MUMBAI UNIVERSITY SYLLABUS
Chemical Engineering VII and VIII SEM
SCHEME OF INSTRUCTIONS AND EXAMINATIONS
UNIVERSITY OF MUMBAI
COURSE: BE (CHEMICAL ENGINEERING)
Scheme of Instructions 1 Hr Periods
|Duration of Papers||Scheme of Examination|
|TheoryPaper||Term Work/ Assignment/Test||Practical||Oral||Total|
|7.3||Instrumentation & Process Control||4||2||–||3||100||25||25||25||175|
Elective-II: 1. Bio-Technology 4. Petrochemical & Refining
- Polymer Engineering 5. Nuclear
3. Food Process Engineering 6. Project Engineering &
COURSE: BE (CHEMICAL ENGINEERING) SEMESTER: VIII
|8.2||Chemical Reaction Engineering||4||2||–||3||100||25||25||–||150|
|8.3||Modeling & Simulation in Chemical Engineering||4||2||–||3||100||25||25||–||150|
Elective-III: 1. Industrial Safety 2. Energy System Design
3. Membrane Process Design 4. Pharmaceutical
Technology 5. Nanotechnology
|Class: B.E. Chemical Engineering||Semester: VII|
|Subject: 7.1 Chemical Processes-II|
|Periods Per Week (60 Min)||Lectures||04|
|Evaluation System||Theory Examination||03||100|
|INTRODUCTION: Unit Operations And Processes concepts Used In Chemical Industries. General principles applied in studying an industry.An overview on industries such as: vegetable oils & animal fats , Natural waxes / resins , ,essential oils & Flavor ingredients Industry , Food & Agro Products.||04|
|Sugar & alcohol industries, starch industries, Paper & pulp manufacturing industries.Introduction to biodiesel processing.
Biodiesel: Introduction to biodiesel processing, Transesterification Biodiesel process, Ingredients, Manufacturing process in detail.
|2. BASIC BUILDING BLOCKS OF PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRYTreatment of Crude oils& the products there from; Refining vs. cracking; Manufacture of Ethylene, Propylene,Butenes ,Butadiene, Benzene – Toluene, Xylene , Isomerisation of Xylenes Separation of Xylene Isomers.||09|
|3. SYNTHESIS OF IMPORTANT HEAVY ORGANIC CHEMICALS & INTERMEDIATES :Styrene , Cumene ,Phenol, Purified Terephthalic acid , Acetaldehyde &Acetic acid , Caprolactum , Vinyl Chloride , Chlorobenzene , Nitrobenzene||10|
|SYNTHESIS OF POLYMERS:Polyethylene: LDPE, LLDPE & HDPE; Polyster Fibre, Nylon & PVC.||05|
|OVER VIEW OF OTHER INDUSTRIALLY IMPORTANT PRODUCTS Paints, Varnishes & lacquers, Soaps & Detergents, Dyes & Intermediates, Agrochemicals ,Pharmaceuticals : Penicillin , Speciality Chemicals such as Perfume chemicals , Electronics grade chemicals , Speciality Polymers||06|
Important note regarding content of instructions:
While discussing the manufacturing process, the following areas should be highlighted so that the relevance and application of the various subjects covered in the B.E. course can be underscored.
Chemistry, stoichiometry and alternate routes / raw materials involved Byproducts and purification / separation techniques.
Thermodynamics, kinetics and catalyst considerations for the process conditions Adopted Energy considerations and conservation measures adopted .
Flow diagram and its concordance with the chemical and purification steps / Chemical Engineering Principals.
Chemical Engineering aspects of the process design / key equipment design and material of construction.
Safety and Environmental engineering aspects of the process of manufacture Recent trends in the design of processes which are more eco-friendly and inherently safer.
Major Engineering problems.
- Question paper will comprise of total 07 questions, each of 20 marks.
- Only 05 questions need to be solved
- Q.1 will be compulsory and based on the entire syllabus.
