NIT Jalandhar 8th Sem Syllabus for Chemical Engineering Syllabus

NIT Jalandhar VIII Sem Chemical Engineering Syllabus

  Syllabus of VIII Semester

CH-402 Process Economics and Management [3 0 0 3]

Cost Estimation: Factors affecting investment & production costs, Capital investments (Fixed
and working capital), Types of capital cost estimates, Cost Indexes, Estimating equipment costs
by scaling 6/10 Factor Rule, Purchase Equipment Installation , Insulation costs, Instrumentation &
Control, Piping , Electrical Installation , Service facilities, Land, Engineering . & Supervision ,
Start –up expenses. Methods of Estimating Capital Investment, Estimation of total product cost,
Different costs involved in the total product for a typical Chemical Process plant.
Interest & Investment Costs: Types of interest ( simple & compound interest ), Nominal &
Effective Rates of interest, Continuous interest, Present worth & discounts, perpetuities,
capitalized costs, Interest & Investment costs.Taxes & Insurance: Types of taxes, Property
taxes, excise taxes, income taxes, Types of Insurance & Legal Responsibility.
Depreciation: Purpose of Depreciation as cost, Types of Depreciation, Depletion, Service life.,
Salvage value, Present value, Methods of Determining Depreciation , Straight- line method,
Declining Balance Method, Sum of the years Digits method, Sinking Fund Method, Single Unit &
Group Depreciation.
Profitability, Alternative Investments & Replacement: Profitability standards, Mathematical
methods of profitability evaluation: Rate of return on investment, Discounted cash flow method,
Net Present worth, Capitalised costs, pay out period. Determination of Acceptable investment,
Alternatives when an investment must be made, Alternative analysis by method of return on
incremental investment, Alternative analysis incorporating minimum return as a cost,
Replacements, Balance sheets & Income statement.
Optimum Design: General procedure for Determining optimum conditions, Procedure with one
variable, Procedure with Two or More variables, Break even chart for production schedule and its
significance for optimum analysis. Examples of optimum design in a Chemical Process Plant.
Books Recommended
1. Peters, M S & Timmerhaus K D,“Plant Design and Economics for Chemical
Engineers”, McGraw Hill , New York , 4th Edition (2003)
2. Ulrich , G D,“A Guide to Chemical Engineering Process Design and Economics”, John
Wiley (1984)
3. Guthrie K M, “ Process Plant Estimation, Evaluation and Control”, Craftsman Solano
Beach, California (1974)
4. Douglas, “ Conceptual Design of Chemical Processes”, McGraw Hill (1998)
5. Valle Riestra , “Project Evaluation in Chemical Process Industries”, McGraw Hill
CH-404 Process Modeling and Simulation [3 0 0 3]
Introduction: Definition of mathematical model, lumped parameter models, distributed parameter
models, uses of mathematical models, scope of coverage, principles of formulation.
Fundamental laws: Continuity equations, energy equations, equation of motion, equations of state,
equilibrium, chemical kinetics.
Mathematical Models for Chemical Engineering Systems: Series of isothermal constant holdup
CSTRs, CSTRs with variable holdups, Two heated tanks, Non-isothermal CSTR, Single component
vaporizer, Batch reactor,Ideal binary distillation column, Batch distillation with holdup, pH
34
systems, Lumped parameter model of gas absorber, Model foe heat exchanger, Model for
interacting & non-intracting tanks, Model for biochemical reaction.
Simulation: Meaning of simulation, Simulation examples of isothermal CSTR, non-isothermal
CSTR. Batch reactor.
Books recommended
1. Luyben W L, “Process Modeling Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineers”,
international ed. McGraw Hill (1990).
2. Rose L M, “ The Application of Mathematical Modelling to Process Development and
Design”, First Ed. Applied Science Publisher Limited., London (1974).
3. Bequette , “ Process Dynamics- Modelling, Analysis and Simulation”, PHI International
(2003).
4. Rase H F, “Chemical Reactor Design for Process Plants, Vol II: Case Studies and
Design Data”, 1st Ed., John Wiley and Sons, New York (1997)
5. Denn M Morton, “Process Modelling”, First Ed. Longman Publisher (1986).
CH-412 Environmental Pollution Control laboratory [0 0 2 1]
To carry out following experiments in the laboratory:
1. To determine the Total Solids of a given sample.
2. To find out Total Dissolved Solids of a given sample.
3. To find out Fixed and Volatile solids of the given sample.
4. To determine Acidity of the given sample.
5. To determine the Alkalinity of the given sample.
6. To determine the Total Hardness of the given sample.
7. To find out amount of Sulphates in a given sample.
8. To estimate the content of Chlorides in the given water sample
9. To find the quantity of the Dissolved Oxygen present in the given sample
10. To determine the BOD of a given wastewater sample.
11. To determine the COD of a given wastewater sample.
CH-414 Process Modelling and Simulation Laboratory [0 0 2 1]
1. Modeling and Simulation of Isothermal CSTR.
2. Modeling and Simulation of non-isothermal CSTR.
3. Modeling and Simulation of isothermal batch reactor.
4. Modeling and Simulation of non-isothermal batch reactor.
5. Modeling and Simulation of distillation column.
6. Modeling and Simulation of heat exchanger.
7. Modeling and Simulation of cyclone separator
8. Modeling and Simulation of CSTRs in series
35
CH-400 Project (Phase –II) [0 0 8 4]
Every student will be required to submit a project report in a typed form, on a topic selected by
the student, but specifically approved by the faculty member, who will guide the student or on a
topic to be assigned by one or more faculty members.
