Mumbai University Syllabus for Production Engineering 8th Semester

MUMBAI UNIVERSITY SYLLABUS

Production Engineering VIII SEM

UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI

SCHEME OF INSTRUCTIONS AND EXAMINATION (R-2007)

(with effect from the academic year 2010-2011)

COURSE: B.E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) YEAR: B.E., SEMESTER: VII [*]

Sr.

No

Subjects

No. of periods of 1Hour

Duration

of

Theory

Paper

Hours

Marks

Lecture

Practical

Tutorial

Theory

Paper

Term

Work

Progressive

Assessment

Oral Total
1 Industrial Training and Project

100

50

50 200
*Industrial training and project report should be of 24 weeks.

Workload: Contact teacher hours for project guidance -One hour per student per week.

 

 

COURSE: B.E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) YEAR: B.E., SEMESTER: VIII *

(with effect from the academic year 2010-2011)

Sr.

No

Subjects

No. of periods of 1Hour

Duration

of

Theory

Paper

Hours

Marks

Lecture

Practical

Tutorial

Theory

Paper

Term

Work

Practical

Oral

Total
1 Automation and Control Engineering

4

2

4

100 25

25

150
2 Computer Aided Manufacturing

4

2

3

100 25

25

150
3 Engineering Economics, Finance, Accounting and Costing

4

2

3

100 25

125
4

Total Quality Strategy

4

2

3

100 25

25

150
5 Industrial Relations and Human Resource Management

4

2

3

100 25

125
6 Elective

4

2

4

100 25

25

150

TOTAL

24

12

600 150

50

50

850

 

List of Electives

1.Sales and Marketing Management 2.Mechatronics 3.Supply Chain Management
4. Industrial Robotics 5.Plastics Engineering 6.Product Design

 

University of Mumbai

CLASS:B.E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) Semester-VII
SUBJECT: In-Plant Training
  Hours Marks
Evaluation System Progressive Assessment 50
Oral Examination 50
Term Work 100
Total 200

 

Objective

To acquaint the student with overall functioning of an industrial organization, exposure to the organization structure, allied direct/indirect activities and procedures associated with the production function.

Approach

Hand on experience in tackling real appropriate case study and investigative assignments. An investigative and analytical approach looking at a problem in its entirely and not in isolation. The project report should contain problem definition and objective, background information, possible approaches and approach selected, data identification, analysis or investigation carried out, results and concluding discussion. Develop skill in presenting a factual report on specification directed study stressing clarity, brevity and simplicity of styles.

Project Areas

  1. Product and process innovation and development
    1. Cost reduction, value engineering/analysis, method improvement, productivity analysis and improvement, layout and material handling investigation.
  2. Design of production tooling.
  3. Quality control, SQC, SPC, TQM and rejection analysis.
  4. Production planning and control.
    1. Any problem involving analysis and investigation in production technology, inventory, plant engineering maintenance, stored and purchase, process and tool engineering.
    2. Any other areas of interest to the organization, connected with technology and management.(In line with Production Engineering Syllabus of Mumbai University)

University of Mumbai

CLASS:B.E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) Semester-VIII
SUBJECT: Automation And Control Engineering
Periods per week 01 Period of 60 min Lecture 4
Practical 2
Tutorial
  Hours Marks

Evaluation System

Theory Examination 4 100
Practical Examination 25
Oral Examination
Term Work 25
Total 150

 

Objective:

To acquaint the student with need ,options and applications of automation as cost saving effort and skill saving approach in manufacturing operations.

Approach:

Equal emphasis on theoretical principles and design features.

Weightage:

Proportional to the number of Hours indicated.

Details of Syllabus:

S.No Description Hours
1 Automation

Definition, concepts, types of automation, low/medium/high cost, hard/flexible automation, semi/fully automated machine tools, job/material transfer devices

02
2 Control System fundamentals

Control system concepts, classification of control systems, mathematical representation of system equations, response characteristics of components and systems through classical solution ,analog computer and Laplace transformation .Frequency response analysis, polar plots, System’s stability through Routh’s criterion, Bode plots and Nyquist plot, Root locus method of analysis

12
3 Low cost automation with pneumatics

Advantages & limitations of Pneumatic power systems, Types & selection of compressor , Preparation of air , functions of different pneumatic components and selection, construction of pneumatic controls

