# NIT Delhi EC Syllabus Part II

ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND WAVES Credits: 4

Static electric field: introduction, the electric dipole and dipole moment, gauss’s law, boundary relations, divergence theorem. static magnetic field: magnetic field of current carrying element- biot savart law, magnetic flux & flux density, analogies between electric and magnetic fields. maxwell’s equations: the equation of continuity for time varying fields, maxwell’s

equations, conditions at a boundary surface. electromagnetic waves: plane waves: wave equations, plane waves in conducting media, skin effect and surface impedance. poynting vector and the flow of power: poynting theorem, power flow for a plane wave and power loss in a plane conductor. guided waves: waves between parallel planes, te and tm waves, characteristics of te and tm waves, tem waves, attenuation in parallel plane guides. wave guides: rectangular wave-guides, te & tm modes in wave-guides, impedance and attenuation in rectangular waveguides.

Books:

1. Electromagnetic waves and Radiating Systems, E.C.JORDAN & K.G.BALMAIN, PHI.

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Course No. EC 254 PROBABILITY THEORY & STOCHASTIC PROCESSES Credits: 3

Probability: probability through sets, joint and conditional probability , bayes theorem. random variable: definition, distribution function, density function, gaussian uniform, rayleigh distributions. operations on one random variable: expectation, moments, characteristic function, transformations of a random variable. multiple random variables: joint distribution joint density, conditional distribution & density. operations on multiple random variables: joint moments, transformations of multiple random variables. random processes: time averages & ergodicity , auto correlation & cross correlation functions, properties. spectral characteristics of random processes: power density spectrum and it’s properties, bandwidth. linear systems with random inputs: random signal response , auto correlation functions of the response, cross correlation functions of input and output, power density spectrum of the response.

Books:

1. Probability, Random Variables & Random Signal Principles, PZ PEEBLES JR., MGH, 3/e, 2003

2. Probability, Random Variables & Random Signal Principles, A PAPOULIS., MGH, 3/e, 2003

3. Probability, Random Variables & Random Signal Principles, STARK et al, Pearson, 2002

Course No. EC299 Industrial Training Credits: 2

Course No. EC 301 PULSE CIRCUITS Credits: 4

Linear and non-linear wave Shaping Circuits, Bootstrap and Miller sweep circuits, principle of current sweeps, Voltage and current controlled negative resistance switching circuits, Applications using Tunnel diode and UJT only, Transistor multi-vibrator and Schmitt trigger circuits, Triggered transistor blocking oscillators- base timing and emitter timing, Astable diode controlled and RC controlled.

Books:

1. Pulse and Digital and Switching Waveforms, MILLMAN AND TAUB – TMH, 1995

2. Wave Generation and shaping, L. STRAUSS, TMH, 1995.

Course No. EC 302 COMMUNICATION THEORY Credits: 3

Communication channels, Transmission of Random Process through an LTI Filter, Noise types, Representation of Narrow Band noise In phase and Quadrature Components, Noise Figure, Noise Bandwidth, Noise Temperature, Linear modulation schemes,

noise in AM receivers, Angle modulation schemes, Noise in FM receiver, Pulse analog and pulse digital modulation schemes, Noise performance, Source Coding Theorem, Information Capacity Theorem,, Huffman Coding.

Books:

1. Communication Systems, S.HAYKIN, 4/e, John Wiley & Sons, Singapore, 2001.

2. Modern Digital & Analog Communication Systems, B.P. LATHI, 3/e, Oxford University Press, 1998.

3. Communication Systems Engineering, JG PROAKIS, Pearson, 2003

4. Principles of Communications, 4/e, ZIEMER and TRANTER, Houghton Mifflin, 1995

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Course No. EC 303 LINEAR I.C. APPLICATIONS Credits: 3

Operational Amplifiers, Linear Applications of OP. Amps, Non Linear Applications OP Amps, Design considerations and applications of 555 Timer IC, 566 VCO IC and 8038 function generator IC, Design considerations and applications of 723 voltage regulator IC, three terminal and Switching regulator ICs, Phase locked loop IC and its typical applications, Active filters., Analogue Multipliers and modulator circuits.

Books:

1. Operational Amplifiers, G.B. CLAYTON,

2. Applications of Operational Amplifiers, G.B. CLAYTON

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Course No. EC 304 DIGITAL I.C. APPLICATIONS Credits: 3

RTL, DTL, TTL , CMOS logic families, circuit analysis, noise considerations, Multiplexer, comparators, Adders, ALU’s Counters, Shift Registers, Combinational PLD’s Drivers for LCD and 7 segment displays. ROM, RAM, Static RAM, Dynamic RAM, Principles and implementation schemes of DAC’s and ADC’s, study of standard ICs

Books:

1. Digital Design Principles & Practices, JOHN F. WAKERLY, 3rd Ed.,Pearson Education Asia, 2002.

2. Digital Integrated Electronics, TAUB AND SCHILLING, MGH, Singapore, 1994

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Course No. EC 305 DIGITAL SYSTEM DESIGN Credits: 3

Introduction to fabrication of Integrated active and passive components, Digital System design – top down approach, separation of controller and architecture, refining architecture and control algorithm, Algorithmic state Machines (ASM) ASM Chart notations, HDL Models for building blocks like Adders, ALUs, Encoders, PLA, PAL, timing devices, Building blocks for Digital System Design, Realizing ASMs, Asynchronous inputs and races, Design case studies, Power distribution, noise, cross talk, reflections line drivers and receivers, EDA Tools

Books:

1. The Art of Digital Design, PROSSER AND WINKLE, Prentice-Hall, 1996.

2.Hand Outs on EDA tools

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Course No. 351 DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS Credits: 3

Basic signal processing operations in Digital communications, Detection of known signals in noise, Correlation receiver, Matched

filter receiver, Estimation, Discrete PAM signals, Nyquist criterion for zero ISI, Adaptive equalizers, Baseband M-ary PAM, Digital modulation formats, M-ary modulation techniques, : Linear block codes, Cyclic codes, Convolutional codes and Trellis codes.

Books:

1. Digital Communications- S.HAYKIN, John Wiley & Sons, 1988.

2. Digital Communications- B.SKLAR, Pearson Education, 2002

3. Digital Communications- J.G. PROAKIS, 4/e, MGH, 2001

4. Digital and Analog Communication Systems, 6/e, LEON W COUCH, Pearson, 2001

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Course No. EC 352 ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION Credits: 3

Radiation from an alternating current element, Antenna theorems, effective lengths and effective aperture areas of antennas, directivity, gain and field patterns of antennas, Two element array, linear array, multiplication of patterns, effect of earth on vertical patterns, mutual impedance effects, Binomial arrays, Travelling wave radiators, Rhombic antennas, Travelling wave radiators, Rhombic antennas, V.H.F. and UH.F. antennas, Antenna measurements, Propagation of radio waves.

Books:

1) Electromagnetic waves & Radiating Systems, E.C. JORDAN & K.G. BALMAIN, PHI, 1986.

2) Transmission and Propagation, E.V.D. GLAZIER and H.R. LAMONT, HMSO, 1990.