NIT Hamirpur Syllabus Surveying-
Basics of surveying: Introduction to surveying; concept of Geoid and reference spheroids, plane and
geodetic surveys. Principles of surveying; Errors in measurements. Surveying instruments, Types of Maps,
scale and uses, plotting accuracy coordinate systems
Leveling and contours: Various terms; Methods of height determination; Spirit and trigonometric
leveling- different types of levels and staves; booking and reduction of data, profile leveling and cross
sectioning; curvature, refraction and collimation errors, reciprocal leveling. Contours, their characteristics,
uses and methods of contouring,
Linear measurements: Direct and indirect methods; Chain and tape measurements- corrections to tape
measurements; Optical methods- Tachometric measurements.
Measurement of directions: Bearings and angles; Compass surveying- magnetic bearings, declination,
local attraction errors and adjustments; Theodolite- different types, uses, methods of observation and
booking of data.
Plane table survey: Merits and demerits, accessories; orientation and resection; methods of plane tabling;
three point/two point problems and solutions; errors in plane tabling.
Curve survey: Setting out of simple circular, compound, reverse, transition and vertical curves
Punmia .B.C., Surveying – Vol. 1&2
Arora.K.R., Surveying – Vol 1&2
A. M.Chandra, Plane Surveying
W. Schofield, Engineering Survey
. B. Tech Civil Engineering Course Scheme and Syllabus effective from July 2012 for 3
Course No. Course title L T P/D Hours Credit