The project work on the topic will consist of either some investigational work, computer
simulation or design problem or experimental set up of some development work of or prototype
equipment. Every student will be orally examined in the topic incorporated in the project and in the
project and in the related area of specialization.
The student will be required to submit three copies of his/her project report to the department office
for record. One copy each for the department library, participating faculty and students own copy.
36
Syllabus of Electives
Electives for Fifth Semester
CH-321 Polymer Science and Engineering [3 0 0 3 ]
Introduction: Concepts and classification of polymers Functionality , Glass transition temperature,
Addition, condensation , step- growth and chain –growth polymerization
Molecular weight estimation: Average molecular weight – Number and weight average,
Sedimentation and viscosity average molecular weights, Molecular weight and degree of
polymerization, Significance of molecular weight.
Polymerization Processes: Bulk, solution, emulsion and suspension polymerization, Comparison of
polymerization processes.
Polymerization Kinetics: Chemistry of step reaction polymerization, Mechanism and kinetics of
polycondensation reactions and free- radical chain polymerization.
Synthetic Fibres: Types of Fibres, Spinning Techniques, Manufacturing Technology and
Applications of different types of fibres: cellulosic fibres, polyamides, acrylics, vinyls and
vinylidines, fluorocarbons.
Plastics: Manufacturing Technology and applications of different types of plastics: Polyester,
polyethylene, Phenolics, Rubbers, structure, properties and preparation natural rubber synthetic
rubbers: SBR, rubber compounding and reclaiming..
Books Recommended:
1. Gowariker V R , Viswanathan N V and Sreedhar J “Polymer Science” New Age
International Publishers (1996)
2. Billmeyer F W “Text Book of Polymer Science” Wiley Tappers (1994)
3. Ghosh P, “Polymer Science and Technology of plastics and rubber” Tata McGraw Hill
(2001).
4. Gupta R K and Anil Kumar, “ Fundamentals of Polymer Engineering”, 2nd Ed., Marcel
Dekkar (2003)
5. Fried J R “Polymer Science and Technology” PHI
CH- 323 Oil Technology [3 0 0 3]
Introduction: General survey of oils and oil based industries sources of oils and fats, their
classification,
General properties of oils: Properties and utilization, composition of glycerides, non-glyceride
components, fatty acids, waxes.
Methods of introduction of oils and fats: extraction solvents and extraction rendering, Refining
and hydrogenation of oils, Vanspati, margerin shorteming.
Essentials of oil: Soaps raw materials and methods of manufactures, introduction to synthetic
detergents. Fat splitting, fractionation of fatty acids and recovery of glycerin. Essential oils and
cosmetics.
Books Recommended:
1. Payne H F , Organic coating technology Vol. I & II , Wiley, New York, (1954)
2. Morgans H M , Outlines of Paint technology, 3e, CBS, New Delhi, (2001)
37
3. Joseph Bijos , Good Painting Practices, Wiley, New York, (1967)
4. Gerhard Buchbauer, Handbook of Essential Oils: Science, Technology, and Applications,
CRC, Austria, (2009)
CH-325 Rubber & Plastic Technology [3 0 0 3]
Rubber & elastomers, natual & synthetic chlorinated, oxygenated, cycle rubber, Runa S. Buna N,
Butyl rubber, neoprene, thiokols, polyisoprene rubber, polyurethane, Fillers, saccelerators,
activators, antioxidants & other additives, mastication & compounding, vulcanization theory &
technology, Latex testing, formulation, fabrication, rubbers of commercial importance.
Introduction to Plastics, Polythene, LDPE, Poly Propylene, Copolymers of ethylene, polystyreme,
acrylic plastics, Polyvinyl acetate, PVC, Polytetrafluoro ethylene (PTFE), Polymidesm, Polyesters,
Polyurethanes, Polycarbonates, cellulose plastics, phenolic resins, Plastic material processing
technology; mouldings, extrusion, injection, blow & compression moulding, vaccum forming,
compounding, designing with plastics, plastics of commercial importance.
Books Recommended:
1. Gowariker V R , Viswanathan N V and Sreedhar J “Polymer Science” New Age
International Publishers (1996)
2. Billmeyer F W “Text Book of Polymer Science” Wiley Tappers (1994)
3. Ghosh P, “Polymer Science and Technology of plastics and rubber” Tata McGraw Hill
(2001).
4. Gupta R K and Anil Kumar, “ Fundamentals of Polymer Engineering”, 2nd Ed., Marcel
Dekkar (2003)
5. Fried J R “Polymer Science and Technology” PHI
Electives for Sixth Semester
CH-322 Petroleum Recovery Technology [3 0 0 3]
Petroleum as a resource material: Physical and chemical characteristics of crude oil, origin of oil,
source rock and maturation.
Migration of oil-mechanism pattern and barriers, Reservoir rocks and cap rocks, Entrapment of oiltypes
and mechanism
Reservoir Rock Properties: Porosity, permeability, Effective and relative permeability, wettability,
capillary pressure characteristics.
Flow of fluids through porous media: Darcy’s law, single and multiphase flow.
Reservoir flow through porous media, drive mechanism, Introduction to enhanced oil recovery
methods.
Drilling: Introduction to on-shore and offshore drilling operations, drilling accessories rig
components, drilling fluid circulation system.
Production: Production equipment, Introduction to work over and well stimulation method. Two
phase oil and gas separation equipment, Types, their description, vessel internal sizing. Theory of
separation., Three phase oil- Gas and water separators- type of separators their description, various
control and vessel internals. LACT Units.
