NIT Raipur VIII Sem Metallurgy Syllabus

NIT Raipur VIII SEM Metallurgy Syllabus

Name of the Subject Fracture and Failure Analysis

Subject Code MT 20811(MT)

Semester VIII Board of Studies Metallurgy

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum Marks 25

Lecture Periods/Week Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits – 3 1 ? 4 (Th)

 FRACTURE MECHANICS AND FAILURE ANALYSIS

Stress intensity factor, Stress analysis of cracks, Strain energy release rate, Derivation of relationship

between strain energy release rate and stress intensity factor, Crack?tip plastic zone, Dugdales plastic strip

model. ; Fracture mode transition: Plane stress versus plane strain, Crack opening displacement, Plane strain

fracture toughness (KIC) testing, Fracture toughness determination with elastic plastic analysis (JIC), Concept

of R?curve and fracture toughness measurement using it, Microstructural aspect of fracture toughness,

Optimizing microstructure and alloy cleanliness to enhance fracture toughness. ; Fatigue stress life approach,

Basquins equation, Fatigue strain life approach, Low cycle fatigue, Cofin?Mansons equation, Fatigue total strain

life relation, Fatigue life calculation using this approach, Neubers analysis for notched specimens. ; Fatigue

crack growth rate, Paris law, Fatigue life calculation using this approach, Mechanism of fatigue crack nucleation

and propagation, Factors affecting fatigue crack growth rate, Influence of load interaction, Short fatigue crack.

; Stress corrosion cracking and KISCC determination, Corrosion fatigue, Temper embrittlement, Hydrogen

embrittlement, Liquid metal embrittlement, Neutron embrit?tlement. ; Fractographic analysis of ductile, brittle,

fatigue and high temperature fractured surfaces. ; Failure Analysis: Steps involved in it. Case studies of some

engineering failures

 

Essential Reading:

 

1. R.W. Hertzberg, Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials ? (John Wiley & Sons Pub.).

2. Metal Hand Book, Failure Analysis & Prevention (Vol. ? X) ? ASM Publication

 

Supplementary Reading:

 

1. G.E. Dieter, Mechanical Metallurgy by Mc?Graw Hill (1988).

2. D. Broek, Elementary Fracture Mechanics ? Martinus Nijho Publisher.

3. N. Perez, Fracture Mechanics, Klwer Academic Publishers.

 

Department of Metallurgical Engineering, NIT Raipur

 

Revised Syllabus and scheme for NIT NEW Scheme, 2011

 

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NATIONAL INSITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RAIPUR

 

(Institute of National Importance

 

)

G.E.Road, Raipur – 492010 (C.G.)

Phone : (0771) 2254200

Fax : (0771) 2254600

Website : www.nitrr.ac.in

Name of the Subject Alloy Design and

Application

Subject Code MT 20812(MT)

Semester VIII Board of Studies Metallurgy

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum Marks 25

Lecture Periods/Week Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

4 1 ? 5 (Th)

 

ALLOYS DESIGN AND APPLICATION

 

Function of Alloying elements in steel, Limitations of plain carbon steel, General effect of

alloying elements,

mode of combination of alloying elements, Effect of alloy elements on transformation temperature, effect of

alloying elements on critical cooling rate.

Low alloy steels (HSLA/ Micro alloyed steel ) , high tensile structural steel, ball bearing steels, spring steels, low

alloy high strength structural steels, Study of high Ni steels, high speed steel, die steel, Hadfield steel and maraging

steel.

Cast irons, Structure and properties of white cast irons, gray cast iron, malleable cast iron, nodular cast iron and

alloy cast irons. Study of Stainless steels, heat resistant high strength steels and ausformed steels.

Non ferrous alloys: Structure and properties of Brasses, bronzes, babbits. Structure and properties of titanium

alloys, Aluminium alloys, Magnesium alloy, Monels, brazing and soldering alloys.

Metals at low temperatures: Effect of low temperature on properties, Effect of low temperature on notched bar

test, Metallurgical factors, mechanical factors. Magnetic steels and alloys. Alloys for electrical applications.

Zirconium alloys in nuclear technology.

Amorphous metals. Specifications of alloys:? I S I, A I S I and En standards

(Basic concepts only).

