Gujarat Technological University
Food Engineering Transport Phenomenon Syllabus
B.E Semester: 3
Food Processing & Technology
Subject Name FOOD ENGINEERING TRANSPORT PHENOMENON
Sr.No Course contents
1. Fluid Properties: Definition of a fluid, continuum, properties of fluid density,
specific eight, specific volume, specific gravity bulk modulus of elasticity,
Vapour pressure, Surface tension, capillarity, viscosity, dynamic &
2. Fluid Statics: Pressure at a point, basic equation of fluid statics, Units and
scales of pressure measurement, Pressure measurements, Forces on
immersed plane and curved surface, Buoyant force, Stability of floating and
submerged bodies. Relative equilibrium.
3. Fluid-Flow Concepts And Basic Equations: Flow characteristics, definitions,
Continuity equation. Velocity potential and stream function, Euler’s
equation of motion along a streamline, Integration of Euler’s equation of
motion. Bernoulli equation; Reversibility Irreversibility and losses.
Application of Energy equation to steady Fluid-Flow situations. Orifice
meter, Venturi meter, Nozzle meter, pitot tube, Notches and Weirs.
Momentum equation orifice and mouthpiece, Applications of Linear-
Momentum equation, Moment of Momentum equation.
4. Dimensional Analysis And Dynamic Similitude: Dimensions and units,
Dimensional homogeneity and dimensionless ratios. The Pi Theorem,
Discussion of Dimensionless Parameters, Similitude, Model Studies.
5. Viscous Effects: Laminar incompressible steady flow, through circular
tubes. Reynolds’s Number. Velocity distribution in Turbulent flow.
Resistance to turbulent flow in closed and open conduits, steady in
compressible flow through simple pipe systems. Steady uniform flow in
open channels, Boundary layer concepts, Boundary layer thicknesses, Drag
on immersed bodies.
6. Diffusivity and Mechanism Of Mass Transfer: Definitions of Concentrations,
Mass fluxes, Fick’s Law of Diffusion, Theories if Ordinary Diffusion in
1. Transport Phenomena by R.Byron Bird, Warron E. Stewart & Edwin N.
Lightfoot, Wiley International Edition, John Wiley & Sons.
2. Transport Process & Unit Operations, Christie J. Geankoplis, Prentice Hall of
India Private Limited.
3. Modi P. N. and Seth S. M Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics, Standard Book
4. Streeter V. L. and Wylie E. B. Fluid Mechanics, McGraw Hill, SI Edition
5. Bansal R K. Fluid Mechanics and Hydroulics, Laxmi publications, New Delhi.