- A minimum of 08 assignments should be given at regular intervals.
- The performance of the students should be evaluated based on each assignment giving suitable weightage to punctuality & contents.
- Point nos. 1 & 2 above should account for 15 marks (out of 25 marks) for term work.
- Average of a minimum of two test should account for 10 marks (out of 25 marks ) for term work
- A minimum of two mandatory visits to chemical process industry. The faculty members are expected to accompany the students
- Each student must prepare a four page report on the visit stressing on the process , environmental , safety measures , major equipments , process control equipments( if any ) etc. while highlighting the information obtained.
- The performance of the students during the visit and evaluation of the report together should contribute towards 10 out of 25 marks for term work.
- Austin, G. T. “Shreve’s Chemical Process Industries “ 5 th Ed. , McGraw Hill
- Pandey, G. N. “A text book of Chemical Technology “ Vol. I and II. Vikas Publications, 1984
- Rao, G. N. and Sitting , M. “ Dryden’s Outlines of Chemical Technology for 21st Century “East West Press, 3rd edition
- Heaton, C. A. “ An introduction to industrial chemistry “ , Leonard Hill , 1984
- Ibid , “ The chemical industry “ , ibid , 1986
- Thomson , R. , “ Morden inorganic chemicals industries” , Royal Society of chemistry , 2nd ed. , 1994
- Kirk-Othmer ‘s “ Encyclopedia of chemical technology “ , John Wiley and sons Inc., 4th ed. 1990
- Ullmann’s “ Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry” , VCH, 1985
- McKetta’s “ Encyclopedia of chemical processing and design “, Marcel Dekker, 1999
- Pletcher , D. and Walsh , F. C. , “ Industrial Electrochemistry” , Chapman & Hall, 1990
- Alok Adholeya and Pradeepkumar Dadhich, “Production and Technology of Biodiesel : seeding a change”., TERI Publication New Delhi.,2008
- NIIR Board of consultants and Engineers. “The complete book on Jatropha (Biodiesel) with ashwagandha, stevia, brahmi and Jatamansi Herbs (cultivation, processing and uses)” Asia Pacific Business Press Inc.
10. N.S.Rathore, N.L.Panwar & A.K.Kurchania. “Jatropha: Cultivation & processing Practices”. Himanshu Pub., 2008.
B.E. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (SEMESTER-VII)
7.2 Reaction Kinetics
Teaching Scheme: Examination Scheme:
Lectures: 4 Hrs./week Theory: 100 Marks, 3 Hrs.
Practical’s: 2 Hrs./week Practical: 25 Oral: 25 Tutorials: Nil Term Work: 25 Marks
Total: 175 Marks
|SrNo||TOPICS||No of Hours|
|7.2.1||MODULE 1A] INTRODUCTION
7. Order/ molecularity.
B] REACTION KINETICS OF HOMOGENEOUS SYSTEMS
1. Formulation and solution of rate equations for batch reactors for simple and complex reactions.
|7.2.2||MODULES 2 AND 3METHODS OF ANALYSIS OF EXPERIMENTAL DATA
For Constant volume & variable volume batch reactor
1. Integral method of analysis of experimental data.
10. Auto Catalytic reactions.
11. Reversible and irreversible reaction in series.
12. Differential method of analysis.
13 Analysis of complete rate of reactions.
14. Partial analysis of rate of reaction.
|7.2.3||MODULE 4||8 HRS|
|A] HEAT AND PRESSURE EFFECTS|
B] PROPERTIES OF SOLID CATALYSTS
1. Physical adsorption and chemisorption.
|7.2.4||MODULE 5||8 hrs|
|CATALYTIC HETEROGENEOUS REACTIONS
|7.2.5||MODULE 6||10 hrs|
A] NON-CATALYTIC HETEROGENEOUS REACTIONS
- General mechanism of reaction.
- Various models.
- Specific cases with respect
- Film diffusion controlling.
- Ash diffusion controlling.
- Chemical reaction controlling.
