JNTU Kakinada EEE Environmental Studies Syllabus
JAWAHARLAL NEHRU TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, KAKINADA
II Year B.Tech EEE II-Sem T P C
4+1* 0 4
UNIT – I
Multidisciplinary nature of Environmental Studies: Definition, Scope and Importance – Need for Public
UNIT – II
Natural Resources : Renewable and non-renewable resources – Natural resources and associated
problems – Forest resources – Use and over – exploitation, deforestation, case studies – Timber
extraction – Mining, dams and other effects on forest and tribal people – Water resources – Use and over
utilization of surface and ground water – Floods, drought, conflicts over water, dams – benefits and
problems – Mineral resources: Use and exploitation, environmental effects of extracting and using mineral
resources, case studies. – Food res ources: World food problems, changes caused by agriculture and
overgrazing, effects of modern agriculture, fertilizer-pesticide problems, water logging, salinity, case
studies. – Energy resources: Growing energy needs, renewable and non-renewable energy sources use
of alternate energy sources. Case studies. Land resources: Land as a resource, land degradation, man
induced landslides, soil erosion and desertification. Role of an individual in conservation of natural
resources. Equitable use of resources for sustainable lifestyles.
UNIT – III
Ecosystems : Concept of an ecosystem. – Structure and function of an ecosystem. – Producers,
consumers and decomposers. – Energy flow in the ecosystem – Ecological succession. – Food chains,
food webs and ecological pyramids. – Introduction, types, characteristic features, structure and function of
the following ecosystem:
a. Forest ecosystem
b. Grassland ecosystem
c. Desert ecosystem
d. Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)
UNIT – IV
Biodiversity and its conservation : Introduction – Definition: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity.
Bio-geographical classification of India – Value of biodiversity: consumptive use, productive use, social,
ethical, aesthetic and option values – . Biodiversity at global, National and local levels. – . India as a
megadiversity nation – Hot-sports of biodiversity – Threats to biodiversity: habitat loss, poaching of wildlife,
manwildlife conflicts. – Endangered and endemic species of India – Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ
and Exsitu conservation of biodiversity.
UNIT – V
Environmental Pollution : Definition, Cause, effects and control measures of :
a. Air pollution
b. Water pollution
c. Soil pollution
d. Marine pollution
e. Noise pollution
f. Thermal pollution
g. Nuclear hazards
Solid waste Management : Causes, effects and control measures of urban and industrial wastes. – Role
of an individual in prevention of pollution. – Pollution case studies. – Disaster management: floods,
earthquake, cyclone and landslides.
UNIT – VI
Social Issues and the Environment : From Unsustainable to Sustainable development -Urban problems
related to energy -Water conservation, rain water harvesting, watershed management -Resettlement and
rehabilitation of people; its problems and concerns. Case Studies -Environmental ethics: Issues and
possible solutions. -Climate change, global warming, acid rain, ozone layer depletion, nuclear accidents
and holocaust. Case Studies. -Wasteland reclamation. -Consumerism and waste products. –Environment
Protection Act. -Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act. -Water (Prevention and control of Pollution)
Act -Wildlife Protection Act -Forest Conservation Act -Issues involved in enforcement of environmental
legislation. -Public awareness.
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UNIT – VII
Human Population and the Environment: Population growth, variation among nations. Population
explosion – Family Welfare Programme. -Environment and human health. -Human Rights. -Value
Education. -HIV/AIDS. -Women and Child Welfare. -Role of information Technology in Environment and
human health. -Case Studies.
UNIT – VIII
Field work : Visit to a local area to document environmental assets River /forest grassland/hill/mountain
-Visit to a local polluted site-Urban/Rural/industrial/ Agricultural Study of common plants, insects, birds. –
Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, hill slopes, etc.
1 Textbook of Environmental Studies for Undergraduate Courses by Erach Bharucha for University
2 Environmental Studies by R. Rajagopalan, Oxford University Press.
1 Textbook of Environmental Sciences and Technology by M. Anji Reddy, BS Publication.