# Syllabus III rd Semester NIT Jalandhar

NIT Jalandhar – Civil Engineering Syllabus

CE 203 Hydraulic Engineering [3 1 0 4]

Laminar Flow: Navier-stokes equations in cartesian coordinates (no derivation), meaning of

terms, flow between parallel plates, stokes law. Flow through porous media, Transition from
laminar to turbulent flow.
Boundary Layer Analysis: Assumptions and concept of boundary layer theory. Boundary layer
thickness; displacement momentum & Energy thickness laminar and Turbulent boundary layers
on a flat plate; Laminar sub-layer, smooth and rough boundaries. Local and average friction
coefficients. Separation and control.
Turbulent Flow: Definition of turbulence, scale and intensity, Effects of turbulent flow in pipes.
Equation for velocity distribution in smooth and rough pipes (no derivation). Resistance diagram.
Flow past immersed bodies: Drag and lift, deformation Drag and pressure drag. Drag on a
sphere, cylinder and Airfoil; lift-Magnus Effect and circulation, lift on a circular cylinder.
Uniform flow in open Channels: Flow classifications, basic resistance Equation for open
channel flow. Chezy, Manning, Bazin and kutter formulae. Variation of roughness coefficient,
conveyance and normal depth. Velocity distribution. Most efficient flow sections; Rectangular,
trapezoidal and circular.
Energy and Momentum Principles and Critical Flow: Energy and specific Energy in an open
channel; critical depth for rectangular and trapezoidal channels. Alternate depths, applications of
specific Energy to transitions and broad crested weirs. Momentum and specific force in open
channel flow.
Gradually Varied Flow: Differential Equation of water surface profile; limitation, properties and
classification of water and surface profiles with examples. Computation of water surface profile
by graphical, numerical and analytical approaches.
Hydraulic Jump and Surges: Theory of Jump, Elements of jump in a rectangular channel, length
and height of jump, location of jump, Energy dissipation and other uses. Surge as a moving
hydraulic jump. Positive and negative surges
Books Recommended:
1. Massey B S “Mechanics of Fluids” ELBS, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ltd., U. K, 1998.
2. Streeter V L, Wylie E B and Bedford K W “Fluid Mechanics” McGraw Hill, New York, 2001
3. Kumar D S “Fluid Mechanics”, S. K. Kataria & Sons Publishers, New Delhi, 1998.
4. Subramanya K “Theory and Application of Fluid Mechanics” Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi
2001.
5. White F M “Fluid Mechanics” McGraw Hill, New York, 1997.