12

 

  and circuit diagrams for conveying, feeding, clamping, indexing, cutting and non-cutting operations, cascade and shift register circuits for multiple cylinder operations, principles of electro-pneumatic control, selection of electro-pneumatic components, control circuits for industrial applications with electro-pneumatic control for single and multiple actuators.  
4 Hydraulic fluid power automation

Advantages of hydraulic fluid power automation, operational principles and uses of hydraulic power system, functioning of hydraulic components such as pumps, filters, control devices, linear and rotary actuators, hydraulic control for industrial application, design and development of hydraulic circuits for simple application areas involving selection of hydraulic components for specific applications, electro hydraulic principles and components used in electro-hydraulic, industrial applications based on electro hydraulic, circuit design for electro hydraulics, proportional valves and activation technology, industrial applications with proportional valves. Principles of digital hydraulics and servo hydraulics applications, comparison between proportional, digital and servo hydraulics.

10
5 Logic Gates and Programmable logic controllers

AND, OR, NOT, NAND and NOR, applications of basic control circuits based on these gates, Karnaugh map for signal simplification, Over view and applications of programmable logic controllers in manufacturing, Relay logic, programming a PLC using ladder diagram programming, Ladder programme for control of single cylinder and two cylinder pneumatic systems

10
6 Electronics / Electrical control devices Types of transducers / sensors & selection: Introduction to microprocessor based control systems .Features and design principles of electrical circuit in drives, clutches and brakes, thermal relays, time relays, electrical control circuits for industrial applications. 04

 

Term work:

  1. At least one class test to be conducted at middle of semester for 10 marks.
  2. At least three assignments on concepts and applications:

1)     Pure pneumatic control, electro pneumatic control

2)      Electro hydraulic control, hydraulic automation

3)      Control engineering. Concepts through block diagram and block diagram reduction to find transfer function

4)      Root locus, Nyquist and Bode plots for system stability

  1. Lab report for practical carried out in laboratory
  • Assignments   15 marks
  • Written tests 10 marks TOTAL 25 marks.

Textbooks:

1. Pneumatic circuits and low cost automation, Fawce, JR.
2. Fundamentals of pneumatics- Festo series
3. Industrial Hydraulics; Pippenger
4. Automation, production system and CIM: Mikell groover, Prent ice hall
5. Engineering systems and automation control: Peter Dransfield
6. Design of machine tools: S.K. Basu
7. Automated assembly: Geoffery, Broothroyd, Corradopoll and Lawrence E Murch, Marcel
  Decker Inc. 1982.
Reference Books:
1. Vickers Manual on hydraulics
2. Pneumatic applications: Wener Deppert and Kurt Stoll
3. Hydraulics and Pneumatics for production: Stewart
4. Control of fluid power: Pippenger and Pace
5. Control system technology: C.J. Chemond
6. Industrial Hydraulic control: Peter Rohner
7. Automatic control engineering: Francis H. Raven

 

 

University of Mumbai

CLASS:B.E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) Semester-VIII
SUBJECT: Computer Aided Manufacturing
Periods per week 01 Period of 60 min Lecture 4
Practical 2
Tutorial
  Hours Marks

Evaluation System

Theory Examination 3 100
Practical Examination 25
Oral Examination
Term Work 25
Total 150

 

Objective:

To provide understanding of modern trends in manufacturing using CNC machines and Computer

Integrated Manufacturing

Approach:

Emphasis on concepts through Case studies Weightage:

Proportional to number of hours indicated in the right column below Details of Syllabus:

Sr. No Details Hrs
1 Introduction :

Elements of CAM system, Brief history of NC machines like Tape formats & Tape readers etc, Computer Numerical control of Machine Tools, Fundamental elements of CNC, Benefits of CNC, Computer control concepts, Data processing units & Binary calculation.

8
2 CNC control system:

Motion controller, Interpolation-Linear & Circular, Positioning & contouring control loops, Incremental & Absolute system, DNC & CNC systems, Adaptive control system.

6
3 CNC Hardware Basics:

CNC drives, Spindle design, Actuation, Feedback devices

4

 

4 CNC Tooling:

Turning tools, Milling tools, Tool presetter, ATC, work holding devices, Cutting process parameters.

