Industrial

 

Wastewaters

 

Stream Water Quality, DO Sag Curve, etc. Approaches for treating wastes having shock loads,

colours, toxic metal-ions, refractory substances, e.g., ABS and other detergents, growth inhibiting

substances such as insecticides, high concentration of nutrients (N.P.K., etc.), oil and grease,

suspended solids, BOD., hot wastes, wastes with acidity, alkalinity, etc.

 

Unit 5

 

Process Flow Diagrams, Characteristics and Treatment of Various Industrial Wastes

 

Industrial wastes of pulp and paper, textile, tannery, food, canning, sugar mill, distillery, dairy,

pharmaceutical, electroplating, etc.

8

Industrial pollution abatement measures, referring to case studies in fertilizer industries, textile,

petroleum refineries and distilleries.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Introduction to Environmental Science – Y. Anjaneyulu (B.S. Publications)

Elements of Environmental Engineering – K.N. Duggal (S. Chand & Co., New Delhi)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

The Treatment of Industrial Wastes – Besselieure, E.B. and Schwartz, M. (McGraw Hill Kogakusha

Ltd., New Delhi, 1969)

Industrial Water Pollution – Nemerow, N.L. (Ann Arbour, New York, 1978)

Waste Water Engineering – MetCalaff Eddy (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi)

Environmental Engineering – G.N. Pandey & G.C. Karney (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi)

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

9

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Advanced Environmental Engineering

 

Code: CE- 8141

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Concept of ecological principles, fundamental constituents of environment, Concept of productivity,

Pollution and environmental health, pollution cost, Monitoring of pollution, environmental pollution,

strategy for a livable environment, international institutions for environmental management.

 

Unit 2

 

Air Pollution, introduction, effect of air pollution on the environment, sources of air pollution and

control, biomedical aspects of air pollution, Meteorological aspects of air pollution, lapse rate,

temperature inversion, adverse effects of air pollution.

Sources and effects of air pollutants like CO, nitrogen oxides, sulphur oxides, hydrocarbons,

particulate matters.

 

Unit 3

 

Water Pollution, What is water pollution, drinking water standards, quality of water for other uses,

stream pollution and self purification natural streams, Streeter-Phelps Water Quality Model.

Biological treatment, design of A.S.P., trickling filter, oxidation pond, sludge treatment and disposal,

disposal system and effluent discharge standards.

 

Unit 4

 

Air pollution monitoring, stack monitoring system, high volume sampler, air quality standards for

ambient air, mathematical modeling in air of pollution control, Box model, Gaussian Plume Model, air

pollution from mobile sources and their control.

 

Unit 5

 

Reclamation of waste water, radio active waste management, eutrophication of lakes, measurement

and detection of eutrophication, acid rain, global warning and green house effect, ozone depletion.

Indoor air pollution control measures, Occupational diseases and their impact on environment.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Waster Water Engineering – S.K. Garg (Khanna Publication).

Waste Water Engineering – B.C. Punmia (Laxmi Publication, New Delhi)

10

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

(1) Environmental Engineering – Peavy & Rowe (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi).

(2) Water Supply and Sanitary Engineering – G.S. Birdi (Dhanpat Rai Publications).

(3) Introduction to Environmental Science – Y. Anjaneyulu (B.S. Publications).

(4) Environmental Science and Engineering – Henry and Heinke (Pearson Education).

(5) Waste Water Engineering – Metcalf Eddy (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi).

11

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Environmental Pollution and Management

 

Code: CE- 8141

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Basic principles of environmental management, its Pollution and control, Environmental Policies and

Legislation, Rules, acts, standards, criteria, specification, nature and scope of environmental

problems.

 

Unit 2

 

Ecology of population, population attributes, world population growth and the effect of over crowding

on ecology, economy and the future of man.

 

Unit 3

 

Environmental Research Methodology, approaches, method of Data collection, sampling systems,

approach to environmental problems, health and environmental implications of solid waste

management, Fate of pollutants in air, water, soil and ground water.

 

Unit 4

 

Management and handling of hazardous substances, Sanitary land fills, incineration, composting,

hydropulping, pyrolysis.

Environmental Audit, The Indian Scenario, definition of audit, procedure of auditing.

 

Unit 5

 

Introduction to sustainable development, Definitions, strategies for sustainable development,

environmental debts, appropriate technologies, related case studies.

Environmental inventory, Environmental Impact Assessment methods, Basic steps for prediction and

assessment, water environment, air environment, noise environment.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Environmental Engineering – Peavy & Rowe (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi).

Introduction to Environmental Science – Y. Anjaneyulu (B.S. Publications)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science – Masters, G.M. (Prentice Hall of India Pvt.

