NIT Jalandhar syllabus for Irrigation Engineering

Irrigation Engineering Syllabus NIT Jalandhar


CE 206 Irrigation Engineering [3 0 0 3]

Introduction: Water shed and its management, its relation to hydrologic cycle (in brief),
introduction about rain water harvesting and about the present need in Punjab.
Methods of Irrigation: Advantages and disadvantages of irrigation, water requirements of crops,
factors affecting water requirement, consumptive use of water, water depth or delta and crop
relation, Duty of water, relation between delta, duty and base period, Soil crop relationship and
soil fertility, sprinkler Irrigation – advantages & limitations, Planning and design of springler
irrigation, Drip irrigation – advantages & limitations, suitability.
Canal Irrigation: Classifications of canals, canal alignment, Inundation canals, Bandhara
irrigation, advantages and disadvantages. Silt theories – Kennedy’s theory, Lacey’s theory,
Drawbacks in Kennedy’s & Lacey’s theories, comparison of Lacey’s and Kennedy’s theories,
Design of unlined canals based on Kennedy & Lacey’s theories, suspended and bed loads.
Lined Canals: Types of lining, selection of type of lining, economics of lining, maintenance of
lined canals, silt removal, strengthening of channel banks, measurement of discharge in
channels, design of lined canals methods of providing drainage behind lining.
Losses in Canals, Water Logging and Drainage: Losses in canals-evaporation and seepage,
water logging, causes and ill effects of water logging, anti water-logging measures. Drainage of
land, classification of drains surface and sub-surface drains, design considerations for surface
drains, advantages and maintenance of tile drains.
Investigation and preparation of irrigation project: Classification of projects, project
preparation investigations, design of works and drawings, concepts of multi purpose projects,
Major, medium and minor projects, planning of an irrigation project, economics & financing of
irrigation works documentation of project report, Present cutes of water changed by Irrigation
Department from cultivation.
Tube Well Irrigation: Types of tube wells strainer type, cavity type and slotted type. Type of
strainers, aquiclude, aquifer, porosity, uniformity coefficient, specific yield & specific retention,
coefficients of permeability, transmissibility and storage. Yield or discharge of tube well,
assumptions, Theim & Dupuit’s formulas. Interference of tube wells with canal or adjoining tube
wells, optimum capacity. Duty and delta of a tube well. Rehabilitation of tubewells.
River Training Works: Objectives, classification of river training works, design of guide banks,
groynes or spurs their design and classification ISI Recommendations of approach embankments
and afflux embankments, pitched Islands, artificial cut-offs, objects and design considerations.
River control-objectives and methods.
Hydrology: Introduction, precipitation, interception, evapo-transpiration, infiltration, runoff.
Books Recommended
1. Singh Bharat “Fundamentals of Irrigation Engineering” Nem Chand & Brothers,
Roorkee, 1975
2. Arora K R “Irrigation Water Power & Water Resources Engineering” Standard
Publishers Distributors, Delhi, 2002
3. Garg S K “Irrigation Engineering & Hydraulic Structures” Khanna Publishers, Delhi,
4. Varshney, Gupta & Gupta “Irrigation Engineering & Hydraulic Structure” Nem Chand
& Bros., Roorkee,1982
5. Asawa G L “Irrigation Engineering” Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi,1993

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