# NIT Calicut Civil Engineering Syllabus III SEM Part II

CE 251T INTRODUCTION TO HYDROMECHANICS

Module I (10 hours)

Fluids-Definition-types and properties. Fluid as a continuum, Control volume concept.

Fluid Statics- Fluid pressure-Measurement of pressure- Hydrostatic forces on immersed surfaces-Application of fluid pressure analysis in engineering problems. Buoyancy and stability of immersed and floating bodies, Pressure in case of accelerated rigid body motion.
Fluid kinematics- Methods of describing fluid motion, – Types of motion, Inviscid flows, Velocity and acceleration- Continuity equation- Potential flows-Velocity potential and Stream function. Cauchy Reimann equation – Flownet – Circulation and vorticity- Source, Sink and Doublet.
Module II (10 hours)
Fluid dynamics, Types of forces, Forces influencing fluid motion- Energy and Head-Energy correction factor, Euler and Bernoulli’s equations. Application of Bernoulli’s equation. Flow measurement, Linear momentum equations, momentum correction factors, Application of momentum equation.
Module III (9 hours)
Pipe flow- Introduction – Laminar and turbulent forces- Reynolds’ number,
Laminar flow – Head loss. Turbulent flow in pipes- Major loss in pipe flow-Friction loss, Minor losses, Total energy and hydraulic gradient line, Compound pipes, Pipes in series and parallel, Branching pipes, Pipe network.
Module IV (10 hours)
Introduction to boundary layer theory – Boundary layer growth in flow over a plate, Flow past immersed bodies.
Dimensional analysis and similitude – Methods of dimensional analysis, Dimensionless numbers. Principles of similarity- Modeling using Reynolds and Froude laws, Distorted models and Scale effects.
References:
1. Shames, I.H., Mechanics of Fluids McGraw Hill , 1992, New York
2. Streeter, V.L and Wylie, E.B., Fluid Mechanics, McGraw Hill , 1985, New York
3. Modi P.N. & Seth S.M., Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics including Fluid Machines- Standard Book House, 2000, New Delhi.
4. Subramanya K. Theory and Applications of Fluid Mechanics, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co, 1993, New Delhi.
5. S.K. Agrawal. Fluid Mechanics and Machinery, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co, 1997, New Delhi.
CE 271T BUILDING TECHNOLOGY – I
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Module I (10 hours)
Building stones – Classification of rocks – Quarrying – Dressing – Properties and uses of common type of stones ; Timber – Defects – Seasoning – Decay – Preservation – Plywood, fibre board, particle board ; Clay products – Bricks – Manufacture – IS classifications – Properties and testing – Types of bricks – Tiles – Manufacture, properties and uses – Types of tiles ; Ceramic products – Lime – Classification – Manufacture, properties and uses.
Module II (10 hours)
Cement – Ingredients – Manufacture – Types of cement – Properties and testing – Uses ; Mortar – Sand – Properties – Types of mortar and uses ; Concrete – Properties of fresh concrete and tests – Proportioning of concrete mixes – Properties of hardened concrete and tests – Recent developments in concrete ; Iron and steel – Structural sections – Properties and uses of structural steel – Recent developments ; Miscellaneous materials – Glass – Plastics – A.C.sheets – Thermocole.
Module III (10 hours)
Foundation – Timbering of foundation trenches – Bearing capacity of soils – Improvement of bearing capacity – Settlement of foundation – Description of spread, grillage, raft, mat and pile foundations ; Brick and stone masonry – Bonds in brick work – Types of stone masonry – Cavity walls – Lintels and arches ; Concrete construction – Batching, mixing, placing, compacting and curing of concrete – form work – Precast concrete – Prestressed concrete – Recent developments in concreting ; Partition walls – Types and features.
Module 1V (9 hours)
Floors and flooring – Types of floors – Types of floor coverings ; Roofs and roofings – Types of roofs – Types and uses of roofing materials ; Doors, windows and ventilators – Different types ; Finishing works – Plastering, pointing, painting, white washing, colour washing, distempering ; Building repairs – Shoring – Underpinning – Scaffolding.
References
1. Rangwala S. C, Engineering Materials, Charotar Publishing House, 1992, Anand
2. Punmia B. C, Building Construction, Laxmi Publlications, 1999, New Delhi.
3. Rangwala S. C, Building Construction, Charotar Publishing House, 1992, Anand
4. Huntington W.C, Building Construction, John Wiley, 1959, New York.
5. Shetty M. S, Concrete Technology, S.Chand & Co., 1992, New Delhi.
CE 291T SURVEYING
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Module – I (14 hours)
Introduction – Classification of surveys – Plane, Geodetic and Topographic – Linear measurement – Chain surveying – field book – Plotting – Tie and check lines – Chaining and ranging – Obstacles – Chaining on sloping grounds – Errors in chain survey – uses of cross staff and optical square – Compass survey – Types – Whole circle and reduced bearing – Traversing – Plotting – Closing errors – Graphical and analytical adjustments – Plane table survey – Accessories – Different methods – Two and three point problems
Module – II (12 hours)
Leveling – Definitions – Leveling instruments – Temporary and permanent adjustments – Fly leveling – Booking – Reduction of levels – Correction for refraction and curvature – Reciprocal leveling – Longitudinal and cross sectioning – Contour – Characteristics – Uses – Plotting – Areas and volumes – Trapezoidal rule – Simpson’s rule – Area from latitude and departure – Uses of planimeter – Trapezoidal and prismoidal formulae
Module – III (11 hours)
Theodolite survey – Study of theodolite – Temporary and permanent adjustments – Measurement of horizontal angles – Methods of repetition and reiteration – Measurement of vertical angles – Tacheometric surveying – Stadia system – Fixed and movable hair methods – Staff held vertical and normal – Instrument constants – Analytic lens – Tangential system – Direct reading tacheometer – Subtense bar
Module – IV (15 hours)
Triangulation – Principle – Selection of base line and stations – Orders of triangulation – Triangulation figures – Scaffold and signals – Marking of stations – Intervisibility and heights of stations – Satellite stations – Base line measurement – Equipment and corrections – Introduction to adjustment of observations – Curves – type of curves – Elements of a curve – Simple curves – Different methods of setting out – Introduction to compound, reverse, transition and vertical curves – Hydrographic survey – Shoreline and river survey – Soundings- Methods, equipment and ranges – Locating sounding – Plotting – Three point problem – Introduction to modern instruments – Total station.
References
1. B.C. Punmia, Surveying Volume – I, Laxmi Publications, 1990, New Delhi.
2. S. K Duggal, Surveying Volume I, Tata McGraw Hill, 1996, New Delhi.
3. S.K.Roy, Fundamentals of Surveying, Prentice Hall of India, 1999, New Delhi.
4. T.P Kanetkar & S,V Kulkarni, Surveying and Leveling Part – I, Pune Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, 1996, Pune.
5. David Clerk, Plane and Geodetic Surveying for Engineers., CBS Publishers, 1996, New Delhi.