Ltd., 1991)

Waste Water Engineering – Metcalf Eddy (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi).

Introduction to Environmental Science – Y. Anjaneyulu (B.S. Publications).

Environmental Science and Engineering – Henry and Heinke (Pearson Education).

Waste Water Engineering – Metcalf Eddy (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi).

12

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Air Pollution and Control Measures

 

Code: CE- 8141

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1

 

Air Pollution

 

Problem, Definitions, Classification of pollutants, characteristics and sources.

 

A.P. Monitoring

 

Measurement of stack gases, Sampling methods, Difficulties in sampling, sampling of SPM, stack

sampling techniques.

 

Unit 2

 

Air pollution meterology, stability class condition, plume behaviour, topographical effects on air

pollution, wind profiles, wind roses.

Gaussian plume models, assumptions and limitations of GPM, problem on modelling.

 

Unit 3

 

SO

X sources, ambient concentrations, test methods, SOX control techniques, effects of SOX on

human, animal health, plants and on materials.

NO

X sources, ambient concentrations, test method control techniques, effects of NOX on human

health, animal health, plants and on materials.

Particulate size distribution, collection and removal mechanics.

 

Unit 4

 

Major air pollution disaster episodes, special diseases caused by air pollution, symptoms of chronic air

pollution.

Mechanisms of deterioration in polluted atmospheres, effect of air pollution on art treasures in India.

 

Unit 5

 

Air quality criteria and emission standards, US and Indian standards, air pollution act, constitution,

power and functions of the boards.

Global effects of air pollution – Green house effect, acid rains, ozone layer depletion, etc.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Environmental Engineering – Peavy & Rowe (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi).

Environmental Science and Engineering – Henry and Heinke (Pearson Education).

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Air Pollution – Henry C. Perkins, (McGraw Hill Kogakusha Ltd., Tokyo, Japan, 1974)

Air Pollution – Stern, Arthur C. (Academic Press, New York, USA, 1977)

Introduction to Environmental Science – Y. Anjaneyulu (B.S. Publications).

Waste Water Engineering – Metcalf Eddy (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi).

13

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Prestressed Concrete Structures

 

Code: CE- 8142

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Methods, Systems and Materials

 

Basic principles, methods and systems of prestressing, external, internal, full, partial, pre-tensioning

and post-tensioning, quality of concrete and steel, I.S. Code provisions for allowable stresses,

Advantages of prestressing and importance of high strength materials.

 

Unit 2

 

Analysis of Structures for Flexure

 

Cases of axial and eccentric prestressing allowing suitable percentage loss of prestress. Stresses in

concrete at various stages, lever arm concept and center of pressure, pressure line, kern distances,

load balancing cable profiles, critical span (for solid slabs only), Efficiency of a section.

 

Unit 3

 

Losses of Prestressing

 

Various types of losses of prestress and their calculation, loss due to friction, I.S. Code provisions,

Elastic shortening due to successive tensioning of cables.

 

Design of section for flexure

 

I.S. Code provisions for cover and spacing, standard Fressinet and Gifford Udall cables, Design of

beams and slabs, cable zones and profiles.

 

Unit 4

 

Composite Beams

 

Different types, Loading conditions, analysis for stresses, differential shrinkage.

 

Bond and Anchorage

 

Bond stress and its significance in pre-tensioned beams, transmission length, determination of

bursting force due to anchor zone stresses and provision of steel according to I.S. Code for

prestressed concrete.

 

Shear

 

Calculation of diagonal tension and its inclination (including vertical prestressing also) provision of

steel according to elastic method and I.S. Code method, advantages of prestressing.

 

Unit 5

 

Limit State Design

 

Limit state of serviceability and strength, calculation of ultimate bending moment for given sections,

advantages of limit state method over working stress method.

 

Miscellaneous uses

 

Analysis and design of poles and circularly prestressed pipes and tanks.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Prestressed Concrete – Krishna Raju N. (New Age International)

14

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Analysis of Framed Structures

 

Code: CE- 8142

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Kani Method

 

Analysis of Indeterminate beams and frames by Kani’s Method.

 

UNIT 2

 

Approximate Methods

 

Analysis of multistoreyed frames for horizontal loads by Cantilever and Portal Methods.

Dead and Live Load (Substitute Frame) Analysis for multistoreyed buildings.

 

UNIT 3

 

Flexibility Method

 

Introduction to Matrix method of analysis, formulation of flexibility matrices, application to simple

problems involving not more than three unknowns.

 

UNIT 4

 

Stiffness Method

 

Formulation of stiffness matrices, application to simple problems involving not more than three

unknowns.