Storage and handling of Petroleum fluids: Different types of tanks for storage of oil and LPG
38
Books Recommended :
1. Berger B D, Anderson K E, “Modern Petroleum” Pennwell books
2. Bradley H B, “Petroleum Engineering Handbook”, SPE
3. Cole F W, Reservoir Engineering manual
4. Carl Gatlin , “Petroleum Engineering Drilling and Well Completions” Prentice Hall .
5. Mc Cray and Cole , “ Oil Well Drilling Technology” Oklahoma Press .
CH-324 Natural Gas Engineering [3 0 0 3]
Gas from condensate and oilfields. Scope of Natural gas industry. Basic thermodynamic and
system energy concepts in Natural Gas Engineering.
Review of physical and chemical properties of natural gas and associate hydrocarbons. Phase
behaviour studies of two phase hydrocarbon systems, equations of states, multiple flashes. Waterhydrocarbon
system. Vapour liquid equilibria.
Flow of fluids. Compression calculations. Heat Transfer and Mass Transfer principles and
applications in Natural Gas Engineering.
Gas flow measurement. Process control and instrumentation in natural gas processing plants.
Natural Gas Processing. Field separation and oil absorption process. Refrigeration and low
temperature processing. Liquification process. Dehydration of Natural Gas sweetening of Natural
gas and sulphur recovery, Processing for LPG, LNG, CNG system.
Transmission of Natural Gas. Specifications. Utilization of Natural Gas. Underground storage and
conservation of Natural Gas.
Unconventional Gas: Coal Bed Methane, Natural Gas Hydrate.
Conversion of gas to liquid.
Economic consideration for development of gas fields.
Books Recommended :
1. Kumar S, “Gas Production Engineering”, Gulf Publishing Co. (1987)
2. Beggs H D, “Gas Production Operations”, OGCI Publication (1984).
3. Ikoku C K, “Natural Gas Engineering” – John Wiley (1984).
4. Alexandre R, “Natural Gas : Production, Processing and Transport” – Hyperion Books
(1995).
5. Donald L Katz, “Hand Book of Natural Gas Engineering” Mc Graw Hill
CH-326 Petrochemical Technology [3 0 0 3]
Petrochemical-an overview: Growth of global and Indian petrochemicals industries. Definition of
Petrochemicals, History of Petrochemicals Industry, Development of Petrochemicals Industry in
India, Economics of Petrochemicals Industry, general cost considerations,indigenous technology
V/S foreign know-how. Sources of petrochemicals – Natural gas and petroleum, classification of
petrochemicals.
Chemicals from methanol and synthesis gas:Oxo-products, methanol, formaldehyde, carbon – di –
sulphide , Hydrogen cyanide.
Chemicals from ethane, ethylene and acetylene: synthetic ethanol.aldehyde, acetaldehyde, acetic
acid, vinyl acetate, butraldehyde and ethyl hexanol and DOP; ethylene oxide, ethylene glycol,
acrylonitrile, ethanol, amines, ethyl chloride, ethylene di chloride
39
Chemicals from propane and propylene: iso propanol, acetone, glycerol, propylene oxide,
propylene glycols, isoprene, cumene.
Chemicals from butanes, butane pentanes and pentanes: butadiene, butone, epoxides,butanol
amines, butyl acetate, methyl-ethyl ketone
Chemicals from aromatics: mono chloro and di-chloro benzene, BHC nitro benzene, do-decyl
benzene, benzoic acid, nitro toluene, pthalic anhydride, iso pthalic acid, terethalic acid and di
methyl terepthalate, maelic anhydride, adipic acid, hexa methylene di amine
Future of petro chemicals: integrated petro chemical complex, energy crisis in petro chemical
industries, natural gas as petro chemical feed stock, import of heavy feed stocks on petro chemicals,
ecology and energy crisis. Coal as an alternative to oil, energy crisis and industrial fuel, synthetic
fuels, trends in petro chemical industries.
Books Recommended :
1. B.K Bhaskar Rao, “ A textbook on petro chemicals” 2nd , Khanna publisher (1996)
2. Ram Prasad , “ petroleum refining technology” khanna publisher
3. Maiti Sukumar, “Introduction to Petrochemicals” Oxford and IBH publishing Co. (1992)
4. Chauvels A and Lefebvre G, “Petrochemical process” Vol.4
CH-328 Membrane Separation processes [3 0 0 3]
Introduction: Definition of membrane and membrane process, Commercial membrane separation
processes, new membrane separation process under development
Reverse Osmosis: Introduction and definition, theory and design, different membrane modules,
selected applications and economics.
Ultra filtration: Introduction and definition, theory and design, membrane module and process
configuration, applications and economics.
Micro filtration: Introduction and definition, theory of cross flow filtration, dead end micro
filtration, applications and economics.
Emulsion liquid membranes: Introduction and definition, theory and design,
selected applications and economics
Dialysis, Electodialysis, Pervaporation, Gas permeation: Brief introduction and applications.
Books Recommended:
1. Wilson & Sirkar, Membrane Handbook, Mc grawhill, London, (2001).
2. Nune and Peinemann, Membrane Technology in chemical industries, Wiley, New York,
(2000).
3. Cheryan Munir, Ultra filtration Handbook, Technomic, New York, (1985)
4. Noble and Stern, Membrane separation and technology, principles and applications,
Elsevier, (1995)
5. Baker R W, Membrane technology and applications, Wiley, New York, (2000).
40
CH-330 Plant Utilities [3 0 0 3]
Steam:- Boilers- classification , various types, construction, boiler mountings & accessories,
properties of steam-tables, Mollier Diagram.