Text Books

1. Physical metallurgy for engineers? by D.S. Clark and Warne.

2. Structures and Properties of alloys? by Robert M. Brick and Phillips.

3. Introduction to Physical metallurgy? by Sidney H. Avner.

 

Department of Metallurgical Engineering, NIT Raipur

 

Revised Syllabus and scheme for NIT NEW Scheme, 2011

 

jk”Vªh; çkS|ksfxdh laLFkku jk;iqj

 

NATIONAL INSITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RAIPUR

 

(Institute of National Importance

 

)

G.E.Road, Raipur – 492010 (C.G.)

Phone : (0771) 2254200

Fax : (0771) 2254600

Website : www.nitrr.ac.in

Name of the Subject X?ray Diffraction and

electron microscopy

Subject Code MT 20831(MT)

Semester VIII Board of Studies Metallurgy

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum Marks 25

Lecture Periods/Week Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 ? 4 (Th)

 

Xray

 

DIFFRACTION AND ELECTRON MICROSCOPY

 

Introduction to crystallography, Symmetry – point group and space group, reading of the space group tables, X?ray

diffraction and analysis: Production and properties of X?rays, X?ray diffraction, Structure factor and intensity

calculations. Production and properties of X?rays, Electromagnetic radiation, continuous and characteristics

spectrum, absorption. Filter and detectors. Bragg’ law, scattering by atom, electron, unit cell, structure factor

calculation. Diffraction Methods: Laue’ method, rotating crystal, Debye scherrer –Specimen preparation, film

loading, powder method, Determination of crystal structure, determination of precision lattice parameter,

sources of error in measurements. Applications –Effect of plastic deformation. Determination of particle size,

grain size, residual stresses, determination of phase diagrams, order?disorder transformation. texture,

importance of texture, measurement of texture, pole figures (stereographic projections), orientation distribution

function, sample symmetry,

Chemical Analysis by X?ray techniques, X?ray fluorescence. X?ray specto meters, qualitative and quantitative

analysis, micro analysis of metals and alloys, LDX, WDX. Effect of texture, particle size, micro strain on diffraction

lines. Indexing of powder photographs. EELS, GIXRD, microstructural analysis using XRD, basics of

texture/orientation, bulk texture analysis using XRD,

TEM: Principle and operation. Electrons as source, properties of electron beam, elastic and inelastic scattering of

electrons, importance in electron microscopy, resolution, principles of transmission electron microscopy,

construction, ray?diagram, working, sample preparation, contrast mechanisms, ring and spot diffraction patterns,

detectors and imaging modes, kikuchi lines, measurement of lattice parameter, orientation relationship

determination, Introduction to HRTEM.Bright field and dark field images, Sample preparation techniques.

Selected area diffraction, Reciprocal lattice and Ewald sphere construction, Indexing of selected area

diffraction patterns. ; Microanalysis (EDX, WDS, EBSD etc.)

 

Essential Readings:

 

1. B.D. Cullity, Elements of X?ray Diffraction by (II edition), Addison?Wesley Publishing Co Inc., Reading, USA,

1978.

2. P.J. Goodhew and F.J. Humphreys, Electron Microscopy and Analysis by Taylor and Francis, London,

2001(ISBN?0?7484?0968?8).

Supplementary Readings:

1. S.H. Cohen and M.L. Lightbody, Atomic Force Microscopy / Scanning Tunneling

1. Microscopy, (Editors), Plenum Press, New York, 1994.

2. P.J. Haines (Editor), Principles of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry by Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC),

Cambridge, 2002.

 

Department of Metallurgical Engineering, NIT Raipur

 

Revised Syllabus and scheme for NIT NEW Scheme, 2011

 

jk”Vªh; çkS|ksfxdh laLFkku jk;iqj

 

NATIONAL INSITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RAIPUR

 

(Institute of National Importance

 

)

G.E.Road, Raipur – 492010 (C.G.)