 

UNIT 5

 

Finite Element Method

 

Fundamentals, Element DOF’s, Variational functions. Application of Rayleigh Ritz method and

Galerkin method to FEM – Solution methodology, spring and beam Elements. Cartesian and natural

co-ordinates, Assembly and solution techniques for Matrix and FEM problems

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Basic Structural Analysis – C.S. Reddy (Tata McGraw Hill)

Structural Analysis (Vol. – II) – Gupta, Pandit G.S. and Gupta S.P. (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi,

1999)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Matrix Finite Element Computer and Structural Analysis – Mukhopadhyaya (Oxford and IBH

Publishing Co.)

Computational Structural Mechanics – S. Rajashekaran and G. Sankarasubramaniam (Prentice Hall

of India, 3E Edition, 2001)

Structural Analysis (2

nd Edition) – Alexander Chajas (Prentice Hall, Engineering and Engineering

Mechanics Series – 1990)

Introduction to Finite Elements in Engineering – Chandrupatla T.R. & Belegundu A.D. (Prentice Hall of

India, 1996)

15

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Seismic Design of Structures

 

Code: CE- 8142

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Engineering seismology

 

Causes of earthquakes; seismic waves; magnitude, intensity and energy release, characteristics of

strong earthquake ground motions, Introduction to theory of vibrations – Flexibility of long and short

period structures, concept of response spectrum, Seismic zones.

 

Unit 2

 

Seismic design concepts

 

Desirable features of earthquake resistant buildings, Building forms for earthquake resistance,

Seismic design philosophy, Performance of buildings in past earthquakes, Lessons from structural

damage during past earthquakes, Equivalent static lateral earthquake force, codal provisions

 

Unit 3

 

Masonry buildings

 

Seismic design and detailing of masonry buildings.

 

Unit 4

 

RCC buildings

 

Seismic design and detailing of RCC buildings.

 

Unit 5

 

Steel Buildings

 

Seismic design and detailing of Steel buildings.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Dynamics of Structures: Theory and Application to Earthquake Engineering (2

nd edition) – Anil K

Chopra (Pearson Education Publication)

IS 1893, IS 13920, IS 4326, IS 13828, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Design of Earthquake Resistant Buildings – Minoru Wakabayashi (McGraw Hill Publication)

Fundamentals of Vibrations – Anderson,R.A. (Mc Millan)

Vibration and Stuctural Dynamics – Timoshenkeo, S. (VanNostrand Co.)

Vibration and Structural Dynamics – Mukyopadhyaya (Oxford & IBH)

16

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Open Channel Flow

 

Code: CE- 8143

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Introduction

 

Difference between open channel flow and pipe flow, geometrical parameters of a channel, continuity

equation.

 

Uniform flow

 

Chezy’s and Manning’s equations for uniform flow in open channel, velocity distribution, most efficient

channel section.

 

Unit 2

 

Energy and Momentum Principles

 

Critical depth, concepts of specific energy and specific force, application of specific energy principle

for interpretation of open channel phenomena, flow through vertical and horizontal contractions.

 

Unit 3

 

Non-Uniform Flow in Open Channel

 

Equation of gradually varied flow and its limitations, flow classification and surface profiles, integration

of varied flow equation by analytical, graphical and numerical methods, flow in curved channels.

 

Unit 4

 

Hydraulic Jump, Surges, Water Waves

 

Classical hydraulic jump, evaluation of the jump elements in rectangular and non-rectangular channels

on horizontal and sloping beds, equation of motion for unsteady flow, open channel surge, celerity of

the gravity wave, deep and shallow water waves.

 

Unit 5

 

Sptially-varied flow

 

Introduction, SVF with increasing discharge, differential equation of SVF with increasing discharges,

control point, classification and solutions, profile computation, SVF with decreasing discharge,

differential equation for SVF with decreasing discharge, computations.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Fluid Mechanics – A.K. Jain (Khanna Publication)

Open Channel Flow – Subramanya (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Engineering Fluid Mechanics (including Hydraulic Mechanics) (2

nd Edition) – Garde, R.J., and A.G.

Mirajgaoker (Nem Chand & Bros., Roorkee, 1983)

Flow Through Open Channels – Ranga Raju, K.G. (Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1993)

Experimental Fluid Mechanics (Vol. 2) – Asawa, G.L. (Nem Chand and Bros., 1992)

Open Channel Flow – Ven Te. Chow (McGraw Hill)

17

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Water Resources Planning and Management

 

Code: CE- 8143

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

UNIT 1

 

Introduction

 

Role of water in national development, assessment of water resources of country, scope of water

resources development vis-a-vis environment, Irrigation development in India, utilisation of Irrigation

potential.