4
5 CNC Programming :

Introduction to CNC Lathe & Milling, Touch probe system, Tool length, nose radius & Diameter compensation, Turning & Machining centre programming, CNC part programming using ISO controllers, Canned cycles, Looping Jumping Subroutines Macros, Parametric programming, Computer aided part programming using APT & Post processing.

12
6 CIM :

Computer applications in manufacturing, Automation, Integrated production management systems. Brief introduction to Inventory , MRP – I & MRP – II Concepts of ERP, Lean manufacturing, FMS systems Automated Material handling systems, Conveyors, AVG , AS/RS, CAPP, Automated inspection procedure, Distributed Numerical control & Benefits of CIM implementation,

16

 

Term work:

  1. At least one class test to be conducted at middle of semester for 10 marks.
  2. Practical on CNC Turning centre.
  3. Practical on CNC Milling centre.
  4. Tool path simulation using Manufacturing Simulation software.
  5. Four assignments on concepts & applications
  • Assignments   15 marks
  • Written tests 10 marks TOTAL 25 marks.

Text Books:

  1. Mastering CAD/CAM by Ibrahim Zeid
  2. CAD/CAM by P.N.Rao
  3. Computer aided design and manufacturing by Mikel.P.Groover
  4. CNC & CAM by G.E.Thyer.
  5. Numerical Control and computer aided Manufacturing by T.K.Kundra, R.N.Rao, and N.K.Durai.
  6. CAD/CAM/CIM by P.Radha Krishnan and S.Subramanyam.

Reference Books:

  1. CAD/CAM Hand Book – Machever c and Baluth R.E
  2. Programming for Numerical control of machines: Roberts A.D and Prentice R.C
  3. Computer Integrated Manufacturing by Alan Weatherall
  4. CAD/CAM systems, Planning and Implementation: Charles S Knox
  5. CAD/CAM Handbook by Erich Teicholz

 

University of Mumbai

CLASS:B.E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) Semester-VIII
SUBJECT: Engineering Economics, Finance, Accounting and Costing

Periods per week 01 Period of 60 min

Lecture 4
Practical 2
Tutorial
  Hours Marks

Evaluation System

Theory Examination 3 100
Practical Examination
Oral Examination
Term Work 25
Total 125

 

Objective:

The objective of this subject is to introduce financial thinking, tools and techniques to the student who will manage or venture in professional engineering after graduation.

This subject aims to familiarize students with basic knowledge in economics, finance, accounting and costing systems and methods. The sub-subjects will equip students with financial problem solving skills.

The students can apply knowledge in economics and financial environment of industries in decision making.

Approach:

Emphasis on concepts, principles and analytical treatment supplemented by problem solving. Weightage:

Economics (15%), Finance (15%), Accounting (30%) and Costing (40%)

Details of Syllabus:

Sr. No Details Hrs
1 Introduction to Economics, Economic problems, Choice and allocation of 07

 

  resources, Opportunity cost, Demand-supply and market system, Elasticity of supply and Demand; Individual as producer, consumer and borrower; The private firm as producer and employer, The aims of government policies and government’s influence on economy, Simple measures and indicators of comparative living standards.  
2 Introduction to financial management, Financial Environment in industry, Requirements and use of money, Short term and long term uses of money, Sources of funds, Financial institutions, Capital investments,

Working capital, Entrepreneurial finance analysis, Time value of money, Evaluation of cash flows, Annuities, Investment risks and returns, Depreciation, Comparison of investments, Preparation of budgets and budgetary control, Projects and contracts planning.

07
3 Purpose and context of the accounting framework, Introduction to the financial statements from typical Annual Reports of the Organizations, Role of accountant, Basic accounting concepts and principles. Double entry bookkeeping, Books of prime entry, The use of computer software in the processing of data, The role of journal. 06
4 Trial balance, Presentation formats of Financial Statements, Profit and Loss concepts, Fixed and current parts of Liabilities and assets, Preparation of Profit and Loss Accounts and Balance Sheet, Review of performance,

Financial Ratios

10
5 Elements of Cost, Material and Labor cost accounting and control, Overheads allocation and absorption. Unit and Batch Costing, Activity based costing. 10
6 Process costing, Processing in sequence, Service Costing,

Transport operations, Cost based management accounting, Marginal Costing, Break even point, PV ratios, Standard Costing, Cost elements variances

10
Term Work:

  1. At least one class test (10 marks)
  2. Six assignments on six given modules.
  3. Study write-up on one (published within 3 years) Annual Report of Engineering Company.