B] KINETICS OF FLUID-FLUID REACTIONS.
1. Reaction with mass transfer.
- A minimum of 05 assignments should be given at regular intervals.
- The following parameters should be considered for laboratory performance evaluation
- Contents of journals (Originality of discussion)
- Points No. 1 and 2 above should account for 15 marks
(out of 25 marks for term work)
4 Average of the minimum of two tests should account for 10 marks (out of 25 marks) for term work
5 Each and every experiment should conclusively demonstrate/verify the theory. Experimental results should corroborate with
theoretical /estimated/reported values. The students should explain variation between observed and expected results based on technical grounds and systematic error evaluations. Each experiment should contain the discussion
of the result obtained.
- A minimum of 08 experiments should be performed. The suggested list is as follows
- To study effect of concentration & temperature on reaction rate.
- To study the saponification of ethyl acetate by sodium hydroxide in a batch reactor.
- To determine the rate constant of acidic hydrolysis of methyl acetate
- To determine of Arrhenius constants for acidic hydrolysis of methyl acetate
- To study the pseudo first order reaction and find out the rate constant by differential analysis and integral analysis.
- To investigate the acidic hydrolysis of sucrose
- To determine void Volume, Porosity & Solid density of catalyst particle.
- To investigate the reaction between H2O2 & HI and find out the order of reaction
- To determine reaction rate constant for the reaction between potassium persulphate and potassium iodide.
- To study the reaction between sodium thiosulfate & Hydrogen peroxide in an ADIABATIC BATCH REACTOR
- To investigate the autocatalytic reaction between potassium permanganate and oxalic acid.
- To study condensation polymerisation kinetics TEXT BOOKS
- Levenspiel, O.,“Chemical Reaction Engineering”, 3 Edition., John Wiley
- Smith J.M., “Chemical Engineering Kinetics”, McGraw Hill.
- Laidler, K.J., “Chemical Kinetics”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1997.
- Hougen O.A., Watson K.M., “ Chemical Process Principals”, Part 3- Kinetics and Catalysis, John Wiley, 1964.
- Hill C.G., “Chemical Reaction Engineering”.
- Walas, “Reaction Kinetics for Chemical Engineers”, Mcgraw Hill, 1959.
Sharma M.M & L.K Doraiswamy, “Heterogenous Reactions”, Vol 1
- Fogler, H.S. “Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering.” 4th Edition,
|CLASS: B.E. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING||SEMESTER : VII|
|SUBJECT : INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL|
|Periods Per Week (Each 60 Min.)||Lectures||04 Hrs/week|
|Evaluation System||Theory Examination||03||100|
|7.3.1||Module 1Concepts of Control Systems
Feedback and Feed forward control, Dynamics of open-loop units, first, second and higher- order systems, interacting and non-interacting systems, Transfer functions and their properties.
|7.3.2||Module 2.Dynamics of Control Loops.
Open-loop and Closed-loop transfer functions, Dynamic behavior of closed-
loop systems, Stability of control-loops, Routh’s
|7.3.3||Module 3.Analysis of Control Loops.
Root-locus methods, rules for plotting root-locus for negative feedback systems, Frequency response methods, Bode plots, Bode and Nyquist stability criteria.
Control System Design
Time domain specifications, Open and Closed-loop tuning, Use of control software like Simulink and Scilab in Control system analysis and design.
Control System Hardware
Measuring instruments for flow, temperature, level and pressure. Control valve characteristics, sizing and selection of control valves
Strategies for Control in Practice.
Advanced control strategies like ratio, cascade, distributed control and direct digital control. Applications to industrial units.
1 Question paper will comprise of seven questions, each of 20 marks.
2 Only five question need to be solved.
3 Question one will be compulsory and it will be based on entire syllabus.
4 [One question will based on one modules] in this way there will be remaining
Six questions of 20 marks each out of four will have to solve.
- A minimum of five assignments should be given at regular intervals.
- The following parameters should be considered for laboratory performance evaluation.