 

Unit 2

 

Planning

 

Water resources planning process; planning for single purpose and multipurpose projects, estimation

of different water needs and project formulations, comparison of alternatives, cost-benefit analysis.

 

Unit 3

 

Water Resources Systems

 

Definition, types of system, optimization techniques, system approach, system analysis, linear

programming, formulation of a linear programming problem, formulation with different types of

constraints, graphical analysis, graphical solution, simplex method, optimization techniques and

systems approach.

 

Unit 4

 

Management

 

Evaluation and monitoring of water quantity and quality, managing water distribution networks for

irrigation, flood control and power generation, inter-basin transfer of water, conjunctive use of surface

and ground water.

 

Unit 5

 

Modelling

 

Water quantity and quality modelling, evaluation of impacts of water resources projects on river

regimes and environment, reservoir sedimentation and watershed management.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Principles of Water Resources Planning – Good Man, A.S., (Prentice Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, N.J.

1984.)

Water Resources Engineering – Linsley, R.K. and Franzini, J.B., (3

rd Edition) (McGraw Hill, New York,

1979)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Water Resources System, Planning and Management – M.C. Chaturvedy (Tata McGraw Hill)

System Approach to Water Management – Biswas A.K. (Tata McGraw Hill)

Water Resources System, Planning and Management – Helweg O.J. (John and Wiley & Sons)

18

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Water Shed Management

 

Code: CE- 8143

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1

 

Soil and Water, Issues related to plant life like composition of soil, water requirement of crops,

necessary conditions for plant growth etc.

Soils, their origin and classification.

 

Unit 2

 

Land classification for WM, Land capability rating, determination of land capability class, land

capability and suitability surveys.

 

Unit 3

 

Soil erosion, problem, types, conservation, and control measures in agricultural and non-agricultural

land. Water conservation and Harvesting, Agronomical measures in soil and water conservation.

Examples and critical reviews.

 

Unit 4

 

Watershed Management, Approach in Govt. programmes, people’s participation, conservation

farming, watershed-management planning, identification of problems, objectives and priorities,

socioeconomic survey, use of tools like GIS.

 

Unit 5

 

Hill slope processes, forest and land use, hill slope conservation. Bad lands, bad land development.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

Watershed Management – J.V.S. Murthy (New Age International Ltd.)

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

Watershed Management – B.M. Tideman

Modern physical geography – Strahler A.N. and Strahler A.H.

19

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering

 

Code: CE- 8144

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1

 

Engineering problems involving soil dynamics; Role of Inertia; Theory of Vibrations: Single and twodegree

freedom systems, Vibration measuring instruments, Vibration isolation, Wave propagation in

elastic media

 

Unit 2

 

General nature of soil behavior under cyclic/dynamic loading; Field and Laboratory tests for

measurement of small strain and large strain dynamic properties of soils.

 

Unit 3

 

Design criteria for machine foundations, elastic homogeneous half space solutions, lumped parameter

solutions. Codal provisions.

 

Unit 4

 

Strong ground motion: Measurement, characterization and estimation, Amplification theory and

ground response analysis.

 

Unit 5

 

Densification and liquefaction of granular soils, Seismic slope stability analysis, Seismic bearing

capacity and earth pressures. Codal Provisions.

 

Text Book:

 

1. Kramer, S. L.: Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering, Prentice-Hall International Series in Civil

Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Pearson Education.

2. Gulhati S.K., Datta, M.: Getotechnical Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill Publshing Company

Limited, New Delhi.

 

Reference Books

 

1. Gulhati S.K., Datta, M.: Getotechnical Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill Publshing Company

Limited, New Delhi.

2. Cording et. al. : the art and science of Geotechnical Engineering, Prentice-Hall International

Series in Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Pearson Education

3. Wolf: Dynamics Soil-Structure Interaction, Prentice-Hall International Series in Civil

Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Pearson Education.

4. Wray: Measuring Engineering Properties of Soils, Prentice-Hall International Series in Civil

Engineering and Engineering Mechanics, Pearson Education.

20

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Rock Mechanics and Underground Structures

 

Code: CE- 8144

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1 Structural Geology

 

Origin, Interior and composition of the earth, Rock cycle, Igneous, Metamorphic and sedimentary

rocks, Rock structures, Plate tectonics, Continental drift and sea floor spreading, Layered formations,

attitude and true dips, topographic maps, Measurement of attitude of formations.

 

Unit 2 Engineering Properties of Rock and Rock Masses

 

Introduction, Rock materials, Physical properties, Strength behavior is uniaxial compression, tension

and triaxial state, Laboratory testing methods, Stress-strain relationship, Factors influencing strength,

Failure criteria, Post failure behavior.

