# NIT IIIrd Sem Syllabus of Chemical Engineering

# NIT III Sem Chemical Engineering Syllabus

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

Syllabus of Third Semester

CH-201 Fluid Flow [3 0 0 3]

Introduction, Ideal and real fluids, Extensive and Intensive Properties, Specific Weight, Mass

density and Specific gravity, Viscosity, Surface Tension and Capillarity, Evaporability and Vapor

pressure, Newtonian & Non Newtonian fluids.

Fluids Static-Pressure, Hydrostatics law, Pascal’s Law, Different types of manometer, Continuous

gravity Decanter, Centrifugal decanter and other pre- measuring equipments, Determination of meta

centric height.

Fluids Kinematics and Dynamics – Classification of fluid flows, streamline, streak line, and Path

lines, Flow rate & continuity equation, Bernoulli’s Theorem, Kinetic energy correction factor and

momentum correction factor in Bernoulli’s equation.

Laminar Viscous Flow and Flow measurement devices- flow regimes and Reynolds numbers,

Laminar flow in circular pipes (Hagen Poiseuille Law), Venturimeter, Orifice Meter.

Hydraulic pumps- Pump Classification & Applications, Centrifugal pumps verses Reciprocating

pumps, pump losses and Efficiencies, Multistage pumps, Work and power Input, Cavitation and

maximum Suction lift, specific and minimum speed.

Flow around Immersed Bodies- drag force, lift and drag coefficients, drag on Flat Plate, Circular

Cylinder and Sphere.

Books Recommended:

1. Smith J C, McCabe W L and Harriot P H, “Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering”,

McGraw Hill (2001).

2. Kumar D S, “Fluid Mechanics & Fluid pwer engineering”,S K Kataria & Sons (2004)

3. Timoshenko S P and Young D H “Engineering Mechanics”, by McGraw Hill (1937).

4. Modi P N and & Seth S M, “Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics”, Delhi Standard Publishers

Distributors (2002)

5. Perry’s, “Handbook of Chemical Engineering”, 7th Ed, McGraw Hill (1997).

6. Brown G G “Unit Operations” 1st ed. , CBS Publisher (2004)

CH-203 Chemical Process Calculations [3 1 0 4]

Introduction to Chemical Engineering Calculations: Units and dimensions, mole concept,

conventions in methods of analysis and measurement, basis, temperature, pressure, the chemical

equations and stoichiometry, limiting and excess reactant, conversion and yield.

Material Balance: Material balance, program of analysis of material balance problems, solving

material balance problems that do not involve chemical reactions, solving material balances

problems involving chemical reactions, multiple subsystems, recycle, bypass, and purge

calculations.

Gases Vapors, Liquids and Solids: Ideal gas law calculations, real gas relationships, vapor pressure

and liquids, saturation, partial saturation and humidity.

Energy Balances: Concepts and units, calculation of enthalpy changes, application of the general

energy balance without reactions occurring energy balances that account for chemical reaction,

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reversible processes and the mechanical energy balances, heats of solution and mixing,

psychometric charts and their use.

Books Recommended

1. Himmelblau D M, “Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering,”

Prentice Hall (1998).

2. Haugen O A, Watson K M and Ragatz R A, “Chemical Process Principles (Part-I):

Material and Energy Balances”, Asia Publishing House (1995).

3. Bhatt B I and Vora S M, “ Industrial Stoiciometry”: Tata McGraw Hill Publishing, New

Delhi (1987).

4. Reklaitis G V, “Introduction to material and energy balances” Wiley, New York (1983)

5. Felder R M and Rousseau R W, “Elementary principles of Chemical Processes” Wiley,

New York 2nd Edition (1986)

CH-205 Mechanical Operations [3 1 0 4 ]

Size Reduction : Particle size and shape, particle mass, size and shape distributions, measurement

and analysis, concept of average diameter ,size reduction , crushing, grinding and law of grindings.

Screening : Screening equipment ,capacity and effectiveness of screen, effect of mesh size on

capacity of screen.

Settling : Flow around a single particle, drag force and drag coefficient, settling velocity of

particles in a fluid, hindered and free settling of particles, thickening gravity separation

Filtration : Classification of filters, various types of cake filters ,principle of cake filtration

,clarification filters, liquid clarification, centrifugal settling process.

Agitation & Mixing: Agitation of liquids, axial flow impellers, radial flow impellers, velocity and

power consumption of agitated vessels, blending & mixing.

Fluidization : Packed beds, bed porosity, flow though a bed of particles, fluidization & fluidized

bed, conditions for fluidization minimum velocity, types of fluidization.

Solid Handling : Flow of solid by gravity, transport of solids by screw / belt conveyers, cyclones,

bag filters, electrostatic precipitators, particulate collection system.

Books Recommended

1. Smith J C, Mccabe W L and Harriot P H, “Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering”,

McGraw Hill (2001).

2. Bhattacharya B C and Narayanan C M “Mechanical Operation for Chemical Engineers”

3. Perry’s, “Handbook of Chemical Engineering”, 7th Ed, McGraw Hill (1997).

4. Brown G G “Unit Operations” 1st ed. , CBS Publisher (2004)

5. Richardson and Coulson “Chemical Engineering Vol II”,5 th ed., Butterworth –

Heinemann (2003).

CH- 207 Chemical Technology – 1 [ 3 0 0 3]

Soaps and Detergents: Raw materials and Reaction Chemistry, Continuous process for

manufacture of fatty acids, soaps and glycerine, Classification of detergents, Builders and additives,

Manufacture of detergents like alkyl benzene sulphonate ,Sodium alkane sulphonate.

