NIT Raipur Syllabus 1st Sem B-Architecture

NIT-RAIPUR

SYLLABUS FOR FIVE YEARS B.ARCH. DEGREE COURSE

(A Ten semester integrated course)

Subject:- Architecture Design-I

The aim of the subject is to introduce to the students the design fundamentals and design vocabulary and enable them to apply the same in compositions and designs.

Points, Lines, Planes, Color theory and compositions. Introduction to modern Arts and various other techniques.

Forms, Properties of forms, variations in forms with inter-relationship among planes, colours, tones, textures. Application of them in two and three-dimensional compositions, presented in form of scaled drawings, views, and freehand sketches to develop the skill and understanding of forms, proportions etc. in various media viz. pencil, pens, colors etc.

Study through models of different materials viz. paper, clay, wax, soap, wires etc. The idea is mass and space handling with understanding the roles of form, colour and texture.

Anthropometric study and ergonomics of human figure, dimensions of furniture and relationship with human anthropometrics (like in kitchens, toilets, bedrooms, staircases etc) with freehand drawing of human figures, vehicles, trees, buildings etc. to have a better understanding of proportion.

Designing of basic building components (like kitchens, bedrooms, toilets etc.)

Note:

Sessionals shall be in the form of drawings and models along with report.

Two time problems (as class tests) are to be conducted in class other than regular design problems.

 

Subject:- Building Construction & Technology

UNIT-I

Brick:

 

Types of bricks.

Bonds in brick masonry for various thicknesses of walls and various situations like ends, junctions, etc.

Attached and detached pier.

Jointing and pointing.

Cavity walls.

UNIT-II

Stone:

 

Stone dressing of different types.

Stone masonry of different types for various thicknesses of walls.

Jointing and pointing.

UNIT-III

Foundation:

 

Types of simple foundations.

In Bricks

In Stones,

Timbering to excavation

UNIT-IV

Arches and Lintels:

 

Brick Arches.

Stones Arches.

Brick Lintels.

Stone lintels,

Centering materials and methods.

UNIT-V

Construction systems and Elements of Buildings

 

Overview of method of construction of a simple two storied building.

Plinth – filling – processes and techniques.

Thresholds – various types

Plinth protection, D.P.C.

Coping

Chhajja

 

Note:-

1. Sessionals shall be in form of drawing sheets having scaled drawings and proportionate freehand sketches, along with occasional visits to construction sites.

2. In theory examination there will be a separate question from each unit with choice within the unit/question. All units/questions will be compulsory.

 

 

Subject:- Structural Design & System-I

UNIT 1

 

Concurrent, non-concurrent and co-planer forces,

Composition and resolution of forces,

Laws of forces,

Moments and couples,

Conditions of equilibrium.

UNIT 2

 

Center of gravity and moment of inertia of composite and cutout section,

Parallel and perpendicular axes theorem.

UNIT 3

 

Types of loads,

Support and support reaction,

Stresses in frames and trusses by analytical and graphical method.

Maxwell’s diagram.

UNIT 4

 

Stress and strain,

Hook’s law,

Lateral strain,

Poisson Ratio,

Young’s Modulus,

Modulus of Rigidity,

Bulk Modulus and their relation.

UNIT 5

 

Stresses in composite sections.

Thermal stress.

 

Note:-

Note:

1. Sessionals work shall include assignments/tests on the above topics.

2. In theory examination there will be a separate question from each unit with choice within the unit/question. All units/questions will be compulsory.

 

 

Subject:- Architectural Graphics Skill-I

UNIT 1

 

Graphical Codes, Symbols and Scales

 

Architectural letterings

Types of lines

Symbolic representations of building materials

Symbolic Representations of Building parts.

Plane Scales

Diagonal Scales

UNIT 2

 

Geometric views and Projections

 

Isometric views

Axonometric views

Oblique views

Isometric projections

Axonometric Projections

Oblique Projections

UNIT 3

 

Orthographic projections (One and two Dimensions)

 

Points

Lines

Lamina

(Parallel, Perpendicular and inclined projections of above)

 

UNIT 4

 

Orthographic projections (Three Dimensions)

 

Various solid and hollow geometrical objects — Parallel, Perpendicular and inclined projections.