Power Generation: Internal Combustion Engines- classification, two- stroke, four stroke petrol &
diesel engine, valve timing diagram,carburetor, Combustion Phenomena .
Refrigeration: Air refrigeration cycles, vapour compression cycle, P-H diagram, liquefactions
processes .
Compressed Air and Vacuum: Use of compressed air. Classification of compressors.
reciprocating compressors-mechanical details, single stage and two stage reciprocating compressor ,
inter cooler, minimum work input in multistage.
Centrifugal compressor- velocity diagram for centrifugal compressors, dimensional parameters,
slip factor , impeller blade shapes, losses in axial flow compressors.
Fuel: Natural gas, liquid petroleum fuels, coal & coke .
Waste Disposal: Plant sewer system and waste disposal.
Books Recommended:
1. Yadav B, “Thermodynamics & Heat Engines”, Central Publishing House, Allahabad
(2000).
2. Vasandani, “Treatise on Heat Engines”, New Delhi (2000)
3. Lyle O, “The efficient use of steam”,Her Majesty’s Stationary Ofiice,London (1974).
4. Baasal W D, “ Preliminary Chemical Engineering Plant Design” New York, (1989).
5. Dodge B F, “Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”, McGraw Hill, (1967).
Electives for Seventh Semester
CH-421 Energy Management and Audit [3 0 0 3]
Energy Scenario: Commercial and Non-Commercial Energy, Primary Energy Resources,
Commercial Energy Production, Energy Needs of Growing Economy, Long Term Energy Scenario,
Energy Pricing, Energy Sector Reforms, Energy and Environment: Air Pollution, Climate Change,
Energy Security, Energy Conservation and its Importance, Energy Strategy for the Future, Energy
Conservation Act-2001 and its Features. Kyoto Protocol. Global warming.
Energy Management & Audit: Definition, Types of energy audit, Energy management (audit)
approach-understanding energy costs, Bench marking, Energy performance, Matching energy use to
requirement, Maximizing system efficiencies, Optimizing the input energy requirements, Fuel and
energy substitution, Energy audit instruments.
Energy Action Planning: Key elements, Force field analysis, Energy policy purpose, perspective,
Contents, Formulation, Ratification, Organizing – location of energy management, Top management
support, Managerial function, Roles and responsibilities of energy manager, Accountability.
Motivating-motivation of employees: Information system designing barriers, Strategies;
Marketing and communicating-training and planning.
Financial Management: Investment-need, Appraisal and criteria, Financial analysis techniques-
Simple pay back period, Return on investment, Net present value, Internal rate of return, Cash
flows, Risk and sensitivity analysis; Financing options, Energy performance contracts and role of
ESCOs.
41
Project Management: Definition and scope of project, Technical design, Financing, Contracting,
Implementation and performance monitoring. Implementation plan for top management, Planning
Budget, Procurement Procedures, Construction, Measurement & Verification.
Energy Monitoring and Targeting: Defining monitoring & targeting, Elements of monitoring &
targeting, Data and information-analysis, Techniques -energy consumption,
Production, Cumulative sum of differences (CUSUM).
Books Recommended:
1. Capehart, Barney L., Wayne C. Turner and William J. Kennedy, “Guide to Energy
Management” , Third Edition, Fairmont Press, Atlanta, GA, 2000;
2. Albert Thumann and D. Paul Mehta “Handbook of Energy Engineering”, by. 4th ed.
Lilburn, GA: Fairmont Press; 1997
3. Loftness, Robert L. “Energy Handbook.” 2d ed. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.,
1984.
4. Turner W. “Energy Management Handbook”, Ed., John Wiley &. Sons, New York, 1982
5. Lapedes, DN “ Encyclopedia of Energy”, McGraw-Hill, New York, (1976)
CH- 423 New and Renewable Energy Sources [3 0 0 3]
Introduction: Global and Indian scenario, sources, Energy conservation, types of NCES with
applications
Solar Energy: Role and development of new renewable energy sources, instruments for measuring
solar radiations, solar radiation data, Flat plat and concentrating collectors, classification of
concentrating collectors, advanced collectors, different methods of solar energy storage, solar
ponds, solar applications: Solar heating/cooling technique, solar distillation and drying, photovoltaic
energy conversion.
Geothermal Energy: Resources, types of wells, methods of harnessing the energy
Wind Energy: Sources and potentials, horizontal and vertical axis, wind mills, wind regime
analysis and evaluation of wind mills.
Biomass and Biofuels: Recycling of agricultural waste, anaerobic/aerobic digestion, and types of
biogas digesters, gas yield, and combustion characteristics of bio gas, design of biogas system for
heating, lighting and running IC engines. Introduction to Biofuels such as biodiesel, ethanol,
biobutanol etc. and their production and present status.
Ocean Energy: OTEC, settling of OTEC plants, thermodynamic cycles
Tidal Energy: Potential and conversion technique, mini hydel power plants and their economics
Books Recommended:
1. Rai G D, “Non-conventional energy sources”
2. Kumar Ramesh and Narosa, “Renewable Energy Technologies”
3. Ashok V Desai, “Non-convetional energy”, Wiley Eastern
4. Sukahme, “Solar energy”
5. K. Mittal and Wheeler, “Non-conventional energy system”
CH-425 Instrumental Methods of Analysis [3 0 0 3]
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: General principles, instrumental set up and analytical
procedures and applications.
42
Flame photometry: Principles of flame photometry, type of instruments, experimental technique,
applications.
Thermo-Analytical method: Theory, instrumental requirements and methodology for
thermogravimetric analysis (TG), differential thermal analysis (DTA) and differential scanning
calorimetry (DSC), applications.