Strength and deformation behavior of discontinuities, Rock mass behavior, Shear strength of jointed

rocks, roughness, peak and residual strength. Strength criteria for rockmass.

 

Unit 3 Geotechnical Process in Rock Engineering

 

Ground improvement techniques, assessment, compaction of disintegrated and weathered rocks,

Grouting and grouting techniques, Shotcrete, method and materials, factors, Fibre reinforced

shotcrete, Ground anchors, principles of reinforcement, rock bolts, cable anchors, Dewatering

techniques, codal provisions.

 

Unit 4 Excavation Methods and Machinery

 

Principles of rock breakage, Explosive energy, Energy balance, Blasting mechanism, Types of

explosive, Initiators, Delay devices, Blast hole timing, Open pit and underground blasting.

 

Unit 5 Design of underground structures

 

Introduction, Types and classification of underground openings, Factors affecting design, Design

methodology, Functional Aspects, Size and shapes, Support systems. Design based on analytical

methods, Empirical methods based on RSR, RMR, Q system, Design based on Rock support

interaction analysis, Observational method, NATM, Convergence and confinement method.

 

Text Book:

 

1. Goodman, R.E.,: Introduction to Rock Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons.

2. Ramamurthy, T.: Engineering Properties in Rocks For Slopes, Foundations and Tunnels.

Prentice hall of India Private Limited.

 

Reference Books:

 

1. Vutukauri, Lama & Saluja: Handbook of Engineering Properties of Rock Vol-I.

2. Singh, B. & Goel, R.K.: Rock mass classification. Apractical Approach in Civil Enginnering.

3. Housmann,: Ground Modification

4. Shoeff: Ground Modification by Rock Bolts and Anchors.

5. Hoek, E. and Brown, E.T., : Underground Excavation in Rock. The institution of Mining and

Metallurgy, London.

21

6. Hoek, E. and Brey, J. : Rock Slope Engineering. The institution of Mining and Metallurgy,

London.

7. Obert, L. & Duvell, W. J.: Rock Mechanics & the Design of Structures in Rock. John Wiley &

Sons.

8. Bieniawski, Z.K. : Rock Mechanics & the Design of Structures in Rock. John Wiley & Sons.

22

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Geotechnical Process

 

Code: CE- 8144

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Tutorial Periods per Weeks: 1 Total Marks: 120

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 20 First Examination: 15 Second Examination: 15 End Semester Examination: 70

 

Unit 1

 

Dewatering

 

Methods, selection, analysis and design of dewatering system.

 

Unit 2

 

Grouting

 

Types of grouts and their properties; Methods of grouting; Grout selection and control.

 

Unit 3

 

Compaction

 

Diffused double layer theory of compaction; Methods of compaction; Engineering properties of

compacted

soil; Field compaction and its control.

 

Unit 4

 

Soil Stabilisation

 

Stabilisation using chemical additives and other methods.

 

Unit 5

 

Reinforced Earth

 

Concept, materials, application and design of reinforced earth wall.

 

Name of Text Books:

 

1. Modern Geotechnical Engineering – Alam Singh (IBT Publishers, Delhi, 1987)

2. Gulhati S.K., Datta, M.: Getotechnical Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill Publshing Company

Limited, New Delhi.

 

Name of Reference Books:

 

1. Foundation Design and Construction (5th Edition) – Tomlinson, M.J. (ELBS, Singapore, 1988)

2. Foundation Engineering (Ed.) – Leonards, G.A. (McGraw Hill, New York, 1962)

3. Geotechnical Engineering – Lee, I.K., White, W. and Ingles, O.G. (Pitman, Marshfield, Mass

(U.S.A.), 1983)

4.

Analysis and Design of Substructures – Swami Saran (Oxford and IBH, New Delhi, 1996)

23

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Structural Engineering Drawing II Lab

 

Code: CE- 821

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Marks: 50

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 30 End Semester Examination: 20

 

Experiments to be performed (Min 10 experments)

 

RCC and steel structural drawings based on Structural Engineering Design III & Structural

Engineering Design IV

 

Field Visit (Minimum 3 times)

 

List of Equipments / Machine Required:

 

List of Equipments – Not Required.

24

 

National Institute of Technology Raipur (CG)

 

Civil Engineering Department

 

Eighth Semester

 

Water Resources Engineering Drawing Lab

 

Code: CE- 822

Total Theory Periods per Week:

3 Total Marks: 50

 

Teacher’s Assessment: 30 End Semester Examination: 20

 

Experiments to be performed (Mi

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