UNIT 5

 

Sections, Interpenetrations and Development of Surfaces

 

Sections of various solid and hollow geometrical objects — Parallel, Perpendicular and inclined.

Interpenetration of various solid geometrical object

Development of surfaces with or without sections.

 

Note:-

1. Sessionals is to be done in the form of drawings on drawing sheets and proportionate sketches on above topics.

2. In theory examination there will be a separate question from each unit with choice within the unit/question. All units/questions will be compulsory

 

 

Subject:- Building Material & Science-I

UNIT 1

 

Clay and clay products and stones.

 

Bricks —Various types of bricks, properties of good brick, use of bricks, classification of various grades of bricks.

Compressed mud blocks, hollow blocks

Stones — Buildings stones, types, properties of good stone, natural bed, aggregates for concrete work, use of stones.

UNIT 2

 

Cementing materials:

 

Cement, lime, sand, aggregate, mortar and concrete.

Lime—quick lime, hydraulic lime, lime mortar mix and preparation, neeroo, efflorescence, peeling and flaking.

Cement — Composition, properties of cement, initial setting time, slow setting, quick setting and rapid hardening cement.

Sand— Pit, river and sea sand, uses in mortar and concrete, properties of good sand, impurities of sand and their removal.

Mortar — Various types of mortar, their mix and properties, application methods.

Concrete — Various types of concrete, their mix and properties, application methods.

UNIT 3

 

Timber and bamboo

 

:

Timber of various types of quality and properties,

Defects in timbers

Methods of seasoning, sawing and planning,

Preservation of timber

Bamboo as a building material

Preservation of bamboo

Use of timber and bamboo in buildings.

UNIT 4

 

Metals:

 

Various types of Ferrous Metals- Wrought Iron, Cast Iron, Steel, their properties and uses in Architecture.

Various types of Non-Ferrous Metals- Aluminium, Copper, Tin, Brass, etc. their properties and uses in Architecture.

UNIT 5

 

Glass:

 

Various types of glasses and their properties.

Use of glass in architecture,

Working on glass such as etching, beveling, and stained glass work.

 

Note:-

1. Sessionals shall be in the form of small reports, seminars and notes on above mentioned topics. The works of CBRI, CFRI, BMTPC, HUDCO, TIFAC, and other institutions to be referred and discussed.

2. In theory examination there will be a separate question from each unit with choice within the unit/question. All units/questions will be compulsory.

 

 

Subject:- Communication Skill-I

UNIT 1

 

Aids to Correct Writing

 

Tenses

Models

Conditionals

Infinitives, gerunds and participles

Active and passive voice narration

Subject verb agreement

Common errors

Punctuations, capital letters.

UNIT 2

 

Composition-I

 

Précis

Essay

Paragraph

Copy Writing for advertisements — characteristics of a good advertisement, aids to make advertisement attractive and effective.

UNIT 3

 

Composition-II

 

Technical reports and letter writing

Speeches, profile of speaker, characteristics of speech.

Aesthetic and critical writing, kinesics.

Appreciation of scene, figures and images.

UNIT 4

 

Enriching vocabulary:

 

Nuances, jargon, foreign word and phrases sometimes used in correspondence.

Roots and origin of words

Words often confused

Synonims

Antonyms

Homophone

Homonym

Words followed by preposition

Prefixes and suffixes

Words followed by appropriate prepositions

Idioms

Phrases

UNIT 5

 

Presentation Skills:

 

Communication skills in architecture through write up and graphic, graphs, sketches audio presentation, supplemented by drawings, transparencies, photographs, epidiascope, slides, video presentation, script writing dubbing, cue sheet, ending vision, mixing.

 

 

Note:-

Note:

1. Sessional work shall include assignments/tests on the above topics.

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2.

In theory examination there will be a separate question from each unit with choice within the unit/question. All units/questions will be compulsory.

 

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