**NIT Agartala Fluid Mechanics-I Syllabus**

**ME- 303 FLUID MECHANICS-I (3-1-0) 4 **

**1. Properties of fluid**: Mass and weight density, specific gravity, specific volume, viscosity and

Newton’s law of viscosity, Compressibility, Types of fluid, surface tension and capillarity.

**2. Pressure and its measurement**: Fluid pressure at a point and Pascal’s law, absolute, gauge and

vacuum pressures, pressure variation in a fluid at rest, pressure measurement-Manometers and

Mechanical Gauges.

**3. Hydrostatics**: Total pressure and centre of pressure for horizontal, vertical , inclined plane

surfaces and curved surfaces submerged in liquid. Total pressure and center of pressure on lock

gates.

**4. Buoyancy and flotation**: Buoyancy, center of buoyancy , metacentre and metacentric height and

equilibrium of floating bodies, period of oscillation .Kinematics of flow: Types of fluid flow,

continuity equation in three dimensions, velocity potential function and stream function, forced

and free vortex flow.

**5. Dynamics of flow:** Euler’s equation and Bernoulli’s equation ,application of Bernoulli’s

equation-venturimeter, orifice-meter, and pitot tube.

**6. Orifice and Notches:** Flow through orifices, hydraulic coefficients, time of emptying

hemispherical and horizontal cylindrical tank through an orifice at it’s bottom. Discharge over

rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal notches, velocity of approach.

**7. Laminar flow **: Flow of viscous fluid through circular pipe-velocity distribution and average

velocity, Hagen Poiseiulle formula, Kinetic energy correction and Momentum Correction factors ,

Navier-Stokes equation of motion.

**8. Turbulent Flow**: Reynold’s experiment, Loss of head due to friction in pipes, Reynold’s

expression and Prandtl mixing length theory for turbulent shear stress.

References:

1. Bansal, S.K., “Fluid Mechanics & Hydraulic Machines” Laxmi Publications.

2. Cengel, Y.A., “Fluid Mechanics: Fundamentals & Applications (SI Units)” Tata McGraw-

Hill Publications

3. Jain, A.K., “Fluid Mechanics” Khanna Publishers.

4. Rajput, R.K., “Fluid mechanics & Hydraulic machines 2/E ” S. Chand Publications