 

 

  • Assignments   15 marks
  • Written tests 10 marks TOTAL 25 marks.

 

References:

1. Accounting for Management – Dr. Jawahar Lal
2. Accounting for Management – Dr. Khan and Jain.
3. Economics – Samuelson, Nordhaus
4. Basic Economics – Mr. Maheshvari
5. Financial Management – Dr. Prasanna Chandra
6. Financial Management – Mr. Bhattacharya
7. Costing – Mr. Babatosh Banerji
8. Costing – Dr. Jawahar Lal

 

University of Mumbai

CLASS:B.E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) Semester-VIII
SUBJECT: Total Quality Strategy
Periods per week 01 Period of 60 min Lecture 4
Practical 2
Tutorial
  Hours Marks
Evaluation System Theory Examination 3 100
Practical Examination
Oral Examination 25
Term Work 25
Total 150

 

Objective

Exposure to the newly emerging trends in total quality strategy of production systems with focus on managing quality in toto; aiming at customer satisfaction/ delight ness, quality delivery , moral and cost as the present day “mantra” for survival and growth at global level.

Approach

Focus on the necessity of flexible, competitive and responsive organization necessitated by compelling market forces operating in a widening and rapidly changing business environment at global level. Emphasis on quality systems and their associated responsibilities with case studies. Weightage:

Equi potential Weightage for respective sections.


Details of Syllabus:

 

1 Introduction:

Basic concepts and definitions, fitness for use & conformance to specification, historical review of quality & its awareness , quality task/ functions, productivity & quality relationship. Cost of quality as prevention, appraisal and failure costs, Hidden cost of quality.

06
2 Strategic planning for quality:

Need for quality policies & objectives, examples of quality policies & objectives with statements, leadership concepts, role of senior management, quality council, strategic planning.

Quality improvement: Juran trilogy, management controllable defects, operator controllable defects, sporadic and chronic problems of quality. Bench Marking: Introduction definition and signification, collection of data for bench marking and its use.

10
3 Customer relation and satisfaction:

Origin of consumerism. Product knowledge, who is customer? Customer perception of quality; concept of value engineering & analysis, complaints and redressal, product safety and reliability (conceptual treatment only) , service quality.

06
4 Supplier Relations:

By development; assessment rating; quality of bought out components, managing supplier as partner, appraisal & certification, basic concept of supply chain management.

05
5 Quality Systems

Historical review with focus on current status of ISO 9000&14000,QS 9000, TS16949 & their elements , policy, manual, procedures and documentation, internal audit, surveillance audit, maintaining of certification.

09
6 6. Quality / Productivity Improvement Tools.

QFD, Customer’s/Supplier’s voice, Productivity improvement techniques as 5S,POKAYOKE, SMED, Kaizen, concurrent engineering, Continuous process improvement through: Control Charts X bar & R, P, nP, C. Process capability, OC curve, acceptance sampling AQL, LTPD, AOQL , producers and consumers risk (Single & Double sampling plan only) ,PDCA cycle, Problem solving tools (old & new), JIT, 6sigma, approach to world class manufacturing ( Toyota production system, Lean manufacturing, Zero defect supply concept)

14
Term Work:

  1. At least one class test ( 10 Marks ).
  2. At least five assignments on above syllabus.

Page 11 of 30


 


References:

  1. Quality planning and analysis: J M Juran, FM Gryana, TMH
  2. Total Quality Management: D.H.BesterField et al. prentice hall.
  3. Quality is free : Philip B Crossbly,Mentor/ new American library 1979
  4. What is Total Quality Control? The japnese way : Ishikawa k, PH1985
    1. Total Quality Control: Armand V Feigenbaum
    2. TQM in new product manufacturing: HG Menon; TMH2992
    3. Managing for total quality:N.Logothetis/ prentice hall
    4. Total quality management: Dr.Uday K.Haldar/Dhanpatrai & co.
    5. Total quality management: Dr.K.C.Aurora/S.K.Kataria & sons.