Phone : (0771) 2254200

Fax : (0771) 2254600

Website : www.nitrr.ac.in

3. G.F.V. Voort, Metallography: Principles and Practice by ASM International, Materials Park, USA, 1984

4. S. Amelinckx, D. V. Dyck, J. V. Landuyt and G. Van Tendeloo (Editors), Electron

5. Microscopy: Principles And Fundamentals, VCH, Weinheim, 1997.

6. C. Suryanarayana and M. Norton, X?ray Diffraction, A Practical Approach, Plenum Press, New York, (1998).

7. Metallography and Microstructures, Metals Handbook, Volume 9, 9th edition, AmericanSociety for Metals,

Metals Park, Ohio, 1986.

 

Department of Metallurgical Engineering, NIT Raipur

 

Revised Syllabus and scheme for NIT NEW Scheme, 2011

 

jk”Vªh; çkS|ksfxdh laLFkku jk;iqj

 

NATIONAL INSITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RAIPUR

 

(Institute of National Importance

 

)

G.E.Road, Raipur – 492010 (C.G.)

Phone : (0771) 2254200

Fax : (0771) 2254600

Website : www.nitrr.ac.in

Name of the Subject Application of soft

computing in Materials

Engineering

Subject Code MT 20832(MT)

Semester VIII Board of Studies Metallurgy

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum Marks 25

Lecture Periods/Week Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 ? 4 (Th)

 

APPLICATION OF SOFT COMPUTING IN MATERALS ENGINEERING

 

Introduction to soft computing, concept of hard computing and soft computing, computer application and

advancement of science in the perspective of theory and experimentation. Role of computation in

materials science and engineering

Artificial neural network, classification, theory and practice, case study in materials application. Fuzzy

logic, fuzzy inference system, rule base design, significance of FIS modelling in materials Engineering.

neuro?fuzzy inference systems case studies, rough sets, probabilistic reasoning, machine learning, expert

systems, case studies in materials application

Concept classical and non classical optimization techniques, Genetic algorithms as optimizer, theory and

basic principle, application of genetic algorithm, evolutionary algorithms, simulated annealing, antcolony

optimisation, multi?objective optimisation and multi criteria decision making, cases study

focusing on application in materials research and industrial application of these techniques.

 

Books

 

1.

J. S. R. Jnag, C. T. Sun, and E. Mizutani, Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing.Prentice-Hall of India Pvt.

Ltd., New Delhi, 2002.

2.

K. Deb, Optimization for Engineering Design: Algorithms and Examples. Prentice-Hall of India Privet

Limited, New Delhi, 1995.

3.

D. E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization and Machine Learning. Pearson-

Education, New Delhi, 2002.

 

Department of Metallurgical Engineering, NIT Raipur

 

Revised Syllabus and scheme for NIT NEW Scheme, 2011

 

jk”Vªh; çkS|ksfxdh laLFkku jk;iqj

 

NATIONAL INSITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RAIPUR

 

(Institute of National Importance

 

)

G.E.Road, Raipur – 492010 (C.G.)

Phone : (0771) 2254200

Fax : (0771) 2254600

Website : www.nitrr.ac.in

Name of the Subject Hydro and Electro

Metallurgy

Subject Code MT 20833(MT)

Semester VIII Board of Studies Metallurgy

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum Marks 25

Lecture Periods/Week Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 ? 4 (Th)

 

HYDRO AND ELECTRO METALLURGY

 

Introduction:

 

Justification of Hydrometallurgical selection of solvent processing, Eh?Ptt diagrams Principles

underlying hydrometallurgical processes, various commercial hydrometallurgical processes. Criteria for selection

of solvents, Types of Solvents.

?

Thermodynamics & kinetics of hydrometallurgical processes.

?

Unit operations in hydrometallurgical processing, Thickness & filters, counter current decantation.

?

Applications of hydrometallurgy to Copper, Zinc, Precious metals etc.

?

Solvent Extraction & Ion Exchange.

?

Purification methods of leach solutions.

?

Recovery of metal values from solution.

?

Precipitation methods Thermodynamics & Kinetics of concentration.

?

Electrolytic Recovery?

Electrowining of methods from Aq. Solutions Electro Refining.

?

Fused Salt Electrolysis – Extraction of Aluminium & Magnesium from their ores.

?

Mass balance calculations.

 

BOOKS

 

1. H. S. Ray, K. P. Abraham and R. Sridhar, Extraction of Non?Ferrous Metals , Affliated East? West Press.

2. T. Rosenquist , Principles of Extractive Metallurgy

3. S. Venkatachalam, Hydrometallurgy Narosa Publication Co

 

4.