C] Contents of journal (originality of discussions)
- Point nos. 1 and 2 above and the average of a minimum of two tests should account for term work.
- Each and every experiment should conclusively demonstrate/verify the theory.
Experimental results should corroborate with theoretical/estimated/reported values. The students should explain variations between observed and expected results based on technical grounds and systematic error evaluations. Each experimental report should contain a discussion of the results obtained.
- A minimum of 08 experiments distributed equitably with respect to the syllabus should be performed.
A suggested list is as follows:
- Dynamics of a liquid level tank
- Dynamics of a temperature measuring system.
- Dynamics of a mixing process.
- Dynamics of an under damped second order system.
- Dynamics of interacting first order systems in series.
- Dynamics of non interacting first order systems in series.
- On-Off Controller
- Proportional controller
- Proportional + integral controller
- PID controller
- Tuning of P, PI and PID controllers for chemical engg. process systems.
- Stephanopoulos, G., Chemical Process Control, Prentice Hall of India., 1990.
- Coughnanowr., Process Systems Analysis and Control.
- William L.Luyben, Process Modeling Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineers, McGraw Hill International Edition. 1990.
- Nakra B.C and K.K Chaudhary., Instrumentation, Measurement and analysis, Tata McGraw Hill, 1985.
- James B.Rigs Chemical Process Control.
- Principles of Industrial Instrumentation, D.Patranabis, TataMcGraw Hill.
- Considine, Process/Industrial instruments and Control Handbook. McGraw Hill, 1993.
- B.Wayne Bequette Process Control Modeling, Design and Simulation, Prentice Hall of India Pvt.Ltd.
- B.Liptak, (Editor in Chief) Instrument Engineers’ Handbook, Butterworth Heinemann.
|7.4.1||Module 1 Design Process|
|Objectives, Design Opportunities and Design Team, Steps in Product and Process Design, Detailed Process Synthesis Using algorithmic Methods, Detailed Design, Equipment Sizing, Written Design Report, and Oral Presentation.Environmental Factors in Process Design and Design Approaches toward Safe Chemical Plants.
Role of Computers, Spreadsheets, Mathematical Packages, Process Simulators, Computational Guidelines.
|7.4.2||Module 2 Molecular Structure Design|
|Introduction, Property Estimation Methods, Computer Data Banks, Property Estimation||08|
|7.4.3||Module 03 Process Creation|
|Introduction, Preliminary Database Creation, Thermo Physical Property Data, Environmental and Safety Data, Chemical Prices, Preliminary Process Synthesis: Synthesis Steps, Continuous or Batch Processing, Examples||06|
|7.4.4||Module 04 Process Synthesis|
|Manufacture of Vinyl Chloride, Synthesis Tree, Development of the Base Case Design, Simulation to assist Process creation, Principles of Steady State Flowsheet Simulation, Process and Simulation Flowsheets, Unit Subroutines, Calculation order, Recycle, Recycle Convergence Methods, Flash with Recycle Problem, Flash Vessel Control, Equation Oriented Architectures.||08|
|.Synthesis and Simulation of the Toulene Hydrodealkylation Process. Steady State Simulation of the Monochlorobenzene Separation Process. Principles of Batch Flow Sheet Simulation, Process and Simulation Flowsheets, Equipment Models||08|
|Heuristics for Process Synthesis, Reactor Design and Reactor Network Synthesis: Reactor Models, Reaction Stoichiometry, Extent of Reaction, Equilibrium Kinetics: Ideal Kinetic Reaction Models- CSTRs and PFRs, Rector Design for Complex Configurations, Construction of the Attainable Region, The Principle OF Reaction Invariants.||06|
- A minimum of 08 assignments should be given at regular intervals.
- The performance of the students should be evaluated based on each assignment giving suitable weightage to punctuality and contents (15 out of 25marks).