 

University of Mumbai

CLASS:B.E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) Semester-VIII
SUBJECT: Industrial Relations and Human Resource Management
Periods per week 01 Period of 60 min Lecture 4
Practical 2
Tutorial
  Hours Marks

Evaluation System

Theory Examination 3 100
Practical Examination
Oral Examination
Term Work 25
Total 125
Objective:

Exposure to the various human resource aspects and industry related problems and possible solutions.

 

 

Approach:

Focus on the behavioural developments, leadership, individuals and groups. Weightage:

Sr.No.1(15%)2(15%)3(20%)4(10%)5(30%)6(10%)

Details of Syllabus:

Sr. No Details Hrs
1 Evolution and Developments of thought :

Evolution of managements thought, behavioural, contingency, and contempory management approach.

Organization structure :

Definition, need, types of organization responsibility, authority, accountability, delegation, span of control.

8
2 Decision Making :

Types of decision, steps in rational decision making Functions of personnel Management:

Managerial and operative functions.

8

 

3 Planning:

Definition, characteristics of good plan, steps in planning, strategic planning.

Communication:

Principles of effective communication, Barriers of communication. Leaderships:

Different styles of leadership, Their suitability, Manager as a leader.

10
4 Human Behavior:

Perception, attitude, Groups, Types of groups, Groups behavior, Morale, Job satisfaction.

Motivation:

Theories of Motivation, Job design, Job enlargement and enrichment, Performance appraisals.

6
5 Human resource development :

a)      Human resource planning, Job description, Job analysis and job evolution, Recruitment and selection procedure.

b)      Training and Development: Concepts and difference between training and development, Methods, Steps, Types of training.

c)       Promotion: Basis for promotion and their merit and demerits. Maintenance of human resource:

Safety, steps in safety programme, Occupational hazard, Accident prevention.

12
6 Compensation and salary Administration:

Factory act, Industrial dispute act, Salary and wage fixation, Machinery for setting grievances, Collective bargaining, Industrial relations, and Trade unions, Conflicts management.

6
Term Work

  1. At least one class test (10 marks)
  2. At least four assignments and two case studies based on above topics.

 

 

  • Assignments   15 marks
  • Written tests 10 marks TOTAL 25 marks.

Text Books

  1. Personnel Management and Human Resources : C.S. Venkataratnam, B,K, Srivastava
  2. Principles of Management : P.C. Tripathi, P.N. Reddy
  3. Industrial and Business Management : Martand T. Teslang
  4. Organization Behavior, Text and case : Uma Sekram
  5. Oraganizational Behavior : F. Luthans
  6. Personnel Management: C.B. Memoria.
  7. Factory Administration and Management: A.S.Deshpande. Reference Books
  8. The Change in world of the Executive: Peter Drucker.
  9. In search of excellence: Tom Peter and R, H.Waterman Harper.

 

University of Mumbai

CLASS: B. E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) Semester-VIII
SUBJECT: Elective 1 (Sales and Marketing Management)
Periods per week 01 Period of 60 min Lecture

4

Practical

2

Tutorial

 

Hours

Marks

Evaluation System

Theory Examination 4 100
Practical Examination
Oral Examination 25
Term Work 25
Total

150

 

Objective

The objective of this subject is to introduce marketing thinking, tools and techniques to the student who will manage or venture in professional engineering after graduation.

This subject aims to familiarize student with basic knowledge in sales and marketing systems and methods. The subject will equip student with marketing creativity and problem solving skills.

The student can apply the knowledge in engineering and marketing environment of industries in managerial decision making.

Approach

Emphasis on concepts, principles and marketing situations through lectures supplemented by case studies and seminars.

