NIT Jalandhar Syllabus
for Foundation Engineering VI SEM
CE 302 Foundation Engineering [3 1 0 4]
Earth Pressure: Terms and symbols used for a retaining wall. Movement of wall and the lateral
earth pressure. Rankine’s and Coulomb’s theory for lateral earth pressure. Culmann’s graphical
construction and Rebhan’s graphical construction.
Arching in soil and Braced Cuts: Theory of Arching, Braced excavations, Deep cuts in sand,
saturated soft to medium clays.
Soil Investigation: Object of soil investigation for new and existing structures. Depth of
exploration for different structures. Spacing of bore holes. Methods of soil exploration and
relative merits and demerits.
Stress Distribution: Boussinesq’s equation for a point load, uniformly loaded circular and
rectangular area, pressure distribution diagrams. New marks chart and its construction. Two- to
– one method of load distribution. Comparison of Bossinesq and Westerguard analysis for a
point load. Limitations of elastic formula.
Shallow Foundation: Types of shallow foundations, definitions Terzaghis analysis. Types of
failures. Factors affecting bearing capacity. Skemptions equation. B. I. S. recommendations for
shape, depth and inclination factors. Plate Load Test and Standard Penetration Test. Contact
pressure distribution. Causes of settlement of structures comparison of immediate and
consolidation settlement Calculation of settlement by plate load test and Static Cone Penetration
Test data. Allowable settlement of various structures according to IS Code. Situation most
suitable for provision of rafts. Proportioning of rafts in sand and clays. Various methods of
designing raft. Floating foundation.
Pile Foundation : Necessity and uses of piles, classification of piles. Merits and demerits of
different types based on composition. Types of pile driving hammers & their comparison. Effect
of pile driving on adjacent ground. Use of Engineering news formula and Hiley’s formula for
determination of allowable load. Pile Load Test, separation of skin friction and point resistance
using cyclic pile load test data. Related Numerical problems.
Determination of point resistance and frictional resistance of a single pile by static formula. Piles
in clay, safe load on a friction and point bearing pile. Pile in sand spacing of piles in a group,
factors affecting capacity of a pile group. Efficiency of pile group bearing capacity of a pile group
in clay. Settlement of pile groups in clay and sand Negative skin friction.
Stability of Slopes: Necessity, causes of failure of slopes. Stability analysis of infinite and finite
slopes in sand and clay. Taylor’s stability number and its utility.
Caissons and wells: Major area of use of caissons Advantages and disadvantages of open box
and pneumatic caissons. Essential part of a pneumatic caisson. Components of a well.
Calculation of allowable bearing pressure. Conditions for stability of a well. Terzagh’s analysis
for Lateral stability of a well, embedded in sand. Forces acting on a well foundation.
Computation of scour depth, Tilts & Shifts.
Machine Foundations: Theory of vibrations, foundations subjected to vibrations, determination
of dynamic properties of soil, Dynamic analysis of block foundations.
1. Peck R B, Hanson W B and Thorn burn T H “Foundation Engineering” Jonh Wiley
and Sons Inc, New York. 1974
2. Teng W C “Foundation Design” Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1988.
3. Bowles J E “Foundation Analysis and Design” McGraw Hill, New York, 1988.
4. Ranjan G and Rao A S R “Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics” New Age International,
New Delhi, 2000
5. Murthy V N S “A Text Book of Soil Mechanics of Foundation Engineering” Sai Kripa
Technical Consultants, Bangalore, 1993