Chromatographic Methods: Classification of chromatographic methods according to separation
and development procedure, instrumentation and applications.
Solvent Extraction: Distribution law, techniques for solvent extraction and application.
Turbidimetry: Principles of turbidimetry, instrumental set up and applications.
Polarography and Amperometric Titrations: General principles and instrumental set up and
application.
Electrochemical Techniques: Conductometry, pH metry, cyclic voltametry.
Data Analysis: Uncertainties, Errors, calibrations, Mean, Standard Deviation, Least square fit.
Books Recommended
1. Willard, Merritt, Dean and Settle, Instrumental Methods of Analysis, CBS Publisher and
Distributors., 1986
2. Khopkar S M Basic Concepts of Analytical Chemistry, Wiley Eastern.
3. J Haines, Blackie, Thermal methods of Analysis, Principles, Application and Problems,
Academic and Professional, 1994.
4. A Braithwaite and F J Smith , Chromatographic Methods, , 5th edn. Blackie Academic
and Professional, London, 1996.
5. Skoog, Holder, Nieman, Principles of Instrumental Analysis, Fifth edition, Thomson
Books, 1998.
CH 427: Leather Technology [3 0 0 3]
Leather Manufacture: Introduction to the manufacture of leather from different hides and skins.
Chemistry and Mechanisms of various Pre-tanning, Tanning and Post tanning and Finishing
processes.
Tannages: Principles involved in Inorganic and Organic tanning.
Leather Auxiliaries: Introduction to the Auxiliaries used during Leather processing.
Leather Machinery: Study of various types of Leather, Footwear, Garment and Leather Goods
Machinery.
Footwear: Anatomy of Human Foot, Foot Comfort and Foot care, Footwear Materials, Footwear
Manufacture, Final Inspection and Packages.
Leather Garments and Goods: Classification of Leather Garments and Goods, Material Selection,
Designing and Styling, Pattern Production.
CAD of Leather Products: Introduction to general CAD, Design methods using CAD for
leather products. Grading of patterns for footwear and garments, International Fashion Trends,
Colour Characteristics, Decorative Styling Techniques
Books Recommended:
1. Thornton J H, “Textbook of Footwear Manufacture”, Heywood, London, 1964.
2. Harvey A J, “Footwear Materials and Process Technology”, Lasra Publications, New
Zealand.
43
3. Training in Tanning Techniques and Leather Goods Manufacture – Course Material”,
Central Leather Research Institute Publication, Chennai, 1990.
4. Radhakrishnan P and Kothandaraman C P, “Computer Graphics and Design”.
5. “American Shoe Making”, Shoe Trades Publishing Co., Cambridge, USA.
CH- 429 Fertilizer Technology [3 0 0 3]
Elements required for plants growth, Classification of fertilizers, Compound, Complex & bulk
blended fertilizers. N-P-K values & calculations.
Nitrogenous Fertilizers: Manufacturing Processes for Ammonia, Effects of various factors on the
process. Manufacture of ammonium sulphate, ammonium chloride, Ammonium phosphate,
Ammonium nitrate, nitric acid, Urea etc.
Economics & other strategies, Material of construction & corrosion problem.
Phosphatic fertilizers: Calculation of percentage tricalcium phosphate of lime in phosphatic rock.
Manufacture of triple super phosphate & single super phosphate, Nitrophosphate, Sodium
phosphate, phosphoric acid & other phosphatic fertilizers.
Potash Fertilizers: Manufacture of potash fertilizers like potassium sulphate, potassium chloride etc.
Books Recommended
1. Dryden C E, “Outlines of Chemical Technology”, East –West Press Pvt. Ltd., New
Delhi, 2nd Edition (1973 )
2. Austin G T, “Shreve’s Chemical Process Industries”, McGraw Hill Book Company,
New Delhi 5th Edition (1986 )
3. Chemical Engineering Education Development Centre– “Chemical Technology I, II,
III , IV , Manual of Chemical Technology, Indian Institute of Technology , Madras”.
4. Shukla S D and Pandey G N, “A text book of Chemical Technology Vol I”, Vikas
Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
5. Shukla S D and Pandey G N, “A text book of Chemical Technology Vol lI”, Vikas
Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi
Elective for Eighth Semester
CH-422 Environmental Management in Process Industries [3 0 0 3]
Introduction, Process and Waste Characteristics, Pollution Control in Process and Waste
Management according to the environment standards specific to the following types of Industries:
Chemical Process and Allied Industries
Pesticides Industry, Paint Industry, Pharmaceutical Industry, Fertilizer Industry, Sugar and
Distillery Industry, Acids and Explosives Industry, Petroleum Refinery and Petrochemical Industry,
Dyes and Dye-intermediate Industry, Pulp and Paper Industry, Leather Industry
Food Processing and Allied Industries
Dairy Industry, Poultry Industry, Edible Oil Industry
Textile and Allied Industries
Textile Industry, Man-made Fibre and Rayon Industry, Jute Processing Industry
Metallurgical and Mining Industries
Iron and Steel Industry, Aluminium Industry, Copper Industry, Foundry Industry, Coal Mining
Industry, Lead and Zinc Mining Industry
44
Cement and Allied Industries
Cement Industry, Ceramic Industry, Lime and Brick Kiln
Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics and Allied Industries
Metal Fabricating Industry, Electroplating Industry, Printing Industry, Electrical and Electronics
Industry, Aerospace Industry
Books Recommended
1. Dryden C. E., “Outlines of Chemical Technology”, East-West Press Pvt. Ltd., Second
Edition (1973).