Weightage

Sr. No. 1 (10%), 2 (10%), 3 (30%), 4 (20%), 5 (10%), 6 (20%)

 

Details of Syllabus

Sr. No

Details

Hrs
1 Definition of marketing, Understanding marketing, Sales, Company orientations, Journey from sales to marketing, New economy, Environmental forces, Marketing task, Marketing concepts and tools, Major drivers of the economy,

Changing of business practices, Changing of marketing practices, E- business

05
2 Customer value and satisfaction, Organizational culture, Attracting and retaining customers, Cost of lost customer, Total customer satisfaction, Customer relationship management, Survey of customer needs, Consumers, Organizational and Government buyers. 05
3 Assessing marketing opportunities, Gathering information and measuring marketing demand, Forecasting and demand measurement, Differentiation, Segmenting, Targeting, Positioning, Marketing decision support system, Product life cycle, Portfolio management, Customer perception of product features, New product development. 15
4 Competition, Market research, Management strategies, 4Ps of product marketing and 7Ps of service marketing, Product policies, Product brands, Services offering, Pricing, Customer perceived value, Distribution channels, Retailing, Marketing Plan and implementation, Market testing. 10
5 Marketing Organization, Selection of marketing staff, Specialized Training, Role of a salesman, Routine management, Salaries and incentives, Marketing intelligence, Marketing performance. 05
6 Customer focus, Advertising, Sales promotion, Motivation research, Consumer behavior, Buying decision process, Competitive strategies, Audit of customer satisfaction, Improvements through benchmarking. Supporting world class goals. 10

 

Term Work

 

 

  1. At least one class test (10 marks)
  2. Six assignments on six given modules.
  3. Study write-up and a seminar delivery on product/service Marketing Practices.
  • Assignments   15 marks
  • Written tests 10 marks TOTAL 25 marks.

References

  1. Marketing Management – Philip Kotler
  2. Marketing, A Managerial Introduction – J. C. Gandhi
  3. Marketing – Mamoria and Joshi
  4. Principles of Marketing and Salesmanship – J. C. Sinha

Page 16 of 30


  1. Marketing management – V. S. Ramaswamy, S. Namakumari
  2. Indian Cases in Marketing – M. D. Kakade
  3. Advertising: Art and Ideas – Dr. G. M. Rege
  4. Advertising – Chakaraborty

University of Mumbai

CLASS:B.E. (PRODUCTION ENGINEERING) Semester-VIII
SUBJECT: Elective 2 (Mechatronics)
Periods per week 01 Period of 60 min Lecture 4
Practical 2
Tutorial
  Hours Marks

Evaluation System

Theory Examination 4 100
Practical Examination
Oral Examination 25
Term Work 25
Total 150

 

Objective:

Highlight managerial aspects of these crucial resources.

Approach:

A system approach stressing analysis and design features directed towards organizational goals. Weightage:

Equal weightage for all sections.

Details of Syllabus:

Sr. No Details Hrs
1 Mechatronics definition, scope, various engineering philosophies forming the mechatronics roles played by mechanics and electronics in modern technological fields. 4
2 Architecture & addressing modes of 8086/8088 microprocessor, its instructions set, programming for 8086/8088 with assembly language and its use other than as a computer. 8
3 Interfacing hardware with real world, analog interface and data acquisition, digital i/o interfacing, special function interfacing signal conditioning, special utility support hardware. 6

 

4 Signal processing and data processing: Provincials of analogue signal conditioning, signal level changes, linearization, conversion, filtering and impedance matching passive circuits’ instrumentation amplifier using pampas specifications and circuits in instrumentation, digital signal conditioning, and converters compactors DAC/ADC data acquisition system. 8
5 PLC: introduction to the design and mode of operation of programmable logic control (PLC) conversion and documentation of control into runnable PLC programme. 8
6 Mechanical elements of roots robot co-coordinating system, robot drive, mechanism lead screws chain and linkage belt drives ,gear drives, harmonic drives, cyclo speed reducers, end effectors, gripper techniques, gripper drives, systems hydraulics drives, pneumatic drives, electric motor drives.

Robot arm kinematics: Kinematics, rotation matrix, composite representation, homogeneous co-ordinate and transformation matrix, Danvit Hartenberg representation.

Robot programming languages: various robot programming languages, characteristics of robot level language, characteristics of task level programming.

Concepts of computerized numerical control machines tools : open loop servo systems, design consideration of spindle drives and machines slide motions, stepper motors, servo motors, ball screws linear bearings, closed loop servo systems, feed back systems linear and rotary transducers, automatic tool changing devices.

16
Term Work

 

 

At least one class test of (10 Marks)

Term work shall be based on the following topics:

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1. Microprocessor based stepper / DL motor drive
2. Microprocessor based instrumentation read out.
3. Microprocessor based PID controller
4. Microprocessor based servo drive
5. Robot programming
6.

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