- An average of a minimum of two tests should be account for term work (10 out of 25marks)
- Sieder, W.D.,Seader J.D. & Lewin D.R., Process Design Principles : synthesis analysis & evaluation John Wiley & sons , 1998.
- Walas, S.M “ Chemical Process Equipment : selection & design, Butterworth , London , 1989.
- “Conceptual Design of Chemical Processes”.,J.M., Douglas, McGraw Hill International Editions , 1988.
- “Strategy of process Engg.” John D.F.Rudd & C.C. Watson. Wiley &
Sons International, 1968.
- Systematic Methods Of Chemical Process Design , Loren T Biegler , Grossman E.I., Westberg , A.W. Prentice Hall Intl ed.,1997.
- Walas , S.M. “Phase Equillibria in Chemical Engg.”, Butterworth , Boston 1985.
- Perry J.H. & Chilton, “Perry’s Chemical Engg. Handbook”, 6th ed.,McGraw Hill , 1984 (or later ed.,when available).
|Bio Technology Concept, Definition, Biotechnogy-an interdisciplinary pursuit, Public perception of Biotechnology, Biotechnology and the developing world? Classification of micro-organisms, the cell, its organelles and their respective functions, basic metabolism of cells, DNA- structure and function, RNA-structure and function.||06|
|Enzyme Technology: Proteins, Protein Structure & Function, Protein interactions, The nature of enzymes, application of enzymes, Technology of enzyme production, immobilized enzymes.||08|
|Biotechnology and Medicine: Introduction, Pharmaceuticals and biopharmaceuticals, Antibiotics, Vaccines and monoclonal antibodies, gene therapy.||08|
|Biotechnology and Environment: Introduction, Microbial ecology/ environmental biotechnology, waste water and sewage treatment, landfill technologies, composting, bioremediation, microbes and the geological environment, sustainability.||06|
|Genetics and Biotechnology: introduction, Industrial genetics, protoplast and cell fusion technologies, genetic engineering, Introduction to Bio-informatics, potential lab biohazards of genetic engineering, Bioethics.||06|
|Biotechnology in Agricultural, food and Beverage Industries: Introduction, Plant Biotechnology, Diagnostics in Agriculture, Food and Beverage Fermentation, Specialty Fermentation products e.g. biopolymers, biopesticides, miscellaneous microbial derived food products.||06|
- A minimum of 08 assignments involving a report based on literature survey and an oral presentation to the class on one of the assignments during tutorial sessions are envisaged. In addition numerical problems on various topics as included above.
- The performance of the students should be evaluated based on report and presentations.
- Point nos. 1 and 2 above along with an average of a minimum of two tests should account for term work.
TEXT BOOKS/ REFERENCE BOOKS
- Shuller M.L. and F. Kargi. 1992. Bioprocess Engineering, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.
- Bailey. J.E. and Ollis D.F. 1986, Biochemical Engineering Fundamentals, 2nd Edition, McGraw-Hill, NewYork.
- Kumar H.D., Modern Concepts of Biotechnology, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
- Gupta P.K., Elements of Biotechnology, Rastogi Publications
- Inamdar , Biochemical Engineering, Prentice Hall of India.
Detailed Syllabus Ho
- Introduction: (3 06
Defining polymers; Basic chemistry of polymers; Classification and types; Bonding in polymers, Molecular weight and molecular weight distribution; Thermoplastic / Thermosetting polymers, Elastomers, Resins, Adhesives, Coatings, fibers, Composites; Solvents, Solutions, Blends, Melts; Additives, Fillers; Examples of industrial and high performance polymers.
- Step-growth (condensation) polymerization: (3 Hrs.)