2. Austin G. T., “Shreve’s Chemical Process Industries”, McGraw Hill Book Company, Fifth
Edition (1986).
3. Bhatia S. C., “Handbook of Industrial Pollution and Control”, CBS Publishers and
Distributors, Volume I and II, First Edition (2002).
4. Sell N. J., “Industrial Pollution Control-Issues and Techniques”, Van Nostrand Reinhold
Publication, Second Edition.
5. Hocking M. B., “Handbook of Chemical Technology and Pollution Control”, Academic
Press, Third Edition (2005).
CH-424 Environment Impact Assessment [3 0 0 3]
Study of Ecology and Ecosystem
Ecology and Environment, Biosphere as an Ecosystem, Functions of an Ecosystem, Habitats of
Biological Species, Ecological Succession, Food-chains and Food-webs, The Bio-geo-chemical
Cycles of Elements and Minerals
Biodiversity and its Conservation
Introduction to Biodiversity, Components of Biodiversity, Importance of Biodiversity, Threats to
Biodiversity, Factors causing Loss of Biodiversity, Endangered and Endemic Fauna and Flora of
India, In situ and Ex situ Techniques for Conservation of Biodiversity
Environment and Human Population
Global Population, Population Growth and Population Explosions, Environment and Human Health,
Environment and Human Rights, Value based Environmental Education, Environmental
Movements
Environment Impact Assessment (EIA)
Concept of EIA, Origin of EIA, Procedure of EIA, Evaluation Methodology for EIA, Scope Studies,
Preparation and Review of Environment Impact Statement (EIS), Introduction of Life Cycle
Assessment, Environmental Parameters in LCA, Concept of Environmental Audit, Necessity and
Importance of EA, Audit Procedures
Environmental Management System (EMS)
Introduction, Terminology and Certification, Environmental Standards, the International Standard
Organization (ISO), the ISO 9000 and the ISO 14000 Family of Standards, Guides and Technical
Reports, ISO 14001 Certification as a Tool for Sustainable Development
Case Studies
Discussion and analysis of various Case studies of environmental engineering projects
Books Recommended
1. Anjaneyulu Y., “Environment Impact Assessment Methodologies”, B S Publications (2002).
45
2. Canter L. W., Environment Impact Assessment”, McGraw Hill, Second Edition (2005).
3. Garg S. K., Garg R. and Garg R., “Ecological and Environmental Studies”, Khanna
Publishers, First Edition (2006).
4. Santra S. C., “Environmental Science”, New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd., Second Edition
(2006).
5. Uberoi N. K., “Environmental Management”, Excel Books, Second Edition (2006).
CH-426 Industrial Rheology [3 0 0 3]
Introduction: Introduction to non Newtonian and non Newtonian fluid behavior, time independent
fluid behavior, time dependent fluid behavior (thixotropy and rheopexy), visco elastic fluids,
dimensional considerations.
Rheometry for Non Newtonian Fluids: Capillary viscometers, rotational viscometers, normal
stress measurements,
Flow in pipes and in conduits of non circular cross section: Fluid flow in laminar flow in circular
tubes, power law fluids, bingham plastic, yield pseudo plastic fluids, generalized Reynolds no for
time independent fluids, laminar flow in two infinite parallel plates, laminar flow in concentric
annulus.
Heat Transfer Characteristics of non Newtonian fluids in pipes: Laminar flow in circular tubes,
full developed heat transfer to power law fluids in laminar flow
Momentum heat and Mass transfer in boundary layers
Liquid mixing
Books Recommended
1. Chabra and Richardson, Non Newtonian fluids in Process Industries, Butterworth,
Melbourne, (1999)
2. Bird, Stewart W E and Light fort, “Transport Phenomena”, John Wiley and Sons (2002).
3. Welty J R , Wilson R E and Wicks C E , “Fundamentals of Momentum , Heat and Mass
Transfer”,4th ed, John Wiley and Sons (2001 ).
4. Tanners R I, “Rheology: An Historical perspective”, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1998).
5. Skelland, A H P, Non Newtonian flow and heat transfer, Wiley, New York (1967)
CH-428 Introduction to Multiphase Flow [3 0 0 3]
Flow past immersed bodies: Drag and drag coefficients, flow through beds of solids, motion of
particles through fluids, fluidization, types of fluidization and applications.
Two-phase flow: Two–phase flow through pipes. Lockhart-Martinelli parameters and their
application in analysis of two-phase flows.
Interaction of fluids: Mixing of a single fluid; degree of segregation, early and late mixing of
fluids, models for partial segregation, mixing of two miscible fluids. Gas-liquid flow phenomenon,
Types of regimes formation – trickle, pulse, bubble, dispersed bubble, spray regime etc.
Types of Multiphase-Reactors: Various types of multiphase reactors. eg. Packed bed, packedbubble
column, trickle bed reactor, three phase fluidized bed reactor, slurry bubble column, stirred
tank reactor. Characteristics of above mentioned reactors such as; fluid flow phenomena and flow
46
regimes, flow charts/ correlations, pressure drop, liquid hold up etc. Reactors involving Newtonian
and non-Newtonian fluids.
RTD in Multiphase Flow systems: Non Ideal Flow: Residence time distribution of fluid in vessel,
E, F & C Curve, Mean and variance, the Dirac delta function, residence time, linear and non-linear
processes, models for non ideal flow, dispersion model, N tanks in series model, model for small
deviations from plug flow and long tails, conversion in a reactor using RTD data, diagnosing ills of
operating multiphase reactors, models for multiphase reactors. Two parameter model; PD model;
three parameter models; PE Model.