Cane Sugar: Cane production and varieties, manufacturing equipment and technology, cane sugar

refining, bagasse utilization, energy requirements and conservation, environmental considerations.

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Polymers: Nomenclature of polymers and their classification, Modes of polymerization i.e

addition, condensation, step growth and chain growth polymerization , Methods of polymerization.

Selected industrial polymerization, including plastics, synthetic fibers, synthetic and natural

rubbers.

Agricultural Residue Utilization: Availability and Characteristics, energetic and energy contents,

modes of energy recovery, gasification, pyrolysis, deoxygenation, chemicals from agricultural

residues.

Oils and Fats: Status and scope: Major oil seeds production in India; expression, solvent extraction,

energy and solvent requirements, minor oil seeds and other oil bearing materials, Hydrogenation of

oils.

Books Recommended

1. Dryden C E, “Outlines of Chemical Technology”, East –West Press Pvt. Ltd., New

Delhi, 2nd Edition (1973 )

2. Austin G T, “Shreve’s Chemical Process Industries”, McGraw Hill Book Company,

New Delhi 5th Edition (1986 )

3. Chemical Engineering Education Development Centre– “Chemical Technology I, II, III,

IV, Manual of Chemical Technology, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras”.

4. Shukla S D and Pandey G N, “A text book of Chemical Technology Vol I”, Vikas

Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

5. Shukla S D and Pandey G N, “A text book of Chemical Technology Vol II”, Vikas

Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

MA-201 Mathematics- III [3 1 0 4]

Roots of algebraic and transcendental equations, Bisection method, Regula – Falsi method, Newton

–Raphson method, Bairstow’s method and Graeffe’s root squaring method.

Solution of simultaneous algebraic equations, matrix inversion and eigen-value problems,

triangularisation method, Jacobi’s and Gauss-Siedel iteration method, partition method for matrix

inversion, power method for largest eigen-value and Jacobi’s method for finding all eigen-values.

Finite differences, interpolation and numerical differentiation, forward, backward and central

differences, Newton’s forward, backward and divided difference interpolation formulas,

Lagrange’s interpolation formula, Stirling’s and Bessel’s central difference interpolation formulas,

numerical differentiation using Newton’s forward and backward difference formulas and numerical

differentiation using Stirling’s and Bessel’s central difference interpolation formulas.

Numerical integration, Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s one-third rule and numerical double integration

using Trapezoidal rule and Simpson’s one-third rule.

Taylor’s series method, Euler’s and modified Euler’s methods, Runge-Kutta fourth order methods

for ordinary differential equations, simultaneous first order differential equations and second order

differential equations.

Boundary value problems, finite difference methods for boundary value problems.

Partial differential equations, finite difference methods for elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic

equations.

Books Recommended

1. S S Sastry, Introductionary Methods of Numerical Analysis, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall

of India Pvt.Ltd., New India -1999

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2. S C Chapra and R P Canale, Numerical Methods for Engineers, 2nd Edition, McGraw

Hill Book Company, Singapore 1990.

3. Grewal, B S, ”Numerical Methods”, Khanna Publishers ,Delhi.

CY-661 Nanomaterials, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology [3 1 0 4]

Introduction :Terminologies, History & Scope

Characterization & Fabrication: Contemporary Characterization Methods, top down & Bottom

up Fabrication, Solution based Synthesis of Nanoparticles, Vapour Phase Synthesis & Synthesis

with framework, Nanolithography, Dip Pen Lithography.

Artificially Layered Materials: Quantum Well, Quantum Dots, Super lattices & Layered Structures.

Self Assembly: Supramolecular & dimension Control in Nanostructure, thermodynamics and coded

self assembly.

Biomaterials:DNA & Nanomaterials, Bioanocomposites, Biometrics, molecular motor.

Nanoelectronics and Molecular Computing: Molecular wires, Nonowires, Nanotubes, Molecular

switch, Molecular logic gates and molecular storage devices, DNA Computing Quantum

Computing.

Books Recommended

1. Introduction to Nanotechnology, C P Poole & F J Owens, Wiley, 2003.

2. Understanding Nanotechnology, Scientific American 2002.

3. Nanotechnology, M Ratner & D Ratner, Prentice Hall 2003.

4. Nanotechnology, M Wildon, K Kannagara G Smith, M Simmons & B Raguse, CRC

Press Boca Raton 2002.

CH-211 Fluid Flow Laboratory [0 0 2 1]

1. To find coefficient of friction in pipes of different materials.

2. To verify Bernaulli’s equation using hydraulic bench.

3. To find losses due to sudden expansion and sudden contraction in pipes.

4. To calculate Reynold’s number for laminar and turbulent flow.

5. To calculate metacentric height.

6. To determine volumetric and mass flow rates through the Venturi meter.

7. To determine volumetric and mass flow rates using orifice meter.

8. To determine the efficiency of a pump.

9. To calibrate and to find mass flow rate through Rotameter.

CH-215 Mechanical Operations Laboratory [0 0 2 1]

1. Determination of power consumption and study of agitation and mixing characteristic of a fluid.

2. Determination of drag coefficient from the plot of drag coefficient Vs modified Reynolds No.

3. To determine pressure drop through a packed bed: To plot the graph between modified Reynolds

no. Vs modified friction factor and verify Ergun Equation in packed column.

4. To find out the collection efficiency of a cyclone separator.

5. Determination of screening efficiency in a vibrating screen.

6. Plate and frame filter press: determination of cake resistance and filter medium resistance.

7. Determination of specific cake resistance in constant pressure vacuum filtrations

8. To study filtration characteristics of a leaf filter.

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9. To study the flow through a helical coil.

10. To study the crushing efficiency of a roll crusher.

11. To study flow through an orifice.