Features; Definition of functionality; Functionality principle, Derivation of Carother’s
|equation; Effect of stoichiometric imbalance on molecular weight; mechanism; Kinetics|
|Free -radical addition (chain -growth) polymerization: (6 Hrs.)Mechanism; Kinetics of homogeneous polymerization; Experimental determination of rate of polymerization; Instantaneous average chain lengths; Temperature dependence of chain length and rate; Gel effect or Auto acceleration; Kinetic chain length; Chain transfer; Inhibitors and Retarders.||08|
|CopolymerisationBasic concept, Technical significance, steady state assumptions in free radical copolymerisation, The copolymer equation, Instantaneous molar composition of copolymer formed; Monomer reactivity ratios; Significance and method of determination, Types of copolymers; Variation of composition with conversion; Average, copolymer composition : cumulative composition of copolymer, Mechanism: Kinetics of Block and graft copolymers.||08|
|Polymerization systemsDesign criteria, Bulk polymerization (quiescent and stirred) , solution polymersation, Suspension polymerization , Emulsion polymersation ; Smith- Ewart kinetics; Derivation from Smith – Ewart kinetics, Interfacial polycondensation; Comparison of the various processes – Advantages and disadvantages : Heat transfer and mixing in polymerization reactors.||06|
|Polymer rheology and morphologyDefinition of rheology , Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids – Flow curves , Apparent Viscosity , Power law , Viscoelasticity , free Volume or molecular hole concept , Definition of morphology, Requirements for crystallinity , Effects on mechanical and optical properties.
General types : thermal , mechanical , oxidative , hydrolytic , ultrasonic , high energy radiation – photo degradation, Antioxidants and stabilizers.
|Polymer processingBlow molding- injection molding- compression molding, Extrusion, Calendering – sheet forming or Thermoforming, casting, Coating: powder coating technique , Fluidized bed coating technique – Laminating , fiber spinning , biaxial orientation , Reinforced reaction injection molding , Filament winding , Pultrusion – design considerations with polymers- processing characteristics- Engineering challenges in processing.||08|
- A minimum of 08 assignments should be given at regular intervals.
- The performance of the students should be evaluated based on each assignment giving suitable weightage to punctuality and contents.
- Point nos. 1 & 2 above and an average of a minimum of two tests should be account for term work
- Gowarikar V.R. et.al., “Polymer Science” Wiley Eastern 1984.
- Rodriguez F., “ Principles of Polymer Systems “ 2/e, Hemisphere McGraw Hill 1982
- Ghosh P,” Polymer Science & Technology of Plastics & Rubbers” Tata McGraw Hill 1990.
- Crawford R.J.,” Plastic Engineering”( Maxwell Macmillan International ) 1987. Reference Books:
- Encyclopedia of Polymer Science & Engineering., Wiley 1988.
- Rosen S.L. Fundamental Principles of Polymeric materials, 2nd e.d., John Wiley & Sons Inc.1993.
- McCrum N.G et.al. ,Principles of Polymer Engineering , 2nd ed., Oxford Sciences 1997.
- Rodrigues F., Principles of Polymer Systems McGraw Hill Book Co., 1970
- Bhatnagar M.S., a Textbook of Polymers Vol.I , S.Chand & Co. Ltd.,New Delhi 2004
- Bhatnagar M.S., a Textbook of Polymers Vol.II , S.Chand & Co. Ltd.,New Delhi 2004
Introduction: Current status of the Indian a) agriculture b) Food Industry c) Food processing industry. Market opportunities for the Indian Processed Food Industry, Engineering challenged in the Food Processing Industry : Product and Process development , Major challenges in India , R & D Opportunit within the Food Industry.
Basic Food Biochemistry and Microbiology: Food Constituents: Water, Proteins, Carbohydrates, Lipids, Vitamins, Minerals, Flavors, Nutritional & sensory characteristics, Food fortification. Water activity enzymes: Production from microorganisms and application in food processing, Lipid oxidation Growth of microorganisms and food spoilage, D & Z values, Food safety, Indian laws regulating Foods
|and Food Processing|
|Ambient Temperature Processing: Raw material preparation, Size reduction of solid fibrous foods an in liquid foods., Emulsification and Homogenization ,Theory and equipment , Mixing and Forming , Extraction and expression , Membrane concentration Fermentation : Theory , Types, Equipment Effecl on foods.|