 

E. Jackson, Hydrometallurgical Processing & Reclaimation, John Wicky & Sons.

 

Department of Metallurgical Engineering, NIT Raipur

 

Revised Syllabus and scheme for NIT NEW Scheme, 2011

 

jk”Vªh; çkS|ksfxdh laLFkku jk;iqj

 

NATIONAL INSITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RAIPUR

 

(Institute of National Importance

 

)

G.E.Road, Raipur – 492010 (C.G.)

Phone : (0771) 2254200

Fax : (0771) 2254600

Website : www.nitrr.ac.in

Name of the Subject Surface Engineering Subject Code MT 20841(MT)

Semester VIII Board of Studies Metallurgy

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum Marks 25

Lecture Periods/Week Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 ? 4 (Th)

 

SURFACE ENGINEERING

 

General

 

: Historical perspective and future trends. Scope and application of surface engineering. Classification of

surface engineering methods. Typical thickness and metallurgical structure produced by various surface

engineering methods. Difference between surface coating and surface treatment.

 

Surface

 

: Substrate and pretreatment, role of surface cleanliness and surface finish. Type of contaminants and their

sources. Methods of surface cleaning; abrasive cleaning, chemical cleaning, chemical polishing, electrolytic

cleaning, electrolytic polishing, ultrasonic cleaning, etc. Criteria for selection of cleaning process. Cleaning of

ferrous and non?ferrous metals and alloys.

 

Plating

 

: Principles of Electroless and electro?plating. Setup for electro?plating. Baths for electroless plating, Baths

for electro?plating. Role of bath constituents. Structure of coating. Plating practices for electroplating of Cu, Ni, Cr,

Zn, Sn, Cu?alloy, Sn?alloy, Ni?alloy, Cr?alloy, multi?layer alloy plating etc. Electroless plating of Ni, Cu and Au.

Electroless plating of industrial alloys

 

Hotdip

 

:

Principle of hot? dip method. Structure of hot?dip coating. Batch process, its scope and limitations.

Continuous process, its scope and limitations. Coating Zn, Zn?Al and Sn by hot?dip method. Industrial practices.

Pre? and post surface treatments.

 

Chemical conversion coatings

 

: Phosphatizing, chromatizing, ceramic coatings/linings and anodizing. Baths and

role of their constituents.

 

Vacuum and atmosphere controlled coatings:

 

Principle and equipments for coating methods like, Thermal

spray coating, Chemical vapour deposition (CVD), Plasma assisted CVD, Physical vapour deposition (PVD), sputter,

arc deposition, diffusion coatings and pulsed laser deposition.

 

Industrial applications

 

: Surface engineering of polymers, metals and alloys.

 

Books:

 

1. Surface Engineering & Heat Treatment? Past, present and Future, Edited by P. H. Morton, Published by The

Institute of Metals, London, 1991

2. Electroplating and other surface treatments? A Practical Guide, CD Veghese, Tata McGraw?Hill Publishing

Company Limited, New Delhi, 2003

3. ASM Handbook Volume 5- Surface Enginnering, Published by ASM International, 1995

 

Department of Metallurgical Engineering, NIT Raipur

 

Revised Syllabus and scheme for NIT NEW Scheme, 2011

 

jk”Vªh; çkS|ksfxdh laLFkku jk;iqj

 

NATIONAL INSITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RAIPUR

 

(Institute of National Importance

 

)

G.E.Road, Raipur – 492010 (C.G.)

Phone : (0771) 2254200

Fax : (0771) 2254600

Website : www.nitrr.ac.in

Name of the Subject Nuclear Materials Subject Code MT 20842(MT)

Semester VIII Board of Studies Metallurgy

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum Marks 25

Lecture Periods/Week Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 ? 4 (Th)

 

NUCLEAR MATERIALS

 

Nuclear Structure: Structure of nucleus, binding energy, fission reaction, neutron cross sections, moderation of

neutrons, multiplication factor. ; Fusion reaction, Reactors and Materials: Classification of nuclear reactors,

Materials for nuclear reactors, Fuels, Moderators, Control rods, Coolant, Reflectors and Structural materials.