Books Recommended
1. Levenspiel O, “Chemical Reaction Engineering”, 3rd Ed , John Wiley & Sons,
Singapore (1999).
2. Fogler H Scott, “Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering”, 3rd ed, Prentice Hall
Inc. (1999).
3. Shah Y.T., “Gas-Liquid-Solid Reactor Design”, McGraw Hill Int. New York, 1979.
4. Westerterp K.R., van Swaaij W.P.M., and Beenackers A.A.C.M., “Chemical Reactor
Design and Operation”, John Wiley & Sons, 1993.
5. Doraiswamy L.K., and Sharma M.M., “Heterogeneous Reactions: Volume 2 Fluid-
Fluid-Solid Reaction”, John Wiley & Sons, 1984, Singapore
CH-430 Paint Technology [3 0 0 3]
Introduction: History and development of paint industry, paint its definition, function and
classification.
Raw Materials: Raw material for industry, drying oils, bodied oils natural and synthetic resins,
pigments and extenders.
Paint Auxiliaries: Auxiliaries like driers, plasticsers, softeners, dispersing and flatting agents
varnishes and lacquers,
Manufacturing of paints: formulation and manufacturing of paints, machinery used in paint
manufactures, methods of application, applications of industrial and architectural finishes. .
Common defects in paint and varnishes.
Books Recommended
1. Payne H F , Organic coating technology Vol. I & II , Wiley, New York, (1954)
2. Morgans H M , Outlines of Paint technology, 3e, CBS, New Delhi, (2001)
3. Joseph Bijos , Good Painting Practices, Wiley, New York, (1967)
4. Bentley and Turner, Introduction to Paint Chemistry and principles of paint technology,
fourth Edition, CRC publisher, Austria, (1997)
47
Syllabus of Interdisciplinary Electives (Open Electives)
CH 001 Fluid and Particle Mechanics [3 1 0 4]
Introduction to Fluid flow: Ideal and real fluids, Extensive and Intensive properties, viscosity,
surface tension, capillarity, evaporability, vapour pressure, Newtonian and Non Newtonian fluids.
Fluid Statistics: Hydro statistics law, Pascal’s law, Different types of Manometer, centrifugal
decanter
Fluids Kinematics and Dynamics: Classification of fluid flow, streamline, streakline, pathlines, flow
rate and continuity equation, Bernaulli’s theorem and its application, kinetic energy and momentum
correction factor in Bernaulli’s equation, concept of friction law in fluid flow, various pumps.
Laminar Viscous flow and flow measurement devices: Reynolds numbers, Hagen Poiseuille Law,
Venturi meter, Orifice meter. Size Reduction: Particle size and shape, particle mass, size and shape
distributions, measurement and analysis, concept of average diameter, size reduction, crushing,
grinding and law of grindings.
Screening: Equipment, capacity and effectiveness of screen, effect of mesh size on capacity of
screen.
Settling: Flow around a single particle, drag force and drag coefficient, settling velocity of particles
in a fluid, hindered and free settling of particles, thickening gravity separation
Separation of solid from liquid: Classification of filters, various types of cake filters, principle of
cake filtration, clarification filters, liquid clarification, centrifugal settling process.
Agitation & Mixing: Agitation of liquids, axial flow impellers, radial flow impellers, velocity and
power consumption of agitated vessels, blending & mixing.
Fluidization: Packed beds, bed porosity, flow though a bed of particles, fluidization & fluidized bed,
conditions for fluidization minimum velocity, types of fluidization.
Books Recommended
1. Smith J C, Mccabe W L and Harriot P H, “Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering”,
McGraw Hill, 7th edition, (2005).
2. Richardson and Coulson “Chemical Engineering Vol II”, 5th ed., Butterworth –
Heinemann (2003).
3. Perry’s, “Handbook of Chemical Engineering”, 7th Ed, McGraw Hill (1997).
CH 002 Heat and Mass Transfer [3 1 0 4]
Conduction: Fourier’s law, steady state heat conduction through a composite solid, cylinders,
spheres, different insulating materials for process equipment
Convection: Convection, individual and overall heat transfer coefficient, heat transfer between
fluids separated by plane wall and by cylindrical wall (pipes), critical/ optimum insulation
thickness, concepts of heat exchanger.
Heat Transfer with phase change: Boiling phenomena, correlation for nucleate boiling, critical heat
flux, condensation phenomena, film condensation on a vertical surface.
Radiation: Blackbody radiation, Planck’s law, Wein’s displacement law, the Stefan Boltzmann
law, Kirchoff’s law.
Evaporation: Single and multiple effect evaporators, capacity and economy, boiling point elevation.
48
Mass Transfer Coefficient: Local and overall mass transfer coefficient, local two phase mass
transfer coefficients, Local overall Mass Transfer coefficients.
Gas Absorption: Choice of solvent, number of ideal stages, height of column, equipment for gas
absorption
Drying: Equilibrium in drying, rate of batch drying, time of drying, drying equipments.
Distillation : Raoult’s Law and Dalton’s law, partial vaporisation condensation, relative volatility,
differential & flash distillation, steam distillation, total reflux , minimum and optimum reflux
ratios, Lewis Sorel and MaCabe –Thiele methods, Ponchon Savarit method
Liquid – Liquid Extraction: Ternary phase diagrams & choice of solvent, single stage and
multistage cross current, co-current and counter current extraction operation
Adsorption: Introduction and the nature of adsorbent, adsorption equilibria, the Langmuir isotherm,
BET isotherm and Gibbs isotherm, adsorption equipments.