Fabrication of fuel and cladding materials. ; Radiation Effects: Effect of radiation on reactor materials,

Radiation hazards, safety and shielding, disposal of radioactive wastes. ; Production of Nuclear Materials:

Atomic minerals, their occurrence in India, General methods of their processing. Production metallurgy of nuclear

grade uranium, Thorium beryllium and zirconium, Production of enriched uranium. ; Processing of spent fuel:

Indian reactors and atomic energy programme in India. Use of nanomaterials for nuclear application

 

Essential Reading:

 

1. R .Stephenson, Introduction to Nuclear Engineering, McGraw?Hill.

1. H.S. Ray, R. Sridhar and K.P. Abraham: Extraction of Non ferrous Metals, Affliated East?West Press Private

Limited.

 

Supplementary Reading:

 

1. S. Glasstone and A.Sesonke: Nuclear Reactor Engineering, Van Nostrand

 

Department of Metallurgical Engineering, NIT Raipur

 

Revised Syllabus and scheme for NIT NEW Scheme, 2011

 

jk”Vªh; çkS|ksfxdh laLFkku jk;iqj

 

NATIONAL INSITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY RAIPUR

 

(Institute of National Importance

 

)

G.E.Road, Raipur – 492010 (C.G.)

Phone : (0771) 2254200

Fax : (0771) 2254600

Website : www.nitrr.ac.in

Name of the Subject Solar Energy Materials Subject Code MT 20843(MT)

Semester VIII Board of Studies Metallurgy

Maximum Marks 70 Minimum Marks 25

Lecture Periods/Week Tutorial Periods/Week Practical Periods/Week Credits

3 1 ? 4 (Th)

 

SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS

 

Physics and Properties of Semiconductors materials: crystal structure, energy bands, Fermi level, carrier

concentration at thermal equilibrium, carrier transport phenomena, Hall Effect, recombination mechanism,

optical and thermal phenomenon.

Device Processing Technology: oxidation, diffusion, ion?implantation, deposition, lithography, etching and

interconnect. p?n Junction: depletion region, diffusion, generation?recombination, current?voltage characteristics,

junction breakdown, charge storage and transient behaviour

Metal?Semiconductor Contacts: equilibrium, idealized metal semiconductor junctions, ohmic contacts, Schottky

diodes. Solar energy?definitions, its intensity distribution, variation and spectrum, thermodynamics of solar energy

spectrum, mechanism of heat losses, efficiency, photo thermal conversion materials and their preparation and

characterization.

Design of material for solar applications: collectors, selective surface, composite semiconductors, solar reflectors

and concentrators, thermoelectric conversion, chalcogenide and alloy semiconductors, criteria for material

selection, spectral response, efficiency.

Types of Photovoltaic (PV) cells; p?n homo and hetero junction, First, Second and Third Generation PV devices, PV

materials: silicon ? single crystalline, polycrystalline, ribbon, amorphous, nanocrystalline; CdS, Cu(In,Ga)Se2, Cd?

Te/Se, GaAs, InP/As, ZnMgO, PbS.

PV Material qualification for terrestrial and space application, radiation damage, arrays and solar cell systems,

energy storage?thermal, chemical, electrochemical storage and hydrogen generation; Challenges and Solutions for

Manufacturing of PV solar cell, Understanding the defect related issues, Field test of PV Modules with solar

spectrum variation.

 

Text book

 

1. Physics of Semiconductor Devices by S.M. Sze, John Wiley & Sons, 2nd Edition (2001)

2. Handbook of Photovoltaic Science and Engineering, by Antonio Luque and Steven Hegedus, John Wiley &

Sons, 1 st Edition (2008)

 

Reference

 

1. Title Semiconductor Physics and Devices, S.S. Islam, Oxford University Press, 2nd Edition (2006)

2. Flexible solar cell by Mario Pgliaro, Giovanni Palmisano, Rosaria Ciriminna, John Wiley VCH Verlag GmBH and Company KGAA 2008,

 Department of Metallurgical Engineering, NIT Raipur

Revised Syllabus and scheme for NIT NEW Scheme, 2011

NIT Raipur VIII Sem Metallurgy Syllabus

 

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