Crystallization: Formation and properties of crystals, crystallisers
Books Recommended
1. Smith J C, Mccabe W L and Harriot P H, “Unit Operations of Chemical
Engineering”, McGraw Hill, 7th edition, (2005).
2. Richardson and Coulson “Chemical Engineering Vol II”, 5th ed., Butterworth –
Heinemann (2003).
3. Perry’s, “Handbook of Chemical Engineering”, 7th Ed, McGraw Hill (1997).
4. Geankopolis C J, “Transport Processes and Separation Process Principles”, Prentice
Hall of India, 4th Edition, Eastern Economy Edition (2004)
5. Treybal R E , “Mass Transfer Operations” 3rd ed. , McGraw Hill (1980)
CH – 003 Environmental Management in Process Industries [3 0 0 3]
Introduction, Processes and Waste Characteristics, Pollution Control in Processes and Waste
Management according to the environment standards specific to the following types of Industries:
Chemical Process and Allied Industries
Pesticides Industry, Paint Industry, Pharmaceutical Industry, Fertilizer Industry, Sugar and
Distillery Industry, Acids and Explosives Industry, Petroleum Refinery and Petrochemical Industry,
Dyes and Dye-intermediate Industry, Pulp and Paper Industry, Leather Industry
Food Processing and Allied Industries
Dairy Industry, Poultry Industry, Edible Oil Industry
Textile and Allied Industries
Textile Industry, Man-made Fibre and Rayon Industry, Jute Processing Industry
Metallurgical and Mining Industries
Iron and Steel Industry, Aluminium Industry, Copper Industry, Foundry Industry, Coal Mining
Industry, Lead and Zinc Mining Industry
Cement and Allied Industries
Cement Industry, Ceramic Industry, Lime and Brick Kiln
Mechanical, Electrical, Electronics and Allied Industries
Metal Fabricating Industry, Electroplating Industry, Printing Industry, Electrical and Electronics
Industry, Aerospace Industry
Books Recommended:
49
1. Dryden C. E., “Outlines of Chemical Technology”, East-West Press Pvt. Ltd., Second Edition
(1973).
2. Austin G. T., “Shreve’s Chemical Process Industries”, McGraw Hill Book Company, Fifth
Edition (1986).
3. Bhatia S. C., “Handbook of Industrial Pollution and Control”, CBS Publishers and Distributors,
Volume I and II, First Edition (2002).
4. Sell N. J., “Industrial Pollution Control – Issues and Techniques”, Van Nostrand Reinhold
Publication, Second Edition.
5. Hocking M. B., “Handbook of Chemical Technology and Pollution Control”, Academic Press,
Third Edition (2005).
CH – 004 Hydrocarbon Engineering [3 0 0 3]
Role of oil and gas in world economy: Importance of oil and gas in the world economy, oil and gas
reserves, supply and demand, Specific features of oil and gas industries.
Introduction origin of oil and its recovery: Origin and occurrence of crude oil, physical and
chemical properties of oil, entrapment of oil: types and mechanism, Exploration methods, oil
recovery methods, world petroleum reserves, Drilling, Production equipments.
Natural gas from condensate and oil fields, thermodynamic and energy change, Review of physical
and chemical properties of NG and associate hydrocarbons.
Flow of fluids: Gas handling facilities, flow of fluids. Compression of gasses, application of heat
and mass transfer principles and application in natural gas energy system, Transmission of Ng in
pipelines, LPG technique, its production and distribution.
Natural Gas processing: Purifications, refrigeration and low temperature processing, liquefaction
process, LNG, NGL recovery, Sweetening of NG, sulfur recovery.
Storage and handling: Storage, tanks, underground storage and conservation of NG and oil
Economic consideration for development of gas fields.
Books Recommended
1. Carroll John, “Gas hydrates: A guide for engineers”, Elsevier USA (2003)
2. Kandiyoti.R, Herod and Bartle K, “Solid Fuels and Heavy Hydrocarbon Liquids: Thermal
Characterization and analysis”,Elsevier (2006)
3. S.Kumar, “Gas production engineering”,Gulf Publishing Co. (1987)
4. Ikoku C K, “Natural gas engineering”,John Wiley (1984)
5. Beggs D H, “Gas production operations”,OGCI Publication (1984)
CH – 005 Industrial Safety [3 0 0 3]
Introduction: Concept of Loss prevention, acceptable risks, accident and loss statistics, nature of
accident process, inherent safety.
Toxicology: Dose vs response, toxicants entry route, models for dose and response curves, TLV and
PEL
Industrial Hygiene: Identification, Material safety data sheets, Industrial hygiene evaluation, and
control
Basics of Fires and Explosion: Fire triangle, definitions, flammability characteristics of liquid and
vapors, LOC and inerting, types of explosions
50
Designs for fire prevention:
Hazard identification: Hazard survey, checklist, HAZOP, safety reviews, what if analysis
Risk Assessment: probability theory, event tree, fault tree, QRA and LOPA, Dow’s fire and
explosion index, Mond index, Dow’s Chemical release model
Accident Investigations:
Case Histories
Bhopal gas tragedy, flixborough disaster, Pasadena accident, IOCL disaster
Books Recommended
1. Crowl D A, Louvar J F, “ Chemical Process Safety Fundamentals with applications”, 2nd
Prentice Hall, NJ (2002).
2. Coulson J M and Richardson J F , “Chemical Engineering”,2nd , Vol 6, Pergamon, press
(1999).
3. Dow Chemical Company, Dow’s Chemical Exposure Index Guide, 1993, New York

Leave a Comment